# 经典SQL练习题(MySQL版)

1. 用一条SQL 语句 查询出每门课都大于80 分的学生姓名

select name from table group by name having min(grade) > 80

2. 现有学生表如下:

1 2005001 张三 0001 数学 69
2 2005002 李四 0001 数学 89
3 2005001 张三 0001 数学 69

delete tablename where 自动编号 not in (
select min( 自动编号)
from tablename
group by 学号, 姓名, 课程编号, 课程名称, 分数
)

3. 一个叫 team 的表，里面只有一个字段name, 一共有4 条纪录，分别是a,b,c,d, 对应四个球对，现在四个球对进行比赛，用一条sql 语句显示所有可能的比赛组合

select a.name, b.name
from team a, team b
where a.name < b.name

4. 请用SQL 语句实现：从TestDB 数据表中查询出所有月份的发生额都比101 科目相应月份的发生额高的科目。

AccID ：科目代码，Occmonth ：发生额月份，DebitOccur ：发生额。

select a.*
from TestDB a,
(select Occmonth, max(DebitOccur) as Debit101ccur
from TestDB
where AccID='101'
group by Occmonth) b
where a.Occmonth = b.Occmonth and a.DebitOccur > b.Debit101ccur

5. 怎么把这样一个数据表
year month amount
1991 1 1.1
1991 2 1.2
1991 3 1.3
1991 4 1.4
1992 1 2.1
1992 2 2.2
1992 3 2.3
1992 4 2.4

year m1 m2 m3 m4
1991 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4
1992 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4

select year,
(select amount from table m where month=1 and m.year=table.year) as m1,
(select amount from table m where month=2 and m.year=table.year) as m2,
(select amount from table m where month=3 and m.year=table.year) as m3,
(select amount from table m where month=4 and m.year=table.year) as m4
from table group by year

6. 有表A，结构如下：
p_ID p_Num s_id
1 10 01
1 12 02
2 8 01
3 11 01
3 8 03

p_ID s1_id s2_id s3_id
1 10 12 0
2 8 0 0
3 11 0 8

select p_id,
sum(case when s_id=1 then p_num else 0 end) as s1_id,
sum(case when s_id=2 then p_num else 0 end) as s2_id,
sum(case when s_id=3 then p_num else 0 end) as s3_id
from myPro group by p_id

create table Student(Sid varchar(6), Sname varchar(10), Sage datetime, Ssex varchar(10));
insert into Student values('01' , '赵雷' , '1990-01-01' , '男');
insert into Student values('02' , '钱电' , '1990-12-21' , '男');
insert into Student values('03' , '孙风' , '1990-05-20' , '男');
insert into Student values('04' , '李云' , '1990-08-06' , '男');
insert into Student values('05' , '周梅' , '1991-12-01' , '女');
insert into Student values('06' , '吴兰' , '1992-03-01' , '女');
insert into Student values('07' , '郑竹' , '1989-07-01' , '女');
insert into Student values('08' , '王菊' , '1990-01-20' , '女')

create table SC(Sid varchar(10), Cid varchar(10), score decimal(18,1));
insert into SC values('01' , '01' , 80);
insert into SC values('01' , '02' , 90);
insert into SC values('01' , '03' , 99);
insert into SC values('02' , '01' , 70);
insert into SC values('02' , '02' , 60);
insert into SC values('02' , '03' , 80);
insert into SC values('03' , '01' , 80);
insert into SC values('03' , '02' , 80);
insert into SC values('03' , '03' , 80);
insert into SC values('04' , '01' , 50);
insert into SC values('04' , '02' , 30);
insert into SC values('04' , '03' , 20);
insert into SC values('05' , '01' , 76);
insert into SC values('05' , '02' , 87);
insert into SC values('06' , '01' , 31);
insert into SC values('06' , '03' , 34);
insert into SC values('07' , '02' , 89);
insert into SC values('07' , '03' , 98)


create table Course(Cid varchar(10),Cname varchar(10),Tid varchar(10));
insert into Course values('01' , '语文' , '02');
insert into Course values('02' , '数学' , '01');
insert into Course values('03' , '英语' , '03')

create table Teacher(Tid varchar(10),Tname varchar(10));
insert into Teacher values('01' , '张三');
insert into Teacher values('02' , '李四');
insert into Teacher values('03' , '王五')

