Maven环境的搭建与idea配置

Maven环境的搭建与idea配置

Maven 下载: http://maven.apache.org/download.cgi

Maven 中央仓库地址:http://search.maven.org 

配置maven环境变量

M2_HOME:D:\workspace\maven\apache-maven-3.0.5

Path:;%M2_HOME%/bin;

检查是否成功,打开CMD

Mvn -v

mvn install 会将项目生成的构件安装到本地Maven仓库 

mvn deploy 用来将项目生成的构件分发到远程Maven仓库 

D:\>mvn archetype:generate:在D:盘构建maven标准项目目录结构

2、settings.xml文件配置

2.0修改本地仓库位置

M2_home目录下 conf/settings.xml

<localRepository>D:/workspace/maven/stone</localRepository>


2.1如何配置远程仓库(私服): (nexus-2.0.4-1-bundle) 

<profiles>
    <profile>
        <id>nexus</id>
        <repositories><!--配置远程仓库-->
            <repository>
                <id>nexus</id>
                <name>Central Repository</name>
                <url>http://127.0.0.1/nexus/content/groups/public</url>
                <releases>
                    <enabled>true</enabled>
                </releases>
                <snapshots>
                    <enabled>false</enabled><!---->
                </snapshots>
            </repository>
        </repositories>
        <pluginRepositories><!--配置Maven从什么地方下载插件构件-->
            <pluginRepository>
                <id>nexus</id>
                <name>Central Repository</name>
                <url>http://127.0.0.1/nexus/content/groups/public</url>
                <releases>
                    <enabled>true</enabled>
                </releases>
                <snapshots>
                    <enabled>false</enabled>
                </snapshots>
            </pluginRepository>
        </pluginRepositories>
    </profile>
</profiles>

<activeProfiles><!--激活 远程仓库-->
        <activeProfile>nexus</activeProfile>
</activeProfiles>


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2.2还可以配置仓库的镜像下载

<mirrors>
<mirror><!--配置镜像-->
    <id>nexus</id>
    <mirrorOf>*</mirrorOf>
    <url>http://127.0.0.1/nexus/content/groups/public</url>
</mirror>
</mirrors>

3、pom.xml文件配置依赖

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <groupId>xu.feifei</groupId>
    <artifactId>feifei</artifactId>
    <packaging>war</packaging>
    <version>1.0</version>

    <dependencies>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <version>3.8.1</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.json</groupId>
            <artifactId>json</artifactId>
            <version>20090211</version>
        </dependency>

    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <finalName>feifei</finalName>
    </build>
    
</project>

二、IDEA的搭建Maven相关配置

.


maven项目的包结构


设置maven自动导包



























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