Little Joey invented a scrabble machine that he called Euler, after the great mathematician. In his primary school Joey heard about the nice story of how Euler started the study about graphs. The problem in that story was - let me remind you - to draw a graph on a paper without lifting your pen, and finally return to the original position. Euler proved that you could do this if and only if the (planar) graph you created has the following two properties: (1) The graph is connected; and (2) Every vertex in the graph has even degree.
Joey's Euler machine works exactly like this. The device consists of a pencil touching the paper, and a control center issuing a sequence of instructions. The paper can be viewed as the infinite two-dimensional plane; that means you do not need to worry about if the pencil will ever go off the boundary.
In the beginning, the Euler machin