Typora结合LightBox放大查看图片

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Typora结合LightBox放大查看图片

在Typora中,图片一旦插入,最大宽度只能是页面宽度,而无法放大查看,有时,原图片比较大,放到Typora中,完全无法看清内容,比如要看截图中的代码,无法看清:
在这里插入图片描述

这里使用LightBox,来实现类似WPS放大预览图片的功能。

  • Typora版本:0.9.98
  • LightBox版本:2.11.3

下载LightBox

具体用法可以参考LightBox官网:https://lokeshdhakar.com/projects/lightbox2/

要使用的文件在dist目录中:
在这里插入图片描述

拷贝文件

将dist目录中的文件拷贝到Typora的安装目录下。

我在安装目录的resources\app文件夹下,新建了extend文件夹,用来存放扩展插件的,dist目录下的文件也放到了这。
在这里插入图片描述

修改window.html文件

位置:Typora安装目录\resources\app\window.html(这个文件实际就是Typora的主界面)

引入 css 文件

可以搜索<script type="text/x-mathjax-config">,在它的前面添加:

<!-- 在<head>标签里引入lightbox.min.css -->
<link rel="stylesheet" href="./extend/lightbox2/css/lightbox.min.css" crossorigin="anonymous">

在这里插入图片描述

引入 js 文件

可以搜索<script src="./app/window/frame.js" defer="defer"></script>,然后在它的后面添加:

<!-- 在文件的最后,引入lightbox.js -->
<script type="text/javascript" src="./extend/lightbox2/js/lightbox.js" defer="defer"></script>

在这里插入图片描述
修改完成,保存。

修改 lightbox.js 文件

因为lightbox需要有 a 标签包围着 img 标签,相应的点击事件是绑定在 a 标签上的,且需要 hrefdata-lightboxdata-alt 等属性,而Typora中的图片只有 img 标签,父级没有 a 标签,也没有相应要求的属性。因此需要改造一下 lightbox.js 文件。

为img标签绑定双击事件

修改enable函数,添加红色框中的代码
在这里插入图片描述

修改属性值获取

lightbox用到三个属性:althreftitle,这三个属性在img标签中均有对应的。

修改start函数,换成img对应属性:
在这里插入图片描述

还有另外一个属性data-lightbox,img没有该属性,因此这里不使用,lightbox中有一段判断是否有该属性的代码,修改不存在该属性时的逻辑代码(注释掉原有的,添加addToAlbum($link)):
在这里插入图片描述

修改完成,保存即可。

启动Typora,验证

双击要放到查看的图片,如放大上面的截图:
在这里插入图片描述

JS代码

多加了几个功能20210921:

  • 双击放大图片,再双击关闭放大的图片
  • 放大的图片,可使用滚轮另外进行缩放

(function (root, factory) {
    if (typeof define === 'function' && define.amd) {
        // AMD. Register as an anonymous module.
        define(['jquery'], factory);
    } else if (typeof exports === 'object') {
        // Node. Does not work with strict CommonJS, but
        // only CommonJS-like environments that support module.exports,
        // like Node.
        module.exports = factory(require('jquery'));
    } else {
        // Browser globals (root is window)
        root.lightbox = factory(root.jQuery);
    }
}(this, function ($) {

  function Lightbox(options) {
    this.album = [];
    this.currentImageIndex = void 0;
    this.init();

    // options
    this.options = $.extend({}, this.constructor.defaults);
    this.option(options);
  }

  // Descriptions of all options available on the demo site:
  // http://lokeshdhakar.com/projects/lightbox2/index.html#options
  Lightbox.defaults = {
    albumLabel: 'Image %1 of %2',
    alwaysShowNavOnTouchDevices: false,
    fadeDuration: 0,
    fitImagesInViewport: true,
    imageFadeDuration: 0,
    // maxWidth: 800,
    // maxHeight: 10,
    positionFromTop: 10,
    resizeDuration: 0,
    showImageNumberLabel: true,
    wrapAround: false,
    disableScrolling: false,
    /*
    Sanitize Title
    If the caption data is trusted, for example you are hardcoding it in, then leave this to false.
    This will free you to add html tags, such as links, in the caption.

