三个标签案例:帮你深入学习JSP自定义标签

/*
案例一:开发一个if标签

日期:20130930

作者:烟大阳仔

*/
1.编写一个实现tag接口的JAVA类
public class IFTagLib extends SimpleTagSupport 
{
	private boolean test;

	public void setTest(boolean test) {
		this.test = test;
	}

	@Override
	public void doTag() throws JspException, IOException {
		if(test)
		{
			this.getJspBody().invoke(null);
		}
	}
	
}
	
2.在tld文件中对标签处理器进行描述(tld文件的位置WEB-INF里面)
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<taglib xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-jsptaglibrary_2_0.xsd"
    version="2.0">
    <description>A tag library exercising SimpleTag handlers.</description>
    <tlib-version>1.0</tlib-version>
    <short-name>IFTagLib</short-name>
    <uri>/IFTagLib</uri>
    <tag>
        <name>if</name>
        <tag-class>cn.com.web.ifTag.IFTagLib</tag-class>
        <body-content>scriptless</body-content>
        <attribute>
        	<name>test</name>
        	<required>true</required>
        	<rtexprvalue>true</rtexprvalue>
        </attribute>
    </tag>
</taglib>
3.在jsp页面中使用标签
<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%@taglib uri="/IFTagLib" prefix="IFTagLib" %>
<%
String path = request.getContextPath();
String basePath = request.getScheme()+"://"+request.getServerName()+":"+request.getServerPort()+path+"/";
%>

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
  <head>
    <base href="<%=basePath%>">
    
    <title>My JSP 'IfDemo.jsp' starting page</title>
    
	<meta http-equiv="pragma" content="no-cache">
	<meta http-equiv="cache-control" content="no-cache">
	<meta http-equiv="expires" content="0">    
	<meta http-equiv="keywords" content="keyword1,keyword2,keyword3">
	<meta http-equiv="description" content="This is my page">
	<!--
	<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styles.css">
	-->

  </head>
  
  <body>
  	<%
  		session.setAttribute("user", "as");
  	%>
    <IFTagLib:if test="${user==null}">
    	Hello world!
    </IFTagLib:if>
    <IFTagLib:if test="${user!=null}">
    	一点不好啊!
    </IFTagLib:if>
    
  </body>
</html>


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

/*
案例二:开发一个嵌套的标签
	<IFElse:choose>
    		<IFElse:when test="${user==null}">
    			大家好!
    		</IFElse:when>
    		<IFElse:otherwise>
    			我是阳仔!
    		</IFElse:otherwise>
    	</IFElse:choose>
日期:20130930

作者:烟大阳仔

*/
1.编写三个实现tag接口的JAVA类
public class IfElseTagLib extends SimpleTagSupport {
	
	private boolean isDo;

	public boolean isDo() {
		return isDo;
	}

	public void setDo(boolean isDo) {
		this.isDo = isDo;
	}

	@Override
	public void doTag() throws JspException, IOException {
		this.getJspBody().invoke(null);
	}
	
}
public class WhenTag extends SimpleTagSupport 
{
	private boolean test;

	
	public void setTest(boolean test) {
		this.test = test;
	}


	@Override
	public void doTag() throws JspException, IOException {
		IfElseTagLib parent=(IfElseTagLib) this.getParent();
		if(test&& !parent.isDo())
		{
			this.getJspBody().invoke(null);
			parent.setDo(true);
		}
		
	}
	
}
public class otherTag extends SimpleTagSupport {

	@Override
	public void doTag() throws JspException, IOException {
		
		IfElseTagLib parent =(IfElseTagLib) this.getParent();
		if(!parent.isDo())
		{
			this.getJspBody().invoke(null);
			parent.setDo(true);
		}
	}
	
	
}
	
2.在tld文件中对标签处理器进行描述(tld文件的位置WEB-INF里面)
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<taglib xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-jsptaglibrary_2_0.xsd"
    version="2.0">
    <description>A tag library exercising SimpleTag handlers.</description>
    <tlib-version>1.0</tlib-version>
    <short-name>IFElse</short-name>
    <uri>/IFElse</uri>
    <tag>
        <name>choose</name>
        <tag-class>cn.com.web.ifTag.IfElseTagLib</tag-class>
        <body-content>scriptless</body-content>
    </tag>
    <tag>
        <name>when</name>
        <tag-class>cn.com.web.ifTag.WhenTag</tag-class>
        <body-content>scriptless</body-content>
        <attribute>
        	<name>test</name>
        	<required>true</required>
        	<rtexprvalue>true</rtexprvalue>
        </attribute>
    </tag>
    <tag>
        <name>otherwise</name>
        <tag-class>cn.com.web.ifTag.otherTag</tag-class>
        <body-content>scriptless</body-content>
    </tag>
</taglib>
3.在jsp页面中使用标签
<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%@taglib uri="/IFElse" prefix="IFElse" %>
<%
String path = request.getContextPath();
String basePath = request.getScheme()+"://"+request.getServerName()+":"+request.getServerPort()+path+"/";
%>

