Oracle10g添加scott用户,scott解锁。杂谈!

Oracle10g添加scott用户 scott解锁

装完oracle10g突然发现@$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin下竟然没有scott.sql文件
,只能上网搜索一番,最后终于找到了一个scott.sql文件。(找到我好辛苦啊!!)
然后给Oracle10g添加scott用户。
scott.sql内容如下:


Rem Copyright (c) 1990 by Oracle Corporation
Rem NAME
REM UTLSAMPL.SQL
Rem FUNCTION
Rem NOTES
Rem MODIFIED
Rem gdudey 06/28/95 - Modified for desktop seed database
Rem glumpkin 10/21/92 - Renamed from SQLBLD.SQL
Rem blinden 07/27/92 - Added primary and foreign keys to EMP and DEPT
Rem rlim 04/29/91 - change char to varchar2
Rem mmoore 04/08/91 - use unlimited tablespace priv
Rem pritto 04/04/91 - change SYSDATE to 13-JUL-87
Rem Mendels 12/07/90 - bug 30123;add to_date calls so language independent
Rem
rem
rem $Header: utlsampl.sql 7020100.1 94/09/23 22:14:24 cli Generic<base>; $ sqlbld.sql
rem
SET TERMOUT OFF
SET ECHO OFF

rem CONGDON Invoked in RDBMS at build time. 29-DEC-1988
rem OATES: Created: 16-Feb-83

GRANT CONNECT,RESOURCE,UNLIMITED TABLESPACE TO SCOTT IDENTIFIED BY TIGER;
ALTER USER SCOTT DEFAULT TABLESPACE USERS;
ALTER USER SCOTT TEMPORARY TABLESPACE TEMP;
CONNECT SCOTT/TIGER
DROP TABLE DEPT;
CREATE TABLE DEPT
(DEPTNO NUMBER(2) CONSTRAINT PK_DEPT PRIMARY KEY,
DNAME VARCHAR2(14) ,
LOC VARCHAR2(13) ) ;
DROP TABLE EMP;
CREATE TABLE EMP
(EMPNO NUMBER(4) CONSTRAINT PK_EMP PRIMARY KEY,
ENAME VARCHAR2(10),
JOB VARCHAR2(9),
MGR NUMBER(4),
HIREDATE DATE,
SAL NUMBER(7,2),
COMM NUMBER(7,2),
DEPTNO NUMBER(2) CONSTRAINT FK_DEPTNO REFERENCES DEPT);
INSERT INTO DEPT VALUES
(10,'ACCOUNTING','NEW YORK');
INSERT INTO DEPT VALUES (20,'RESEARCH','DALLAS');
INSERT INTO DEPT VALUES
(30,'SALES','CHICAGO');
INSERT INTO DEPT VALUES
(40,'OPERATIONS','BOSTON');
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7369,'SMITH','CLERK',7902,to_date('17-12-1980','dd-mm-yyyy'),800,NULL,20);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7499,'ALLEN','SALESMAN',7698,to_date('20-2-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),1600,300,30);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7521,'WARD','SALESMAN',7698,to_date('22-2-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),1250,500,30);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7566,'JONES','MANAGER',7839,to_date('2-4-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),2975,NULL,20);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7654,'MARTIN','SALESMAN',7698,to_date('28-9-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),1250,1400,30);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7698,'BLAKE','MANAGER',7839,to_date('1-5-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),2850,NULL,30);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7782,'CLARK','MANAGER',7839,to_date('9-6-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),2450,NULL,10);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7788,'SCOTT','ANALYST',7566,to_date('13-JUL-87')-85,3000,NULL,20);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7839,'KING','PRESIDENT',NULL,to_date('17-11-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),5000,NULL,10);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7844,'TURNER','SALESMAN',7698,to_date('8-9-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),1500,0,30);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7876,'ADAMS','CLERK',7788,to_date('13-JUL-87')-51,1100,NULL,20);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7900,'JAMES','CLERK',7698,to_date('3-12-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),950,NULL,30);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7902,'FORD','ANALYST',7566,to_date('3-12-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),3000,NULL,20);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7934,'MILLER','CLERK',7782,to_date('23-1-1982','dd-mm-yyyy'),1300,NULL,10);
DROP TABLE BONUS;
CREATE TABLE BONUS
(
ENAME VARCHAR2(10) ,
JOB VARCHAR2(9) ,
SAL NUMBER,
COMM NUMBER
) ;
DROP TABLE SALGRADE;
CREATE TABLE SALGRADE
( GRADE NUMBER,
LOSAL NUMBER,
HISAL NUMBER );
INSERT INTO SALGRADE VALUES (1,700,1200);
INSERT INTO SALGRADE VALUES (2,1201,1400);
INSERT INTO SALGRADE VALUES (3,1401,2000);
INSERT INTO SALGRADE VALUES (4,2001,3000);
INSERT INTO SALGRADE VALUES (5,3001,9999);
COMMIT;

SET TERMOUT ON
SET ECHO ON

只要把上面内容复制到一个新建的名字为scott.sql的文件里就行了

2、把刚才的scott.sql复制到@$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin文件夹里(这个@$ORACLE_HOME路径就是安装oracle的路径),

3、然后执行以下命令
(1)[oracle@GQ ~]$ cd /opt/ora10g/product/10.2.0/db_1/rdbms/admin (这个路径是我的安装路径,要改啊!!!)
(2)[oracle@GQ ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba
(3)SQL> startup (这个是开启数据库,我就是在这老出错。如果没有设定oracle开机启动的话,切记要执行这个命令啊!!!)
(4)SQL> start scott.sql
(5)SQL> conn scott/tiger (以scott模式登录)
(6)SQL> show user (看看当前用户是否是scott)

4、如果出现ERROR:ORA-28000: the account is locked,这说明scott模式被上锁了,被上锁的原因吗自己百度去吧!呵呵。
解决方法:执行下面命令(先以system权限登录:conn / as sysdba
SQL> alter user scott account unlock;
这次在执行:conn scott/tiger 命令就行了,然后show user下吧,看看是不是scott用户了。

5、如果想修改scott的默认密码可以执行下面命令(先以system权限登录:conn / as sysdba)
修改scott的登录密码
SQL> alter user scott identified by gg;
好,你再拿scott/gg来登录就可以了!
哈哈!!!终于可以在Oracle下驰骋了!!!!!兴奋ing....

 

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