Java+MySQL实现学生信息管理系统

基于Java swing+MySQL实现学生信息管理系统:主要实现JDBC对学生信息进行增删改查,应付一般课设足矣,分享给大家。

源码:

https://github.com/ZhuangM/student.git

1、 开发环境:jdk7+MySQL5+win7

代码结构:model-dao-view

2、 数据库设计——建库建表语句

CREATE DATABASE student;
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `admin`;
CREATE TABLE `admin` (
 `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
 `name` varchar(20) NOT NULL,
 `username` varchar(20) NOT NULL,
 `password` varchar(20) NOT NULL,
 PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=2 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

LOCK TABLES `admin` WRITE;
INSERT INTO `admin` VALUES (1,'admin','admin','admin');
UNLOCK TABLES;

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `student`;
CREATE TABLE `student` (
 `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
 `name` varchar(20) NOT NULL,
 `sno` varchar(20) NOT NULL,
 `department` varchar(20) NOT NULL,
 `hometown` varchar(20) NOT NULL,
 `mark` varchar(20) NOT NULL,
 `email` varchar(20) NOT NULL,
 `tel` varchar(20) NOT NULL,
 `sex` varchar(20) NOT NULL,
 PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=22 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

LOCK TABLES `student` WRITE;
INSERT INTO `student` VALUES (18,'张三','001','信息科学技术学院','辽宁','80','zhangsan@163.com','13888888888','男'),(19,'李四','002','理学院','上海','70','lisi@sina.com','13812341234','男'),(20,'王五','003','外国语学院','北京','88','wangwu@126.com','13698765432','女');
UNLOCK TABLES;

3、model——管理员、学生

/**
* 项目名:student
* 修改历史:
*/
package com.student.model;

/**
* 模块说明:admin
* 
*/
public class Admin {
 private int id;
 private String name;
 private String username;
 private String password;

 public String getName() {
   return name;
 }

 public void setName(String name) {
   this.name = name;
 }

 public int getId() {
   return id;
 }

 public void setId(int id) {
   this.id = id;
 }

 public String getUsername() {
   return username;
 }

 public void setUsername(String username) {
   this.username = username;
 }

 public String getPassword() {
   return password;
 }

 public void setPassword(String password) {
   this.password = password;
 }

}
/**
* 项目名:student
* 修改历史:
*/
package com.student.model;

/**
* 模块说明: 学生
* 
*/
public class Student {
 private int id;
 private String sno;// 学号
 private String name;
 private String sex;
 private String department;// 院系
 private String homeTown;// 籍贯
 private String mark;// 学分
 private String email;
 private String tel;// 联系方式

 public int getId() {
   return id;
 }

 public void setId(int id) {
   this.id = id;
 }

 public String getSno() {
   return sno;
 }

 public void setSno(String sno) {
   this.sno = sno;
 }

 public String getName() {
   return name;
 }

 public void setName(String name) {
   this.name = name;
 }

 public String getSex() {
   return sex;
 }

 public void setSex(String sex) {
   this.sex = sex;
 }

 public String getDepartment() {
   return department;
 }

 public void setDepartment(String department) {
   this.department = department;
 }

 public String getHomeTown() {
   return homeTown;
 }

 public void setHomeTown(String homeTown) {
   this.homeTown = homeTown;
 }

 public String getMark() {
   return mark;
 }

 public void setMark(String mark) {
   this.mark = mark;
 }

 public String getEmail() {
   return email;
 }

 public void setEmail(String email) {
   this.email = email;
 }

 public String getTel() {
   return tel;
 }

 public void setTel(String tel) {
   this.tel = tel;
 }

}

4、 工具类DBUtil(对jdbc进行封装)

/**
* 项目名:student
* 修改历史:
*/
package com.student.util;

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.PreparedStatement;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;

import com.student.AppConstants;