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
  <head>
    <base href="<%=basePath%>">
    
    <title>My JSP 'IfElse.jsp' starting page</title>
    
	<meta http-equiv="pragma" content="no-cache">
	<meta http-equiv="cache-control" content="no-cache">
	<meta http-equiv="expires" content="0">    
	<meta http-equiv="keywords" content="keyword1,keyword2,keyword3">
	<meta http-equiv="description" content="This is my page">
	<!--
	<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styles.css">
	-->

  </head>
  
  <body>
 	 	<%
  			session.setAttribute("user", "as");
  		%> 
    	<IFElse:choose>
    		<IFElse:when test="${user==null}">
    			大家好!
    		</IFElse:when>
    		<IFElse:otherwise>
    			我是阳仔!
    		</IFElse:otherwise>
    	</IFElse:choose>
  </body>
</html>


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

/*
案例三:开发一个防盗链标签

日期:20130930

作者:烟大阳仔

*/
1.编写一个实现tag接口的JAVA类
public class RefererTagLib extends SimpleTagSupport {
	private String site;
	private String page;
	public void setSite(String site) {
		this.site = site;
	}
	public void setPage(String page) {
		this.page = page;
	}
	@Override
	public void doTag() throws JspException, IOException {
		
		PageContext pageContext=(PageContext) this.getJspContext();
		HttpServletRequest request=(HttpServletRequest) pageContext.getRequest();
		HttpServletResponse response=(HttpServletResponse) pageContext.getResponse();
		//得到未访问者referer
		String referer=request.getHeader("referer");
		if(referer==null||!referer.startsWith(site))
		{
			if(page.startsWith(request.getContextPath()))
			{
				response.sendRedirect(page);
				return ;
			}
			else if(page.startsWith("/"))
			{
				response.sendRedirect(request.getContextPath()+page);
			}
			else
			{
				response.sendRedirect(request.getContextPath()+"/"+page);
			}
			throw new SkipPageException();
			//response.sendRedirect(request.getContextPath()+"/index.jsp");
		}
	}
	
}

	
2.在tld文件中对标签处理器进行描述(tld文件的位置WEB-INF里面)
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<taglib xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-jsptaglibrary_2_0.xsd"
    version="2.0">
    <description>A tag library exercising SimpleTag handlers.</description>
    <tlib-version>1.0</tlib-version>
    <short-name>RefererTagLib</short-name>
    <uri>/RefererTagLib</uri>
    <tag>
        <name>referer</name>
        <tag-class>cn.com.web.Referer.RefererTagLib</tag-class>
        <body-content>empty</body-content>
        <attribute>
        	<name>site</name>
        	<required>true</required>
        	<rtexprvalue>true</rtexprvalue>
        </attribute>
        <attribute>
        	<name>page</name>
        	<required>true</required>
        	<rtexprvalue>true</rtexprvalue>
        </attribute>
    </tag>
</taglib>
3.在jsp页面中使用标签
<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%@taglib uri="/RefererTagLib" prefix="RefererTagLib" %>
<RefererTagLib:referer site="http://localhost" page="index.jsp"/>
<%
String path = request.getContextPath();
String basePath = request.getScheme()+"://"+request.getServerName()+":"+request.getServerPort()+path+"/";
%>

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
  <head>
    <base href="<%=basePath%>">
    
    <title>Referer</title>
    
	<meta http-equiv="pragma" content="no-cache">
	<meta http-equiv="cache-control" content="no-cache">
	<meta http-equiv="expires" content="0">    
	<meta http-equiv="keywords" content="keyword1,keyword2,keyword3">
	<meta http-equiv="description" content="This is my page">
	<!--
	<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styles.css">
	-->

  </head>
  
  <body>
    This is my JSP page. <br>
  </body>
</html>
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------





©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 大白 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页