linux yum源配置

以Redhta/Centos为例:
1.本地源:
#mkdir /mnt/rh7iso
#cp Packages /mnt/rh7iso
(Packages为安装系统盘中的文件夹)
#cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
#touch rh7iso.repo
#vim rh7iso.repo
[rh7iso]
name=rh7iso
baseurl=file:///mnt/rh7iso/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///mnt/rh7iso/RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-release
#yum clean all
#yum makecache
2.yum 网络源:
#cd /etc
#cp profile profile_backup
#vim profile
在profile的最下面添加类似的几行:
export http_proxy=http://proxy-prc.intel.com:911
export ftp_proxy=http://proxy-prc.intel.com:911
export HTTP_proxy=http://proxy-prc.intel.com:911
export FTP_proxy=http://proxy-prc.intel.com:911
具体以您所需网络代理的地址,端口号相符。

#cd yum.repo.d
#rm -f *
#touch Centos-Base.repo
#vim Centos-Base.repo
以ali源为例:

# CentOS-Base.repo
#
# The mirror system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the
# update status of each mirror to pick mirrors that are updated to and
# geographically close to the client.  You should use this for CentOS updates
# unless you are manually picking other mirrors.
#
# If the mirrorlist= does not work for you, as a fall back you can try the 
# remarked out baseurl= line instead.
#
#
 
[base]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Base - mirrors.aliyun.com
failovermethod=priority
baseurl=http://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/
        http://mirrors.aliyuncs.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=os
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7
 
#released updates 
[updates]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Updates - mirrors.aliyun.com
failovermethod=priority
baseurl=http://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/7/updates/x86_64/
        http://mirrors.aliyuncs.com/centos/7/updates/x86_64/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=updates
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7
 
#additional packages that may be useful
[extras]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Extras - mirrors.aliyun.com
failovermethod=priority
baseurl=http://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/7/extras/x86_64/
        http://mirrors.aliyuncs.com/centos/7/extras/x86_64/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=extras
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7
 
#additional packages that extend functionality of existing packages
[centosplus]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Plus - mirrors.aliyun.com
failovermethod=priority
baseurl=http://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/7/centosplus/x86_64/
        http://mirrors.aliyuncs.com/centos/7/centosplus/x86_64/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=centosplus
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7
 
#contrib - packages by Centos Users
[contrib]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Contrib - mirrors.aliyun.com
failovermethod=priority
baseurl=http://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/7/contrib/x86_64/
        http://mirrors.aliyuncs.com/centos/7/contrib/x86_64/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=contrib
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7

#init 6
重启后等大概一分钟再进行清空yum本地源 等操作。
#yum clean all
#yum makecacke
然后就可以正常用yum install安装工具了

PS:网络源配置重启能正常使用的前提是网络端口是重启后能自动到获取IP。
eg: vim /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-enp2s0f0
……
……
ONBOOT=yes(开机后自动获取IP)

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