/**
* 模块说明:数据库工具类
* 
*/
public class DBUtil {
 private static DBUtil db;

 private Connection conn;
 private PreparedStatement ps;
 private ResultSet rs;

 private DBUtil() {

 }

 public static DBUtil getDBUtil() {
   if (db == null) {
     db = new DBUtil();
   }
   return db;
 }

 public int executeUpdate(String sql) {
   int result = -1;
   if (getConn() == null) {
     return result;
   }
   try {
     ps = conn.prepareStatement(sql);
     result = ps.executeUpdate();
   } catch (SQLException e) {
     e.printStackTrace();
   }
   return result;
 }

 public int executeUpdate(String sql, Object[] obj) {
   int result = -1;
   if (getConn() == null) {
     return result;
   }
   try {
     ps = conn.prepareStatement(sql);
     for (int i = 0; i < obj.length; i++) {
       ps.setObject(i + 1, obj[i]);
     }
     result = ps.executeUpdate();
     close();
   } catch (SQLException e) {
     e.printStackTrace();
   }
   return result;
 }

 public ResultSet executeQuery(String sql) {
   if (getConn() == null) {
     return null;
   }
   try {
     ps = conn.prepareStatement(sql);
     rs = ps.executeQuery();
   } catch (SQLException e) {
     e.printStackTrace();
   }
   return rs;
 }

 public ResultSet executeQuery(String sql, Object[] obj) {
   if (getConn() == null) {
     return null;
   }
   try {
     ps = conn.prepareStatement(sql);
     for (int i = 0; i < obj.length; i++) {
       ps.setObject(i + 1, obj[i]);
     }
     rs = ps.executeQuery();
   } catch (SQLException e) {
     e.printStackTrace();
   }

   return rs;
 }

 private Connection getConn() {
   try {
     if (conn == null || conn.isClosed()) {
       Class.forName(AppConstants.JDBC_DRIVER);
       conn = DriverManager.getConnection(AppConstants.JDBC_URL, AppConstants.JDBC_USERNAME,
           AppConstants.JDBC_PASSWORD);
     }
   } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
     System.out.println("jdbc driver is not found.");
     e.printStackTrace();
   } catch (SQLException e) {
     e.printStackTrace();
   }
   return conn;
 }

 public void close() {
   try {
     if (rs != null) {
       rs.close();
     }
     if (ps != null) {
       ps.close();
     }
     if (conn != null) {
       conn.close();
     }
   } catch (SQLException e) {
     e.printStackTrace();
   }
 }
}

5、dao:主要调用DBUtil操作相应的model——增删改查

BaseDAO.java

/**
* 项目名:student
* 修改历史:
*/
package com.student.base;

import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;

import com.student.DAO;
import com.student.dao.AdminDAO;
import com.student.dao.StudentDAO;
import com.student.util.DBUtil;

/**
* 模块说明: DAO基类
* 
*/
public abstract class BaseDAO {
 protected final DBUtil db = DBUtil.getDBUtil();
 protected ResultSet rs;
 private static BaseDAO baseDAO;

 public BaseDAO() {
   init();
 }

 private void init() {
   // buildAbilityDAO();
 }

 // protected abstract void buildAbilityDAO();

 public static synchronized BaseDAO getAbilityDAO(DAO dao) {
   switch (dao) {
   case AdminDAO:
     if (baseDAO == null || baseDAO.getClass() != AdminDAO.class) {
       baseDAO = AdminDAO.getInstance();
     }
     break;
   case StudentDAO:
     if (baseDAO == null || baseDAO.getClass() != StudentDAO.class) {
       baseDAO = StudentDAO.getInstance();
     }
     break;
   default:
     break;
   }
   return baseDAO;
 }

 protected void destroy() {
   try {
     if (rs != null) {
       rs.close();
     }
   } catch (SQLException se) {
     se.printStackTrace();
   } finally {
     db.close();
   }
 }
}

AdminDAO.java

/**
* 项目名:student
* 修改历史:
*/
package com.student.dao;

import java.sql.SQLException;

import com.student.base.BaseDAO;