    If the caption data is user submitted or from some other untrusted source, then set this to true
    to prevent xss and other injection attacks.
     */
    sanitizeTitle: false
  };

  Lightbox.prototype.option = function(options) {
    $.extend(this.options, options);
  };

  Lightbox.prototype.imageCountLabel = function(currentImageNum, totalImages) {
    return this.options.albumLabel.replace(/%1/g, currentImageNum).replace(/%2/g, totalImages);
  };

  Lightbox.prototype.init = function() {
    var self = this;
    // Both enable and build methods require the body tag to be in the DOM.
    $(document).ready(function() {
      self.enable();
      self.build();
    });
  };

  // Loop through anchors and areamaps looking for either data-lightbox attributes or rel attributes
  // that contain 'lightbox'. When these are clicked, start lightbox.
  Lightbox.prototype.enable = function() {
    var self = this;
    $('body').on('click', 'a[rel^=lightbox], area[rel^=lightbox], a[data-lightbox], area[data-lightbox]', function(event) {
      self.start($(event.currentTarget));
      return false;
    });
	
	//为img绑定双击事件,但要排除本就是双击放大展示的图片
	$('body').on('dblclick', "img:not([class='lb-image'])", function(event) {
      self.start($(event.currentTarget));
	  self.$image.css("zoom", "100%")
      return false;
    });
	
	
  };

  // Build html for the lightbox and the overlay.
  // Attach event handlers to the new DOM elements. click click click
  Lightbox.prototype.build = function() {
    if ($('#lightbox').length > 0) {
        // return;
    }

    var self = this;

    // The two root notes generated, #lightboxOverlay and #lightbox are given
    // tabindex attrs so they are focusable. We attach our keyboard event
    // listeners to these two elements, and not the document. Clicking anywhere
    // while Lightbox is opened will keep the focus on or inside one of these
    // two elements.
    //
    // We do this so we can prevent propogation of the Esc keypress when
    // Lightbox is open. This prevents it from intefering with other components
    // on the page below.
    //
    // Github issue: https://github.com/lokesh/lightbox2/issues/663
    $('<div id="lightboxOverlay" tabindex="-1" class="lightboxOverlay"></div><div id="lightbox" tabindex="-1" class="lightbox"><div class="lb-outerContainer" style="overflow:auto;"><div class="lb-container"><img class="lb-image" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP///wAAACH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAICRAEAOw==" alt=""/><div class="lb-nav"><a class="lb-prev" aria-label="Previous image" href="" ></a><a class="lb-next" aria-label="Next image" href="" ></a></div><div class="lb-loader"><a class="lb-cancel"></a></div></div></div><div class="lb-dataContainer"><div class="lb-data"><div class="lb-details"><span class="lb-caption"></span><span class="lb-number"></span></div><div class="lb-closeContainer"><a class="lb-close"></a></div></div></div></div>').appendTo($('body'));

    // Cache jQuery objects
    this.$lightbox       = $('#lightbox');
    this.$overlay        = $('#lightboxOverlay');
    this.$outerContainer = this.$lightbox.find('.lb-outerContainer');
    this.$container      = this.$lightbox.find('.lb-container');
    this.$image          = this.$lightbox.find('.lb-image');
    this.$nav            = this.$lightbox.find('.lb-nav');

    // Store css values for future lookup
    this.containerPadding = {
      top: parseInt(this.$container.css('padding-top'), 10),
      right: parseInt(this.$container.css('padding-right'), 10),
      bottom: parseInt(this.$container.css('padding-bottom'), 10),
      left: parseInt(this.$container.css('padding-left'), 10)
    };

    this.imageBorderWidth = {
      top: parseInt(this.$image.css('border-top-width'), 10),
      right: parseInt(this.$image.css('border-right-width'), 10),
      bottom: parseInt(this.$image.css('border-bottom-width'), 10),
      left: parseInt(this.$image.css('border-left-width'), 10)
    };

