Java实现上传(支持多个文件同时上传)和下载

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文件上传一直是Web项目中必不可少的一项功能。

项目结构如下:(这是我之前创建的SSM整合的框架项目,在这上面添加文件上传与下载)


主要的是FileUploadController,doupload.jsp,up.jsp,springmvc.xml

1.先编写up.jsp

<form action="doupload.jsp" enctype="multipart/form-data" method="post">
   		<p>上传者:<input type="text" name="user"></p> 
   		<p>选择文件:<input type="file" name="nfile"></p> 
   		<p>选择文件:<input type="file" name="nfile1"></p> 
   		<p><input type="submit" value="提交"></p>
   </form>

以上便是up.jsp的核心代码;

2.编写doupload.jsp

<%
	request.setCharacterEncoding("utf-8");
	String uploadFileName = ""; //上传的文件名
	String fieldName = "";  //表单字段元素的name属性值
	//请求信息中的内容是否是multipart类型
	boolean isMultipart = ServletFileUpload.isMultipartContent(request);
	//上传文件的存储路径(服务器文件系统上的绝对文件路径)
	String uploadFilePath = request.getSession().getServletContext().getRealPath("upload/" );
	if (isMultipart) {
		FileItemFactory factory = new DiskFileItemFactory();
		ServletFileUpload upload = new ServletFileUpload(factory);
		try {
			//解析form表单中所有文件
			List<FileItem> items = upload.parseRequest(request);
			Iterator<FileItem> iter = items.iterator();
			while (iter.hasNext()) {   //依次处理每个文件
				FileItem item = (FileItem) iter.next();
				if (item.isFormField()){  //普通表单字段
					fieldName = item.getFieldName();   //表单字段的name属性值
					if (fieldName.equals("user")){
						//输出表单字段的值
						out.print(item.getString("UTF-8")+"上传了文件。<br/>");
					}
				}else{  //文件表单字段
					String fileName = item.getName();
					if (fileName != null && !fileName.equals("")) {
						File fullFile = new File(item.getName());
						File saveFile = new File(uploadFilePath, fullFile.getName());
						item.write(saveFile);
						uploadFileName = fullFile.getName();
						out.print("上传成功后的文件名是:"+uploadFileName);	
						out.print("\t\t下载链接:"+"<a href='download.action?name="+uploadFileName+"'>"+uploadFileName+"</a>");
						out.print("<br/>");	
					}
				}
			}
		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}
%>

该页面主要是内容是,通过解析request,并设置上传路径,创建一个迭代器,先进行判空,再通过循环来实现多个文件的上传,再输出文件信息的同时打印文件下载路径。

效果图:



3.编写FilterController实现文件下载的功能(相对上传比较简单):

@Controller
public class FileUploadController {
	@RequestMapping(value="/download")
	public ResponseEntity<byte[]> download(HttpServletRequest request,HttpServletResponse response,@RequestParam("name") String filename)throws Exception {    
		//下载显示的文件名,解决中文名称乱码问题  
		filename=new String(filename.getBytes("iso-8859-1"),"UTF-8");
		//下载文件路径
		String path = request.getServletContext().getRealPath("/upload/");
		File file = new File(path + File.separator + filename);
		HttpHeaders headers = new HttpHeaders();  
		//下载显示的文件名,解决中文名称乱码问题  
		String downloadFielName = new String(filename.getBytes("iso-8859-1"),"UTF-8");
		//通知浏览器以attachment(下载方式)打开图片
		headers.setContentDispositionFormData("Content-Disposition", downloadFielName); 
		//application/octet-stream : 二进制流数据(最常见的文件下载)。
		headers.setContentType(MediaType.APPLICATION_OCTET_STREAM);
		return new ResponseEntity<byte[]>(FileUtils.readFileToByteArray(file),    
				headers, HttpStatus.CREATED);  
	}
}

4.实现上传文件的功能还需要在springmvc中配置bean:

<bean id="multipartResolver"  
        class="org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartResolver">  
        <!-- 上传文件大小上限,单位为字节(10MB) -->
        <property name="maxUploadSize">  
            <value>10485760</value>  
        </property>  
        <!-- 请求的编码格式,必须和jSP的pageEncoding属性一致,以便正确读取表单的内容,默认为ISO-8859-1 -->
        <property name="defaultEncoding">
            <value>UTF-8</value>
        </property>
    </bean>

完整代码如下:

up.jsp

<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
  <head>
    <title>File控件</title>
  </head>
  
  <body>
   <form action="doupload.jsp" enctype="multipart/form-data" method="post">
   		<p>上传者:<input type="text" name="user"></p> 
   		<p>选择文件:<input type="file" name="nfile"></p> 
   		<p>选择文件:<input type="file" name="nfile1"></p> 
   		<p><input type="submit" value="提交"></p>
   </form>
  </body>
</html>

doupload.jsp

<%@ page language="java" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%@page import="java.io.*,java.util.*"%>
<%@page import="org.apache.commons.fileupload.*"%>
<%@page import="org.apache.commons.fileupload.disk.DiskFileItemFactory" %>
<%@page import="org.apache.commons.fileupload.servlet.ServletFileUpload"%>

