python 获取列名,从python pandas中的列名获取列索引

In R when you need to retrieve a column index based on the name of the column you could do

idx

Is there a way to do the same with pandas dataframes?

解决方案

Sure, you can use .get_loc():

In [45]: df = DataFrame({"pear": [1,2,3], "apple": [2,3,4], "orange": [3,4,5]})

In [46]: df.columns

Out[46]: Index([apple, orange, pear], dtype=object)

In [47]: df.columns.get_loc("pear")

Out[47]: 2

although to be honest I don't often need this myself. Usually access by name does what I want it to (df["pear"], df[["apple", "orange"]], or maybe df.columns.isin(["orange", "pear"])), although I can definitely see cases where you'd want the index number.

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