centos7下ldap服务搭建

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1、安装ldap服务

#!/bin/bash
echo "install ldap rpm"
yum install -y openldap-servers openldap-clients
cp /usr/share/openldap-servers/DB_CONFIG.example /var/lib/ldap/DB_CONFIG
chown ldap. /var/lib/ldap/DB_CONFIG
systemctl start slapd
systemctl enable slapd

2、配置ldap服务

# generate encrypted password
[root@dlp ~]# slappasswd 
New password:
Re-enter new password:
{SSHA}xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
[root@dlp ~]# vi chrootpw.ldif
# specify the password generated above for "olcRootPW" section
dn: olcDatabase={0}config,cn=config
changetype: modify
add: olcRootPW
olcRootPW: {SSHA}xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

[root@dlp ~]# ldapadd -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f chrootpw.ldif 
SASL/EXTERNAL authentication started
SASL username: gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,cn=auth
SASL SSF: 0
modifying entry "olcDatabase={0}config,cn=config"

导入基本模式

[root@dlp ~]# ldapadd -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f /etc/openldap/schema/cosine.ldif 
SASL/EXTERNAL authentication started
SASL username: gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,cn=auth
SASL SSF: 0
adding new entry "cn=cosine,cn=schema,cn=config"

[root@dlp ~]# ldapadd -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f /etc/openldap/schema/nis.ldif 
SASL/EXTERNAL authentication started
SASL username: gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,cn=auth
SASL SSF: 0
adding new entry "cn=nis,cn=schema,cn=config"

[root@dlp ~]# ldapadd -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f /etc/openldap/schema/inetorgperson.ldif 
SASL/EXTERNAL authentication started
SASL username: gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,cn=auth
SASL SSF: 0
adding new entry "cn=inetorgperson,cn=schema,cn=config"

在ldap的DB中设置域名

# generate directory manager's password
[root@dlp ~]# slappasswd 
New password:
Re-enter new password:
{SSHA}xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
[root@dlp ~]# vi chdomain.ldif
# replace to your own domain name for "dc=***,dc=***" section
# specify the password generated above for "olcRootPW" section
 dn: olcDatabase={1}monitor,cn=config
changetype: modify
replace: olcAccess
olcAccess: {0}to * by dn.base="gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,cn=auth"
  read by dn.base="cn=Manager,dc=srv,dc=world" read by * none

dn: olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config
changetype: modify
replace: olcSuffix
olcSuffix: dc=srv,dc=world

dn: olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config
changetype: modify
replace: olcRootDN
olcRootDN: cn=Manager,dc=srv,dc=world

dn: olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config
changetype: modify
add: olcRootPW
olcRootPW: {SSHA}xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

dn: olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config
changetype: modify
add: olcAccess
olcAccess: {0}to attrs=userPassword,shadowLastChange by
  dn="cn=Manager,dc=srv,dc=world" write by anonymous auth by self write by * none
olcAccess: {1}to dn.base="" by * read
olcAccess: {2}to * by dn="cn=Manager,dc=srv,dc=world" write by * read

[root@dlp ~]# ldapmodify -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f chdomain.ldif 
SASL/EXTERNAL authentication started
SASL username: gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,cn=auth
SASL SSF: 0
modifying entry "olcDatabase={1}monitor,cn=config"

modifying entry "olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config"

modifying entry "olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config"

modifying entry "olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config"

[root@dlp ~]# vi basedomain.ldif
# replace to your own domain name for "dc=***,dc=***" section
 dn: dc=srv,dc=world
objectClass: top
objectClass: dcObject
objectclass: organization
o: Server World
dc: Srv

dn: cn=Manager,dc=srv,dc=world
objectClass: organizationalRole
cn: Manager
description: Directory Manager

dn: ou=People,dc=srv,dc=world
objectClass: organizationalUnit
ou: People

dn: ou=Group,dc=srv,dc=world
objectClass: organizationalUnit
ou: Group

[root@dlp ~]# ldapadd -x -D cn=Manager,dc=srv,dc=world -W -f basedomain.ldif 
Enter LDAP Password: # directory manager's password
adding new entry "dc=srv,dc=world"

adding new entry "cn=Manager,dc=srv,dc=world"

adding new entry "ou=People,dc=srv,dc=world"

adding new entry "ou=Group,dc=srv,dc=world"

