Java初学者设计简单文本编译器

Java初学者设计简单文本编译器

本编译器可以实现一些基本功能

(1)所见即所得的文本输入;
(2)能方便地选中文本、复制、剪切、删除和粘贴文本;
(3)具有一般编辑器所具有的查找、替换和文件保存功能;
(4)打印功能;
(5)可以实现设置字体。

实现代码如下:

import java.io.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import java.awt.print.PageFormat;
import java.awt.print.Printable;
import java.awt.print.PrinterException;
import java.awt.print.PrinterJob;
import java.awt.*;
import java.util.regex.*;

public class text3{
    public static void main(String args[]){
        EditWindow win=new EditWindow();
        win.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.DISPOSE_ON_CLOSE);
    }
}
class EditWindow extends JFrame implements ActionListener{
	JFileChooser filechooser = new JFileChooser();      //文件选择器
    JMenuBar menubar;
    JPopupMenu mouseMenu;
    JMenu menu1,menu2,menu3,menu4;
    JMenuItem itemNew,itemNewWindow,itemSave,itemSaveAs,itemPrinting,
    itemPageSetup,itemCut,itemCopy,itemPaste,itemFind,itemReplace,itemOpen,
    itemFontFormat,itemAbout,mouseCut,mouseCopy,mousePaste,mouseDelet,mouseAll; 
    JTextArea text1;
    EditWindow(){
    	setTitle("简单文本编译器");    
    	setSize(500,570);
    	setLocation(120,120);
    	setVisible(true);
       /*
        * 菜单栏设置:
	     * 1.文件
	     *   ①新建
	     *   ②新窗口
	     *   ③打开
	     *   ④保存
	     *   ⑤另存为
	     *   ⑥打印
	     * 2.编辑
	     *   ①剪切
	     *   ②复制
	     *   ③粘贴
	     *   ④查找
	     *   ⑤替换
	     * 3.格式
	     *   ①字体格式
	     *   
	     * 4.帮助
	     * ①关于
	    */
       //文件菜单设置
       menubar=new JMenuBar(); 
       menu1=new JMenu("文件(F)");menu1.setMnemonic('F');
       menu2=new JMenu("编辑(E)");menu2.setMnemonic('E');
       menu3=new JMenu("格式(O)");menu3.setMnemonic('O');
       menu4=new JMenu("帮助(H)");menu4.setMnemonic('H');
       //文件
       itemNew=new JMenuItem("新建(N)              Ctrl+N");itemNewWindow=new JMenuItem("新窗口(W)         Ctrl+W");
       itemOpen=new JMenuItem("打开(O)              Ctrl+O");itemSave=new JMenuItem("保存(S)               Ctrl+S");
       itemSaveAs=new JMenuItem("另存为(E)           Ctrl+E");itemPrinting=new JMenuItem("打印(P)               Ctrl+P");
       itemNew.setAccelerator(KeyStroke.getKeyStroke(KeyEvent.VK_N, InputEvent.CTRL_MASK));
       itemNewWindow.setAccelerator(KeyStroke.getKeyStroke(KeyEvent.VK_W, InputEvent.CTRL_MASK));
       itemOpen.setAccelerator(KeyStroke.getKeyStroke(KeyEvent.VK_O, InputEvent.CTRL_MASK));
       itemSave.setAccelerator(KeyStroke.getKeyStroke(KeyEvent.VK_S, InputEvent.CTRL_MASK));
       itemSaveAs.setAccelerator(KeyStroke.getKeyStroke(KeyEvent.VK_E, InputEvent.CTRL_MASK));
       itemPrinting.setAccelerator(KeyStroke.getKeyStroke(KeyEvent.VK_P, InputEvent.CTRL_MASK));
       menu1.add(itemNew);menu1.add(itemNewWindow);menu1.add(itemOpen);menu1.add(itemSave);
       menu1.add(itemSaveAs);menu1.add(itemPrinting);
       
