ftp的上传和下载

FTP 是File Transfer Protocol(文件传输协议)的英文简称,而中文简称为“文传协议”。用于Internet上的控制文件的双向传输。同时,它也是一个应用程序(Application)。基于不同的操作系统有不同的FTP应用程序,而所有这些应用程序都遵守同一种协议以传输文件。在FTP的使用当中,用户经常遇到两个概念:“下载”(Download)和"上传"(Upload)。"下载"文件就是从远程主机拷贝文件至自己的计算机上;"上传"文件就是将文件从自己的计算机中拷贝至远程主机上。用Internet语言来说,用户可通过客户机程序向(从)远程主机上传(下载)文件。

首先下载了Serv-U将自己的电脑设置为了FTP文件服务器,方便操作。下面代码的使用都是在FTP服务器已经创建,并且要在代码中写好FTP连接的相关数据才可以完成。
1.FTP文件的上传与下载(注意是单个文件的上传与下载)

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;

import org.apache.commons.net.ftp.FTP;
import org.apache.commons.net.ftp.FTPClient;
import org.apache.commons.net.ftp.FTPFile;
import org.apache.commons.net.ftp.FTPReply;

/**
 * 实现FTP文件上传和文件下载
 */
public class FtpApche {
    private static FTPClient ftpClient = new FTPClient();
    private static String encoding = System.getProperty("file.encoding");
    /**
     * Description: 向FTP服务器上传文件
     * 
     * @Version1.0
     * @param url
     *            FTP服务器hostname
     * @param port
     *            FTP服务器端口
     * @param username
     *            FTP登录账号
     * @param password
     *            FTP登录密码
     * @param path
     *            FTP服务器保存目录,如果是根目录则为“/”
     * @param filename
     *            上传到FTP服务器上的文件名
     * @param input
     *            本地文件输入流
     * @return 成功返回true,否则返回false
     */
    public static boolean uploadFile(String url, int port, String username,
            String password, String path, String filename, InputStream input) {
        boolean result = false;

        try {
            int reply;
            // 如果采用默认端口,可以使用ftp.connect(url)的方式直接连接FTP服务器
            ftpClient.connect(url);
            // ftp.connect(url, port);// 连接FTP服务器
            // 登录
            ftpClient.login(username, password);
            ftpClient.enterLocalPassiveMode();
            ftpClient.setControlEncoding(encoding);
            // 检验是否连接成功
            reply = ftpClient.getReplyCode();
            if (!FTPReply.isPositiveCompletion(reply)) {
                System.out.println("连接失败");
                ftpClient.disconnect();
                return result;
            }

            // 转移工作目录至指定目录下
            boolean change = ftpClient.changeWorkingDirectory(path);
            ftpClient.setFileType(FTP.BINARY_FILE_TYPE);
            if (change) {
                result = ftpClient.storeFile(new String(filename.getBytes(encoding),"iso-8859-1"), input);
                if (result) {
                    System.out.println("上传成功!");
                }
            }
            input.close();
            ftpClient.logout();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            if (ftpClient.isConnected()) {
                try {
                    ftpClient.disconnect();
                } catch (IOException ioe) {
                }
            }
        }
        return result;
    }

    /**
     * 将本地文件上传到FTP服务器上
     * 
     */
    public void testUpLoadFromDisk() {
        try {
            FileInputStream in = new FileInputStream(new File("D:/test02/list.txt"));
            boolean flag = uploadFile("10.0.0.102", 21, "admin","123456", "/", "lis.txt", in);
            System.out.println(flag);
        } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }


    /**
     * Description: 从FTP服务器下载文件
     * 
     * @Version1.0
     * @param url
     *            FTP服务器hostname
     * @param port
     *            FTP服务器端口
     * @param username
     *            FTP登录账号
     * @param password
     *            FTP登录密码
     * @param remotePath
     *            FTP服务器上的相对路径
     * @param fileName
     *            要下载的文件名
     * @param localPath
     *            下载后保存到本地的路径
     * @return
     */
    public static boolean downFile(String url, int port, String username,
            String password, String remotePath, String fileName,
            String localPath) {
        boolean result = false;
        try {
            int reply;
            ftpClient.setControlEncoding(encoding);
            
