php使用smtp发送邮件

使用SMTP发送邮件不需要第三方扩展:
1,创建html页面如图(index.html)

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> 
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> 
<head> 
<meta charset="utf-8"> 
<title>PHP利用smtp类发送邮件范例</title> 
</head> 
<body> 
<form action="sendmail.php" method="post"> 
<p>收件人:<input type="text" name="toemail" /></p> 
<p>标  题:<input type="text" name="title" /></p> 
<p>内  容:<textarea name="content" cols="50" rows="5"></textarea></p> 
<p><input type="submit" value="发送" /></p> 
</form> 
</body> 
</html>

2,创建请求 (sendmail.php)

<meta charset="utf-8">
<?php
/**
 * 注:本邮件类都是经过我测试成功了的,如果大家发送邮件的时候遇到了失败的问题,请从以下几点排查:
 * 1. 用户名和密码是否正确;
 * 2. 检查邮箱设置是否启用了smtp服务;
 * 3. 是否是php环境的问题导致;
 * 4. 将26行的$smtp->debug = false改为true,可以显示错误信息,然后可以复制报错信息到网上搜一下错误的原因
 */
require_once "email.class.php";
//******************** 配置信息 ******************************** 
$smtpserver = "smtp.163.com";//SMTP服务器 (不要动)
$smtpserverport = 25;//SMTP服务器端口(不要动)
$smtpusermail = "XXXXXX@163.com";//SMTP服务器的用户邮箱  (你自己的邮箱地址)
$smtpemailto = $_POST['toemail'];//发送给谁 (不要动)
$smtpuser = "XXXXXX@163.com";//SMTP服务器的用户帐号 (你自己的邮箱地址)
$smtppass = "XXXXXX";//SMTP服务器的用户密码 (你自己的邮箱地址 的客户端授权密码)
$mailtitle = $_POST['title'];//邮件主题 (不要动)
$mailcontent = "<h1>" . $_POST['content'] . "</h1>";//邮件内容
$mailtype = "HTML";//邮件格式(HTML/TXT),TXT为文本邮件 
//************************ 配置信息 **************************** 
$smtp = new Smtp($smtpserver, $smtpserverport, true, $smtpuser, $smtppass);//这里面的一个true是表示使用身份验证,否则不使用身份验证.
$smtp->debug = false;//是否显示发送的调试信息 
$state = $smtp->sendmail($smtpemailto, $smtpusermail, $mailtitle, $mailcontent, $mailtype);
echo "<div style='width:300px; margin:36px auto;'>";
if ($state == "") {
    echo "对不起,邮件发送失败!请检查邮箱填写是否有误。";
    echo "<a href='index.html'>点此返回</a>";
    exit();
}
echo "恭喜!邮件发送成功!!";
echo "<a href='index.html'>点此返回</a>";
echo "</div>";
?>

3,创建文件(email.class.php)

<?php

class Smtp
{
    var $smtp_port;
    var $time_out;
    var $host_name;
    var $log_file;
    var $relay_host;
    var $debug;
    var $auth;
    var $user;
    var $pass;
    var $sock;

    function Smtp($relay_host = "", $smtp_port = 25, $auth = false, $user, $pass)
    {
        $this->debug = FALSE;
        $this->smtp_port = $smtp_port;
        $this->relay_host = $relay_host;
        $this->time_out = 3600;
        $this->auth = $auth;
        $this->user = $user;
        $this->pass = $pass;
        $this->host_name = "localhost";
        $this->log_file = "";
        $this->sock = FALSE;
    }

    function sendmail($to, $from, $subject = "", $body = "", $mailtype, $cc = "", $bcc = "", $additional_headers = "")
    {
        $mail_from = $this->get_address($this->strip_comment($from));
        $body = ereg_replace("(^|(\r\n))(\.)", "\1.\3", $body);
        $header = "MIME-Version:1.0\r\n";
        if ($mailtype == "HTML") {
            $header .= "Content-Type:text/html\r\n";
        }
        $header .= "To: " . $to . "\r\n";
        if ($cc != "") {
            $header .= "Cc: " . $cc . "\r\n";
        }
        $header .= "From: $from<" . $from . ">\r\n";
        $header .= "Subject: " . $subject . "\r\n";
        $header .= $additional_headers;
        $header .= "Date: " . date("r") . "\r\n";
        $header .= "X-Mailer:By Redhat (PHP/" . phpversion() . ")\r\n";
        list($msec, $sec) = explode(" ", microtime());
        $header .= "Message-ID: <" . date("YmdHis", $sec) . "." . ($msec * 1000000) . "." . $mail_from . ">\r\n";
        $TO = explode(",", $this->strip_comment($to));
        if ($cc != "") {
            $TO = array_merge($TO, explode(",", $this->strip_comment($cc)));
        }
        if ($bcc != "") {
            $TO = array_merge($TO, explode(",", $this->strip_comment($bcc)));
        }
        $sent = TRUE;
        foreach ($TO as $rcpt_to) {
            $rcpt_to = $this->get_address($rcpt_to);
            if (!$this->smtp_sockopen($rcpt_to)) {
                $this->log_write("Error: Cannot send email to " . $rcpt_to . "\n");
                $sent = FALSE;
                continue;
            }
            if ($this->smtp_send($this->host_name, $mail_from, $rcpt_to, $header, $body)) {
                $this->log_write("E-mail has been sent to <" . $rcpt_to . ">\n");
            } else {
                $this->log_write("Error: Cannot send email to <" . $rcpt_to . ">\n");
                $sent = FALSE;
            }
            fclose($this->sock);
            $this->log_write("Disconnected from remote host\n");
        }
        return $sent;
    }