/**
* 模块说明: 管理员增删改查
* 
*/
public class AdminDAO extends BaseDAO {

 private static AdminDAO ad = null;

 public static synchronized AdminDAO getInstance() {
   if (ad == null) {
     ad = new AdminDAO();
   }
   return ad;
 }

 public boolean queryForLogin(String username, String password) {
   boolean result = false;
   if (username.length() == 0 || password.length() == 0) {
     return result;
   }
   String sql = "select * from admin where username=? and password=?";
   String[] param = { username, password };
   rs = db.executeQuery(sql, param);
   try {
     if (rs.next()) {
       result = true;
     }
   } catch (SQLException e) {
     e.printStackTrace();
   } finally {
     destroy();
   }
   return result;
 }

}

StudentDAO.java

/**
* 项目名:student
* 修改历史:
*/
package com.student.dao;

import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

import com.student.base.BaseDAO;
import com.student.model.Student;

/**
* 模块说明: 学生增删改查
* 
*/
public class StudentDAO extends BaseDAO {
 private final int fieldNum = 9;
 private final int showNum = 15;
 private static StudentDAO sd = null;

 public static synchronized StudentDAO getInstance() {
   if (sd == null) {
     sd = new StudentDAO();
   }
   return sd;
 }

 // update
 public boolean update(Student stu) {
   boolean result = false;
   if (stu == null) {
     return result;
   }
   try {
     // check
     if (queryBySno(stu.getSno()) == 0) {
       return result;
     }
     // update
     String sql = "update student set sex=?,department=?,email=?,tel=?,hometown=?,mark=? where name=? and sno=?";
     String[] param = { stu.getSex(), stu.getDepartment(), stu.getEmail(), stu.getTel(), stu.getHomeTown(),
         stu.getMark(), stu.getName(), stu.getSno() };
     int rowCount = db.executeUpdate(sql, param);
     if (rowCount == 1) {
       result = true;
     }
   } catch (SQLException se) {
     se.printStackTrace();
   } finally {
     destroy();
   }
   return result;
 }

 // delete
 public boolean delete(Student stu) {
   boolean result = false;
   if (stu == null) {
     return result;
   }
   String sql = "delete from student where name=? and sno=?";
   String[] param = { stu.getName(), stu.getSno() };
   int rowCount = db.executeUpdate(sql, param);
   if (rowCount == 1) {
     result = true;
   }
   destroy();
   return result;
 }

 // add
 public boolean add(Student stu) {
   boolean result = false;
   if (stu == null) {
     return result;
   }
   try {
     // check
     if (queryBySno(stu.getSno()) == 1) {
       return result;
     }
     // insert
     String sql = "insert into student(name,sno,sex,department,hometown,mark,email,tel) values(?,?,?,?,?,?,?,?)";
     String[] param = { stu.getName(), stu.getSno(), stu.getSex(), stu.getDepartment(), stu.getHomeTown(),
         stu.getMark(), stu.getEmail(), stu.getTel() };
     if (db.executeUpdate(sql, param) == 1) {
       result = true;
     }
   } catch (SQLException se) {
     se.printStackTrace();
   } finally {
     destroy();
   }
   return result;
 }

 // query by name
 public String[][] queryByName(String name) {
   String[][] result = null;
   if (name.length() < 0) {
     return result;
   }
   List<Student> stus = new ArrayList<Student>();
   int i = 0;
   String sql = "select * from student where name like ?";
   String[] param = { "%" + name + "%" };
   rs = db.executeQuery(sql, param);
   try {
     while (rs.next()) {
       buildList(rs, stus, i);
       i++;
     }
     if (stus.size() > 0) {
       result = new String[stus.size()][fieldNum];
       for (int j = 0; j < stus.size(); j++) {
         buildResult(result, stus, j);
       }
     }
   } catch (SQLException se) {
     se.printStackTrace();
   } finally {
     destroy();
   }

