springboot整合Quartz实现定时任务

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1.maven依赖:

<!--quartz-->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.quartz-scheduler</groupId>
    <artifactId>quartz</artifactId>
    <version>2.2.1</version>
</dependency>
<!-- 该依赖必加,里面有spingschedule的支持 -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId>
</dependency>

2.定时任务配置类

import org.quartz.Scheduler;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.SchedulerFactoryBean;

/**
 * 定时任务配置
 *
 * @author yangfeng
 * @date 2018-07-03
 */
@Configuration
public class QuartzConfig {
    @Autowired
    private SpringJobFactory springJobFactory;

    @Bean
    public SchedulerFactoryBean schedulerFactoryBean() {
        SchedulerFactoryBean schedulerFactoryBean = new SchedulerFactoryBean();
        schedulerFactoryBean.setJobFactory(springJobFactory);
        return schedulerFactoryBean;
    }

    @Bean
    public Scheduler scheduler() {
        return schedulerFactoryBean().getScheduler();
    }
}

3.配置job交给spring管理,主要目的就是解决job类 注入其他service或者使用Spring组件

import org.quartz.spi.TriggerFiredBundle;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.config.AutowireCapableBeanFactory;
import org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.AdaptableJobFactory;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

@Component
public class SpringJobFactory extends AdaptableJobFactory {

    @Autowired
    private AutowireCapableBeanFactory capableBeanFactory;

    @Override
    protected Object createJobInstance(TriggerFiredBundle bundle) throws Exception {
        Object jobInstance = super.createJobInstance(bundle);
        capableBeanFactory.autowireBean(jobInstance);
        return jobInstance;
    }
}

4.定时任务创建job,通过注入Scheduler对任务进行操作

import org.quartz.*;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

/**
 * 定时任务服务
 *
 * @author yangfeng
 * @date 2018-07-03
 */
@Service
public class QuartzService {

    private static final String JOB_GROUP = "event_job_group";
    private static final String TRIGGER_GROUP = "event_trigger_group";
    @Autowired
    private Scheduler scheduler;

    /**
     * 创建定时任务
     * @param jobDetailName
     * @param cronExpression
     * @param jobClass
     * @throws SchedulerException
     */
    public void createScheduleJob(String jobDetailName, String cronExpression, Class<? extends Job> jobClass) throws SchedulerException {
        JobDetail jobDetail = JobBuilder.newJob(jobClass)
                .withIdentity("task_" + jobDetailName, JOB_GROUP).storeDurably().requestRecovery().build();
        CronScheduleBuilder scheduleBuilder = CronScheduleBuilder.cronSchedule(cronExpression);
        Trigger trigger = TriggerBuilder.newTrigger().withIdentity("task_" + jobDetailName, TRIGGER_GROUP).withSchedule(scheduleBuilder).build();
        scheduler.scheduleJob(jobDetail, trigger);
    }
}

5.任务执行类,具体业务逻辑

import com.jp.zpzc.service.IUserVoteService;
import org.quartz.Job;
import org.quartz.JobExecutionContext;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;

import javax.annotation.Resource;

/**
 * 投票统计
 *
 * @author yangfeng
 * @date 2018-07-03
 */
public class VoteStatisticsTask implements Job {

    private static Logger LOG = LoggerFactory.getLogger(VoteStatisticsTask.class);

    @Resource
    private IUserVoteService userVoteService;

    @Override
    public void execute(JobExecutionContext jobExecutionContext) {
        //统计已结束的投票
        userVoteService.updateVote();
    }
}

6.启动监听去初始化Quartz

import org.quartz.SchedulerException;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationListener;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.context.event.ContextRefreshedEvent;

/**
 * 监听器,启动定时任务
 *
 * @author yangfeng
 * @date 2018-07-03
 */
@Configuration
public class ApplicationStartQuartzJobListener implements ApplicationListener<ContextRefreshedEvent> {
    private static Logger LOG = LoggerFactory.getLogger(ApplicationStartQuartzJobListener.class);

    @Autowired
    private QuartzService quartzService;

    /**
     * 初始启动quartz
     */
    @Override
    public void onApplicationEvent(ContextRefreshedEvent event) {
        try {
            //成分分析
            //quartzService.createScheduleJob("IngredientAnalysisTask", "*/5 * * * * ?", IngredientAnalysisTask.class);
            //投票统计
            quartzService.createScheduleJob("VoteStatisticsTask", "*/5 * * * * ?", VoteStatisticsTask.class);
            LOG.info("任务已经启动...");
        } catch (SchedulerException e) {
            LOG.error(e.getMessage());
        }
    }
}

至此,整合完成。






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