[模板] - 读入挂 读入优化

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我的读入挂:

namespace FastIO {
    const int SIZE = 1 << 16;
    char buf[SIZE], str[64];
    int l = SIZE, r = SIZE;
    int read(char *s) {
        while (r) {
            for (; l < r && buf[l] <= ' '; l++);
            if (l < r) break;
            l = 0, r = int(fread(buf, 1, SIZE, stdin));
        }
        int cur = 0;
        while (r) {
            for (; l < r && buf[l] > ' '; l++) s[cur++] = buf[l];
            if (l < r) break;
            l = 0, r = int(fread(buf, 1, SIZE, stdin));
        }
        s[cur] = '\0';
        return cur;
    }
    template<typename type>
    bool read(type &x, int len = 0, int cur = 0, bool flag = false) {
        if (!(len = read(str))) return false;
        if (str[cur] == '-') flag = true, cur++;
        for (x = 0; cur < len; cur++) x = x * 10 + str[cur] - '0';
        if (flag) x = -x;
        return true;
    }
    template <typename type>
    type read(int len = 0, int cur = 0, bool flag = false, type x = 0) {
        if (!(len = read(str))) return false;
        if (str[cur] == '-') flag = true, cur++;
        for (x = 0; cur < len; cur++) x = x * 10 + str[cur] - '0';
        return flag ? -x : x;
    }
} using FastIO::read;

int main() {
    char str[107];
    read(str);
    printf("read(char *): %s\n", str);
    int n = read<int>();
    printf("read<int>() = %d\n", n);
    read(n);
    printf("read(n), n = %d\n", n);
    long long m = read<long long>();
    printf("read<long long>() = %lld\n", m);
    read(m);
    printf("read(m), m = %lld\n", m);
    while (read(n)) printf("%d\n", n);
    return 0;
}

  Fread读入挂会不断的将控制台的内容读入缓存,直到读入末尾EOF才会停止读入,故常规情况无法测试,推荐使用freopen

qscqesze大佬的读入挂:

http://www.cnblogs.com/qscqesze/p/5736748.html

fread读入挂:

const int BUF=40000000;
char Buf[BUF],*buf=Buf;
const int OUT=20000000;
char Out[OUT],*ou=Out;int Outn[30],Outcnt;
inline void write(int x){
  if(!x)*ou++=48;
  else{
    for(Outcnt=0;x;x/=10)Outn[++Outcnt]=x%10+48;
    while(Outcnt)*ou++=Outn[Outcnt--];
  }
}
inline void writell(ll x){
  if(!x)*ou++=48;
  else{
    for(Outcnt=0;x;x/=10)Outn[++Outcnt]=x%10+48;
    while(Outcnt)*ou++=Outn[Outcnt--];
  }
}
inline void writechar(char x){*ou++=x;}
inline void writeln(){*ou++='\n';}
inline void read(int&a){for(a=0;*buf<48;buf++);while(*buf>47)a=a*10+*buf++-48;}


//这句话放到代码中
fread(Buf,1,BUF,stdin);

//样例
#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
typedef long long ll;
const int BUF=40000000;
char Buf[BUF],*buf=Buf;
const int OUT=20000000;
char Out[OUT],*ou=Out;int Outn[30],Outcnt;
inline void write(int x){
  if(!x)*ou++=48;
  else{
    for(Outcnt=0;x;x/=10)Outn[++Outcnt]=x%10+48;
    while(Outcnt)*ou++=Outn[Outcnt--];
  }
}
inline void writell(ll x){
  if(!x)*ou++=48;
  else{
    for(Outcnt=0;x;x/=10)Outn[++Outcnt]=x%10+48;
    while(Outcnt)*ou++=Outn[Outcnt--];
  }
}
inline void writechar(char x){*ou++=x;}
inline void writeln(){*ou++='\n';}
inline void read(int&a){for(a=0;*buf<48;buf++);while(*buf>47)a=a*10+*buf++-48;}

int main(){
    fread(Buf,1,BUF,stdin);
    int a,b;
    read(a),read(b);
    write(a+b);
    writeln();
    fwrite(Out,1,ou-Out,stdout);
}

一般读入挂:

inline ll read()
{
    int x=0,f=1;char ch=getchar();
    while(ch<'0'||ch>'9'){if(ch=='-')f=-1;ch=getchar();}
    while(ch>='0'&&ch<='9'){x=x*10+ch-'0';ch=getchar();}
    return x*f;
}

