nested exception is java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax/xml/bind/ValidationException

在做项目的时候,使用validate进行校验,发现一个异常。
情况说明:
jdk版本为10.0.2
validate依赖为:

<dependency>
  <groupId>javax.validation</groupId>
  <artifactId>validation-api</artifactId>
  <version>1.1.0.Final</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
  <groupId>org.hibernate</groupId>
  <artifactId>hibernate-validator</artifactId>
  <version>5.2.4.Final</version>
</dependency>

报错信息:

严重: StandardWrapper.Throwable
org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'org.springframework.validation.beanvalidation.OptionalValidatorFactoryBean#0': Invocation of init method failed; nested exception is java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax/xml/bind/ValidationException
 at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.initializeBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1628)
 at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:555)
 at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:483)
 at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:306)
 at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:230)
 at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:302)
 at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:197)
 at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:761)
 at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:867)
 at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:543)
 at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.configureAndRefreshWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:668)
 at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.createWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:634)
 at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.createWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:682)
 at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.initWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:553)
 at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.initServletBean(FrameworkServlet.java:494)
 at org.springframework.web.servlet.HttpServletBean.init(HttpServletBean.java:171)
 at javax.servlet.GenericServlet.init(GenericServlet.java:158)
 at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.initServlet(StandardWrapper.java:1230)
 at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.loadServlet(StandardWrapper.java:1174)
 at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.allocate(StandardWrapper.java:847)
 at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:135)
 at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:110)
 at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:494)
 at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:169)
 at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:104)
 at org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve.invoke(AccessLogValve.java:1025)
 at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:116)
 at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:445)
 at org.apache.coyote.http11.AbstractHttp11Processor.process(AbstractHttp11Processor.java:1137)
 at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$AbstractConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:637)
 at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.JIoEndpoint$SocketProcessor.run(JIoEndpoint.java:316)
 at java.base/java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1135)
 at java.base/java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:635)
 at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61)
 at java.base/java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:844)
Caused by: java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax/xml/bind/ValidationException
 at java.base/java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass1(Native Method)
 at java.base/java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass(ClassLoader.java:1009)
 at java.base/java.security.SecureClassLoader.defineClass(SecureClassLoader.java:174)
 at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoaderBase.findClassInternal(WebappClassLoaderBase.java:3222)
 at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoaderBase.findClass(WebappClassLoaderBase.java:1409)
 at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoaderBase.loadClass(WebappClassLoaderBase.java:1897)
 at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoaderBase.loadClass(WebappClassLoaderBase.java:1771)
 at org.hibernate.validator.internal.engine.ConfigurationImpl.<init>(ConfigurationImpl.java:129)
 at org.hibernate.validator.internal.engine.ConfigurationImpl.<init>(ConfigurationImpl.java:96)
 at org.hibernate.validator.HibernateValidator.createGenericConfiguration(HibernateValidator.java:31)
 at javax.validation.Validation$GenericBootstrapImpl.configure(Validation.java:276)
 at org.springframework.validation.beanvalidation.LocalValidatorFactoryBean.afterPropertiesSet(LocalValidatorFactoryBean.java:250)
 at org.springframework.validation.beanvalidation.OptionalValidatorFactoryBean.afterPropertiesSet(OptionalValidatorFactoryBean.java:40)
 at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.invokeInitMethods(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1687)
 at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.initializeBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1624)
 ... 34 more
Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: javax.xml.bind.ValidationException
 at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoaderBase.loadClass(WebappClassLoaderBase.java:1928)
 at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoaderBase.loadClass(WebappClassLoaderBase.java:1771)
 ... 49 more

查阅资料后,发现原因是:

JAXB API是java EE 的API,因此在java SE 9.0 中不再包含这个 Jar 包。
java 9 中引入了模块的概念,默认情况下,Java SE中将不再包含java EE 的Jar包
而在 java 6/7 / 8 时关于这个API 都是捆绑在一起的


解决方案如下:
引入下面依赖即可
jaxb-api maven地址:http://mvnrepository.com/artifact/javax.xml.bind/jaxb-api
jaxb-impl maven地址:http://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.sun.xml.bind/jaxb-impl
jaxb-core maven地址:http://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.sun.xml.bind/jaxb-core

<dependency>
  <groupId>javax.xml.bind</groupId>
  <artifactId>jaxb-api</artifactId>
  <version>2.3.0</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.sun.xml.bind</groupId>
  <artifactId>jaxb-impl</artifactId>
  <version>2.3.0</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.sun.xml.bind</groupId>
  <artifactId>jaxb-core</artifactId>
  <version>2.3.0</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
  <groupId>javax.activation</groupId>
  <artifactId>activation</artifactId>
  <version>1.1.1</version>
</dependency>

参考资料来自SIMBA1949的CSDN博客,全文地址请点击:https://blog.csdn.net/simba1949/article/details/79899431?utm_source=copy

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