开放端口

# systemctl stop firewalld
# systemctl disable firewalld
# setenforce 0

添加一个用户

# generate encrypted password
[root@dlp ~]# slappasswd 
New password:
Re-enter new password:
{SSHA}xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
[root@dlp ~]# vi ldapuser.ldif
# create new
# replace to your own domain name for "dc=***,dc=***" section
 dn: uid=cent,ou=People,dc=srv,dc=world
objectClass: inetOrgPerson
objectClass: posixAccount
objectClass: shadowAccount
cn: Cent
sn: Linux
userPassword: {SSHA}xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
loginShell: /bin/bash
uidNumber: 1000
gidNumber: 1000
homeDirectory: /home/cent

dn: cn=cent,ou=Group,dc=srv,dc=world
objectClass: posixGroup
cn: Cent
gidNumber: 1000
memberUid: cent

[root@dlp ~]# ldapadd -x -D cn=Manager,dc=srv,dc=world -W -f ldapuser.ldif 
Enter LDAP Password:
adding new entry "uid=cent,ou=People,dc=srv,dc=world"

adding new entry "cn=cent,ou=Group,dc=srv,dc=world"

添加本机的用户和群组到ldap目录

[root@dlp ~]# vi ldapuser.sh
# extract local users and groups who have 1000-9999 digit UID
# replace "SUFFIX=***" to your own domain name
# this is an example
 #!/bin/bash

SUFFIX='dc=srv,dc=world'
LDIF='ldapuser.ldif'

echo -n > $LDIF
GROUP_IDS=()
grep "x:[1-9][0-9][0-9][0-9]:" /etc/passwd | (while read TARGET_USER
do
    USER_ID="$(echo "$TARGET_USER" | cut -d':' -f1)"

    USER_NAME="$(echo "$TARGET_USER" | cut -d':' -f5 | cut -d' ' -f1,2)"
    [ ! "$USER_NAME" ] && USER_NAME="$USER_ID"

    LDAP_SN="$(echo "$USER_NAME" | cut -d' ' -f2)"
    [ ! "$LDAP_SN" ] && LDAP_SN="$USER_NAME"

    LASTCHANGE_FLAG="$(grep "${USER_ID}:" /etc/shadow | cut -d':' -f3)"
    [ ! "$LASTCHANGE_FLAG" ] && LASTCHANGE_FLAG="0"

    SHADOW_FLAG="$(grep "${USER_ID}:" /etc/shadow | cut -d':' -f9)"
    [ ! "$SHADOW_FLAG" ] && SHADOW_FLAG="0"

    GROUP_ID="$(echo "$TARGET_USER" | cut -d':' -f4)"
    [ ! "$(echo "${GROUP_IDS[@]}" | grep "$GROUP_ID")" ] && GROUP_IDS=("${GROUP_IDS[@]}" "$GROUP_ID")

    echo "dn: uid=$USER_ID,ou=People,$SUFFIX" >> $LDIF
    echo "objectClass: inetOrgPerson" >> $LDIF
    echo "objectClass: posixAccount" >> $LDIF
    echo "objectClass: shadowAccount" >> $LDIF
    echo "sn: $LDAP_SN" >> $LDIF
    echo "givenName: $(echo "$USER_NAME" | awk '{print $1}')" >> $LDIF
    echo "cn: $USER_NAME" >> $LDIF
    echo "displayName: $USER_NAME" >> $LDIF
    echo "uidNumber: $(echo "$TARGET_USER" | cut -d':' -f3)" >> $LDIF
    echo "gidNumber: $(echo "$TARGET_USER" | cut -d':' -f4)" >> $LDIF
    echo "userPassword: {crypt}$(grep "${USER_ID}:" /etc/shadow | cut -d':' -f2)" >> $LDIF
    echo "gecos: $USER_NAME" >> $LDIF
    echo "loginShell: $(echo "$TARGET_USER" | cut -d':' -f7)" >> $LDIF
    echo "homeDirectory: $(echo "$TARGET_USER" | cut -d':' -f6)" >> $LDIF
    echo "shadowExpire: $(passwd -S "$USER_ID" | awk '{print $7}')" >> $LDIF
    echo "shadowFlag: $SHADOW_FLAG" >> $LDIF
    echo "shadowWarning: $(passwd -S "$USER_ID" | awk '{print $6}')" >> $LDIF
    echo "shadowMin: $(passwd -S "$USER_ID" | awk '{print $4}')" >> $LDIF
    echo "shadowMax: $(passwd -S "$USER_ID" | awk '{print $5}')" >> $LDIF
    echo "shadowLastChange: $LASTCHANGE_FLAG" >> $LDIF
    echo >> $LDIF
done

