使用友元函数来完成复数类的运算符重载

/*

*Copyright   (c)  2016,烟台大学计算机学院

*All rights reserved.

*文件名称:test.cpp

*作者: 武聪

*完成日期:2016年5月31日

*版本号:v1.0

*

*问题描述: 使用友元函数代替成员函数来完成复数类的运算符重载

*输入描述:

*程序输出:

*/

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
class Complex
{
public:
    Complex()
    {
        real=0;
        imag=0;
    }
    Complex(double r,double i)
    {
        real=r;
        imag=i;
    }
    friend Complex operator+(Complex &c1,Complex &c2);
    friend Complex operator-(Complex &c1,Complex &c2);
    friend Complex operator*(Complex &c1,Complex &c2);
    friend Complex operator/(Complex &c1,Complex &c2);
    void display();
private:
    double real;
    double imag;
};
Complex operator+ (Complex &c1,Complex &c2)
{
    Complex c;
    c.real=c1.real+c2.real;
    c.imag=c1.imag+c2.imag;
    return c;
}
Complex operator-(Complex &c1,Complex &c2)
{
    Complex c;
    c.real=c1.real-c2.real;
    c.imag=c1.imag-c2.imag;
    return c;
}
Complex operator*(Complex &c1,Complex &c2)
{
    Complex c;
    c.real=c1.real*c2.real-c1.imag*c2.imag;
    c.imag=c1.imag*c2.real+c1.real*c2.imag;
    return c;
}
Complex operator/(Complex &c1,Complex &c2)
{
    Complex c;
    c.real=(c1.real*c2.real+c1.imag*c2.imag)/(c2.real*c2.real+c2.imag*c2.imag);
    c.imag=(c1.imag*c2.real-c1.real*c2.imag)/(c2.real*c2.real+c2.imag*c2.imag);
    return c;
}
void Complex::display()
{
    cout<<"("<<real<<","<<imag<<"i)"<<endl;
}
int main()
{
    Complex c1(3,4),c2(5,-10),c3;
    cout<<"c1=";
    c1.display();
    cout<<"c2=";
    c2.display();
    c3=c1+c2;
    cout<<"c1+c2=";
    c3.display();
    c3=c1-c2;
    cout<<"c1-c2=";
    c3.display();
    c3=c1*c2;
    cout<<"c1*c2=";
    c3.display();
    c3=c1/c2;
    cout<<"c1/c2=";
    c3.display();
    return 0;
}
运行结果:

知识点总结:

友元函数的使用

学习心得:

努力

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