IPhone之IO操作

 

//获取当前应用程序的主目录
NSString directoryPath =NSHomeDirectory();


//获取当前目录下的所有文件
NSArray directoryContents = [[NSFileManager defaultManager] directoryContentsAtPath: directoryPath];

 

//获取一个文件或文件夹
NSString *selectedFile = (NSString*)[directoryContents objectAtIndex: indexPath.row];


//拼成一个完整路径
[directoryPath stringByAppendingPathComponent: selectedFile];

 

 


BOOL isDir;

//判断是否是为目录


if ([[NSFileManager defaultManager] fileExistsAtPath:selectedPath isDirectory:&isDir] && isDir)

{//目录
}

else

{//文件
}

 

 

 

 

//日期格式化
NSDateFormatter *dateFormatter = [[NSDateFormatter alloc] init];

[dateFormatter setDateStyle:NSDateFormatterMediumStyle];

[dateFormatter setTimeStyle:NSDateFormatterNoStyle];


//数字格式化

NSNumberFormatter *numberFormatter =[[NSNumberFormatter alloc] init];

[numberFormatter setPositiveFormat: @"#,##0.## bytes"];

 

 

//获取文件属性

NSDictionary *fileAttributes =[[NSFileManager defaultManager] fileAttributesAtPath: directoryPath traverseLink: YES];

//获取文件的创建日期

NSDate *modificationDate = (NSDate*)[fileAttributes objectForKey: NSFileModificationDate];

//获取文件的字节大小

NSNumber *fileSize = (NSNumber*)[fileAttributes objectForKey: NSFileSize];
//格式化文件大小
nsstring A = [numberFormatter stringFromNumber: fileSize];

//格式化文件创建日期

NSstring B =[dateFormatter stringFromDate: modificationDate];

 


[numberFormatter release];

[dateFormatter release];

 

 

 

 

 

 

//读取文件内容操作
- (void) loadFileContentsIntoTextView

{

//通过流打开一个文件

NSInputStream *inputStream = [[NSInputStream alloc] initWithFileAtPath: filePath];

[inputStream open];


NSInteger maxLength = 128;

uint8_t readBuffer [maxLength];

//是否已经到结尾标识

BOOL endOfStreamReached = NO;

// NOTE: this tight loop will block until stream ends

while (! endOfStreamReached)

{

NSInteger bytesRead = [inputStream read: readBuffer maxLength:maxLength];

if (bytesRead == 0)

{//文件读取到最后

endOfStreamReached = YES;

}

else if (bytesRead == -1)

{//文件读取错误

endOfStreamReached = YES;

}

else

{

NSString *readBufferString =[[NSString alloc] initWithBytesNoCopy: readBuffer length: bytesRead encoding: NSUTF8StringEncoding freeWhenDone: NO];   

//将字符不段的加载到视图

[self appendTextToView: readBufferString];

[readBufferString release];

}

}

[inputStream close];

[inputStream release];

}

 

 

 

 

异步文件读取  在网络方面,网络的不可靠性可能会造成上面方法的阻塞


nsstream是可以异步工作的。可以注册一个在流中有字节可读的时候回调的函数,如果没有可读的,就不要阻塞住。

 

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第五章_ARM9_IOIO操作.ppt

2011年04月07日 787KB 下载

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