Java 模拟58登录(二) 实现

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Java 模拟58登录(二) 实现

标签(空格分隔): Java


实习期间需要做一个模拟58登录然后爬取简历,之前已经写了一篇分析,现在具体实现过程

有关过程的分析,可以参考我的另一篇博客 Java 模拟58登录(一) 分析

实现

流程

根据之前的分析可以得出58登录的大致流程如下

  • 发送Get请求(data?), 获取 token
  • 发送Get请求(getcode?), 请求发送手机验证码, 同时获得一个tokencode
  • 发送Get请求(login?), 输入手机号,动态码以及其他相关参数来发送登录请求
  • 登录成功

预处理

除了上述所说的步骤外,还有很多需要处理的底层实现细节,比如解析Cookie, 构造必须的参数

设置必须参数

  • FINGERPRINT 和FINGERPRINT2是网页登录的时候直接抓取的,我试过随机修改后面几个数字依旧可以登录
  • JQUERYSTR 只是jquery调用时候自动生成的参数,为了不出现什么问题我也加上了
  • initTime initTime表示页面加载时间,后面加密时候需要用到的时间戳这个参数,这里所有需要的时间戳都是(需要的时间戳时刻b-initTime+ const time 1411093327735L)
  • TOKENCODE 和 TOKEN 是调用的时候获取的参数
    private String FRONTEND_URL = "http://passport.58.com/frontend/data?";
    private String TOKENCODE_URL = "http://passport.58.com/mobile/getcode?";
    private String LOGIN_URL = "https://passport.58.com/mobile/pc/login?";
    private String FINGERPRINT = "421A592E9D98DC7C0711A36033A582E84360ED23C621CCE3_011";
    private String FIGNERPRINT2 = "zh-CN|24|1|4|1600_900|1600_860|-480|1|1|1|undefined|undefined|"
            + "unknown|Win64|unspecified|1|false|false|false|true|false|"
            + "0_true_true|d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427F|b01de87fcefd32c68d348cd9d18b62d9";
    private String JQUERYSTR = "jQuery183025066063002634587_" + getNow();
    private long initTime = (new Date()).getTime();
    private String TOKENCODE = "";
    private String TOKEN = "";

解析Cookie

这里实际写的时候遇到了坑点, 最初底层实现Cookie是参考stackoverflow中的那种实现
但是如果Cookie value中含有”=”,解析就是失败,刚好58的session Cookie 中含有这个!!!我也是失败很多次才知道

    protected CookieStore cookieStore = new BasicCookieStore();

    public void setCookieStore(HttpResponse httpResponse) {

        Header[] headers = httpResponse.getHeaders("Set-Cookie");
        if (headers != null && headers.length > 0) {
            for (int i = 0; i < headers.length; i++) {
                String setCookie = headers[i].getValue();
                try {
                    BasicClientCookie cookie = this.parseRawCookie(setCookie);
                    if (!cookie.isExpired(new Date())) {
                        this.cookieStore.addCookie(cookie);
                    }
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    // do nothing
                }
            }
        }
        this.cookieStore.clearExpired(new Date());
    }

//使用java.net.HttpCookie自带的解析,然后手动转换成BasicClientCookie
//这里java.net.HttpCookie会有些默认行为需要注意
    protected BasicClientCookie parseRawCookie(String rawCookie) throws Exception {
        List<HttpCookie> cookies = HttpCookie.parse(rawCookie);
        if (cookies.size() < 1)
            return null;
        HttpCookie httpCookie = cookies.get(0);
        BasicClientCookie cookie = new BasicClientCookie(httpCookie.getName(), httpCookie.getValue());
        if (httpCookie.getMaxAge() >= 0) {
            Date expiryDate = new Date(System.currentTimeMillis() + httpCookie.getMaxAge() * 1000);
            cookie.setExpiryDate(expiryDate);
        }
        if (httpCookie.getDomain() != null)
            cookie.setDomain(httpCookie.getDomain());
        if (httpCookie.getPath() != null)
            cookie.setPath(httpCookie.getPath());
        if (httpCookie.getComment() != null)
            cookie.setComment(httpCookie.getComment());
        cookie.setSecure(httpCookie.getSecure());
        return cookie;
    }

