栈的算法练习题

02-线性结构4 Pop Sequence(25 分)

Given a stack which can keep M numbers at most. Push N numbers in the order of 1, 2, 3, ..., N and pop randomly. You are supposed to tell if a given sequence of numbers is a possible pop sequence of the stack. For example, if M is 5 and Nis 7, we can obtain 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 from the stack, but not 3, 2, 1, 7, 5, 6, 4.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the first line contains 3 numbers (all no more than 1000): M (the maximum capacity of the stack), N (the length of push sequence), and K (the number of pop sequences to be checked). Then K lines follow, each contains a pop sequence of N numbers. All the numbers in a line are separated by a space.

Output Specification:

For each pop sequence, print in one line "YES" if it is indeed a possible pop sequence of the stack, or "NO" if not.

Sample Input:

5 7 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
3 2 1 7 5 6 4
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
5 6 4 3 7 2 1
1 7 6 5 4 3 2

Sample Output:

YES
NO
NO
YES
NO

输入M,N,K,M是测试的组数,N是数组的长度,K是栈的最大深度

题目的意思是,1到N的数按顺序随机出栈,

比如要实现第一个例子,1入栈出栈,2入栈出栈

第二个3要出栈,2和1必须入栈,2,1必须按顺序入栈,7要入栈,4,5,6必须按顺序入栈出栈,所以不行

第四组例子:5入栈,1,2,3,4必须入栈,6入栈,出栈,按顺序入栈出栈,不难得到以下代码


#include<stack>
#include<iostream>
#include<vector>
#include<iterator>
#include<algorithm>

using namespace std;
int M,N,K;
int check_stack(vector<int> &v){
    stack<int> sta;
    sta.push(0);    //dummy element, as sential
    int cap = M + 1;    //stack capacity
    int idx = 0;        //index of vector v
    int num = 1;        //to push to stack
    while(idx != N){
    	// 入栈的条件 
        while(v[idx]>sta.top()&&sta.size()<cap&&idx<=N)
        // 从1开始入栈 
            sta.push(num++); 
		// 如果该序列与栈顶位置相同 ,说明栈顶出栈       
        if(v[idx]==sta.top()){
            sta.pop();
            idx++; // 切换到下一个指标 
            
        }
        // 如果不相同,则说明错误 
        else //sta.size>=cap; idx>N
            return 0;   //false
    }
    return 1;   //true
}
int main(){
	
    cin>>M>>N>>K;
    vector<int> vec(N,0);   //N pop number
    for(int i = 0; i<K; i++){
        //input to vec
        //copy_n(istream_iterator<int>(cin),N,vec.begin());
        for(int j=0;j<N;j++)
        cin>>vec[j];
        cout << (check_stack(vec)?"YES":"NO")<<endl;
    }   
}

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