       //编辑
       itemCut=new JMenuItem("剪切(T)         Ctrl+X");itemCopy=new JMenuItem("复制(C)         Ctrl+C");
       itemPaste=new JMenuItem("粘贴(V)         Ctrl+V");itemFind=new JMenuItem("查找(F)         Ctrl+F");
       itemReplace=new JMenuItem("替换(R)         Ctrl+R");
       itemCut.setAccelerator(KeyStroke.getKeyStroke(KeyEvent.VK_X, InputEvent.CTRL_MASK));
       itemCopy.setAccelerator(KeyStroke.getKeyStroke(KeyEvent.VK_C, InputEvent.CTRL_MASK));
       itemPaste.setAccelerator(KeyStroke.getKeyStroke(KeyEvent.VK_V, InputEvent.CTRL_MASK));
       itemFind.setAccelerator(KeyStroke.getKeyStroke(KeyEvent.VK_F, InputEvent.CTRL_MASK));
       itemReplace.setAccelerator(KeyStroke.getKeyStroke(KeyEvent.VK_R, InputEvent.CTRL_MASK));
       menu2.add(itemCut);menu2.add(itemCopy);menu2.add(itemPaste);
       menu2.add(itemFind);menu2.add(itemReplace);
       //格式
       itemFontFormat=new JMenuItem("字体格式(F)");
       menu3.add(itemFontFormat);
       //帮助
       itemAbout=new JMenuItem("关于(H)");
       menu4.add(itemAbout);
       menubar.add(menu1);menubar.add(menu2);
       menubar.add(menu3);menubar.add(menu4);
       setJMenuBar(menubar);
       validate();
       //设置监听器
       itemNew.addActionListener(this);itemNewWindow.addActionListener(this);itemSave.addActionListener(this);
       itemSaveAs.addActionListener(this);itemPrinting.addActionListener(this);itemOpen.addActionListener(this);
       itemCut.addActionListener(this);itemCopy.addActionListener(this);itemPaste.addActionListener(this);
       itemFind.addActionListener(this);itemReplace.addActionListener(this);
       itemFontFormat.addActionListener(this);itemAbout.addActionListener(this);
       //鼠标右击菜设置
       mouseMenu=new JPopupMenu();
       mouseCut=new JMenuItem("剪切");mouseCopy=new JMenuItem("复制");mousePaste=new JMenuItem("粘贴");
       mouseDelet=new JMenuItem("删除");mouseAll=new JMenuItem("全选");
       mouseMenu.add(mouseCut);mouseMenu.add(mouseCopy);mouseMenu.add(mousePaste);
       mouseMenu.add(mouseDelet);mouseMenu.add(mouseAll);
       //添加文本域
       text1=new JTextArea();
       //设置鼠标监听器 
       text1.addMouseListener(new MouseAdapter(){
    	   public void mousePressed(MouseEvent e) {
    		   if(e.getModifiers()==InputEvent.BUTTON3_MASK)
    			   mouseMenu.show(text1,e.getX(),e.getY());
    	   }
       });
       mouseCut.addActionListener(this);mouseCopy.addActionListener(this);mousePaste.addActionListener(this);
       mouseDelet.addActionListener(this);mouseAll.addActionListener(this);
       //添加滚动条
       JScrollPane scrollpane = new JScrollPane(text1);
   	   scrollpane.setVerticalScrollBarPolicy(JScrollPane.VERTICAL_SCROLLBAR_ALWAYS);
   	   add(scrollpane, BorderLayout.CENTER);
   	   //自动换行
   	   text1.setLineWrap(true);
	   validate();
    }
    
    public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e){
    	//
        if(e.getSource()==itemNew) {                                          //新建
        	text1.replaceRange("", 0, text1.getText().length());
        }else if(e.getSource()==itemNewWindow) {                               //新窗口
        	
        	EditWindow won=new EditWindow();
        	