超神读入挂:

namespace fastIO{
    #define BUF_SIZE 100000
    #define OUT_SIZE 100000
    #define ll long long
    //fread->read
    bool IOerror=0;
    inline char nc(){
        static char buf[BUF_SIZE],*p1=buf+BUF_SIZE,*pend=buf+BUF_SIZE;
        if (p1==pend){
            p1=buf; pend=buf+fread(buf,1,BUF_SIZE,stdin);
            if (pend==p1){IOerror=1;return -1;}
            //{printf("IO error!\n");system("pause");for (;;);exit(0);}
        }
        return *p1++;
    }
    inline bool blank(char ch){return ch==' '||ch=='\n'||ch=='\r'||ch=='\t';}
    inline void read(int &x){
        bool sign=0; char ch=nc(); x=0;
        for (;blank(ch);ch=nc());
        if (IOerror)return;
        if (ch=='-')sign=1,ch=nc();
        for (;ch>='0'&&ch<='9';ch=nc())x=x*10+ch-'0';
        if (sign)x=-x;
    }
    inline void read(ll &x){
        bool sign=0; char ch=nc(); x=0;
        for (;blank(ch);ch=nc());
        if (IOerror)return;
        if (ch=='-')sign=1,ch=nc();
        for (;ch>='0'&&ch<='9';ch=nc())x=x*10+ch-'0';
        if (sign)x=-x;
    }
    inline void read(double &x){
        bool sign=0; char ch=nc(); x=0;
        for (;blank(ch);ch=nc());
        if (IOerror)return;
        if (ch=='-')sign=1,ch=nc();
        for (;ch>='0'&&ch<='9';ch=nc())x=x*10+ch-'0';
        if (ch=='.'){
            double tmp=1; ch=nc();
            for (;ch>='0'&&ch<='9';ch=nc())tmp/=10.0,x+=tmp*(ch-'0');
        }
        if (sign)x=-x;
    }
    inline void read(char *s){
        char ch=nc();
        for (;blank(ch);ch=nc());
        if (IOerror)return;
        for (;!blank(ch)&&!IOerror;ch=nc())*s++=ch;
        *s=0;
    }
    inline void read(char &c){
        for (c=nc();blank(c);c=nc());
        if (IOerror){c=-1;return;}
    }
    //getchar->read
    inline void read1(int &x){
        char ch;int bo=0;x=0;
        for (ch=getchar();ch<'0'||ch>'9';ch=getchar())if (ch=='-')bo=1;
        for (;ch>='0'&&ch<='9';x=x*10+ch-'0',ch=getchar());
        if (bo)x=-x;
    }
    inline void read1(ll &x){
        char ch;int bo=0;x=0;
        for (ch=getchar();ch<'0'||ch>'9';ch=getchar())if (ch=='-')bo=1;
        for (;ch>='0'&&ch<='9';x=x*10+ch-'0',ch=getchar());
        if (bo)x=-x;
    }
    inline void read1(double &x){
        char ch;int bo=0;x=0;
        for (ch=getchar();ch<'0'||ch>'9';ch=getchar())if (ch=='-')bo=1;
        for (;ch>='0'&&ch<='9';x=x*10+ch-'0',ch=getchar());
        if (ch=='.'){
            double tmp=1;
            for (ch=getchar();ch>='0'&&ch<='9';tmp/=10.0,x+=tmp*(ch-'0'),ch=getchar());
        }
        if (bo)x=-x;
    }
    inline void read1(char *s){
        char ch=getchar();
        for (;blank(ch);ch=getchar());
        for (;!blank(ch);ch=getchar())*s++=ch;
        *s=0;
    }
    inline void read1(char &c){for (c=getchar();blank(c);c=getchar());}
    //scanf->read
    inline void read2(int &x){scanf("%d",&x);}
    inline void read2(ll &x){
        #ifdef _WIN32
            scanf("%I64d",&x);
        #else
        #ifdef __linux
            scanf("%lld",&x);
        #else
            puts("error:can't recognize the system!");
        #endif
        #endif
    }
    inline void read2(double &x){scanf("%lf",&x);}
    inline void read2(char *s){scanf("%s",s);}
    inline void read2(char &c){scanf(" %c",&c);}
    inline void readln2(char *s){gets(s);}
    //fwrite->write
    struct Ostream_fwrite{
        char *buf,*p1,*pend;
        Ostream_fwrite(){buf=new char[BUF_SIZE];p1=buf;pend=buf+BUF_SIZE;}
        void out(char ch){
            if (p1==pend){
                fwrite(buf,1,BUF_SIZE,stdout);p1=buf;
            }
            *p1++=ch;
        }
        void print(int x){
            static char s[15],*s1;s1=s;
            if (!x)*s1++='0';if (x<0)out('-'),x=-x;
            while(x)*s1++=x%10+'0',x/=10;
            while(s1--!=s)out(*s1);
        }
        void println(int x){
            static char s[15],*s1;s1=s;
            if (!x)*s1++='0';if (x<0)out('-'),x=-x;