（以下题目的顺序和原文相对应）

1. 查询" 01 "课程比" 02 "课程成绩高的学生的信息及课程分数

select s.*, a.score as score_01, b.score as score_02
from student s,
(select sid, score from sc where cid=01) a,
(select sid, score from sc where cid=02) b
where a.sid = b.sid and a.score > b.score and s.sid = a.sid
+------+--------+---------------------+------+----------+----------+
| Sid  | Sname  | Sage                | Ssex | score_01 | score_02 |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+----------+----------+
| 02   | 钱电   | 1990-12-21 00:00:00 | 男   |     70.0 |     60.0 |
| 04   | 李云   | 1990-08-06 00:00:00 | 男   |     50.0 |     30.0 |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+----------+----------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

2. 查询平均成绩大于等于 60 分的同学的学生编号和学生姓名和平均成绩

select s.sid, sname, avg(score) as avg_score
from student as s, sc
where s.sid = sc.sid
group by s.sid
having avg_score > 60
+------+--------+-----------+
| sid  | sname  | avg_score |
+------+--------+-----------+
| 01   | 赵雷   |  89.66667 |
| 02   | 钱电   |  70.00000 |
| 03   | 孙风   |  80.00000 |
| 05   | 周梅   |  81.50000 |
| 07   | 郑竹   |  93.50000 |
+------+--------+-----------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

3. 查询在 SC 表存在成绩的学生信息

select * from student where sid in (select sid from sc where score is not null)
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
| Sid  | Sname  | Sage                | Ssex |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
| 01   | 赵雷   | 1990-01-01 00:00:00 | 男   |
| 02   | 钱电   | 1990-12-21 00:00:00 | 男   |
| 03   | 孙风   | 1990-05-20 00:00:00 | 男   |
| 04   | 李云   | 1990-08-06 00:00:00 | 男   |
| 05   | 周梅   | 1991-12-01 00:00:00 | 女   |
| 06   | 吴兰   | 1992-03-01 00:00:00 | 女   |
| 07   | 郑竹   | 1989-07-01 00:00:00 | 女   |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
7 rows in set (0.00 sec)

4. 查询所有同学的学生编号、学生姓名、选课总数、所有课程的总成绩(没成绩的显示为 null )

select s.sid, s.sname, count(cid) as 选课总数, sum(score) as 总成绩
from student as s left join sc
on s.sid = sc.sid
group by s.sid
+------+--------+--------------+-----------+
| sid  | sname  | 选课总数     | 总成绩    |
+------+--------+--------------+-----------+
| 01   | 赵雷   |            3 |     269.0 |
| 02   | 钱电   |            3 |     210.0 |
| 03   | 孙风   |            3 |     240.0 |
| 04   | 李云   |            3 |     100.0 |
| 05   | 周梅   |            2 |     163.0 |
| 06   | 吴兰   |            2 |      65.0 |
| 07   | 郑竹   |            2 |     187.0 |
| 08   | 王菊   |            0 |      NULL |
+------+--------+--------------+-----------+
8 rows in set (0.00 sec)

