JCL Utility Program


 - Print Program
1. Print QSAM data sets.
2. Print selected members of a PDS or entire PDS.
3. Print selected records from QSAM or PDS member.
4. Print PDS directory.

- Sequential Copy Program
1. The IEBGENER utility copies one sequential data set to another.
2. A member of a partitioned data set can be used as a sequential data set.
3. Used to Print sequential data sets, members of partitioned data sets or PDSEs.
4. It can also do some filtering of the data, change LRECL and BLKSIZE, generate records, and several other functions. However, the most common use is to simply copy data sets.
5. On some systems it is possible to send email from a batch job by directing the output of the IEBGENER to the "SMTP" external writer.

- Library Copy Program
1. Copy a PDS (or selected members) from one PDS to another.
2. Replace or rename PDS members.
3. Exclude members from a PDS that’s to be copied.
4. Merge partitioned data sets (except when unloading).
5. Copy a PDS to itself, reclaiming unused space (compress). If a PDS runs out of space, IEBCOPY can compress it.
6. Create a sequential form of a partitioned data set or PDSE for a backup or transport.
7. Unload a PDS to tape (called Unloading; PDS-> Seq).
8. Load a PDS to tape (called loading; Seq-> PDS).
9. Upgrade a load module for faster loading by MVS program fetch.
10. Copy and reblock load modules.
11. Convert load modules in a partitioned data set to program objects in a PDSE when copying a partitioned data set to a PDSE.
12. Convert a partitioned data set to a PDSE or a PDSE to a partitioned data set.
13. Copy to or from a PDS or PDSE data set, a member and its aliases together as a group (COPYGROUP)

- Compare Datasets Program
1. Used to compare two sequential data sets, two partitioned data sets or two PDSEs at the logical record level to verify a backup copy.
2. Fixed, Variable, or undefined records from blocked or unblocked data sets or members can also be compared.
3. However, you should not use IEBCOMPR to compare load modules.
4. IEBCOMPR is now replaced by the SUPERC utility (an ISPF/PDF tool).

- Test Data Generator Program
1. Used to provide a pattern of test data to be used as a programming debugging aid. This pattern of data can then be analyzed quickly for predictable results.
2. IEBDG also gives you the option of specifying your own exit routine for monitoring each output record before it is written

- Edit Job Stream Program
1. To create a data set containing a selection of jobs or job steps. These jobs or job steps can be entered into the job stream at a later time for processing.

- Create Printer Image Program
1. Modify, print, or link modules for use with the IBM 3800 Printing Subsystem and IBM 4248 printer modules and stores them in a library.
2. With this utility, many different forms or logos could be stored as images, and printed when needed, all using the same standard blank paper, thus eliminating the need to stock many preprinted forms, and the need for operators to stop the printer and change paper.

- ISAM data set Program
1. Copy an ISAM data set directly from one DASD volume to another.
2. Create a backup copy of an ISAM by copying it into a PS on a DASD /Tape.
3. Create an ISAM data set from an PS.
4. Print an ISAM data set.

- PDSE Validation Program
1. To validate a PDSE data set and determine whether it is valid or corrupted.

- Update Data Set Program
1. Incorporate source language modifications into PS or PDS, or PDSEs
2. Create and update data set libraries
3. Modify existing sequential data sets or members of PDS or PDSEs
4. Change the organization of a data set from PS to PDS or PDSE, or the reverse.
5. IEBUPDTE is commonly used to distribute source libraries from tape to DASD.

- Access Method Services Program
1. Generates and modifies VSAM and Non-VSAM datasets.
2. It probably has the most functionality of all the utility programs, performing many functions, for both VSAM and non-VSAM files.
3. It is also used to create alternate indexes.
4. Commands that carry out IDCAMS tasks include DEFINE, PRINT, LISTCAT, REPRO, ALTER, VERIFY and DELETE.

- Branch to Reg. 14 Dummy Program
1. Dummy program. Does Nothing. To provide a zero (0) completion code.
2. Normally inserted to JCL when the only desired action is allocation or deletion of datasets or JCL Syntax checking for errors.
3. It consisted a single instruction a "Branch to Register" 14. The mnemonic used in the IBM Assembler was BR and hence the name: IEF BR 14.

