Gunicorn 简单使用

Gunicorn 简单使用

  1. 配置文件如下
import multiprocessing

bind = '0.0.0.0:8000'
workers = multiprocessing.cpu_count() * 2 + 1
# 服务连接已满时,可容纳的等待连接数,当超过该值时,服务会直接被拒绝
backlog = 2048
worker_class = "gevent"
# 最大连接数
worker_connections = 1000
threads = 30
# 后台运行
daemon = True
proc_name = 'gunicorn_demo'
# 日志输出
access_log = "./logs/access_guni.log"
error_log = "./logs/error/guni.log"
# pid 用于启停
pidfile = "./logs/guni.pid"
timeout = 600
  1. 服务启停
  • 启动 gunicorn -c guni_config.py manage:app
    • manage 就是 python 文件mange.py
    • 服务对象叫做 app
  • 关闭 kill -9 ./logs/guni.pid
  • 重启 kill -HUP ./logs/guni.pid
  1. 配置 syslog(可输出到 logstash)
syslog = True
syslog_addr = "udp://11.1.1.1:9090"
access_log_format = ''%(h)s %(l)s %(u)s %(t)s "%(r)s" %(s)s %(b)s "%(f)s" "%(a)s"''
  1. 日志格式解释
  • 官方文档 https://docs.gunicorn.org/en/stable/settings.html#access-log-format
变量名 释义 备注
h remote address
l ‘-’
u user name
t date of the request
r status line (e.g. GET / HTTP/1.1)
m request method
U URL path without query string
q query string
H protocol
s status
B response length
b response length or ‘-’ (CLF format)
f referer
a user agent
T request time in seconds
D request time in microseconds
L request time in decimal seconds
p process ID
{header}i request header
{header}o response header
{variable}e environment variable
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