    // Attach event handlers to the newly minted DOM elements
    this.$overlay.hide().on('click', function() {
      self.end();
      return false;
    });

    this.$lightbox.hide().on('click', function(event) {
      if ($(event.target).attr('id') === 'lightbox') {
        self.end();
      }
    });

    this.$outerContainer.on('click', function(event) {
      if ($(event.target).attr('id') === 'lightbox') {
        self.end();
      }
      return false;
    });

    this.$lightbox.find('.lb-prev').on('click', function() {
      if (self.currentImageIndex === 0) {
        self.changeImage(self.album.length - 1);
      } else {
        self.changeImage(self.currentImageIndex - 1);
      }
      return false;
    });

    this.$lightbox.find('.lb-next').on('click', function() {
      if (self.currentImageIndex === self.album.length - 1) {
        self.changeImage(0);
      } else {
        self.changeImage(self.currentImageIndex + 1);
      }
      return false;
    });

    /*
      Show context menu for image on right-click

      There is a div containing the navigation that spans the entire image and lives above of it. If
      you right-click, you are right clicking this div and not the image. This prevents users from
      saving the image or using other context menu actions with the image.

      To fix this, when we detect the right mouse button is pressed down, but not yet clicked, we
      set pointer-events to none on the nav div. This is so that the upcoming right-click event on
      the next mouseup will bubble down to the image. Once the right-click/contextmenu event occurs
      we set the pointer events back to auto for the nav div so it can capture hover and left-click
      events as usual.
     */
    this.$nav.on('mousedown', function(event) {
      if (event.which === 3) {
        self.$nav.css('pointer-events', 'none');

        self.$lightbox.one('contextmenu', function() {
          setTimeout(function() {
              this.$nav.css('pointer-events', 'auto');
          }.bind(self), 0);
        });
      }
    });
	//给放大的图片另外绑定滚轮放大缩小事件
	this.$container.on('mousewheel', function(event) {
		event.delta = (event.originalEvent.wheelDelta) ? event.originalEvent.wheelDelta / 120 : -(event.originalEvent.detail || 0) / 3;
		
		var zoom = self.$image.css("zoom")
		zoom = zoom ? zoom * 100 : 100;
		zoom += event.delta*10;
		if(zoom > 0)
			self.$image.css("zoom",zoom + "%")
		
		console.log(self.$image.width(),self.$image.height())
		
		imageWidth = self.$image.width()
		imageHeight = self.$image.height()
		imageWidth = imageWidth*zoom*0.01
		imageHeight = imageHeight*zoom*0.01
		self.sizeContainer(imageWidth, imageHeight);
      return false;
    }); 
	
	//给放大的图片另外绑定双击关闭事件
	this.$container.on('dblclick', function(event) {
		self.end();
		return false;
    }); 


    this.$lightbox.find('.lb-loader, .lb-close').on('click', function() {
      self.end();
      return false;
    });
  };

  // Show overlay and lightbox. If the image is part of a set, add siblings to album array.
  Lightbox.prototype.start = function($link) {
    var self    = this;
    var $window = $(window);

    $window.on('resize', $.proxy(this.sizeOverlay, this));

    this.sizeOverlay();

    this.album = [];
    var imageNumber = 0;

    function addToAlbum($link) {
      self.album.push({
        alt: $link.attr('data-alt') || $link.attr('alt'),
        link: $link.attr('href') || $link.attr('src'),
        title: $link.attr('data-title') || $link.attr('title')
      });
    }