   return result;
 }

 // query
 public String[][] list(int pageNum) {
   String[][] result = null;
   if (pageNum < 1) {
     return result;
   }
   List<Student> stus = new ArrayList<Student>();
   int i = 0;
   int beginNum = (pageNum - 1) * showNum;
   String sql = "select * from student limit ?,?";
   Integer[] param = { beginNum, showNum };
   rs = db.executeQuery(sql, param);
   try {
     while (rs.next()) {
       buildList(rs, stus, i);
       i++;
     }
     if (stus.size() > 0) {
       result = new String[stus.size()][fieldNum];
       for (int j = 0; j < stus.size(); j++) {
         buildResult(result, stus, j);
       }
     }
   } catch (SQLException se) {
     se.printStackTrace();
   } finally {
     destroy();
   }

   return result;
 }

 // 将rs记录添加到list中
 private void buildList(ResultSet rs, List<Student> list, int i) throws SQLException {
   Student stu = new Student();
   stu.setId(i + 1);
   stu.setName(rs.getString("name"));
   stu.setDepartment(rs.getString("department"));
   stu.setEmail(rs.getString("email"));
   stu.setHomeTown(rs.getString("hometown"));
   stu.setMark(rs.getString("mark"));
   stu.setSex(rs.getString("sex"));
   stu.setSno(rs.getString("sno"));
   stu.setTel(rs.getString("tel"));
   list.add(stu);
 }

 // 将list中记录添加到二维数组中
 private void buildResult(String[][] result, List<Student> stus, int j) {
   Student stu = stus.get(j);
   result[j][0] = String.valueOf(stu.getId());
   result[j][1] = stu.getName();
   result[j][2] = stu.getSno();
   result[j][3] = stu.getSex();
   result[j][4] = stu.getDepartment();
   result[j][5] = stu.getHomeTown();
   result[j][6] = stu.getMark();
   result[j][7] = stu.getEmail();
   result[j][8] = stu.getTel();
 }

 // query by sno
 private int queryBySno(String sno) throws SQLException {
   int result = 0;
   if ("".equals(sno) || sno == null) {
     return result;
   }
   String checkSql = "select * from student where sno=?";
   String[] checkParam = { sno };
   rs = db.executeQuery(checkSql, checkParam);
   if (rs.next()) {
     result = 1;
   }
   return result;
 }

}

6、 view:与用户交互的界面(包括LoginView.java、MainView.java、AddView.java、DeleteView.java、UpdateView.java),主要使用DAO提供的接口,由于篇幅原因,仅列出MainView即首页。

/**
* 项目名:student
* 修改历史:
*/
package com.student.view;

import java.awt.BorderLayout;
import java.awt.GridLayout;
import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;
import java.awt.event.ActionListener;
import java.awt.event.KeyAdapter;
import java.awt.event.KeyEvent;

import javax.swing.JButton;
import javax.swing.JFrame;
import javax.swing.JLabel;
import javax.swing.JPanel;
import javax.swing.JScrollPane;
import javax.swing.JTable;
import javax.swing.JTextField;
import javax.swing.table.DefaultTableCellRenderer;
import javax.swing.table.DefaultTableModel;
import javax.swing.table.TableColumn;

import com.student.AppConstants;
import com.student.DAO;
import com.student.base.BaseDAO;
import com.student.dao.StudentDAO;

/**
* 模块说明: 首页
* 
*/
public class MainView extends JFrame {

 private static final long serialVersionUID = 5870864087464173884L;

 private final int maxPageNum = 99;

 private JPanel jPanelNorth, jPanelSouth, jPanelCenter;
 private JButton jButtonFirst, jButtonLast, jButtonNext, jButtonPre, jButtonAdd, jButtonDelete, jButtonUpdate,
     jButtonFind;
 private JLabel currPageNumJLabel;
 private JTextField condition;
 public static JTable jTable;
 private JScrollPane jScrollPane;
 private DefaultTableModel myTableModel;

 public static String[] column = { "id", AppConstants.STUDENT_NAME, AppConstants.STUDENT_SNO,
     AppConstants.STUDENT_SEX, AppConstants.STUDENT_DEPARTMETN, AppConstants.STUDENT_HOMETOWN,
     AppConstants.STUDENT_MARK, AppConstants.STUDENT_EMAIL, AppConstants.STUDENT_TEL };
 public static int currPageNum = 1;

 public MainView() {
   init();
 }

 private void init() {
   setTitle(AppConstants.MAINVIEW_TITLE);

