springboot+mybatis多数据源配置,AOP注解动态切换数据源

应用场景:项目使用多数据源,并实现读写分离。

springboot默认加载application.properties或application.yml配置,配置规则已经定好且为单数据源,想要配置多数据源必须禁用默认加载,然后手动去配置多数据源,完整代码如下:

数据源配置:

application.properties

#springboot单据源配置
spring.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3306/test?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf-8&useSSL=false
spring.datasource.username=root
spring.datasource.password=root
spring.datasource.driver-class-name=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
spring.datasource.max-idle=10
spring.datasource.max-wait=10000
spring.datasource.min-idle=5
spring.datasource.initial-size=5
#springboot多数据源配置
#数据源1
spring.datasource.db1.url=jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3306/db1?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf-8&useSSL=false
spring.datasource.db1.username=root
spring.datasource.db1.password=root
spring.datasource.db1.driver-class-name=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
spring.datasource.db1.max-idle=10
spring.datasource.db1.max-wait=10000
spring.datasource.db1.min-idle=5
spring.datasource.db1.initial-size=5
#数据源2
spring.datasource.db2.url=jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3306/db2?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf-8&useSSL=false
spring.datasource.db2.username=root
spring.datasource.db2.password=root
spring.datasource.db2.driver-class-name=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
spring.datasource.db2.max-idle=10
spring.datasource.db2.max-wait=10000
spring.datasource.db2.min-idle=5
spring.datasource.db2.initial-size=5
#mybatis
mybatis.mapper-locations=classpath*:mapper/*.xml
mybatis.type-aliases-package=com.springboot.dao
启动入口类

Application.java

package com.springboot;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceAutoConfiguration;
import org.springframework.boot.builder.SpringApplicationBuilder;
import org.springframework.boot.web.support.SpringBootServletInitializer;

/**
 * springboot入口类,此类需要在所有用到的package上层
 * exclude = {DataSourceAutoConfiguration.class}
 * 禁用springboot默认加载的application.properties单数据源配置
 */
@SpringBootApplication(exclude = {DataSourceAutoConfiguration.class})
public class Application {
    public static void main(String[] args) {

        SpringApplication.run(Application.class,args);
    }
}

多数据源配置类

package com.springboot.config;

import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceBuilder;
import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.ConfigurationProperties;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Primary;
import org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager;
import org.springframework.transaction.PlatformTransactionManager;

import javax.sql.DataSource;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * 多数据源配置类
 * Created by pure on 2018-05-06.
 */
@Configuration
public class DataSourceConfig {
    //数据源1
    @Bean(name = "datasource1")
    @ConfigurationProperties(prefix = "spring.datasource.db1") // application.properteis中对应属性的前缀
    public DataSource dataSource1() {
        return DataSourceBuilder.create().build();
    }

    //数据源2
    @Bean(name = "datasource2")
    @ConfigurationProperties(prefix = "spring.datasource.db2") // application.properteis中对应属性的前缀
    public DataSource dataSource2() {
        return DataSourceBuilder.create().build();
    }

    /**
     * 动态数据源: 通过AOP在不同数据源之间动态切换
     * @return
     */
    @Primary
    @Bean(name = "dynamicDataSource")
    public DataSource dynamicDataSource() {
        DynamicDataSource dynamicDataSource = new DynamicDataSource();
        // 默认数据源
        dynamicDataSource.setDefaultTargetDataSource(dataSource1());
        // 配置多数据源
        Map<Object, Object> dsMap = new HashMap();
        dsMap.put("datasource1", dataSource1());
        dsMap.put("datasource2", dataSource2());

        dynamicDataSource.setTargetDataSources(dsMap);
        return dynamicDataSource;
    }

    /**
     * 配置@Transactional注解事物
     * @return
     */
    @Bean
    public PlatformTransactionManager transactionManager() {
        return new DataSourceTransactionManager(dynamicDataSource());
    }
}

保存切换数据源:

package com.springboot.config;