        }else if(e.getSource()==itemOpen) {                                   //打开
        	FileDialog openFile = new FileDialog(this, "打开文件", FileDialog.LOAD);  //文件对话框
        	openFile.setVisible(true);
    		String filePath = openFile.getDirectory() + openFile.getFile();
    		try{
    			FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream(filePath);
    			byte[] content = new byte[fis.available()];
    			fis.read(content);
    			text1.setText(new String(content));
    			text1.setCaretPosition(0);
    			if(openFile.getFile() != null){
    				this.setTitle(openFile.getFile());
    			}
    			fis.close();
    		}
    		catch(Exception ex){
    			ex.printStackTrace();
    		}
		}else if(e.getSource() ==  itemSave) {                                //保存
        	int i = filechooser.showSaveDialog(EditWindow.this);
            if (i == JFileChooser.APPROVE_OPTION) { 
                File f = filechooser.getSelectedFile();
                try {
                    FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(f);
                    out.write(text1.getText().getBytes());
                } 
                catch (Exception ex) {
                    ex.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
		}else if(e.getSource() ==itemSaveAs) {                                //另存为
			int i = filechooser.showSaveDialog(EditWindow.this);
            if (i == JFileChooser.APPROVE_OPTION) { 
                File f = filechooser.getSelectedFile();
                try {
                    FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(f);
                    out.write(text1.getText().getBytes());
                } 
                catch (Exception ex) {
                    ex.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
		}else if(e.getSource()==itemPrinting) {                               //打印
			new win4();
		}else if(e.getSource()==itemCopy || e.getSource()==mouseCopy) {       //复制
			text1.copy();
		}else if(e.getSource()==itemCut || e.getSource()==mouseCut) {		  //剪切
			text1.cut();
		}else if(e.getSource()==itemPaste || e.getSource()==mousePaste) {     //粘贴
			text1.paste();
		}else if(e.getSource()==mouseDelet) {                                 //删除
			text1.cut();
		}else if(e.getSource()==mouseAll) {                                   //全选
			text1.selectAll();
		}else if(e.getSource()==itemFind) {                                   //查找
			new win1();
		}else if(e.getSource()==itemReplace) {                                //替换
			new win2();
		}else if(e.getSource()==itemFontFormat) {                             //字体格式
			new win3();
		}else if(e.getSource()==itemAbout) {                                  //关于
			JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(EditWindow.this, "Java学习组制作");
		}
    }
    class win1 extends JFrame{
    	JButton button1;
    	JTextField textfile;
    	JLabel titlelName1;
    	win1(){
    		//setLayout(new FlowLayout());
    		setLayout(null);
    		setTitle("查找");
    		setBounds(100,100,300,200);
    		setVisible(true);
    		setResizable(false);
    		setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.DISPOSE_ON_CLOSE);
    		textfile=new JTextField(20);
    		button1=new JButton("查找");
    		titlelName1=new JLabel("查找内容:");
    		textfile.setBounds(100,30,120, 25);
    		titlelName1.setBounds(15,30,70, 30);
    		button1.setBounds(120, 100, 60, 25);
    		add(textfile);
    		add(button1);
    		add(titlelName1);
    		setVisible(true);
    		button1.addActionListener(new ActionListener(){
       			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
       				Pattern p;
       			    Matcher m;
       			 	String ch1,ch2;
       				ch1=textfile.getText();
       				ch2=text1.getText();
       				p=Pattern.compile(ch1);
       				m=p.matcher(ch2);
       				