4.1 查有成绩的学生信息

select s.sid, s.sname, count(*) as 选课总数, sum(score) as 总成绩,
sum(case when cid = 01 then score else null end) as score_01,
sum(case when cid = 02 then score else null end) as score_02,
sum(case when cid = 03 then score else null end) as score_03
from student as s, sc
where s.sid = sc.sid
group by s.sid
+------+--------+--------------+-----------+----------+----------+----------+
| sid  | sname  | 选课总数     | 总成绩    | score_01 | score_02 | score_03 |
+------+--------+--------------+-----------+----------+----------+----------+
| 01   | 赵雷   |            3 |     269.0 |     80.0 |     90.0 |     99.0 |
| 02   | 钱电   |            3 |     210.0 |     70.0 |     60.0 |     80.0 |
| 03   | 孙风   |            3 |     240.0 |     80.0 |     80.0 |     80.0 |
| 04   | 李云   |            3 |     100.0 |     50.0 |     30.0 |     20.0 |
| 05   | 周梅   |            2 |     163.0 |     76.0 |     87.0 |     NULL |
| 06   | 吴兰   |            2 |      65.0 |     31.0 |     NULL |     34.0 |
| 07   | 郑竹   |            2 |     187.0 |     NULL |     89.0 |     98.0 |
+------+--------+--------------+-----------+----------+----------+----------+
7 rows in set (0.00 sec)

5. 查询「李」姓老师的数量

select count(tname) from teacher where tname like '李%'
+--------------+
| count(tname) |
+--------------+
|            1 |
+--------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

6. 查询学过「张三」老师授课的同学的信息

select * from student where sid in (
select sid from sc, course, teacher
where sc.cid = course.cid
and course.tid = teacher.tid
and tname = '张三'
)
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
| Sid  | Sname  | Sage                | Ssex |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
| 01   | 赵雷   | 1990-01-01 00:00:00 | 男   |
| 02   | 钱电   | 1990-12-21 00:00:00 | 男   |
| 03   | 孙风   | 1990-05-20 00:00:00 | 男   |
| 04   | 李云   | 1990-08-06 00:00:00 | 男   |
| 05   | 周梅   | 1991-12-01 00:00:00 | 女   |
| 07   | 郑竹   | 1989-07-01 00:00:00 | 女   |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
6 rows in set (0.00 sec)

select * from Student
where sid in(select distinct Sid from SC
where cid=(select Cid from Course
where Tid=(select Tid from Teacher where Tname='张三')))

7. 查询没有学全所有课程的同学的信息

select * from student where sid in (select sid from sc group by sid having count(cid) < 3)
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
| Sid  | Sname  | Sage                | Ssex |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
| 05   | 周梅   | 1991-12-01 00:00:00 | 女   |
| 06   | 吴兰   | 1992-03-01 00:00:00 | 女   |
| 07   | 郑竹   | 1989-07-01 00:00:00 | 女   |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

9. 查询和" 01 "号的同学学习的课程完全相同的其他同学的信息

select * from Student
where Sid in(
select Sid from SC
where Cid in (select Cid from SC where Sid = '01') and Sid <>'01'
group by Sid
having COUNT(Cid)>=3
)
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
| Sid  | Sname  | Sage                | Ssex |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
| 02   | 钱电   | 1990-12-21 00:00:00 | 男   |
| 03   | 孙风   | 1990-05-20 00:00:00 | 男   |
| 04   | 李云   | 1990-08-06 00:00:00 | 男   |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

select * from student where sid in (
select B.sid
from
(select sid,
sum(case when cid=01 then 1 else 0 end) as course_01,
sum(case when cid=02 then 1 else 0 end) as course_02,
sum(case when cid=03 then 1 else 0 end) as course_03
from sc where sid = 01 group by sid) as A,
(select sid,
sum(case when cid=01 then 1 else 0 end) as course_01,
sum(case when cid=02 then 1 else 0 end) as course_02,
sum(case when cid=03 then 1 else 0 end) as course_03
from sc where sid != 01 group by sid) as B
where A.course_01=B.course_01 and A.course_02=B.course_02 and A.course_03=B.course_03
)
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
| Sid  | Sname  | Sage                | Ssex |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
| 02   | 钱电   | 1990-12-21 00:00:00 | 男   |
| 03   | 孙风   | 1990-05-20 00:00:00 | 男   |
| 04   | 李云   | 1990-08-06 00:00:00 | 男   |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