/**
 * Created by pure on 2018-05-06.
 */
public class DataSourceContextHolder {
    /**
     * 默认数据源
     */
    public static final String DEFAULT_DS = "datasource1";

    private static final ThreadLocal<String> contextHolder = new ThreadLocal<>();

    // 设置数据源名
    public static void setDB(String dbType) {
        System.out.println("切换到{"+dbType+"}数据源");
        contextHolder.set(dbType);
    }

    // 获取数据源名
    public static String getDB() {
        return (contextHolder.get());
    }

    // 清除数据源名
    public static void clearDB() {
        contextHolder.remove();
    }
}

当前数据源:

package com.springboot.config;

import org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.lookup.AbstractRoutingDataSource;

/**
 * Created by pure on 2018-05-06.
 */
public class DynamicDataSource extends AbstractRoutingDataSource {
    @Override
    protected Object determineCurrentLookupKey() {
        System.out.println("数据源为"+DataSourceContextHolder.getDB());
        return DataSourceContextHolder.getDB();
    }
}

自定义注解

package com.springboot.config;

import java.lang.annotation.ElementType;
import java.lang.annotation.Retention;
import java.lang.annotation.RetentionPolicy;
import java.lang.annotation.Target;

/**
 * 自定义注解
 */
@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
@Target({ElementType.METHOD})
public @interface DS {
    String value() default "datasource1";
}

AOP动态切换

package com.springboot.config;

import org.aspectj.lang.JoinPoint;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.After;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Aspect;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Before;
import org.aspectj.lang.reflect.MethodSignature;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
/**
 * 自定义注解 + AOP的方式实现数据源动态切换。
 * Created by pure on 2018-05-06.
 */
@Aspect
@Component
public class DynamicDataSourceAspect {

    @Before("@annotation(DS)")
    public void beforeSwitchDS(JoinPoint point){
        //获得当前访问的class
        Class<?> className = point.getTarget().getClass();
        //获得访问的方法名
        String methodName = point.getSignature().getName();
        //得到方法的参数的类型
        Class[] argClass = ((MethodSignature)point.getSignature()).getParameterTypes();
        String dataSource = DataSourceContextHolder.DEFAULT_DS;
        try {
            // 得到访问的方法对象
            Method method = className.getMethod(methodName, argClass);
            // 判断是否存在@DS注解
            if (method.isAnnotationPresent(DS.class)) {
                DS annotation = method.getAnnotation(DS.class);
                // 取出注解中的数据源名
                dataSource = annotation.value();
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        // 切换数据源
        DataSourceContextHolder.setDB(dataSource);
    }
    
    @After("@annotation(DS)")
    public void afterSwitchDS(JoinPoint point){
        DataSourceContextHolder.clearDB();
    }
}

Mapper映射

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd" >

<mapper namespace="com.springboot.dao.MoredataDao">
       <!-- 查询所有user -->
       <select id="getAllUser" resultType="java.util.Map">
              select * from user
       </select>
       <!-- 添加数据并返回主键ID,接收主键,必须以实体类接收 -->
       <!-- keyColumn="id"对应数据库字段,keyProperty="id"对应实体类属性  -->
       <insert id="addUserGetID" parameterType="com.springboot.entity.User" useGeneratedKeys="true" keyColumn="id" keyProperty="id">
              insert into user(name,create_time) values(#{name},#{createTime})
       </insert>
       <insert id="addUser">
              insert into user(name,create_time) values(#{name},sysdate())
       </insert>
</mapper>

实体类

package com.springboot.entity;

import java.util.Date;