       				while(m.find()) {
	       				text1.select(m.start(), m.end());
	       			}
       			}
    		});
    		validate();
    	}
    }
    class win2 extends JFrame{
    	JButton button1;
    	JTextField textfile1,textfile2;
    	JLabel titlelName1,titlelName2;
    	win2(){
    		setLayout(null);
    		setTitle("替换");
    		setBounds(100,100,300,200);
    		setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.DISPOSE_ON_CLOSE);
    		titlelName1=new JLabel("查找内容:");
    		titlelName2=new JLabel("替换为:");
    		textfile1=new JTextField(20);
    		textfile2=new JTextField(20);
    		button1=new JButton("替换");
    		textfile1.setBounds(100,30,120,25);
    		textfile2.setBounds(100,60,120,25);
    		titlelName1.setBounds(15,30,70, 30);
    		titlelName2.setBounds(15,60,70, 30);
    		button1.setBounds(120, 100, 60, 25);
    		add(titlelName1);
    		add(titlelName2);
    		add(textfile1);
    		add(textfile2);
    		add(button1);
    		setVisible(true);
    		button1.addActionListener(new ActionListener(){
       			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
       				Pattern p;
       			    Matcher m;
       				String ch1,ch2,ch3;
       				ch1=textfile1.getText();
       				ch2=textfile2.getText();
       				ch3=text1.getText();
       				if(ch1==null) {
       					JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(EditWindow.this, "请输入查找内容!");
       				}else {
	       				p=Pattern.compile(ch1);
	       				m=p.matcher(ch3);
	       				while(m.find()) {
	       					text1.replaceRange(ch2, m.start(), m.end());;
	       				}
       				}
       			}
    		});
    		validate();
    	}
    }
    class win3 extends JFrame implements ItemListener{
        JComboBox listFont;
        win3(){              
           GraphicsEnvironment ge=GraphicsEnvironment.getLocalGraphicsEnvironment();
           String fontName[]=ge.getAvailableFontFamilyNames();
           listFont=new JComboBox(fontName);
           JPanel pNorth=new JPanel();            //创建面板
           pNorth.add(listFont);                  //添加列表
           add(pNorth,BorderLayout.NORTH);        //添加面板
           listFont.addItemListener(this);		  //添加列表监视器
           setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.DISPOSE_ON_CLOSE);
           setVisible(true); 
           setBounds(100,120,280,100);
        }
        public void itemStateChanged(ItemEvent e){
           String name=(String)listFont.getSelectedItem();
           Font f=new Font(name,Font.BOLD,32);
           text1.setFont(f);
        }
    }
    class win4 extends JFrame{
    	JButton button1,button2;
    	win4(){
    		setLayout(new FlowLayout());
    		setTitle("打印");
    		setBounds(100,100,300,100);
    		setVisible(true);
    		setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.DISPOSE_ON_CLOSE);
    		button1=new JButton("打印");
    		button2=new JButton("打印预览");
    		add(button1);
    		add(button2);
    		button1.addActionListener(new ActionListener(){
       			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
       				try {
       					PrinterJob job = PrinterJob.getPrinterJob();     //创建打印对象
       					if (!job.printDialog()) {                        //取消打印
       						return;
       					}
       					//设置打印页面
       					job.setPrintable(new Printable() {
       						@Override
       						public int print(Graphics graphics, PageFormat pageFormat,int pageIndex) throws PrinterException {
       							// TODO Auto-generated method stub
       							if(pageIndex > 0) {                       //判断当前打印页的索引(判断打印的是否正确)
       								return Printable.NO_SUCH_PAGE;        //超出打印页码
       							}
       							return Printable.PAGE_EXISTS;            //页面可以打印
       						}
       					});
       					job.print();                                     //实现打印
       				} catch (PrinterException e1) {
       					e1.printStackTrace();
       				}
       			}
       		});
    		button2.addActionListener(new ActionListener(){
       			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
       				JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(EditWindow.this, "该功能尚未开发!");
       			}
       		});
    	} 
    }
}

程序运行截图

执行文件打开的新窗口文件菜单
格式菜单

插入链接与图片

链接: link.

图片: 帮助菜单查找功能的实现打印界面(只能调用弹出该窗口,不能与打印机进行连接)鼠标右击菜单替换功能使用前替换功能使用后使用文件对话框打开文件使用文件选择器进行保存文件更改字体格式窗口

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