8. 查询至少有一门课与学号为" 01 "的同学所学相同的同学的信息

select * from Student where Sid in(
select distinct Sid from SC where Cid in(
select Cid from SC where Sid='01'
)
)
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
| Sid  | Sname  | Sage                | Ssex |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
| 01   | 赵雷   | 1990-01-01 00:00:00 | 男   |
| 02   | 钱电   | 1990-12-21 00:00:00 | 男   |
| 03   | 孙风   | 1990-05-20 00:00:00 | 男   |
| 04   | 李云   | 1990-08-06 00:00:00 | 男   |
| 05   | 周梅   | 1991-12-01 00:00:00 | 女   |
| 06   | 吴兰   | 1992-03-01 00:00:00 | 女   |
| 07   | 郑竹   | 1989-07-01 00:00:00 | 女   |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
7 rows in set (0.00 sec)

10. 查询没学过"张三"老师讲授的任一门课程的学生姓名

select sname from student
where sname not in (
select s.sname
from student as s, course as c, teacher as t, sc
where s.sid = sc.sid
and sc.cid = c.cid
and c.tid = t.tid
and t.tname = '张三'
)
+--------+
| sname  |
+--------+
| 吴兰   |
| 王菊   |
+--------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

11. 查询两门及其以上不及格课程的同学的学号，姓名及其平均成绩

select s.sid, s.sname, avg(score)
from student as s, sc
where s.sid = sc.sid and score<60
group by s.sid
having count(score)>=2
+------+--------+------------+
| sid  | sname  | avg(score) |
+------+--------+------------+
| 04   | 李云   |   33.33333 |
| 06   | 吴兰   |   32.50000 |
+------+--------+------------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

12. 检索" 01 "课程分数小于 60，按分数降序排列的学生信息

select s.* ,score
from student as s, sc
where cid = 01
and score < 60
and s.sid=sc.sid
order by score desc
+------+--------+---------------------+------+-------+
| Sid  | Sname  | Sage                | Ssex | score |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+-------+
| 04   | 李云   | 1990-08-06 00:00:00 | 男   |  50.0 |
| 06   | 吴兰   | 1992-03-01 00:00:00 | 女   |  31.0 |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+-------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

13. 按平均成绩从高到低显示所有学生的所有课程的成绩以及平均成绩

select sid,
sum(case when cid=01 then score else null end) as score_01,
sum(case when cid=02 then score else null end) as score_02,
sum(case when cid=03 then score else null end) as score_03,
avg(score)
from sc group by sid
order by avg(score) desc
+------+----------+----------+----------+------------+
| sid  | score_01 | score_02 | score_03 | avg(score) |
+------+----------+----------+----------+------------+
| 07   |     NULL |     89.0 |     98.0 |   93.50000 |
| 01   |     80.0 |     90.0 |     99.0 |   89.66667 |
| 05   |     76.0 |     87.0 |     NULL |   81.50000 |
| 03   |     80.0 |     80.0 |     80.0 |   80.00000 |
| 02   |     70.0 |     60.0 |     80.0 |   70.00000 |
| 04   |     50.0 |     30.0 |     20.0 |   33.33333 |
| 06   |     31.0 |     NULL |     34.0 |   32.50000 |
+------+----------+----------+----------+------------+
7 rows in set (0.00 sec)

**14. 查询各科成绩最高分、最低分和平均分，以如下形式显示：课程 ID，课程 name，最高分，最低分，平均分，及格率，中等率，优良率，优秀率(及格为>=60，中等为：70-80，优良为：80-90，优秀为：>=90）。

select c.cid as 课程号, c.cname as 课程名称, count(*) as 选修人数,
max(score) as 最高分, min(score) as 最低分, avg(score) as 平均分,
sum(case when score >= 60 then 1 else 0 end)/count(*) as 及格率,
sum(case when score >= 70 and score < 80 then 1 else 0 end)/count(*) as 中等率,
sum(case when score >= 80 and score < 90 then 1 else 0 end)/count(*) as 优良率,
sum(case when score >= 90 then 1 else 0 end)/count(*) as 优秀率
from sc, course c
where c.cid = sc.cid
group by c.cid
order by count(*) desc, c.cid asc
+-----------+--------------+--------------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+
| 课程号    | 课程名称      | 选修人数      | 最高分     | 最低分    | 平均分     | 及格率    | 中等率    | 优良率     | 优秀率     |
+-----------+--------------+--------------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+
| 01        | 语文         |            6 |      80.0 |      31.0 |  64.50000 |    0.6667 |    0.3333 |    0.3333 |    0.0000 |
| 02        | 数学         |            6 |      90.0 |      30.0 |  72.66667 |    0.8333 |    0.0000 |    0.5000 |    0.1667 |
| 03        | 英语         |            6 |      99.0 |      20.0 |  68.50000 |    0.6667 |    0.0000 |    0.3333 |    0.3333 |
+-----------+--------------+--------------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