/**
 * user实体类
 * Created by pure on 2018-05-06.
 */
public class User {
    private Long id;
    private String name;
    private Date createTime;

    public User(){}
    public User(String name,Date createTime){
        this.name=name;
        this.createTime=createTime;
    }

    public Long getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(Long id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public Date getCreateTime() {
        return createTime;
    }

    public void setCreateTime(Date createTime) {
        this.createTime = createTime;
    }
}

dao层

package com.springboot.dao;

import com.springboot.entity.User;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Mapper;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Param;

import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * dao层
 * Created by pure on 2018-05-06.
 */
@Mapper
public interface MoredataDao {
    //使用xml配置形式查询
    public List<Map> getAllUser();
    public Long addUserGetID(User user);
    public void addUser(@Param("name") String name);
}

service层

package com.springboot.service;

import com.springboot.config.DS;
import com.springboot.dao.MoredataDao;
import com.springboot.entity.User;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Param;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * service层
 * Created by pure on 2018-05-06.
 */
@Service
public class MoredataService {
    @Autowired
    private MoredataDao moredataDao;

    //使用数据源1查询
   @DS("datasource1")
    public List<Map> getAllUser1(){
        return moredataDao.getAllUser();
    }
    //使用数据源2查询
    @DS("datasource2")
    public List<Map> getAllUser2(){
        return moredataDao.getAllUser();
    }

    //使用数据源1插入数据
    @DS("datasource1")
    public Long addUserGetID1(User user){
        return moredataDao.addUserGetID(user);
    }
    //使用数据源1插入数据
    @DS("datasource2")
    public Long addUserGetID2(User user){
        return moredataDao.addUserGetID(user);
    }

    //使用数据源1插入数据
    @DS("datasource1")
    public void addUser1(String name){
        moredataDao.addUser(name);
    }
    //使用数据源2插入数据
    @DS("datasource2")
    public void addUser2(String name){
        moredataDao.addUser(name);
    }
}

controller层

package com.springboot.controller;

import com.springboot.entity.User;
import com.springboot.service.MoredataService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import java.util.Date;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * Created by pure on 2018-05-06.
 */
//@CrossOrigin
@RestController
@RequestMapping("/moredata")
public class MoredataController {
    @Autowired
    private MoredataService moredataService;

    @RequestMapping(value = "/getDb1AllUser")
    public List<Map> getDb1AllUser() {
        List<Map> list = moredataService.getAllUser1();
        return list;
    }

    @RequestMapping(value = "/getDb2AllUser")
    public List<Map> getDb2AllUser() {
        List<Map> list = moredataService.getAllUser2();
        return list;
    }

    @RequestMapping(value = "/addDb1User")
    public String addDb1User(String name) {
        User user = new User(name,new Date());
        Long rows = moredataService.addUserGetID1(user);//返回的是结果行数
        return "{id:"+user.getId()+"}";
    }
    @RequestMapping(value = "/addDb2User")
    public String addDb2User(String name) {
        User user = new User(name,new Date());
        Long rows = moredataService.addUserGetID2(user);
        return "{id:"+user.getId()+"}";
    }

}

maven配置

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.springboot</groupId>
    <artifactId>springboot3</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>war</packaging>

    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <!-- jdk1.8以上这里一定要配置上java的版本,如果是1.7版本的可不用配置 -->
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    </properties>

    <!-- springboot版本依赖 1.4.1.RELEASE-->
    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>1.5.8.RELEASE</version>
        <relativePath/>
    </parent>


    <dependencies>
        <!-- springboot核心包-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>

        </dependency>
        <!-- springboot-aop包,AOP切面注解,Aspectd等相关注解 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-aop</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <!-- springboot-mybatis -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis.spring.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
            <version>1.3.0</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- jdbcTemple  -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-jdbc</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <!-- springboot测试模块包junit -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <!-- 开发测试环境修改文件实时生效包,生产默认不使用 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-devtools</artifactId>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
        <!-- springboot+freemarker整合包 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-freemarker</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <!-- mysql数据库连接包 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
            <artifactId>javax.servlet-api</artifactId>
            <version>3.1.0</version>
            <scope>provided</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>

            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>3.1</version>
                <configuration>
                    <source>1.7</source>
                    <target>1.7</target>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>

</project>

项目结构:


运行结果:

使用数据源1


使用数据源2


数据库:


原文参考:https://blog.csdn.net/neosmith/article/details/61202084

代码下载:https://download.csdn.net/download/xiaosheng_papa/10396252

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