java中执行cmd命令_Java执行CMD命令

参见:https://blog.csdn.net/lixingshi/article/details/50467840

public static void runtimeCommand() throws Exception {

Process process = Runtime.getRuntime().exec("cmd.exe /c dir");

int status = process.waitFor();

System.out.println(status);

InputStream in = process.getInputStream();

BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(in));

String line = br.readLine();

while(line!=null) {

System.out.println(line);

line = br.readLine();

}

}

命令行中使用/c关闭执行完毕的窗口,否则无法获取输入流。但是在Linux下面就可以直接使用如下代码获取输入流:

Process process = Runtime.getRuntime().exec("ls");

int status = process.waitFor();

System.out.println(status);

InputStream in = process.getInputStream();

BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(in));

String line = br.readLine();

while(line!=null) {

System.out.println(line);

line = br.readLine();

}

还可以使用ProcessBuilder进行创建进程,这种方更灵活。代码如下:

public static void processBuilderCommand() throws Exception {

List commands = new ArrayList<>();

commands.add("cmd.exe");

commands.add("/c");

commands.add("dir");

commands.add("E:\\flink");

ProcessBuilder pb =new ProcessBuilder(commands);

//可以修改进程环境变量

pb.environment().put("DAXIN_HOME", "/home/daxin");

System.out.println(pb.directory());

Process process = pb.start();

int status = process.waitFor();

System.out.println(pb.environment());

System.out.println(status);

InputStream in = process.getInputStream();

BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(in));

String line = br.readLine();

while(line!=null) {

System.out.println(line);

line = br.readLine();

}

}

调用java命令执行class文件并获取输出:

public static void processBuilderCommand() throws Exception {

List commands = new ArrayList<>();

commands.add("cmd.exe");

commands.add("/c");

commands.add("java HelloWorld");

ProcessBuilder pb =new ProcessBuilder(commands);

pb.directory(new File("C:\\Users\\liuguangxin\\oxygen--workspace\\java8\\bin\\"));//设置工作目录

Process process = pb.start();

int status = process.waitFor();

InputStream in = process.getInputStream();

BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(in));

String line = br.readLine();

while(line!=null) {

System.out.println(line);

line = br.readLine();

}

}

java   C:\\Users\\liuguangxin\\oxygen--workspace\\java8\\bin\\HelloWorld会将目录作为类名一起解析故无法执行。

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