    function smtp_send($helo, $from, $to, $header, $body = "")
    {
        if (!$this->smtp_putcmd("HELO", $helo)) {
            return $this->smtp_error("sending HELO command");
        }
        if ($this->auth) {
            if (!$this->smtp_putcmd("AUTH LOGIN", base64_encode($this->user))) {
                return $this->smtp_error("sending HELO command");
            }
            if (!$this->smtp_putcmd("", base64_encode($this->pass))) {
                return $this->smtp_error("sending HELO command");
            }
        }
        if (!$this->smtp_putcmd("MAIL", "FROM:<" . $from . ">")) {
            return $this->smtp_error("sending MAIL FROM command");
        }
        if (!$this->smtp_putcmd("RCPT", "TO:<" . $to . ">")) {
            return $this->smtp_error("sending RCPT TO command");
        }
        if (!$this->smtp_putcmd("DATA")) {
            return $this->smtp_error("sending DATA command");
        }
        if (!$this->smtp_message($header, $body)) {
            return $this->smtp_error("sending message");
        }
        if (!$this->smtp_eom()) {
            return $this->smtp_error("sending <CR><LF>.<CR><LF> [EOM]");
        }
        if (!$this->smtp_putcmd("QUIT")) {
            return $this->smtp_error("sending QUIT command");
        }
        return TRUE;
    }

    function smtp_sockopen($address)
    {
        if ($this->relay_host == "") {
            return $this->smtp_sockopen_mx($address);
        } else {
            return $this->smtp_sockopen_relay();
        }
    }

    function smtp_sockopen_relay()
    {
        $this->log_write("Trying to " . $this->relay_host . ":" . $this->smtp_port . "\n");
        $this->sock = @fsockopen($this->relay_host, $this->smtp_port, $errno, $errstr, $this->time_out);
        if (!($this->sock && $this->smtp_ok())) {
            $this->log_write("Error: Cannot connenct to relay host " . $this->relay_host . "\n");
            $this->log_write("Error: " . $errstr . " (" . $errno . ")\n");
            return FALSE;
        }
        $this->log_write("Connected to relay host " . $this->relay_host . "\n");
        return TRUE;
    }

    function smtp_sockopen_mx($address)
    {
        $domain = ereg_replace("^.+@([^@]+)$", "\1", $address);
        if (!@getmxrr($domain, $MXHOSTS)) {
            $this->log_write("Error: Cannot resolve MX \"" . $domain . "\"\n");
            return FALSE;
        }
        foreach ($MXHOSTS as $host) {
            $this->log_write("Trying to " . $host . ":" . $this->smtp_port . "\n");
            $this->sock = @fsockopen($host, $this->smtp_port, $errno, $errstr, $this->time_out);
            if (!($this->sock && $this->smtp_ok())) {
                $this->log_write("Warning: Cannot connect to mx host " . $host . "\n");
                $this->log_write("Error: " . $errstr . " (" . $errno . ")\n");
                continue;
            }
            $this->log_write("Connected to mx host " . $host . "\n");
            return TRUE;
        }
        $this->log_write("Error: Cannot connect to any mx hosts (" . implode(", ", $MXHOSTS) . ")\n");
        return FALSE;
    }

    function smtp_message($header, $body)
    {
        fputs($this->sock, $header . "\r\n" . $body);
        $this->smtp_debug("> " . str_replace("\r\n", "\n" . "> ", $header . "\n> " . $body . "\n> "));
        return TRUE;
    }

    function smtp_eom()
    {
        fputs($this->sock, "\r\n.\r\n");
        $this->smtp_debug(". [EOM]\n");
        return $this->smtp_ok();
    }

    function smtp_ok()
    {
        $response = str_replace("\r\n", "", fgets($this->sock, 512));
        $this->smtp_debug($response . "\n");
        if (!ereg("^[23]", $response)) {
            fputs($this->sock, "QUIT\r\n");
            fgets($this->sock, 512);
            $this->log_write("Error: Remote host returned \"" . $response . "\"\n");
            return FALSE;
        }
        return TRUE;
    }

    function smtp_putcmd($cmd, $arg = "")
    {
        if ($arg != "") {
            if ($cmd == "") $cmd = $arg;
            else $cmd = $cmd . " " . $arg;
        }
        fputs($this->sock, $cmd . "\r\n");
        $this->smtp_debug("> " . $cmd . "\n");
        return $this->smtp_ok();
    }

    function smtp_error($string)
    {
        $this->log_write("Error: Error occurred while " . $string . ".\n");
        return FALSE;
    }

    function log_write($message)
    {
        $this->smtp_debug($message);
        if ($this->log_file == "") {
            return TRUE;
        }
        $message = date("M d H:i:s ") . get_current_user() . "[" . getmypid() . "]: " . $message;
        if (!@file_exists($this->log_file) || !($fp = @fopen($this->log_file, "a"))) {
            $this->smtp_debug("Warning: Cannot open log file \"" . $this->log_file . "\"\n");
            return FALSE;;
        }
        flock($fp, LOCK_EX);
        fputs($fp, $message);
        fclose($fp);
        return TRUE;
    }

    function strip_comment($address)
    {
        $comment = "\([^()]*\)";
        while (ereg($comment, $address)) {
            $address = ereg_replace($comment, "", $address);
        }
        return $address;
    }

    function get_address($address)
    {
        $address = ereg_replace("([ \t\r\n])+", "", $address);
        $address = ereg_replace("^.*<(.+)>.*$", "\1", $address);
        return $address;
    }

    function smtp_debug($message)
    {
        if ($this->debug) {
            echo $message;
        }
    }
}

?>

任何获取客户端授权密码;

  1. 登入自己的163邮箱
  2. 点击设置->常规设置->客户端授权密码;
  3. 设置自己的客户端授权密码就行了,
  4. 填入相应的文件中,就可以测试了

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