    // Support both data-lightbox attribute and rel attribute implementations
    var dataLightboxValue = $link.attr('data-lightbox');
    var $links;

    if (dataLightboxValue) {
      $links = $($link.prop('tagName') + '[data-lightbox="' + dataLightboxValue + '"]');
      for (var i = 0; i < $links.length; i = ++i) {
        addToAlbum($($links[i]));
        if ($links[i] === $link[0]) {
          imageNumber = i;
        }
      }
    } else {
/*       if ($link.attr('rel') === 'lightbox') {
        // If image is not part of a set
        addToAlbum($link);
      } else {
        // If image is part of a set
        $links = $($link.prop('tagName') + '[rel="' + $link.attr('rel') + '"]');
        for (var j = 0; j < $links.length; j = ++j) {
          addToAlbum($($links[j]));
          if ($links[j] === $link[0]) {
            imageNumber = j;
          }
        }
      } */
	  addToAlbum($link);
    }

    // Position Lightbox
    var top  = $window.scrollTop() || 0 + this.options.positionFromTop;
    var left = $window.scrollLeft();
    this.$lightbox.css({
      top: top + 'px',
      left: left + 'px'
    }).fadeIn(this.options.fadeDuration);

    // Disable scrolling of the page while open
    if (this.options.disableScrolling) {
      $('body').addClass('lb-disable-scrolling');
    }

    this.changeImage(imageNumber);
  };

  // Hide most UI elements in preparation for the animated resizing of the lightbox.
  Lightbox.prototype.changeImage = function(imageNumber) {
    var self = this;
    var filename = this.album[imageNumber].link;
    var filetype = filename.split('.').slice(-1)[0];
    var $image = this.$lightbox.find('.lb-image');

    // Disable keyboard nav during transitions
    this.disableKeyboardNav();

    // Show loading state
    this.$overlay.fadeIn(this.options.fadeDuration);
    $('.lb-loader').fadeIn('slow');
    this.$lightbox.find('.lb-image, .lb-nav, .lb-prev, .lb-next, .lb-dataContainer, .lb-numbers, .lb-caption').hide();
    this.$outerContainer.addClass('animating');

    // When image to show is preloaded, we send the width and height to sizeContainer()
    var preloader = new Image();
    preloader.onload = function() {
      var $preloader;
      var imageHeight;
      var imageWidth;
      var maxImageHeight;
      var maxImageWidth;
      var windowHeight;
      var windowWidth;

      $image.attr({
        'alt': self.album[imageNumber].alt,
        'src': filename
      });

      $preloader = $(preloader);

      $image.width(preloader.width);
      $image.height(preloader.height);
      windowWidth = $(window).width();
      windowHeight = $(window).height();

      // Calculate the max image dimensions for the current viewport.
      // Take into account the border around the image and an additional 10px gutter on each side.
      maxImageWidth  = windowWidth - self.containerPadding.left - self.containerPadding.right - self.imageBorderWidth.left - self.imageBorderWidth.right - 20;
      maxImageHeight = windowHeight - self.containerPadding.top - self.containerPadding.bottom - self.imageBorderWidth.top - self.imageBorderWidth.bottom - self.options.positionFromTop - 70;

      /*
      Since many SVGs have small intrinsic dimensions, but they support scaling
      up without quality loss because of their vector format, max out their
      size.
      */
      if (filetype === 'svg') {
        $image.width(maxImageWidth);
        $image.height(maxImageHeight);
      }

      // Fit image inside the viewport.
      if (self.options.fitImagesInViewport) {

        // Check if image size is larger then maxWidth|maxHeight in settings
        if (self.options.maxWidth && self.options.maxWidth < maxImageWidth) {
          maxImageWidth = self.options.maxWidth;
        }
        if (self.options.maxHeight && self.options.maxHeight < maxImageHeight) {
          maxImageHeight = self.options.maxHeight;
        }

      } else {
        maxImageWidth = self.options.maxWidth || preloader.width || maxImageWidth;
        maxImageHeight = self.options.maxHeight || preloader.height || maxImageHeight;
      }

