webgl第26课-在图形上贴图片

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上一节课我们学习了  颜色与纹理中--彩色三角形

这一节课我们将学习  颜色与纹理中-在图像上贴图片

实现主要步骤:

纹理映射主要步骤:

 

我们先来了解下其中的一些知识点:

代码:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <title>webgl第26课-在图形上贴图片</title>
  </head>

  <body onload="main()">
    <canvas id="webgl" width="400" height="400">
    Please use a browser that supports "canvas"
    </canvas>

    <script src="../lib/webgl-utils.js"></script>
    <script src="../lib/webgl-debug.js"></script>
    <script src="../lib/cuon-utils.js"></script>
    <script src="../lib/cuon-matrix.js"></script>
    <script src="TexturedQuad.js"></script>
  </body>
</html>
// TexturedQuad.js (c) 2012 matsuda and kanda
// Vertex shader program
var VSHADER_SOURCE =
  'attribute vec4 a_Position;\n' +
  'attribute vec2 a_TexCoord;\n' +
  'varying vec2 v_TexCoord;\n' +
  'void main() {\n' +
  '  gl_Position = a_Position;\n' +
  '  v_TexCoord = a_TexCoord;\n' +
  '}\n';

// Fragment shader program
var FSHADER_SOURCE =
  '#ifdef GL_ES\n' +
  'precision mediump float;\n' +
  '#endif\n' +
  'uniform sampler2D u_Sampler;\n' +
  'varying vec2 v_TexCoord;\n' +
  'void main() {\n' +
  '  gl_FragColor = texture2D(u_Sampler, v_TexCoord);\n' +
  '}\n';

function main() {
  // Retrieve <canvas> element
  var canvas = document.getElementById('webgl');

  // Get the rendering context for WebGL
  var gl = getWebGLContext(canvas);
  if (!gl) {
    console.log('Failed to get the rendering context for WebGL');
    return;
  }

  // Initialize shaders
  if (!initShaders(gl, VSHADER_SOURCE, FSHADER_SOURCE)) {
    console.log('Failed to intialize shaders.');
    return;
  }

  // Set the vertex information
  var n = initVertexBuffers(gl);
  if (n < 0) {
    console.log('Failed to set the vertex information');
    return;
  }

  // Specify the color for clearing <canvas>
  gl.clearColor(0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0);

  // Set texture
  if (!initTextures(gl, n)) {
    console.log('Failed to intialize the texture.');
    return;
  }
}

function initVertexBuffers(gl) {
  var verticesTexCoords = new Float32Array([
    // 图形顶点坐标和纹理顶点坐标,坐标顺序都是逆时针顺序
    //可以改下纹理坐标试试看其他的效果
    -0.5,  0.5,   0.0, 1.0,
    -0.5, -0.5,   0.0, 0.0,
     0.5,  0.5,   1.0, 1.0,
     0.5, -0.5,   1.0, 0.0,
  ]);
  var n = 4; // The number of vertices

  // Create the buffer object
  var vertexTexCoordBuffer = gl.createBuffer();
  if (!vertexTexCoordBuffer) {
    console.log('Failed to create the buffer object');
    return -1;
  }

  // Bind the buffer object to target
  gl.bindBuffer(gl.ARRAY_BUFFER, vertexTexCoordBuffer);
  gl.bufferData(gl.ARRAY_BUFFER, verticesTexCoords, gl.STATIC_DRAW);

  var FSIZE = verticesTexCoords.BYTES_PER_ELEMENT;
  //Get the storage location of a_Position, assign and enable buffer
  var a_Position = gl.getAttribLocation(gl.program, 'a_Position');
  if (a_Position < 0) {
    console.log('Failed to get the storage location of a_Position');
    return -1;
  }
  gl.vertexAttribPointer(a_Position, 2, gl.FLOAT, false, FSIZE * 4, 0);
  gl.enableVertexAttribArray(a_Position);  // Enable the assignment of the buffer object

  // Get the storage location of a_TexCoord
  var a_TexCoord = gl.getAttribLocation(gl.program, 'a_TexCoord');
  if (a_TexCoord < 0) {
    console.log('Failed to get the storage location of a_TexCoord');
    return -1;
  }
  // Assign the buffer object to a_TexCoord variable
  gl.vertexAttribPointer(a_TexCoord, 2, gl.FLOAT, false, FSIZE * 4, FSIZE * 2);
  gl.enableVertexAttribArray(a_TexCoord);  // Enable the assignment of the buffer object

  return n;
}

function initTextures(gl, n) {
  var texture = gl.createTexture();   // Create a texture object
  if (!texture) {
    console.log('Failed to create the texture object');
    return false;
  }

  // Get the storage location of u_Sampler
  var u_Sampler = gl.getUniformLocation(gl.program, 'u_Sampler');
  if (!u_Sampler) {
    console.log('Failed to get the storage location of u_Sampler');
    return false;
  }
  var image = new Image();  // Create the image object
  if (!image) {
    console.log('Failed to create the image object');
    return false;
  }
  // Register the event handler to be called on loading an image
  image.onload = function(){ loadTexture(gl, n, texture, u_Sampler, image); };
  // Tell the browser to load an image
  image.src = '../resources/sky.jpg';

  return true;
}

function loadTexture(gl, n, texture, u_Sampler, image) {
  gl.pixelStorei(gl.UNPACK_FLIP_Y_WEBGL, 1); // Flip the image's y axis
  // Enable texture unit0
  gl.activeTexture(gl.TEXTURE0);
  // Bind the texture object to the target
  gl.bindTexture(gl.TEXTURE_2D, texture);

  // Set the texture parameters
  gl.texParameteri(gl.TEXTURE_2D, gl.TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER, gl.LINEAR);
  // Set the texture image
  gl.texImage2D(gl.TEXTURE_2D, 0, gl.RGB, gl.RGB, gl.UNSIGNED_BYTE, image);
  
  // Set the texture unit 0 to the sampler
  gl.uniform1i(u_Sampler, 0);
  
  gl.clear(gl.COLOR_BUFFER_BIT);   // Clear <canvas>

  gl.drawArrays(gl.TRIANGLE_STRIP, 0, n); // Draw the rectangle
}

 

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出错啦
系统繁忙,请稍后再试