java日期常量_java枚举常量、int类型的日期、Date类型的日期可视化转换

在项目开发中,展示的VO通过Spring MVC序列化后展示给前端,这种方式很常见,但是我们项目中有时会定义很多枚举类,这些枚举类的值是int类型的值存入库中,或者表中的时间类型是int类型或者Date类型,需要转化成可视化的string类型展示到页面上,通常的做法是对这些枚举常量或者时间类型的字段进行逐个转意,这样做不仅多一次遍历,而且重复多了重复的代码工作量。下面提供一些工具类来简化这些多余的操作。

1.枚举类型可视化转换

对于枚举类型,必须继承apache的ValuedEnum这个类org.apache.commons.lang.enums.ValuedEnum

定义JsonViewValueEnum类import com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.JacksonAnnotationsInside;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.annotation.JsonSerialize;

import org.apache.commons.lang.enums.ValuedEnum;

import java.lang.annotation.ElementType;

import java.lang.annotation.Retention;

import java.lang.annotation.RetentionPolicy;

import java.lang.annotation.Target;

@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)

@Target({ElementType.FIELD, ElementType.METHOD})

@JacksonAnnotationsInside

@JsonSerialize(using = JsonViewValueEnumSerializer.class)

public @interface JsonViewValueEnum {

/**

* 所有集成valueenum

* @return

*/

Class extends ValuedEnum> value();

/**

* 显示json的格式

* string 则为单字符

* jsonobj 为 {name:'',value:''}

*

*

{

"kaka": {

"name": "kaka",

"value": 0

},

"kakaName": "kaka"

}

* @return

*/

JsonType jsontype() default JsonType.string;

enum JsonType {

string,

jsonobj

}

}

定义常量解析序列化类import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonGenerator;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.JsonSerializer;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.SerializerProvider;

import org.apache.commons.lang.StringUtils;

import org.apache.commons.lang.enums.ValuedEnum;

import org.slf4j.Logger;

import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;

import java.io.IOException;

import java.lang.reflect.Field;

import java.util.HashMap;

import java.util.Map;

/**

* 常量解析序列化

*

*/

public class JsonViewValueEnumSerializer extends JsonSerializer {

private final Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(JsonViewValueEnumSerializer.class);

@Override

public void serialize(Integer value, JsonGenerator gen, SerializerProvider serializers) throws IOException{

if(null!=value){

Object currentValue = gen.getCurrentValue();

String currentName = gen.getOutputContext().getCurrentName();

try {

Field declaredField = currentValue.getClass().getDeclaredField(currentName);

JsonViewValueEnum annotation = declaredField.getAnnotation(JsonViewValueEnum.class);

//获取对应的常量的名称

String name = jsonNameValue(value,annotation);

//根据注解类型判断输出格式

jsonGeneratorwrite(name,value,annotation,gen);

} catch (NoSuchFieldException e) {

e.printStackTrace();

log.error("JsonViewValueEnumSerializer序列化异常",e);

} catch (IllegalAccessException e) {

log.error("JsonViewValueEnumSerializer序列化异常",e);

e.printStackTrace();

}

}else {

gen.writeString("");

}

}

private void jsonGeneratorwrite(String name, Integer value, JsonViewValueEnum annotation, JsonGenerator gen) throws IOException {

JsonViewValueEnum.JsonType jsontype = annotation.jsontype();

if(jsontype==JsonViewValueEnum.JsonType.jsonobj){

if(StringUtils.isNotEmpty(name)){

Map map = new HashMap();

map.put("name",name);

map.put("value",value);

gen.writeObject(map);

}else{

gen.writeString(name);

}

}else {

gen.writeString(name);

}

}

private String jsonNameValue(Integer value, JsonViewValueEnum annotation) throws NoSuchFieldException, IllegalAccessException {

Class extends ValuedEnum> valueenum = annotation.value();

Field[] declaredFields = valueenum.getFields();

String name="";

if(null!=declaredFields && declaredFields.length>0){

for (Field field : declaredFields) {

ValuedEnum v = (ValuedEnum)field.get(valueenum);

if(v.getValue() == value){

name = v.getName();

break;

}

}

}

return name;

}

}

以上这两个类就可以搞定枚举类常量的可视化转换了,举个例子,定义如下常量/**

* Created by kaka on 2017/5/25.

*/

import org.apache.commons.lang.enums.ValuedEnum;

import java.util.List;

/**

* 测试枚举

*

* @author kaka

* @create 2017-05-25 10:24

**/

public class OrderTypeEnum extends ValuedEnum {

/**

* Constructor for enum item.