      // Is the current image's width or height is greater than the maxImageWidth or maxImageHeight
      // option than we need to size down while maintaining the aspect ratio.
      if ((preloader.width > maxImageWidth) || (preloader.height > maxImageHeight)) {
        if ((preloader.width / maxImageWidth) > (preloader.height / maxImageHeight)) {
          imageWidth  = maxImageWidth;
          imageHeight = parseInt(preloader.height / (preloader.width / imageWidth), 10);
          $image.width(imageWidth);
          $image.height(imageHeight);
        } else {
          imageHeight = maxImageHeight;
          imageWidth = parseInt(preloader.width / (preloader.height / imageHeight), 10);
          $image.width(imageWidth);
          $image.height(imageHeight);
        }
      }
      self.sizeContainer($image.width(), $image.height());
    };

    // Preload image before showing
    preloader.src = this.album[imageNumber].link;
    this.currentImageIndex = imageNumber;
  };

  // Stretch overlay to fit the viewport
  Lightbox.prototype.sizeOverlay = function() {
    var self = this;
    /*
    We use a setTimeout 0 to pause JS execution and let the rendering catch-up.
    Why do this? If the `disableScrolling` option is set to true, a class is added to the body
    tag that disables scrolling and hides the scrollbar. We want to make sure the scrollbar is
    hidden before we measure the document width, as the presence of the scrollbar will affect the
    number.
    */
    setTimeout(function() {
      self.$overlay
        .width($(document).width())
        .height($(document).height());

    }, 0);
  };

  // Animate the size of the lightbox to fit the image we are showing
  // This method also shows the the image.
  Lightbox.prototype.sizeContainer = function(imageWidth, imageHeight) {
    var self = this;

    var oldWidth  = this.$outerContainer.outerWidth();
    var oldHeight = this.$outerContainer.outerHeight();
    var newWidth  = imageWidth + this.containerPadding.left + this.containerPadding.right + this.imageBorderWidth.left + this.imageBorderWidth.right;
    var newHeight = imageHeight + this.containerPadding.top + this.containerPadding.bottom + this.imageBorderWidth.top + this.imageBorderWidth.bottom;
	
	//最大不超过屏幕宽高,若超过,滚动条出现
	windowWidth = $(window).width();
	windowHeight = $(window).height();
	if(newWidth > windowWidth){
		newWidth = windowWidth
	}
	if(newHeight+self.$lightbox.find('.lb-dataContainer').height() > windowHeight){
		newHeight = windowHeight - self.$lightbox.find('.lb-dataContainer').height()*2
	}

    function postResize() {
      self.$lightbox.find('.lb-dataContainer').width(newWidth);
      self.$lightbox.find('.lb-prevLink').height(newHeight);
      self.$lightbox.find('.lb-nextLink').height(newHeight);

      // Set focus on one of the two root nodes so keyboard events are captured.
      self.$overlay.focus();

      self.showImage();
    }

    if (oldWidth !== newWidth || oldHeight !== newHeight) {
      this.$outerContainer.animate({
        width: newWidth,
        height: newHeight
      }, this.options.resizeDuration, 'swing', function() {
        postResize();
      });
    } else {
      postResize();
    }
  };

  // Display the image and its details and begin preload neighboring images.
  Lightbox.prototype.showImage = function() {
    this.$lightbox.find('.lb-loader').stop(true).hide();
    this.$lightbox.find('.lb-image').fadeIn(this.options.imageFadeDuration);

    this.updateNav();
    this.updateDetails();
    this.preloadNeighboringImages();
    this.enableKeyboardNav();
  };

  // Display previous and next navigation if appropriate.
  Lightbox.prototype.updateNav = function() {
    // Check to see if the browser supports touch events. If so, we take the conservative approach
    // and assume that mouse hover events are not supported and always show prev/next navigation
    // arrows in image sets.
    var alwaysShowNav = false;
    try {
      document.createEvent('TouchEvent');
      alwaysShowNav = (this.options.alwaysShowNavOnTouchDevices) ? true : false;
    } catch (e) {}

    this.$lightbox.find('.lb-nav').show();

    if (this.album.length > 1) {
      if (this.options.wrapAround) {
        if (alwaysShowNav) {
          this.$lightbox.find('.lb-prev, .lb-next').css('opacity', '1');
        }
        this.$lightbox.find('.lb-prev, .lb-next').show();
      } else {
        if (this.currentImageIndex > 0) {
          this.$lightbox.find('.lb-prev').show();
          if (alwaysShowNav) {
            this.$lightbox.find('.lb-prev').css('opacity', '1');
          }
        }
        if (this.currentImageIndex < this.album.length - 1) {
          this.$lightbox.find('.lb-next').show();
          if (alwaysShowNav) {
            this.$lightbox.find('.lb-next').css('opacity', '1');
          }
        }
      }
    }
  };