for TARGET_GROUP_ID in "${GROUP_IDS[@]}"
do
    LDAP_CN="$(grep ":${TARGET_GROUP_ID}:" /etc/group | cut -d':' -f1)"

    echo "dn: cn=$LDAP_CN,ou=Group,$SUFFIX" >> $LDIF
    echo "objectClass: posixGroup" >> $LDIF
    echo "cn: $LDAP_CN" >> $LDIF
    echo "gidNumber: $TARGET_GROUP_ID" >> $LDIF

    for MEMBER_UID in $(grep ":${TARGET_GROUP_ID}:" /etc/passwd | cut -d':' -f1,3)
    do
        UID_NUM=$(echo "$MEMBER_UID" | cut -d':' -f2)
        [ $UID_NUM -ge 1000 -a $UID_NUM -le 9999 ] && echo "memberUid: $(echo "$MEMBER_UID" | cut -d':' -f1)" >> $LDIF
    done
    echo >> $LDIF
done
)

[root@dlp ~]# sh ldapuser.sh 
[root@dlp ~]# ldapadd -x -D cn=Manager,dc=srv,dc=world -W -f ldapuser.ldif 
Enter LDAP Password:
adding new entry "uid=cent,ou=People,dc=srv,dc=world"
adding new entry "uid=redhat,ou=People,dc=srv,dc=world"
adding new entry "uid=ubuntu,ou=People,dc=srv,dc=world"
adding new entry "uid=debian,ou=People,dc=srv,dc=world"
adding new entry "cn=cent,ou=Group,dc=srv,dc=world"
adding new entry "cn=redhat,ou=Group,dc=srv,dc=world"
adding new entry "cn=ubuntu,ou=Group,dc=srv,dc=world"
adding new entry "cn=debian,ou=Group,dc=srv,dc=world"

3、安装phpLDAPadmin来web配置LDAP

安装和配置httpd

[root@www ~]# yum -y install httpd
# remove welcome page
[root@www ~]# rm -f /etc/httpd/conf.d/welcome.conf
[root@www ~]# vi /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
# line 86: change to admin's email address
ServerAdmin root@srv.world
# line 95: change to your server's name
ServerName www.srv.world:80
# line 151: change
AllowOverride All
# line 164: add file name that it can access only with directory's name
DirectoryIndex index.html index.cgi index.php
# add follows to the end
# server's response header
ServerTokens Prod
# keepalive is ON
KeepAlive On
[root@www ~]# systemctl start httpd
[root@www ~]# systemctl enable httpd
[root@www ~]# vi /var/www/html/index.html
 <html>
<body>
<div style="width: 100%; font-size: 40px; font-weight: bold; text-align: center;">
Test Page
</div>
</body>
</html>

安装php

[root@www ~]# yum -y install php php-mbstring php-pear
[root@www ~]# vi /etc/php.ini
# line 878: uncomment and add your timezone
date.timezone = "Asia/Shanghai"
[root@www ~]# systemctl restart httpd
[root@www ~]# vi /var/www/html/index.php
 <html>
<body>
<div style="width: 100%; font-size: 40px; font-weight: bold; text-align: center;">
<?php
   print Date("Y/m/d");
?>
</div>
</body>
</html>

安装phpLDAP admin

[root@dlp ~]# wget http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm
[root@dlp ~]# rpm -ivh epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm
[root@dlp ~]# yum repolist      ##检查是否已添加至源列表
# install from EPEL
[root@dlp ~]# yum --enablerepo=epel -y install phpldapadmin
[root@dlp ~]# vi /etc/phpldapadmin/config.php
# line 397: uncomment, line 398: comment out
$servers->setValue('login','attr','dn');
// $servers->setValue('login','attr','uid');
[root@dlp ~]# vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/phpldapadmin.conf
Alias /phpldapadmin /usr/share/phpldapadmin/htdocs
Alias /ldapadmin /usr/share/phpldapadmin/htdocs
<Directory /usr/share/phpldapadmin/htdocs>
  <IfModule mod_authz_core.c>
    # Apache 2.4
    # line 12: add access permission
    Require local
    Require ip 10.0.0.0/24
[root@dlp ~]# systemctl restart httpd 

通过phpLDAPadmin访问

http://www.xww.world/ldapadmin

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