            /*
             *  为了上传和下载中文文件,有些地方建议使用以下两句代替
             *  new String(remotePath.getBytes(encoding),"iso-8859-1")转码。
             *  经过测试,通不过。
             */
//            FTPClientConfig conf = new FTPClientConfig(FTPClientConfig.SYST_NT);
//            conf.setServerLanguageCode("zh");

            ftpClient.connect(url, port);
            // 如果采用默认端口,可以使用ftp.connect(url)的方式直接连接FTP服务器
            ftpClient.login(username, password);// 登录
            // 设置文件传输类型为二进制
            ftpClient.setFileType(FTPClient.BINARY_FILE_TYPE);
            // 获取ftp登录应答代码
            reply = ftpClient.getReplyCode();
            // 验证是否登陆成功
            if (!FTPReply.isPositiveCompletion(reply)) {
                ftpClient.disconnect();
                System.err.println("FTP server refused connection.");
                return result;
            }
            // 转移到FTP服务器目录至指定的目录下
            ftpClient.changeWorkingDirectory(new String(remotePath.getBytes(encoding),"iso-8859-1"));
            // 获取文件列表
            FTPFile[] fs = ftpClient.listFiles();
            for (FTPFile ff : fs) {
                if (ff.getName().equals(fileName)) {
                    File localFile = new File(localPath + "/" + ff.getName());
                    OutputStream is = new FileOutputStream(localFile);
                    ftpClient.retrieveFile(ff.getName(), is);
                    is.close();
                }
            }

            ftpClient.logout();
            result = true;
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            if (ftpClient.isConnected()) {
                try {
                    ftpClient.disconnect();
                } catch (IOException ioe) {
                }
            }
        }
        return result;
    }

    /**
     * 将FTP服务器上文件下载到本地
     * 
     */
    public void testDownFile() {
        try {
            boolean flag = downFile("10.0.0.102", 21, "admin",
                    "123456", "/", "ip.txt", "E:/");
            System.out.println(flag);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
    
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        FtpApche fa = new FtpApche();
        fa.testDownFile();
        fa.testUpLoadFromDisk();
    }
}

2.FTP文件夹的上传与下载(注意是整个文件夹)
package ftp;

import java.io.BufferedInputStream;
import java.io.BufferedOutputStream;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.TimeZone;
import org.apache.commons.net.ftp.FTPClient;
import org.apache.commons.net.ftp.FTPClientConfig;
import org.apache.commons.net.ftp.FTPFile;
import org.apache.commons.net.ftp.FTPReply;

import org.apache.log4j.Logger;

public class FTPTest_04 {
private FTPClient ftpClient;
private String strIp;
private int intPort;
private String user;
private String password;

private static Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(FTPTest_04.class.getName());

/* * 
 * Ftp构造函数 
 */  
public FTPTest_04(String strIp, int intPort, String user, String Password) {
    this.strIp = strIp;
    this.intPort = intPort;
    this.user = user;
    this.password = Password;
    this.ftpClient = new FTPClient();
}
/** 
 * @return 判断是否登入成功 
 * */  
public boolean ftpLogin() {
    boolean isLogin = false;
    FTPClientConfig ftpClientConfig = new FTPClientConfig();
    ftpClientConfig.setServerTimeZoneId(TimeZone.getDefault().getID());
    this.ftpClient.setControlEncoding("GBK");
    this.ftpClient.configure(ftpClientConfig);
    try {
        if (this.intPort > 0) {
            this.ftpClient.connect(this.strIp, this.intPort);
        }else {
            this.ftpClient.connect(this.strIp);
        }
        // FTP服务器连接回答  
        int reply = this.ftpClient.getReplyCode();
        if (!FTPReply.isPositiveCompletion(reply)) {
            this.ftpClient.disconnect();
            logger.error("登录FTP服务失败!");
            return isLogin;
        }
        this.ftpClient.login(this.user, this.password);
        // 设置传输协议  
        this.ftpClient.enterLocalPassiveMode();
        this.ftpClient.setFileType(FTPClient.BINARY_FILE_TYPE);
        logger.info("恭喜" + this.user + "成功登陆FTP服务器");
        isLogin = true;
    }catch (Exception e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
        logger.error(this.user + "登录FTP服务失败!" + e.getMessage());
    }
    this.ftpClient.setBufferSize(1024 * 2);
    this.ftpClient.setDataTimeout(30 * 1000);
    return isLogin;
}

/** 
 * @退出关闭服务器链接 
 * */  
public void ftpLogOut() {
    if (null != this.ftpClient && this.ftpClient.isConnected()) {
        try {
            boolean reuslt = this.ftpClient.logout();// 退出FTP服务器  
            if (reuslt) {
                logger.info("成功退出服务器");
            }
        }catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            logger.warn("退出FTP服务器异常!" + e.getMessage());
        }finally {
            try {
                this.ftpClient.disconnect();// 关闭FTP服务器的连接  
            }catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
                logger.warn("关闭FTP服务器的连接异常!");
            }
        }
    }
}

/*** 
 * 上传Ftp文件 
 * @param localFile 当地文件 
 * @param romotUpLoadePath上传服务器路径 - 应该以/结束 
 * */  
public boolean uploadFile(File localFile, String romotUpLoadePath) {
    BufferedInputStream inStream = null;
    boolean success = false;
    try {
        this.ftpClient.changeWorkingDirectory(romotUpLoadePath);// 改变工作路径  
        inStream = new BufferedInputStream(new FileInputStream(localFile));
        logger.info(localFile.getName() + "开始上传.....");
        success = this.ftpClient.storeFile(localFile.getName(), inStream);
        if (success == true) {
            logger.info(localFile.getName() + "上传成功");
            return success;
        }
    }catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
        logger.error(localFile + "未找到");
    }catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }finally {
        if (inStream != null) {
            try {
                inStream.close();
            }catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }
    return success;
}