解析Response String

返回的Response类似于下面,需要提取其中的键值对

jQuery18305434571389149673_1515995590691({“code”:0,”data”:{“remainTime”:0,”token”:”7pjUnv6fhBONHh7A_4HrN_2rH4is-gC8”,”rsaModulus”:”xxx固定值xxx”,
“rsaExponent”:”010001”,”totalTime”:60,”mobile”:”手机号”},”msg”:”“})

    protected String getResponseParameter(String response, String parameterName) {
        String result = response.replaceAll(",|\"|:", " ");
        StringTokenizer tokenizer = new StringTokenizer(result, " ");
        while (tokenizer.hasMoreTokens() && !tokenizer.nextToken().equals(parameterName)) {
        }
        String token = tokenizer.nextToken();
        return token;
    }

发送Get请求模块

因为后面很多都用到get 请求,所以这里封装一下

    public String doGet(String url, String host) throws Exception {
        CloseableHttpClient client = this.createHttpClient();
        HttpGet get = new HttpGet(url);
        get.addHeader("Connection", "keep-alive");
        get.addHeader("accept",
                "text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,image/apng,*/*;q=0.8");
        get.addHeader("accept-encoding", "gzip, deflate, br");
        get.addHeader("accept-language", "en-US,en;q=0.9");
        get.addHeader("upgrade-insecure-requests", "1");
        get.addHeader("user-agent",
                "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/63.0.3239.84 Safari/537.36");
        get.addHeader("Host", host);
        CloseableHttpResponse response = client.execute(get);
        if (response == null) {
            throw new Exception("network error, unable to connect to 51job");
        }
        setCookieStore(response);
        HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();
        InputStream stream = entity.getContent();
        String result = IOUtils.toString(stream, "utf-8");

        IOUtils.closeQuietly(stream);
        EntityUtils.consumeQuietly(entity);
        HttpClientUtils.closeQuietly(client);
        return result;
    }

加密字符串

QuanzhouJSUtil是一个调用js的类

    protected String encryptStr(String str) {
        Long timeSpan = 1411093327735L;
        Long randomLong = timeSpan + (new Date()).getTime() - initTime;
        String timeSign = String.valueOf(randomLong);
        String passwd = timeSign + str;
        String encryptPwd = QuanzhouJSUtil.getEncryptString(passwd);
        return encryptPwd;
    }

发送动态码

    public void getPhoneCode(String phoneNumber) throws Exception {

        // 获得token,然后用token作为参数获取tokenCode, 然后发送验证码登录时候需要用到tokenCode和token
        String result = doGet(FRONTEND_URL + getJQueryCallBackStr(), "passport.58.com");
        TOKEN = getResponseParameter(result, "token");

        // 获取token code
        String enPhone = encryptStr(phoneNumber);
        String tokenCodeURL = TOKENCODE_URL + "mobile=" + enPhone + "&validcode=&source=pc-login&vcodekey=&token="
                + TOKEN + "&voicetype=0&codetype=0&fingerprint=" + FINGERPRINT + "&" + getJQueryCallBackStr() + "&path="
                + "http://my.58.com";
        result = doGet(tokenCodeURL, "passport.58.com");
        TOKENCODE = getResponseParameter(result, "tokencode");

    }

发送动态码

    public void getPhoneCode(String phoneNumber) throws Exception {

        // 获得token,然后用token作为参数获取tokenCode, 然后发送验证码登录时候需要用到tokenCode和token
        String result = doGet(FRONTEND_URL + getJQueryCallBackStr(), "passport.58.com");
        TOKEN = getResponseParameter(result, "token");

        // 获取token code
        String enPhone = encryptStr(phoneNumber);
        String tokenCodeURL = TOKENCODE_URL + "mobile=" + enPhone + "&validcode=&source=pc-login&vcodekey=&token="
                + TOKEN + "&voicetype=0&codetype=0&fingerprint=" + FINGERPRINT + "&" + getJQueryCallBackStr() + "&path="
                + "http://my.58.com";
        result = doGet(tokenCodeURL, "passport.58.com");
        TOKENCODE = getResponseParameter(result, "tokencode");

    }

测试登录

    @Test
    public void testLogin58(){
        preLogin();
        String phoneNum = "";
        String mobileCode = "";
        System.out.println("请输入你的手机号码:");
        Scanner scanner = new Scanner(System.in);
        phoneNum = scanner.nextLine();
        try {
            getPhoneCode(phoneNum);
            System.out.println("请输入你的手机验证码:");
            mobileCode = scanner.nextLine();
            loginJob58(phoneNum, mobileCode);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        //add some code to do


        scanner.close();

    }
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