1. Equivalent to Device Support Facility (ICKDSF). Not available now.

- Device Support Facility Program
1. Installs, initializes and maintains DASD, either under an operating system, or standalone
2. It can also be used for such tasks as initializing disk volumes and detecting disk-related system errors.

- Initialize Tape Program
1. Used to place standard volume label sets onto any number of magnetic tapes mounted on one or more tape units
2. Multiple tapes may be labeled in one run of the utility. IBM standard (EBCDIC) or ASCII labels may be written.

- List System Data Program
1. A system utility used to list entries in the directory of one or more partitioned data sets or PDSEs, or entries in an indexed or to list the contents of a Volume Table of Contents (VTOC).
2. Any number of listings can be requested in a single execution of the program

- Move System DataProgram
1. Can be used to move or copy:
A sequential, partitioned or BDAM data set residing on one to five volumes.
A group of non-VSAM data sets cataloged in an ICF catalog.
A volume of data sets.
BDAM data sets with variable-spanned records.
2. On the surface, IEHMOVE may seen redundant to the IEBGENER and IEBCOPY utilities. However, IEHMOVE is more powerful. The main advantage of using IEHMOVE is that you do not need to specify space or DCB information for the new data sets. This is because IEHMOVE allocates this information based on the existing data sets.
3. Another advantage of IEHMOVE is that you can copy or move groups of data sets as well as entire volumes of data. Because of the ease in moving groups of data sets or volumes, the IEHMOVE utility is generally favored by system programmers.
4. However, IBM does not recommend using the IEHMOVE utility in a DFSMS environment. DFSMSdss should be used instead of IEHMOVE to move or copy data to volumes managed by the SMS. DFSMSdss or IEBCOPY should be used to process PDSEs. You cannot use IEHMOVE with PDSEs, ISAM or VSAM data sets, or large format sequential data sets.

- Program Maintenance Program
1. Scratch (delete) a data set or a member of a partitioned data set.
2. Rename a data set or a member of a partitioned data set.
3. Maintain data set passwords.

- List ESV Data Program
1. A system utility that formats and prints information from Type 21 SMF (system management facilities) records.
2. These records provide error statistics by volume (ESV) data.