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
<head>
<title>上传处理页面</title>
</head>
<body>
<%
	request.setCharacterEncoding("utf-8");
	String uploadFileName = ""; //上传的文件名
	String fieldName = "";  //表单字段元素的name属性值
	//请求信息中的内容是否是multipart类型
	boolean isMultipart = ServletFileUpload.isMultipartContent(request);
	//上传文件的存储路径(服务器文件系统上的绝对文件路径)
	String uploadFilePath = request.getSession().getServletContext().getRealPath("upload/" );
	if (isMultipart) {
		FileItemFactory factory = new DiskFileItemFactory();
		ServletFileUpload upload = new ServletFileUpload(factory);
		try {
			//解析form表单中所有文件
			List<FileItem> items = upload.parseRequest(request);
			Iterator<FileItem> iter = items.iterator();
			while (iter.hasNext()) {   //依次处理每个文件
				FileItem item = (FileItem) iter.next();
				if (item.isFormField()){  //普通表单字段
					fieldName = item.getFieldName();   //表单字段的name属性值
					if (fieldName.equals("user")){
						//输出表单字段的值
						out.print(item.getString("UTF-8")+"上传了文件。<br/>");
					}
				}else{  //文件表单字段
					String fileName = item.getName();
					if (fileName != null && !fileName.equals("")) {
						File fullFile = new File(item.getName());
						File saveFile = new File(uploadFilePath, fullFile.getName());
						item.write(saveFile);
						uploadFileName = fullFile.getName();
						out.print("上传成功后的文件名是:"+uploadFileName);	
						out.print("\t\t下载链接:"+"<a href='download.action?name="+uploadFileName+"'>"+uploadFileName+"</a>");
						out.print("<br/>");	
					}
				}
			}
		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}
%>
</body>
</html>

FileUploadController.java

package ssm.me.controller;

import java.io.File;
import java.net.URLDecoder;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import org.apache.commons.fileupload.FileItem;
import org.apache.commons.fileupload.FileItemFactory;
import org.apache.commons.fileupload.disk.DiskFileItemFactory;
import org.apache.commons.fileupload.servlet.ServletFileUpload;
import org.apache.commons.io.FileUtils;
import org.junit.runners.Parameterized.Parameter;
import org.springframework.http.HttpHeaders;
import org.springframework.http.HttpStatus;
import org.springframework.http.MediaType;
import org.springframework.http.ResponseEntity;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.Model;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ModelAttribute;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam;
import org.springframework.web.multipart.MultipartFile;


@Controller
public class FileUploadController {
	@RequestMapping(value="/download")
	public ResponseEntity<byte[]> download(HttpServletRequest request,HttpServletResponse response,@RequestParam("name") String filename)throws Exception {    
		//下载显示的文件名,解决中文名称乱码问题  
		filename=new String(filename.getBytes("iso-8859-1"),"UTF-8");
		//下载文件路径
		String path = request.getServletContext().getRealPath("/upload/");
		File file = new File(path + File.separator + filename);
		HttpHeaders headers = new HttpHeaders();  
		//下载显示的文件名,解决中文名称乱码问题  
		String downloadFielName = new String(filename.getBytes("iso-8859-1"),"UTF-8");
		//通知浏览器以attachment(下载方式)打开图片
		headers.setContentDispositionFormData("Content-Disposition", downloadFielName); 
		//application/octet-stream : 二进制流数据(最常见的文件下载)。
		headers.setContentType(MediaType.APPLICATION_OCTET_STREAM);
		return new ResponseEntity<byte[]>(FileUtils.readFileToByteArray(file),    
				headers, HttpStatus.CREATED);  
	}
}

SpringMVC.xml(仅供参考,有的地方不可以照搬)

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
       xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop" 
       xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.2.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-4.2.xsd 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-4.2.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd">
        <!-- 一个用于自动配置注解的注解配置 -->
        <mvc:annotation-driven></mvc:annotation-driven>
     	<!-- 扫描该包下面所有的Controller -->
     	<context:component-scan base-package="ssm.me.controller"></context:component-scan>
        <!-- 视图解析器 -->
        <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver"></bean>
		<bean id="multipartResolver"  
        class="org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartResolver">  
        <!-- 上传文件大小上限,单位为字节(10MB) -->
        <property name="maxUploadSize">  
            <value>10485760</value>  
        </property>  
        <!-- 请求的编码格式,必须和jSP的pageEncoding属性一致,以便正确读取表单的内容,默认为ISO-8859-1 -->
        <property name="defaultEncoding">
            <value>UTF-8</value>
        </property>
    </bean>

</beans>        

web.xml(仅供参考,有的地方不可以照搬)

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd" id="WebApp_ID" version="3.0">
  <display-name>Student</display-name>
  <welcome-file-list>
    <welcome-file>index.html</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>index.htm</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>default.html</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>default.htm</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>default.jsp</welcome-file>
  </welcome-file-list>
 <servlet>
  	<servlet-name>springmvc</servlet-name>
  	<servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
  <!-- 初始化参数 -->
  <init-param>
  	<param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
  	<param-value>classpath:springmvc.xml</param-value>
  </init-param>
    <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
  </servlet>
  <servlet-mapping>
 	<servlet-name>springmvc</servlet-name>
 	<url-pattern>*.action</url-pattern>
 </servlet-mapping>
  <context-param>
 		<param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
		<param-value>classpath:spring/applicationContext-*.xml</param-value>
 </context-param>
  <listener>
    <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
  </listener>
</web-app>

以上变为文件上传和下载的全部代码,博主亲测过,没有问题。

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