# nginx之ngx_queue

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ngx_queue.h:

#include <ngx_config.h>
#include <ngx_core.h>

#ifndef _NGX_QUEUE_H_INCLUDED_
#define _NGX_QUEUE_H_INCLUDED_

typedef struct ngx_queue_s  ngx_queue_t;
//队列的两个节点prev和next
struct ngx_queue_s {
ngx_queue_t  *prev;
ngx_queue_t  *next;
};

//初始化循循环环队列
#define ngx_queue_init(q)                                                     \
(q)->prev = q;                                                            \
(q)->next = q

//判断队列是否为空
#define ngx_queue_empty(h)                                                    \
(h == (h)->prev)

//向队列头插入一个节点
#define ngx_queue_insert_head(h, x)                                           \
(x)->next = (h)->next;                                                    \
(x)->next->prev = x;                                                      \
(x)->prev = h;                                                            \
(h)->next = x

//向队列尾加入节点
#define ngx_queue_insert_tail(h, x)                                           \
(x)->prev = (h)->prev;                                                    \
(x)->prev->next = x;                                                      \
(x)->next = h;                                                            \
(h)->prev = x

//由于是循环队列，任一节点均可以当作头节点
(h)->next

//返回队尾节点
#define ngx_queue_last(h)                                                     \
(h)->prev

#define ngx_queue_sentinel(h)                                                 \
(h)

//返回q节点next
#define ngx_queue_next(q)                                                     \
(q)->next

//返回q节点prev
#define ngx_queue_prev(q)                                                     \
(q)->prev

#if (NGX_DEBUG)

#define ngx_queue_remove(x)                                                   \
(x)->next->prev = (x)->prev;                                              \
(x)->prev->next = (x)->next;                                              \
(x)->prev = NULL;                                                         \
(x)->next = NULL

#else
//删除队列一个节点
#define ngx_queue_remove(x)                                                   \
(x)->next->prev = (x)->prev;                                              \
(x)->prev->next = (x)->next

#endif

//以q为分界点分离队列，h不包含q节点，n包含q节点
#define ngx_queue_split(h, q, n)                                              \
(n)->prev = (h)->prev;                                                    \
(n)->prev->next = n;                                                      \
(n)->next = q;                                                            \
(h)->prev = (q)->prev;                                                    \
(h)->prev->next = h;                                                      \
(q)->prev = n;

//将n链表加入队列
#define ngx_queue_add(h, n)                                                   \
(h)->prev->next = (n)->next;                                              \
(n)->next->prev = (h)->prev;                                              \
(h)->prev = (n)->prev;                                                    \
(h)->prev->next = h;

//offsetof计算结构体的成员偏移量
#define ngx_queue_data(q, type, link)                                         \
(type *) ((u_char *) q - offsetof(type, link))

ngx_queue_t *ngx_queue_middle(ngx_queue_t *queue);
void ngx_queue_sort(ngx_queue_t *queue,
ngx_int_t (*cmp)(const ngx_queue_t *, const ngx_queue_t *));

#endif /* _NGX_QUEUE_H_INCLUDED_ */



nginx.c:


/**
*奇数的是返回中位，偶数返回队列第二部分的第一个元素
*这里用到的技巧是每次middle向后移动一步，next向后移动两步，这样next指到队尾
*的时候，middle就指到了中间，时间复杂度就是O(N)
**/
ngx_queue_t *
ngx_queue_middle(ngx_queue_t *queue)
{
ngx_queue_t  *middle, *next;
//寻找队列的头部
//若middle为队列的队尾则直接返回
if (middle == ngx_queue_last(queue)) {
return middle;
}

for ( ;; ) {
middle = ngx_queue_next(middle);

next = ngx_queue_next(next);

if (next == ngx_queue_last(queue)) {
return middle;
}

next = ngx_queue_next(next);

if (next == ngx_queue_last(queue)) {
return middle;
}
}
}


//插入排序算法，时间复杂度O(N^2)
void
ngx_queue_sort(ngx_queue_t *queue,
ngx_int_t (*cmp)(const ngx_queue_t *, const ngx_queue_t *))
{
ngx_queue_t  *q, *prev, *next;

if (q == ngx_queue_last(queue)) {
return;
}

for (q = ngx_queue_next(q); q != ngx_queue_sentinel(queue); q = next) {

prev = ngx_queue_prev(q);
next = ngx_queue_next(q);

ngx_queue_remove(q);

do {
if (cmp(prev, q) <= 0) {
break;
}

prev = ngx_queue_prev(prev);

} while (prev != ngx_queue_sentinel(queue));

ngx_queue_insert_after(prev, q);
}
}

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