DBCP连接池TestOnBorrow的坑

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/wangyangzhizhou/article/details/52209336
生产环境连接池TestOnBorrow设置为false,导致有时获取的连接不可用。分析如下:
  • TestOnBorrow=false时,由于不检测池里连接的可用性,于是假如连接池中的连接被数据库关闭了,应用通过连接池getConnection时,都可能获取到这些不可用的连接,且这些连接如果不被其他线程回收的话,它们不会被连接池被废除,也不会重新被创建,占用了连接池的名额。
The last packet successfully received from the server was 19,956 milliseconds ago.  The last packet sent successfully to the server was 32 milliseconds ago.
    at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.StatementImpl.executeQuery(StatementImpl.java:1571)
Caused by: java.io.EOFException: Can not read response from server. Expected to read 4 bytes, read 0 bytes before connection was unexpectedly lost.
    at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.readFully(MysqlIO.java:3143)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.reuseAndReadPacket(MysqlIO.java:3597)
    ... 8 more
  • 当TestOnBorrow=true时,有两种情况:

① 集群某实例宕掉时,如果连接刚好不处于通信阶段,tcp连接正处于CLOSE_WAIT状态或已关闭,当应用通过连接池getConnection时,在borrow时会检测连接,由于连接已关闭,于是报了如下报错,并重新建立新连接,此时的新连接到集群的其他实例上了。后面能正常通信。

com.mysql.jdbc.exceptions.jdbc4.CommunicationsException: Communications link failure

The last packet sent successfully to the server was 0 milliseconds ago. The driver has not received any packets from the server.
    at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)
Caused by: java.io.EOFException: Can not read response from server. Expected to read 4 bytes, read 0 bytes before connection was unexpectedly lost.
    at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.readFully(MysqlIO.java:3143)
    at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.readPacket(MysqlIO.java:597)
    ... 21 more

② 集群某实例宕掉时,如果连接刚好处于通信阶段,由于客户端无法立即感知服务端已断连接,它可能会报如下错误,等待服务端的响应超时报错。当应用通过连接池getConnection时,在borrow时会检测连接,由于连接已关闭,于是报了如下报错,并重新建立新连接,此时的新连接到集群的其他实例上了。后面能正常通信。

com.mysql.jdbc.exceptions.jdbc4.CommunicationsException: Communications link failure

The last packet successfully received from the server was 10,538 milliseconds ago.  The last packet sent successfully to the server was 10,306 milliseconds ago.
    at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)
Caused by: com.mysql.jdbc.exceptions.jdbc4.CommunicationsException: Communications link failure

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