Android 如何将Canvas上绘制的内容保存成本地图片(转)

效果如下图所示

保存在sd卡上的文件为

手机上显示效果为:

1》》在Manifest文件中增加相应权限

1 <!-- 在SDCard中创建与删除文件权限 -->  
2 <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.MOUNT_UNMOUNT_FILESYSTEMS" />  
3 <!-- 往SDCard写入数据权限 -->  
4 <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />

例如我的Manifest文件代码如下:

 1 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  
 2 <manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"  
 3     package="com.demo.picturetest"  
 4     android:versionCode="1"  
 5     android:versionName="1.0" >  
 6   
 7     <!-- 在SDCard中创建与删除文件权限 -->  
 8     <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.MOUNT_UNMOUNT_FILESYSTEMS" />  
 9     <!-- 往SDCard写入数据权限 -->  
10     <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />  
11   
12     <uses-sdk  
13         android:minSdkVersion="8"  
14         android:targetSdkVersion="19" />  
15   
16     <application  
17         android:allowBackup="true"  
18         android:icon="@drawable/ic_launcher"  
19         android:label="@string/app_name"  
20         android:theme="@style/AppTheme" >  
21         <activity  
22             android:name=".MainActivity"  
23             android:label="@string/app_name" >  
24             <intent-filter>  
25                 <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />  
26   
27                 <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />  
28             </intent-filter>  
29         </activity>  
30     </application>  
31   
32 </manifest>  

2》》详细代码如下

  1 package com.demo.picturetest;  
  2   
  3 import java.io.File;  
  4 import java.io.FileNotFoundException;  
  5 import java.io.FileOutputStream;  
  6 import java.io.IOException;  
  7   
  8 import android.app.Activity;  
  9 import android.graphics.Bitmap;  
 10 import android.graphics.Bitmap.Config;  
 11 import android.graphics.BitmapFactory;  
 12 import android.graphics.Canvas;  
 13 import android.graphics.Color;  
 14 import android.graphics.Paint;  
 15 import android.os.Bundle;  
 16 import android.os.Environment;  
 17 import android.util.Log;  
 18 import android.widget.ImageView;  
 19   
 20 public class MainActivity extends Activity {  
 21     private Bitmap mBitmap;  
 22     // 画布  
 23     private Canvas mCanvas;  
 24     // 画笔--画图片  
 25     private Paint mPicturePaint = new Paint();  
 26     // 画笔--写字  
 27     private Paint mTextPaint = new Paint();  
 28     // 画笔--写运动数据  
 29     private Paint mDataPaint = new Paint();  
 30   
 31     private ImageView mImageView;  
 32   
 33     @Override  
 34     protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {  
 35         super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);  
 36         setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);  
 37         drawBitmap();  
 38         init();  
 39         // 展示  
 40         mImageView.setImageBitmap(mBitmap);  
 41   
 42     }  
 43   
 44     private void init() {  
 45         mImageView = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.mImageView);  
 46     }  
 47   
 48     /**  
 49      * 根据图片和文字生成图片  
 50      * */  
 51     private void drawBitmap() {  
 52   
 53         Bitmap bm_bg = BitmapFactory.decodeResource(getResources(),  
 54                 R.drawable.dashboard_bg);  
 55         // 得到图片的宽、高  
 56         int width_bg = bm_bg.getWidth();  
 57         int height_bg = bm_bg.getHeight();  
 58   
 59         // 创建一个你需要尺寸的Bitmap  
 60         mBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(width_bg, height_bg, Config.ARGB_8888);  
 61         // 用这个Bitmap生成一个Canvas,然后canvas就会把内容绘制到上面这个bitmap中  
 62         mCanvas = new Canvas(mBitmap);  
 63   
 64         // 绘制背景图片  
 65         mCanvas.drawBitmap(bm_bg, 0.0f, 0.0f, mPicturePaint);  
 66         // 绘制图片  
 67         Bitmap bm_head = BitmapFactory.decodeResource(getResources(),  
 68                 R.drawable.share_head_img);  
 69   
 70         // 得到图片的宽、高  
 71         int width_head = bm_head.getWidth();  
 72         int height_head = bm_head.getHeight();  
 73         // 绘制图片--保证其在水平方向居中  
 74         mCanvas.drawBitmap(bm_head, (width_bg - width_head) / 2, 0.0f,  
 75                 mPicturePaint);  
 76   
 77         // 绘制文字  
 78         mTextPaint.setColor(Color.WHITE);// 白色画笔  
 79         mTextPaint.setTextSize(80.0f);// 设置字体大小  
 80   
 81         // 绘制文字  
 82         mDataPaint.setColor(Color.RED);// 红色画笔  
 83         mDataPaint.setTextSize(120.0f);// 设置字体大小  
 84   
 85         String distanceTextString = "运动距离:";  
 86         String distanceDataString = String.valueOf(888);  
 87         String distanceScalString = "米";  
 88   
 89         float distanceTextString_width = mTextPaint.measureText(  
 90                 distanceTextString, 0, distanceTextString.length());  
 91   
 92         float distanceDataString_width = mDataPaint.measureText(  
 93                 distanceDataString, 0, distanceDataString.length());  
 94         float distanceScalString_width = mTextPaint.measureText(  
 95                 distanceScalString, 0, distanceScalString.length());  
 96         float x = (width_bg - distanceTextString_width  
 97                 - distanceDataString_width - distanceScalString_width) / 2;  
 98   
 99         mCanvas.drawText(distanceTextString, x, height_head, mTextPaint);// 绘制文字  
100         mCanvas.drawText(distanceDataString, x + distanceTextString_width,  
101                 height_head, mDataPaint);// 绘制文字  
102   
103         mCanvas.drawText(distanceScalString, x + distanceTextString_width  
104                 + distanceDataString_width, height_head, mTextPaint);// 绘制文字  
105   
106         // 保存绘图为本地图片  
107         mCanvas.save(Canvas.ALL_SAVE_FLAG);  
108         mCanvas.restore();  
109   
110         File file = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory()  
111                 .getPath() + "/share_pic.png");// 保存到sdcard根目录下,文件名为share_pic.png  
112         Log.i("CXC", Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getPath());  
113         FileOutputStream fos = null;  
114         try {  
115             fos = new FileOutputStream(file);  
116             mBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 50, fos);  
117   
118         } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {  
119             // TODO Auto-generated catch block  
120             e.printStackTrace();  
121         }  
122         try {  
123             fos.close();  
124         } catch (IOException e) {  
125             // TODO Auto-generated catch block  
126             e.printStackTrace();  
127         }  
128   
129     }  
130 }  

转自:http://blog.csdn.net/cxc19890214/article/details/39924951

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