   // north panel
   jPanelNorth = new JPanel();
   jPanelNorth.setLayout(new GridLayout(1, 5));
   condition = new JTextField(AppConstants.PARAM_FIND_CONDITION);
   condition.addKeyListener(new FindListener());
   jPanelNorth.add(condition);
   // query by name
   jButtonFind = new JButton(AppConstants.PARAM_FIND);
   jButtonFind.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
     @Override
     public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
       find();
     }
   });
   jButtonFind.addKeyListener(new FindListener());
   // add
   jPanelNorth.add(jButtonFind);
   jButtonAdd = new JButton(AppConstants.PARAM_ADD);
   jButtonAdd.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
     @Override
     public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
       new AddView();
     }
   });
   jPanelNorth.add(jButtonAdd);
   // delete
   jButtonDelete = new JButton(AppConstants.PARAM_DELETE);
   jButtonDelete.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
     @Override
     public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
       new DeleteView();
     }
   });
   jPanelNorth.add(jButtonDelete);
   // update
   jButtonUpdate = new JButton(AppConstants.PARAM_UPDATE);
   jButtonUpdate.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
     @Override
     public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
       new UpdateView();
     }
   });
   jPanelNorth.add(jButtonUpdate);

   // center panel
   jPanelCenter = new JPanel();
   jPanelCenter.setLayout(new GridLayout(1, 1));

   // init jTable
   String[][] result = ((StudentDAO) BaseDAO.getAbilityDAO(DAO.StudentDAO)).list(currPageNum);
   myTableModel = new DefaultTableModel(result, column);
   jTable = new JTable(myTableModel);
   DefaultTableCellRenderer cr = new DefaultTableCellRenderer();
   cr.setHorizontalAlignment(JLabel.CENTER);
   jTable.setDefaultRenderer(Object.class, cr);
   initJTable(jTable, result);

   jScrollPane = new JScrollPane(jTable);
   jPanelCenter.add(jScrollPane);

   // south panel
   jPanelSouth = new JPanel();
   jPanelSouth.setLayout(new GridLayout(1, 5));

   jButtonFirst = new JButton(AppConstants.MAINVIEW_FIRST);
   jButtonFirst.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
     @Override
     public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
       currPageNum = 1;
       String[][] result = ((StudentDAO) BaseDAO.getAbilityDAO(DAO.StudentDAO)).list(currPageNum);
       initJTable(jTable, result);
       currPageNumJLabel.setText(AppConstants.MAINVIEW_PAGENUM_JLABEL_DI + currPageNum
           + AppConstants.MAINVIEW_PAGENUM_JLABEL_YE);
     }
   });
   jButtonPre = new JButton(AppConstants.MAINVIEW_PRE);
   jButtonPre.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {

     @Override
     public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
       currPageNum--;
       if (currPageNum <= 0) {
         currPageNum = 1;
       }
       String[][] result = ((StudentDAO) BaseDAO.getAbilityDAO(DAO.StudentDAO)).list(currPageNum);
       initJTable(jTable, result);
       currPageNumJLabel.setText(AppConstants.MAINVIEW_PAGENUM_JLABEL_DI + currPageNum
           + AppConstants.MAINVIEW_PAGENUM_JLABEL_YE);
     }
   });
   jButtonNext = new JButton(AppConstants.MAINVIEW_NEXT);
   jButtonNext.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
     @Override
     public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
       currPageNum++;
       if (currPageNum > maxPageNum) {
         currPageNum = maxPageNum;
       }
       String[][] result = ((StudentDAO) BaseDAO.getAbilityDAO(DAO.StudentDAO)).list(currPageNum);
       initJTable(jTable, result);
       currPageNumJLabel.setText(AppConstants.MAINVIEW_PAGENUM_JLABEL_DI + currPageNum
           + AppConstants.MAINVIEW_PAGENUM_JLABEL_YE);
     }
   });
   jButtonLast = new JButton(AppConstants.MAINVIEW_LAST);
   jButtonLast.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
     @Override
     public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
       currPageNum = maxPageNum;
       String[][] result = ((StudentDAO) BaseDAO.getAbilityDAO(DAO.StudentDAO)).list(currPageNum);
       initJTable(jTable, result);
       currPageNumJLabel.setText(AppConstants.MAINVIEW_PAGENUM_JLABEL_DI + currPageNum
           + AppConstants.MAINVIEW_PAGENUM_JLABEL_YE);
     }
   });

