oracle查询重复数据与删除重复记录方法

比如现在有一人员表 (表名:peosons)
若想将姓名、身份证号、住址这三个字段完全相同的记录查询出来
select p1.*  
from persons p1,persons p2
where p1.id<>p2.id  
and  p1.cardid = p2.cardid and p1.pname = p2.pname and p1.address = p2.address


可以实现上述效果.

几个删除重复记录的SQL语句

1.用rowid方法

2.用group by方法

3.用distinct方法

1。用rowid方法

据据oracle带的rowid属性,进行判断,是否存在重复,语句如下:

查数据:

select * from table1 a where rowid !=(select max(rowid)
from table1 b where a.name1=b.name1 and a.name2=b.name2......)

删数据:

delete  from table1 a where rowid !=(select max(rowid)
from table1 b where a.name1=b.name1 and a.name2=b.name2......)

2.group by方法

查数据:

select count(num), max(name) from student --列出重复的记录数,并列出他的name属性
group by num
having count(num) >1 --按num分组后找出表中num列重复,即出现次数大于一次

删数据:

delete from student
group by num
having count(num) >1
这样的话就把所有重复的都删除了。

3.用distinct方法 -对于小的表比较有用


create table table_new as   select distinct *   from table1 minux
truncate table table1;
insert into table1 select * from table_new;

查询及删除重复记录的方法大全

1、查找表中多余的重复记录,重复记录是根据单个字段(peopleId)来判断
select * from people
where peopleId in (select peopleId from people group by peopleId having count(peopleId) > 1)


2、删除表中多余的重复记录,重复记录是根据单个字段(peopleId)来判断,只留有rowid最小的记录
delete from people
where peopleId in (select peopleId from people group by peopleId  
having count(peopleId) > 1)
and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from people group by peopleId having count(peopleId )>1)


3、查找表中多余的重复记录(多个字段)
select * from vitae a
where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1)


4、删除表中多余的重复记录(多个字段),只留有rowid最小的记录
delete from vitae a
where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1)
and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*)>1)


5、查找表中多余的重复记录(多个字段),不包含rowid最小的记录
select * from vitae a
where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1)
and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*)>1)


(二)
比方说
在A表中存在一个字段“name”,
而且不同记录之间的“name”值有可能会相同,
现在就是需要查询出在该表中的各记录之间,“name”值存在重复的项;
Select Name,Count(*) From A Group By Name Having Count(*) > 1
如果还查性别也相同大则如下:
Select Name,sex,Count(*) From A Group By Name,sex Having Count(*) > 1

(三)
方法一
declare @max integer,@id integer
declare cur_rows cursor local for select 主字段,count(*) from 表名 group by 主字段 having count(*) >; 1
open cur_rows
fetch cur_rows into @id,@max
while @@fetch_status=0
begin
select @max = @max -1
set rowcount @max
delete from 表名 where 主字段 = @id
fetch cur_rows into @id,@max
end
close cur_rows
set rowcount 0


方法二
"重复记录"有两个意义上的重复记录,一是完全重复的记录,也即所有字段均重复的记录,二是部分关键字段重复的记录,
比如Name字段重复,而其他字段不一定重复或都重复可以忽略。

1、对于第一种重复,比较容易解决,使用
select distinct * from tableName就可以得到无重复记录的结果集。
如果该表需要删除重复的记录(重复记录保留1条),可以按以下方法删除
select distinct * into #Tmp from tableName
drop table tableName
select * into tableName from #Tmp
drop table #Tmp
发生这种重复的原因是表设计不周产生的,增加唯一索引列即可解决。


2、这类重复问题通常要求保留重复记录中的第一条记录,操作方法如下
假设有重复的字段为Name,Address,要求得到这两个字段唯一的结果集
select identity(int,1,1) as autoID, * into #Tmp from tableName
select min(autoID) as autoID into #Tmp2 from #Tmp group by Name,autoID
select * from #Tmp where autoID in(select autoID from #tmp2)
最后一个select即得到了Name,Address不重复的结果集(但多了一个autoID字段,实际写时可以写在select子句中省去此列)

(四)
查询重复
select * from tablename where id in (
select id from tablename
group by id
having count(id) > 1
)
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