/*** 
 * 下载文件 
 * @param remoteFileName   待下载文件名称 
 * @param localDires 下载到当地那个路径下 
 * @param remoteDownLoadPath remoteFileName所在的路径 
 * */  

public boolean downloadFile(String remoteFileName, String localDires,  
        String remoteDownLoadPath) {
    String strFilePath = localDires + remoteFileName;
    BufferedOutputStream outStream = null;
    boolean success = false;
    try {
        this.ftpClient.changeWorkingDirectory(remoteDownLoadPath);
        outStream = new BufferedOutputStream(new FileOutputStream(  
                strFilePath));
        logger.info(remoteFileName + "开始下载....");
        success = this.ftpClient.retrieveFile(remoteFileName, outStream);
        if (success == true) {
            logger.info(remoteFileName + "成功下载到" + strFilePath);
            return success;
        }
    }catch (Exception e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
        logger.error(remoteFileName + "下载失败");
    }finally {
        if (null != outStream) {
            try {
                outStream.flush();
                outStream.close();
            }catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }
    if (success == false) {
        logger.error(remoteFileName + "下载失败!!!");
    }
    return success;
}

/*** 
 * @上传文件夹 
 * @param localDirectory 
 *            当地文件夹 
 * @param remoteDirectoryPath 
 *            Ftp 服务器路径 以目录"/"结束 
 * */  
public boolean uploadDirectory(String localDirectory,  
        String remoteDirectoryPath) {
    File src = new File(localDirectory);
    try {
        remoteDirectoryPath = remoteDirectoryPath + src.getName() + "/";
        boolean makeDirFlag = this.ftpClient.makeDirectory(remoteDirectoryPath);
        System.out.println("localDirectory : " + localDirectory);
        System.out.println("remoteDirectoryPath : " + remoteDirectoryPath);
        System.out.println("src.getName() : " + src.getName());
        System.out.println("remoteDirectoryPath : " + remoteDirectoryPath);
        System.out.println("makeDirFlag : " + makeDirFlag);
        // ftpClient.listDirectories();
    }catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
        logger.info(remoteDirectoryPath + "目录创建失败");
    }
    File[] allFile = src.listFiles();
    for (int currentFile = 0;currentFile < allFile.length;currentFile++) {
        if (!allFile[currentFile].isDirectory()) {
            String srcName = allFile[currentFile].getPath().toString();
            uploadFile(new File(srcName), remoteDirectoryPath);
        }
    }
    for (int currentFile = 0;currentFile < allFile.length;currentFile++) {
        if (allFile[currentFile].isDirectory()) {
            // 递归  
            uploadDirectory(allFile[currentFile].getPath().toString(),  
                    remoteDirectoryPath);
        }
    }
    return true;
}

/*** 
 * @下载文件夹 
 * @param localDirectoryPath本地地址 
 * @param remoteDirectory 远程文件夹 
 * */  
public boolean downLoadDirectory(String localDirectoryPath,String remoteDirectory) {
    try {
        String fileName = new File(remoteDirectory).getName();
        localDirectoryPath = localDirectoryPath + fileName + "//";
        new File(localDirectoryPath).mkdirs();
        FTPFile[] allFile = this.ftpClient.listFiles(remoteDirectory);
        for (int currentFile = 0;currentFile < allFile.length;currentFile++) {
            if (!allFile[currentFile].isDirectory()) {
                downloadFile(allFile[currentFile].getName(),localDirectoryPath, remoteDirectory);
            }
        }
        for (int currentFile = 0;currentFile < allFile.length;currentFile++) {
            if (allFile[currentFile].isDirectory()) {
                String strremoteDirectoryPath = remoteDirectory + "/"+ allFile[currentFile].getName();
                downLoadDirectory(localDirectoryPath,strremoteDirectoryPath);
            }
        }
    }catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
        logger.info("下载文件夹失败");
        return false;
    }
    return true;
}
// FtpClient的Set 和 Get 函数  
public FTPClient getFtpClient() {
    return ftpClient;
}
public void setFtpClient(FTPClient ftpClient) {
    this.ftpClient = ftpClient;
}
  
public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
    FTPTest_04 ftp=new FTPTest_04("10.0.0.102",21,"admin","123456");
    ftp.ftpLogin();
    System.out.println("1");
    //上传文件夹  
    boolean uploadFlag = ftp.uploadDirectory("D:\\test02", "/"); //如果是admin/那么传的就是所有文件,如果只是/那么就是传文件夹
    System.out.println("uploadFlag : " + uploadFlag);
    //下载文件夹  
    ftp.downLoadDirectory("d:\\tm", "/");
    ftp.ftpLogOut();
}

}

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