golang简单实现jwt验证(beego、xorm、jwt)

程序目录结构

简单实现,用户登录后返回一个jwt的token,下次请求带上token请求用户信息接口并返回信息。

app.conf文件内容(可以用个beego直接读取里面的内容)写的是一个jwt的secretkey

jwtkey="12345678"

config.json里面保存的是连接数据库的用户名和密码(这里只是学习如何读取json的配置文件,可以集成到beego的app.conf文件里)

{
"sqltype":"mssql"
,"connstring":"server=.;port=1433;user id=sa;password=123;database=table1"
}

MSSqlHelper.go实现连接mssqlserver的数据库

package mssqlhelper

import (
	"fmt"

	"github.com/akkuman/parseConfig"
	_ "github.com/denisenkom/go-mssqldb"
	"github.com/go-xorm/core"
	"github.com/go-xorm/xorm"
)

// 创建 XORM 客户端
func CreateClient() *xorm.Engine {
	var config = parseConfig.New("config.json")
	sqltype := config.Get("sqltype")
	fmt.Println(sqltype)
	connstring := config.Get("connstring")
	fmt.Println(connstring)
	engine, err := xorm.NewEngine(sqltype.(string), connstring.(string))
	if err != nil {
		println("open error:", &err)
	}
	engine.SetMapper(core.SameMapper{})      //表示Struct的类的名称和数据库中相同
	engine.ShowSQL(true)                     //显示SQL语句
	engine.Logger().SetLevel(core.LOG_DEBUG) //打印SQL语句

	return engine
}

main.go中通过beego启动http的web服务

package main

import (
	"GoApi/controller"
	"github.com/astaxie/beego"
)

func main() {
	beego.AutoRouter(&controller.AuthorizeController{})
	beego.Run()
}

AuthorizeController.go实现用户登录、获取用户信息接口

package controller

import (
	"GoApi/DAL"
	"GoApi/Model"
	"encoding/json"
	"fmt"
	"net/http"
	"strconv"
	"strings"
	"time"

	"github.com/astaxie/beego/context"

	"github.com/astaxie/beego"
	jwt "github.com/dgrijalva/jwt-go"
	"github.com/go-xorm/xorm"
)

var engine *xorm.Engine

type AuthorizeController struct {
	beego.Controller
}

var filterUser = func(ctx *context.Context) {
	token := ctx.Input.Header("Authorization")

	b, _ := CheckToken(token)

	//验证Token是否合法
	if !b {
		http.Error(ctx.ResponseWriter, "Token verification not pass", http.StatusBadRequest)
		return
	}
	fmt.Println("Request token:", token)
}

func init() {
	engine = mssqlhelper.CreateClient()
    //访问接口前验证token
	beego.InsertFilter("/Authorize/Userinfo", beego.BeforeRouter, filterUser)
}

type Token struct {
	Token string `json:"token"`
}

func fatal(err error) {
	if err != nil {
		beego.Error(err)
	}
}

//登录
func (this *AuthorizeController) Login() {
	var user Model.LoginModel
    // url?username=111&password=222 这种形式
	user.UserName = this.GetString("username")
	user.PassWord = this.GetString("password")

    //err := this.ParseForm(&user) //接收application/x-www-form-urlencoded形式POST传递数据,如Username=111&Password=2222
    // err := json.NewDecoder(this.Ctx.Request.Body).Decode(&user) //接收json形式Post的数据

	loginuser := &Model.Usertable{Userloginname: user.UserName}
	has, err := engine.Get(loginuser)
	if err != nil {
		fatal(err)
	}
	if !has {
		fatal(err)
		http.Error(this.Ctx.ResponseWriter, "User Not Exist", http.StatusBadRequest)
		return
	}

	if user.PassWord != loginuser.Userloginpwd {
		this.Ctx.Output.Header("SetStatus", strconv.Itoa(http.StatusBadRequest))

		http.Error(this.Ctx.ResponseWriter, "Password Wrong", http.StatusBadRequest)
		return
	}

	claims := make(jwt.MapClaims)
	claims["exp"] = time.Now().Add(time.Hour * time.Duration(1)).Unix()
	claims["iat"] = time.Now().Unix()
	claims["nameid"] = loginuser.Userloginname
	claims["User"] = "true"
	token := jwt.NewWithClaims(jwt.SigningMethodHS256, claims)

	tokenString, err := token.SignedString([]byte(beego.AppConfig.String("jwtkey")))
	if err != nil {
		this.Ctx.Output.Header("SetStatus", strconv.Itoa(http.StatusInternalServerError))
		fatal(err)
		http.Error(this.Ctx.ResponseWriter, "Server is Wrong", http.StatusInternalServerError)
		return
	}

	fmt.Println("Token:", tokenString)
	this.Ctx.WriteString(fmt.Sprintf("{\"Token\":\"%s\"}", tokenString))
}


func (this *AuthorizeController) Userinfo() {
	token := this.Ctx.Input.Header("Authorization")

	b, t := CheckToken(token)
	if !b {
		this.Ctx.WriteString(fmt.Sprintf("Error:%s", token))
		return
	}
	loginuser := &Model.Usertable{Userloginname: claims["nameid"].(string)}
	has, err := engine.Get(loginuser)
	if err != nil {
		fatal(err)
	}
	if !has {
		fatal(err)
		http.Error(this.Ctx.ResponseWriter, "User Not Exist", http.StatusBadRequest)
		return
	}
	data, err := json.Marshal(loginuser)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Println(err)
	}
	this.Ctx.WriteString(fmt.Sprintf("{\"Token\":\"%s\",\"User\":%s}", token, string(data)))
}

// 校验token是否有效
func CheckToken(token string) (b bool, t *jwt.Token) {
	kv := strings.Split(token, " ")
	if len(kv) != 2 || kv[0] != "Bearer" {
		beego.Error("AuthString invalid:", token)
		return false, nil
	}
	t, err := jwt.Parse(kv[1], func(*jwt.Token) (interface{}, error) {
		return []byte(beego.AppConfig.String("jwtkey")), nil
	})
	fmt.Println(t)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Println("转换为jwt claims失败.", err)
		return false, nil
	}
	return true, t
}

LoginModel.go 提交登录用户名和密码的结构

package Model

type LoginModel struct {
	UserName string `xorm:"VARCHAR(50)"`
	PassWord string `xorm:"VARCHAR(50)"`
}

UserTable.go 用户信息实体结构

package Model

type Usertable struct {
	Userid        int    `xorm:"not null pk INT(4)"`
	Userloginname string `xorm:"VARCHAR(50)"`
	Userloginpwd  string `xorm:"VARCHAR(50)"`
	Username      string `xorm:"NVARCHAR(200)"`
	Usermobile    string `xorm:"VARCHAR(11)"`
	Userislock    int    `xorm:"BIT(1)"`
}

下一步

1、学习如何在拦截器里拦截验证后把某个结果值传递给要访问的接口(目前是在接口里重新解析一遍jwt的token)

2、beego如何实现只允许post访问某个controller的接口

3、Struct如何实现中文的说明(就是鼠标放上去会显示中文描述,类似C#类的说明那种)

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