  // Display caption, image number, and closing button.
  Lightbox.prototype.updateDetails = function() {
    var self = this;

    // Enable anchor clicks in the injected caption html.
    // Thanks Nate Wright for the fix. @https://github.com/NateWr
    if (typeof this.album[this.currentImageIndex].title !== 'undefined' &&
      this.album[this.currentImageIndex].title !== '') {
      var $caption = this.$lightbox.find('.lb-caption');
      if (this.options.sanitizeTitle) {
        $caption.text(this.album[this.currentImageIndex].title);
      } else {
        $caption.html(this.album[this.currentImageIndex].title);
      }
      $caption.fadeIn('fast');
    }

    if (this.album.length > 1 && this.options.showImageNumberLabel) {
      var labelText = this.imageCountLabel(this.currentImageIndex + 1, this.album.length);
      this.$lightbox.find('.lb-number').text(labelText).fadeIn('fast');
    } else {
      this.$lightbox.find('.lb-number').hide();
    }

    this.$outerContainer.removeClass('animating');

    this.$lightbox.find('.lb-dataContainer').fadeIn(this.options.resizeDuration, function() {
      return self.sizeOverlay();
    });
  };

  // Preload previous and next images in set.
  Lightbox.prototype.preloadNeighboringImages = function() {
    if (this.album.length > this.currentImageIndex + 1) {
      var preloadNext = new Image();
      preloadNext.src = this.album[this.currentImageIndex + 1].link;
    }
    if (this.currentImageIndex > 0) {
      var preloadPrev = new Image();
      preloadPrev.src = this.album[this.currentImageIndex - 1].link;
    }
  };

  Lightbox.prototype.enableKeyboardNav = function() {
    this.$lightbox.on('keyup.keyboard', $.proxy(this.keyboardAction, this));
    this.$overlay.on('keyup.keyboard', $.proxy(this.keyboardAction, this));
  };

  Lightbox.prototype.disableKeyboardNav = function() {
    this.$lightbox.off('.keyboard');
    this.$overlay.off('.keyboard');
  };

  Lightbox.prototype.keyboardAction = function(event) {
    var KEYCODE_ESC        = 27;
    var KEYCODE_LEFTARROW  = 37;
    var KEYCODE_RIGHTARROW = 39;

    var keycode = event.keyCode;
    if (keycode === KEYCODE_ESC) {
      // Prevent bubbling so as to not affect other components on the page.
      event.stopPropagation();
      this.end();
    } else if (keycode === KEYCODE_LEFTARROW) {
      if (this.currentImageIndex !== 0) {
        this.changeImage(this.currentImageIndex - 1);
      } else if (this.options.wrapAround && this.album.length > 1) {
        this.changeImage(this.album.length - 1);
      }
    } else if (keycode === KEYCODE_RIGHTARROW) {
      if (this.currentImageIndex !== this.album.length - 1) {
        this.changeImage(this.currentImageIndex + 1);
      } else if (this.options.wrapAround && this.album.length > 1) {
        this.changeImage(0);
      }
    }
  };

  // Closing time. :-(
  Lightbox.prototype.end = function() {
    this.disableKeyboardNav();
    $(window).off('resize', this.sizeOverlay);
    this.$lightbox.fadeOut(this.options.fadeDuration);
    this.$overlay.fadeOut(this.options.fadeDuration);

    if (this.options.disableScrolling) {
      $('body').removeClass('lb-disable-scrolling');
    }
  };

  return new Lightbox();
}));

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