java读取二进制文件转吗_Java 文本文件和二进制文件的读取(转) | 学步园

一,文本文件的读取

1,FileInputStream:按字节读取文件

1.1,导入包

import java.io.FileInputStream;

java.io.InputStream;

import java.io.*;

1.2,生成一个InputStream对象

InputStream in = new FileInputStream("myfile//a.txt");//("myfile//a.txt",true),写入的内容追加在原有内容的后面,不覆盖

1.3,一个一个字节地读取文件内容

try {

int size = in.available();

char x[] = new char[200];

for (int i = 0; i < size; i++) {

x[i] = (char)in.read();

System.out.print(x[i]);

}

}

catch (IOException ex1) {

ex1.printStackTrace();

}

1.4,关闭对象

finally{

try {

in.close();

}

catch (IOException ex2) {

ex2.printStackTrace();

}

}

=================================================

2,FileOutputStream:按字节写入文件

2.1,导入包

import java.io.*;

2.2,声明一个OutputStream引用

OutputStream out =null;

2.3,构造一个OutputStream对象,并在其中写入内容

try {

out = new FileOutputStream("b.txt");

String str ="java终于完了";

byte[] b = str.getBytes();

try {

out.write(b, 0, b.length);

}

catch (IOException ex1) {

ex1.printStackTrace();

}

2.4,关闭对象

finally{

try {

out.close();

}

catch (IOException ex2) {

ex2.printStackTrace();

}

}

=================================

3,BufferedReader:按字符读取内容

3.1,导入包

import java.io.*;

3.2,声明一个FileReader和BufferedReader的引用

FileReader fr  = null;

BufferedReader buf =null;

3.3,构造一个FileReader和BUfferedReader的对象

fr = new FileReader("myfile//a.txt");

buf = new BufferedReader(fr);

3.4,按行读取文件内容

try {

String s = buf.readLine();

while(s!=null)

{

System.out.println(s);

s =buf.readLine();

}

}

catch (IOException ex1) {

ex1.printStackTrace();

}

3.5,关闭对象连接

finally{

try {

buf.close();

fr.close();

}

catch (IOException ex2) {

ex2.printStackTrace();

}

}

====================================

4,BufferWriter:按字符写入内容

4.1,导入包

import java.io.*;

4.2,声明一个FileWriter和BufferedWriter的引用

FileWriter fw  = null;

BufferedWriter buf = null;

4.3,构造一个FileWriter和BUfferedWriter的对象,并写入内容

try {

fw = new FileWriter("c.txt");

buf = new BufferedWriter(fw);

buf.write("你好!!");

}

catch (IOException ex) {

ex.printStackTrace();

}

4.4,关闭对象连接

finally{

try {

buf.close();

fw.close();

}

catch (IOException ex1) {

ex1.printStackTrace();

}

}

====================================

二,二进制文件的读写

1,导入包

import java.io.*;

2,生成FileInputStream,DataInputStream,FileOutputStream,DataOutputStream的对象

FileInputStream fin = new FileInputStream("d://x.jpg");

DataInputStream da = new DataInputStream(fin);

FileOutputStream fout = new FileOutputStream("e://b.jpg");

DataOutputStream dout = new DataOutputStream(fout);

3,写入数据

int temp ;

try {

while ( (temp = da.read()) != -1) {

dout.write(temp);

}

}

catch (IOException ex1) {

ex1.printStackTrace();

}

4,关闭连接

finally{

try {

fin.close();

da.close();

fout.close();

dout.close();

}

catch (IOException ex2) {

ex2.printStackTrace();

}

}

表情包
插入表情
评论将由博主筛选后显示,对所有人可见 | 还能输入1000个字符
相关推荐
©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 深蓝海洋 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页