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### 回答1: COBOL JCL代码是一种计算机程序代码,它是使用COBOL编程语言编写的,并且可以由JCL(作业控制语言)来控制运行的流程。 COBOL是深受企业界欢迎的编程语言,它通常用于编写大型商业应用程序。COBOL代码可以让企业处理大量数据并自动化其流程。 JCL代码用于控制作业的运行和管理。它可以指定作业所需的输入和输出设备、运行的时间和优先级。JCL还可以设置作业失败后的应对措施。 COBOL JCL代码结合使用可以使企业更高效地处理数据,因此在商业领域中广泛使用。 举个例子,一家银行可能会编写COBOL JCL代码来处理存款和取款交易。JCL代码指定了交易处理程序的输入和输出路径,以及运行时间和优先级。COBOL代码则负责实际处理交易数据并生成适当的输出。 COBOL JCL代码是一种重要的商业工具,使企业能够更快速、高效地处理数据和流程。 ### 回答2: COBOL和JCL都是IBM主机上常用的编程语言和作业控制语言,用于实现批处理和数据处理等任务。COBOL是一种面向商业应用的高级编程语言,主要用于处理大量数据和交易,而JCL则用于控制批处理作业的执行顺序和资源分配。下面就以一个简单的样例来介绍COBOL和JCL的代码实现。 1. COBOL代码 下面是一个简单的COBOL程序,用于计算输入的两个数字的和并输出结果。 IDENTIFICATION DIVISION. PROGRAM-ID. ADDER. DATA DIVISION. WORKING-STORAGE SECTION. 01 NUMBER-1 PIC 9(4). 01 NUMBER-2 PIC 9(4). 01 SUM PIC 9(6). PROCEDURE DIVISION. DISPLAY "ENTER NUMBER 1:". ACCEPT NUMBER-1. DISPLAY "ENTER NUMBER 2:". ACCEPT NUMBER-2. COMPUTE SUM = NUMBER-1 + NUMBER-2. DISPLAY "THE SUM IS: ", SUM. STOP RUN. 2. JCL代码 下面是一个简单的JCL作业,用于调用上述COBOL程序并指定输入数据的信息。 //ADDJOB JOB (ACCT#),'ADD TWO NUMBERS' //STEP1 EXEC PGM=ADDER //SYSOUT DD SYSOUT=* //INPUT DD * 1234 5678 // 在JCL作业中,第一行定义了JOB语句,包括作业名称、用户账号等信息。第二行定义了STEP语句,包括执行的程序名称,这里是ADDER,对应上面的COBOL程序。第三行定义了SYSOUT语句,用于指定输出结果的信息。最后一行定义了输入数据的信息,这里是两个数字1234和5678。整个JCL作业通过JOB、EXEC、DD等关键字和参数来控制作业的执行顺序和资源分配,从而实现批处理作业的自动化处理。 以上就是COBOL和JCL代码的介绍,虽然这只是一个简单的样例,但它说明了COBOL和JCL的基本功能和使用方法。在实际应用中,需要根据具体需求和任务来编写更加复杂和实用的COBOL和JCL代码,从而提高数据处理的效率和精度。 ### 回答3: COBOL和JCL是IBM公司开发的两种编程语言,主要用于计算机程序开发和数据处理。COBOL通常用于制作商业应用程序,而JCL则用于处理和管理操作系统上的批处理作业。下面解释一下这两种语言的基本概念和用法。 COBOL是Common Business-Oriented Language的缩写,也就是“通用商业语言”。作为一种高级编程语言,COBOL主要应用于商业、金融和政府等领域,因为这些领域需要处理大量的文字和数字数据。COBOL是一种非常老的编程语言,最初在20世纪50年代开发,但它仍然被广泛使用。 COBOL程序包括一系列的代码块和语句,这些语句可以定义变量、函数、条件语句、循环语句等等。下面是一个简单的COBOL程序示例,用于计算两个数字的和。 ``` IDENTIFICATION DIVISION. PROGRAM-ID. HELLO-WORLD. DATA DIVISION. WORKING-STORAGE SECTION. 01 NUM1 PIC 9(5) VALUE ZERO. 01 NUM2 PIC 9(5) VALUE ZERO. 01 RESULT PIC 9(6) VALUE ZERO. PROCEDURE DIVISION. MAIN-PARA. DISPLAY "Enter first number: ". ACCEPT NUM1. DISPLAY "Enter second number: ". ACCEPT NUM2. COMPUTE RESULT = NUM1 + NUM2. DISPLAY "Result is: ", RESULT. STOP RUN. ``` JCL是Job Control Language的缩写,也就是“作业控制语言”。JCL主要用于编写批处理作业,这些作业是由操作系统自动处理的一系列命令和任务。JCL是一种操作系统相关的语言,必须在特定的操作系统上运行。 JCL程序由一系列语句组成,这些语句指定作业的执行规则、输入/输出文件、计算资源等等。下面是一个简单的JCL程序示例,用于运行一个COBOL程序。 ``` //MYJOB JOB ACCT#,CLASS=A,MSGCLASS=H //STEP1 EXEC PGM=HELLO-WORLD //SYSPRINT DD SYSOUT=* //SYSIN DD DUMMY //SYSOUT DD SYSOUT=* //SYSUDUMP DD SYSOUT=* ``` 这个JCL程序分为几个部分。第一行指定了作业的信息,比如作业名称、帐户编号、作业类别等等。第二行指定了要执行的程序名称,这里是HELLO-WORLD。接下来几行指定了输入、输出、错误输出等文件的位置和格式。 总之,COBOL和JCL是两种常用的编程语言,用于商业应用程序和批处理作业的编写。如果你想学习这些语言,可以查找相关的教程和示例程序,逐步掌握语法和用法。


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