select distinct A.Cid,Cname,最高分,最低分,平均分,及格率,中等率,优良率,优秀率 from SC A
left join Course on A.Cid=Course.Cid
left join (select Cid,MAX(score)最高分,MIN(score)最低分,AVG(score)平均分 from SC group by Cid)B on A.Cid=B.Cid
left join (select Cid,(convert(decimal(5,2),(sum(case when score>=60 then 1 else 0 end)*1.00)/COUNT(*))*100)及格率 from SC group by Cid)C on A.Cid=C.Cid
left join (select Cid,(convert(decimal(5,2),(sum(case when score >=70 and score<80 then 1 else 0 end)*1.00)/COUNT(*))*100)中等率 from SC group by Cid)D on A.Cid=D.Cid
left join (select Cid,(convert(decimal(5,2),(sum(case when score >=80 and score<90 then 1 else 0 end)*1.00)/COUNT(*))*100)优良率 from SC group by Cid)E on A.Cid=E.Cid
left join (select Cid,(convert(decimal(5,2),(sum(case when score >=90 then 1 else 0 end)*1.00)/COUNT(*))*100)优秀率
from SC group by Cid)F on A.Cid=F.Cid

15. 按平均成绩进行排序，显示总排名和各科排名，Score 重复时保留名次空缺

select s.*, rank_01, rank_02, rank_03, rank_total
from student s
left join (select sid, rank() over(partition by cid order by score desc) as rank_01 from sc where cid=01) A on s.sid=A.sid
left join (select sid, rank() over(partition by cid order by score desc) as rank_02 from sc where cid=02) B on s.sid=B.sid
left join (select sid, rank() over(partition by cid order by score desc) as rank_03 from sc where cid=03) C on s.sid=C.sid
left join (select sid, rank() over(order by avg(score) desc) as rank_total from sc group by sid) D on s.sid=D.sid
order by rank_total asc
+------+--------+---------------------+------+---------+---------+---------+------------+
| Sid  | Sname  | Sage                | Ssex | rank_01 | rank_02 | rank_03 | rank_total |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+---------+---------+---------+------------+
| 08   | 王菊   | 1990-01-20 00:00:00 | 女   |    NULL |    NULL |    NULL |       NULL |
| 07   | 郑竹   | 1989-07-01 00:00:00 | 女   |    NULL |       2 |       2 |          1 |
| 01   | 赵雷   | 1990-01-01 00:00:00 | 男   |       1 |       1 |       1 |          2 |
| 05   | 周梅   | 1991-12-01 00:00:00 | 女   |       3 |       3 |    NULL |          3 |
| 03   | 孙风   | 1990-05-20 00:00:00 | 男   |       1 |       4 |       3 |          4 |
| 02   | 钱电   | 1990-12-21 00:00:00 | 男   |       4 |       5 |       3 |          5 |
| 04   | 李云   | 1990-08-06 00:00:00 | 男   |       5 |       6 |       6 |          6 |
| 06   | 吴兰   | 1992-03-01 00:00:00 | 女   |       6 |    NULL |       5 |          7 |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+---------+---------+---------+------------+
8 rows in set (0.00 sec)