*

* @param name the name of enum item

* @param value the value of enum item

*/

protected OrderTypeEnum(String name, int value) {

super(name, value);

}

private static final Integer incidentWorkFlow = 0;//事件流程

private static final Integer problemWorkFlow = 1;//问题流程

private static final Integer changeWorkFlow = 2;//变更流程

private static final Integer releaseWorkFlow = 3;//发布流程

public static final OrderTypeEnum INCIDENT_ORDER = new OrderTypeEnum( "事件工单", incidentWorkFlow );

public static final OrderTypeEnum PROBLEM_ORDER = new OrderTypeEnum( "问题工单", problemWorkFlow );

public static final OrderTypeEnum CHANGE_ORDER = new OrderTypeEnum( "变更工单", changeWorkFlow );

public static final OrderTypeEnum PUBLISH_ORDER = new OrderTypeEnum( "发布工单", releaseWorkFlow );

public static OrderTypeEnum getEnum(String type ) {

return (OrderTypeEnum)getEnum( OrderTypeEnum.class, type );

}

public static OrderTypeEnum getEnum(int type ) {

return (OrderTypeEnum)getEnum( OrderTypeEnum.class, type );

}

public static List getWorkFlowEnumList(){

return getEnumList(OrderTypeEnum.class);

}

}

定义一个测试demo,需要转意的常量上面添加 @JsonViewValueEnum(OrderTypeEnum.class),OrderTypeEnum为需要转意的枚举类/**

* Created by kaka on 2017/5/25.

*/

import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;

/**

* @author kaka

* @create 2017-05-25 10:35

**/

public class DemoVo {

@JsonViewValueEnum(OrderTypeEnum.class)

private Integer orderType;

private String name;

public Integer getOrderType() {

return orderType;

}

public void setOrderType(Integer orderType) {

this.orderType = orderType;

}

public String getName() {

return name;

}

public void setName(String name) {

this.name = name;

}

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception{

DemoVo demoVo = new DemoVo();

demoVo.setName("kaka");

demoVo.setOrderType(1);

ObjectMapper objectMapper = new ObjectMapper();

System.out.println(objectMapper.writeValueAsString(demoVo));

}

}

运行结果:可以看出orderType已经被自动转化成可视化的展示方式了。

5f44669d9023f819b9cfa4031178418d.png

2.int类型的日期可视化转换

定义JsonIntDateFormatSerializer 用于序列化package com.suninfo.util.annotation;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonGenerator;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.JsonSerializer;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.SerializerProvider;

import com.suninfo.util.date.DateUtil;

import java.io.IOException;

/**

* int类型日期 转为换 yyyy-MM-dd hh:mm:ss

*

*/

public class JsonIntDateFormatSerializer extends JsonSerializer {

@Override

public void serialize(Integer value, JsonGenerator gen, SerializerProvider serializers) throws IOException {

if(null!=value){

gen.writeString(DateUtil.intToStringDate(value));

}else {

gen.writeString("");

}

}

}

DateUtil是我自定义的一个类,贴出intToStringDate方法/**

* @author:kaka

* @time:2017年2月21日下午4:35:05

* @return:String

* @param date

* @describe:int格式时间 转换为String(yyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss)时间格式

*/

public static String intToStringDate( int date ) {

long millions=new Long(date)*1000;

return new DateTime(millions).toString("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss");

}

定义JsonIntDateFormatpackage com.suninfo.util.annotation;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.JacksonAnnotationsInside;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.annotation.JsonSerialize;

import java.lang.annotation.ElementType;

import java.lang.annotation.Retention;

import java.lang.annotation.RetentionPolicy;

import java.lang.annotation.Target;

/**

* 用于前端显示int类型日期

*

*/

@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)

@Target({ElementType.FIELD, ElementType.METHOD})

@JacksonAnnotationsInside

@JsonSerialize(using = JsonIntDateFormatSerializer.class)

public @interface JsonIntDateFormat {

}

使用方式和上面demo类似,直接在要转化的字段上@JsonIntDateFormat

3.Date类型的日期可视化转换

直接使用com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.JsonFormat这个注解去做

使用方式如下:@JsonFormat(pattern = "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss",timezone = "GMT+8")

private Date claimTime;//任务领取时间

@JsonFormat(pattern = "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss",timezone = "GMT+8")

private Date createTime;//任务创建时间

以上需要的pom:

com.fasterxml.jackson.core

jackson-core

2.5.1

com.fasterxml.jackson.core

jackson-annotations

2.5.1

com.fasterxml.jackson.core

jackson-databind

2.5.1

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