            while(x)*s1++=x%10+'0',x/=10;
            while(s1--!=s)out(*s1); out('\n');
        }
        void print(ll x){
            static char s[25],*s1;s1=s;
            if (!x)*s1++='0';if (x<0)out('-'),x=-x;
            while(x)*s1++=x%10+'0',x/=10;
            while(s1--!=s)out(*s1);
        }
        void println(ll x){
            static char s[25],*s1;s1=s;
            if (!x)*s1++='0';if (x<0)out('-'),x=-x;
            while(x)*s1++=x%10+'0',x/=10;
            while(s1--!=s)out(*s1); out('\n');
        }
        void print(double x,int y){
            static ll mul[]={1,10,100,1000,10000,100000,1000000,10000000,100000000,
                1000000000,10000000000LL,100000000000LL,1000000000000LL,10000000000000LL,
                100000000000000LL,1000000000000000LL,10000000000000000LL,100000000000000000LL};
            if (x<-1e-12)out('-'),x=-x;x*=mul[y];
            ll x1=(ll)floor(x); if (x-floor(x)>=0.5)++x1;
            ll x2=x1/mul[y],x3=x1-x2*mul[y]; print(x2);
            if (y>0){out('.'); for (size_t i=1;i<y&&x3*mul[i]<mul[y];out('0'),++i); print(x3);}
        }
        void println(double x,int y){print(x,y);out('\n');}
        void print(char *s){while (*s)out(*s++);}
        void println(char *s){while (*s)out(*s++);out('\n');}
        void flush(){if (p1!=buf){fwrite(buf,1,p1-buf,stdout);p1=buf;}}
        ~Ostream_fwrite(){flush();}
    }Ostream;
    inline void print(int x){Ostream.print(x);}
    inline void println(int x){Ostream.println(x);}
    inline void print(char x){Ostream.out(x);}
    inline void println(char x){Ostream.out(x);Ostream.out('\n');}
    inline void print(ll x){Ostream.print(x);}
    inline void println(ll x){Ostream.println(x);}
    inline void print(double x,int y){Ostream.print(x,y);}
    inline void println(double x,int y){Ostream.println(x,y);}
    inline void print(char *s){Ostream.print(s);}
    inline void println(char *s){Ostream.println(s);}
    inline void println(){Ostream.out('\n');}
    inline void flush(){Ostream.flush();}
    //puts->write
    char Out[OUT_SIZE],*o=Out;
    inline void print1(int x){
        static char buf[15];
        char *p1=buf;if (!x)*p1++='0';if (x<0)*o++='-',x=-x;
        while(x)*p1++=x%10+'0',x/=10;
        while(p1--!=buf)*o++=*p1;
    }
    inline void println1(int x){print1(x);*o++='\n';}
    inline void print1(ll x){
        static char buf[25];
        char *p1=buf;if (!x)*p1++='0';if (x<0)*o++='-',x=-x;
        while(x)*p1++=x%10+'0',x/=10;
        while(p1--!=buf)*o++=*p1;
    }
    inline void println1(ll x){print1(x);*o++='\n';}
    inline void print1(char c){*o++=c;}
    inline void println1(char c){*o++=c;*o++='\n';}
    inline void print1(char *s){while (*s)*o++=*s++;}
    inline void println1(char *s){print1(s);*o++='\n';}
    inline void println1(){*o++='\n';}
    inline void flush1(){if (o!=Out){if (*(o-1)=='\n')*--o=0;puts(Out);}}
    struct puts_write{
        ~puts_write(){flush1();}
    }_puts;
    inline void print2(int x){printf("%d",x);}
    inline void println2(int x){printf("%d\n",x);}
    inline void print2(char x){printf("%c",x);}
    inline void println2(char x){printf("%c\n",x);}
    inline void print2(ll x){
        #ifdef _WIN32
            printf("%I64d",x);
        #else
        #ifdef __linux
            printf("%lld",x);
        #else
            puts("error:can't recognize the system!");
        #endif
        #endif
    }
    inline void println2(ll x){print2(x);printf("\n");}
    inline void println2(){printf("\n");}
    #undef ll
    #undef OUT_SIZE
    #undef BUF_SIZE
};
using namespace fastIO;

注意

  举个例子,现在有一个表达式,addedge(u,v);,一定要老老实实的写成这种形式:

#define read read()

int u = read, v = read;
addedge(u,v);

  不能追求简洁写成这种形式:

#define read read()

addedge(read, read);

  虽然本地编译器跑起来没问题,但是有些OJ会WA,比如说POJ,POJ,和POJ。

注意

  一般情况下相比scanf来说,只有当读入量达到105才会有明显作用。虽然读入挂看起来很厉害,有时候能过掉一些卡常数的题,但还是推荐小伙伴们追求正解。

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