15.1 按平均成绩进行排序，显示总排名和各科排名，Score 重复时合并名次

select s.*, rank_01, rank_02, rank_03, rank_total
from student s
left join (select sid, dense_rank() over(partition by cid order by score desc) as rank_01 from sc where cid=01) A on s.sid=A.sid
left join (select sid, dense_rank() over(partition by cid order by score desc) as rank_02 from sc where cid=02) B on s.sid=B.sid
left join (select sid, dense_rank() over(partition by cid order by score desc) as rank_03 from sc where cid=03) C on s.sid=C.sid
left join (select sid, dense_rank() over(order by avg(score) desc) as rank_total from sc group by sid) D on s.sid=D.sid
order by rank_total asc
+------+--------+---------------------+------+---------+---------+---------+------------+
| Sid  | Sname  | Sage                | Ssex | rank_01 | rank_02 | rank_03 | rank_total |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+---------+---------+---------+------------+
| 08   | 王菊   | 1990-01-20 00:00:00 | 女   |    NULL |    NULL |    NULL |       NULL |
| 07   | 郑竹   | 1989-07-01 00:00:00 | 女   |    NULL |       2 |       2 |          1 |
| 01   | 赵雷   | 1990-01-01 00:00:00 | 男   |       1 |       1 |       1 |          2 |
| 05   | 周梅   | 1991-12-01 00:00:00 | 女   |       2 |       3 |    NULL |          3 |
| 03   | 孙风   | 1990-05-20 00:00:00 | 男   |       1 |       4 |       3 |          4 |
| 02   | 钱电   | 1990-12-21 00:00:00 | 男   |       3 |       5 |       3 |          5 |
| 04   | 李云   | 1990-08-06 00:00:00 | 男   |       4 |       6 |       5 |          6 |
| 06   | 吴兰   | 1992-03-01 00:00:00 | 女   |       5 |    NULL |       4 |          7 |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+---------+---------+---------+------------+
8 rows in set (0.00 sec)

17. 统计各科成绩各分数段人数：课程编号，课程名称，[100-85]，[85-70]，[70-60]，[60-0] 及所占百分比

select c.cid as 课程编号, c.cname as 课程名称, A.*
from course as c,
(select cid,
sum(case when score >= 85 then 1 else 0 end)/count(*) as 100_85,
sum(case when score >= 70 and score < 85 then 1 else 0 end)/count(*) as 85_70,
sum(case when score >= 60 and score < 70 then 1 else 0 end)/count(*) as 70_60,
sum(case when score < 60 then 1 else 0 end)/count(*) as 60_0
from sc group by cid) as A
where c.cid = A.cid
+--------------+--------------+------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
| 课程编号     | 课程名称      | cid  | 100_85 | 85_70  | 70_60  | 60_0   |
+--------------+--------------+------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
| 01           | 语文         | 01   | 0.0000 | 0.6667 | 0.0000 | 0.3333 |
| 02           | 数学         | 02   | 0.5000 | 0.1667 | 0.1667 | 0.1667 |
| 03           | 英语         | 03   | 0.3333 | 0.3333 | 0.0000 | 0.3333 |
+--------------+--------------+------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

18. 查询各科成绩前三名的记录

select * from (select *, rank() over(partition by cid order by score desc) as graderank from sc) A
where A.graderank <= 3
| Sid  | Cid  | score | graderank |
+------+------+-------+-----------+
| 01   | 01   |  80.0 |         1 |
| 03   | 01   |  80.0 |         1 |
| 05   | 01   |  76.0 |         3 |
| 01   | 02   |  90.0 |         1 |
| 07   | 02   |  89.0 |         2 |
| 05   | 02   |  87.0 |         3 |
| 01   | 03   |  99.0 |         1 |
| 07   | 03   |  98.0 |         2 |
| 02   | 03   |  80.0 |         3 |
| 03   | 03   |  80.0 |         3 |
+------+------+-------+-----------+
10 rows in set (0.00 sec)

20. 查询出只选修两门课程的学生学号和姓名

select s.sid, s.sname, count(cid)
from student s, sc
where s.sid = sc.sid
group by s.sid
having count(cid)=2
+------+--------+------------+
| sid  | sname  | count(cid) |
+------+--------+------------+
| 05   | 周梅   |          2 |
| 06   | 吴兰   |          2 |
| 07   | 郑竹   |          2 |
+------+--------+------------+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