   currPageNumJLabel = new JLabel(
       AppConstants.MAINVIEW_PAGENUM_JLABEL_DI + currPageNum + AppConstants.MAINVIEW_PAGENUM_JLABEL_YE);
   currPageNumJLabel.setHorizontalAlignment(JLabel.CENTER);

   jPanelSouth.add(jButtonFirst);
   jPanelSouth.add(jButtonPre);
   jPanelSouth.add(currPageNumJLabel);
   jPanelSouth.add(jButtonNext);
   jPanelSouth.add(jButtonLast);

   this.add(jPanelNorth, BorderLayout.NORTH);
   this.add(jPanelCenter, BorderLayout.CENTER);
   this.add(jPanelSouth, BorderLayout.SOUTH);

   setBounds(400, 200, 750, 340);
   setResizable(false);
   setDefaultCloseOperation(DISPOSE_ON_CLOSE);
   setVisible(true);
 }

 public static void initJTable(JTable jTable, String[][] result) {
   ((DefaultTableModel) jTable.getModel()).setDataVector(result, column);
   jTable.setRowHeight(20);
   TableColumn firsetColumn = jTable.getColumnModel().getColumn(0);
   firsetColumn.setPreferredWidth(30);
   firsetColumn.setMaxWidth(30);
   firsetColumn.setMinWidth(30);
   TableColumn secondColumn = jTable.getColumnModel().getColumn(1);
   secondColumn.setPreferredWidth(60);
   secondColumn.setMaxWidth(60);
   secondColumn.setMinWidth(60);
   TableColumn thirdColumn = jTable.getColumnModel().getColumn(2);
   thirdColumn.setPreferredWidth(90);
   thirdColumn.setMaxWidth(90);
   thirdColumn.setMinWidth(90);
   TableColumn fourthColumn = jTable.getColumnModel().getColumn(3);
   fourthColumn.setPreferredWidth(30);
   fourthColumn.setMaxWidth(30);
   fourthColumn.setMinWidth(30);
   TableColumn seventhColumn = jTable.getColumnModel().getColumn(6);
   seventhColumn.setPreferredWidth(30);
   seventhColumn.setMaxWidth(30);
   seventhColumn.setMinWidth(30);
   TableColumn ninthColumn = jTable.getColumnModel().getColumn(8);
   ninthColumn.setPreferredWidth(90);
   ninthColumn.setMaxWidth(90);
   ninthColumn.setMinWidth(90);
 }

 private class FindListener extends KeyAdapter {

   @Override
   public void keyPressed(KeyEvent e) {
     if (e.getKeyCode() == KeyEvent.VK_ENTER) {
       find();
     }
   }
 }

 private void find() {
   currPageNum = 0;
   String param = condition.getText();
   if ("".equals(param) || param == null) {
     initJTable(MainView.jTable, null);
     currPageNumJLabel.setText(AppConstants.MAINVIEW_FIND_JLABEL);
     return;
   }
   String[][] result = ((StudentDAO) BaseDAO.getAbilityDAO(DAO.StudentDAO)).queryByName(param);
   condition.setText("");
   initJTable(MainView.jTable, result);
   currPageNumJLabel.setText(AppConstants.MAINVIEW_FIND_JLABEL);
 }

}

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