22. 查询名字中含有「风」字的学生信息

select * from student where sname like '%风%'
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
| Sid  | Sname  | Sage                | Ssex |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
| 03   | 孙风   | 1990-05-20 00:00:00 | 男   |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

24. 查询 1990 年出生的学生名单

select * from student where year(sage) = 1990
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
| Sid  | Sname  | Sage                | Ssex |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
| 01   | 赵雷   | 1990-01-01 00:00:00 | 男   |
| 02   | 钱电   | 1990-12-21 00:00:00 | 男   |
| 03   | 孙风   | 1990-05-20 00:00:00 | 男   |
| 04   | 李云   | 1990-08-06 00:00:00 | 男   |
| 08   | 王菊   | 1990-01-20 00:00:00 | 女   |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

33. 成绩不重复，查询选修「张三」老师所授课程的学生中，成绩最高的学生信息及其成绩

select s.*, max(score)
from student s, teacher t, course c, sc
where s.sid = sc.sid
and sc.cid = c.cid
and c.tid = t.tid
and t.tname = '张三'
+------+--------+---------------------+------+------------+
| Sid  | Sname  | Sage                | Ssex | max(score) |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+------------+
| 01   | 赵雷   | 1990-01-01 00:00:00 | 男   |       90.0 |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

34. 成绩有重复的情况下，查询选修「张三」老师所授课程的学生中，成绩最高的学生信息及其成绩

select * from (
select *, DENSE_RANK() over (order by score desc) A
from SC
where Cid = (select Cid from Course where Tid=(select Tid from Teacher where Tname='张三'))
) B
where B.A=1
+------+------+-------+---+
| Sid  | Cid  | score | A |
+------+------+-------+---+
| 01   | 02   |  90.0 | 1 |
+------+------+-------+---+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

40. 查询各学生的年龄，只按年份来算

select sname, year(now())-year(sage) as age from student
+--------+------+
| sname  | age  |
+--------+------+
| 赵雷   |   28 |
| 钱电   |   28 |
| 孙风   |   28 |
| 李云   |   28 |
| 周梅   |   27 |
| 吴兰   |   26 |
| 郑竹   |   29 |
| 王菊   |   28 |
+--------+------+
8 rows in set (0.00 sec)

41. 按照出生日期来算，当前月日 < 出生年月的月日则，年龄减一

select sname, timestampdiff(year, sage, now()) as age from student
+--------+------+
| sname  | age  |
+--------+------+
| 赵雷   |   28 |
| 钱电   |   27 |
| 孙风   |   28 |
| 李云   |   27 |
| 周梅   |   26 |
| 吴兰   |   26 |
| 郑竹   |   29 |
| 王菊   |   28 |
+--------+------+
8 rows in set (0.00 sec)  

42. 查询本周过生日的学生

select * from student where week(now()) = week(sage)
Empty set (0.00 sec)

43. 查询下周过生日的学生

select * from student where (week(now())+1) = week(sage)
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
| Sid  | Sname  | Sage                | Ssex |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
| 04   | 李云   | 1990-08-06 00:00:00 | 男   |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

44. 查询本月过生日的学生

select * from student where month(now()) = month(sage)
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
| Sid  | Sname  | Sage                | Ssex |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
| 07   | 郑竹   | 1989-07-01 00:00:00 | 女   |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

45. 查询下月过生日的学生

select * from student where (month(now())+1) = month(sage)
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
| Sid  | Sname  | Sage                | Ssex |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
| 04   | 李云   | 1990-08-06 00:00:00 | 男   |
+------+--------+---------------------+------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

03-19 19万+
06-14 1万+

09-17 2万+
02-23 3038
05-10 25万+
08-08
04-03 11万+
04-03
10-05 2万+
05-24 1649
04-01
08-17 1万+
12-19 28万+
07-18 244
10-07
06-02 1106