XStream实现java对象的序列化成xml和反序列化成java对象

序列化对象

这个简单的例子示范了如何使用 XStream 序列化/逆序列化对象,包括两个类:Writer ReaderWriter 类使用 XStream API Employee 类型的对象序列化为 XML 并存储到文件中(如 清单 1 所示)。


清单 1. Writer.java

                

package com.samples;

 

import java.io.FileNotFoundException;

import java.io.FileOutputStream;

import com.thoughtworks.xstream.*;

 

public class Writer {

 

 public static void main(String[] args) {

 Employee e = new Employee();

 

 //Set the properties using the setter methods

 //Note: This can also be done with a constructor.

 //Since we want to show that XStream can serialize

 //even without a constructor, this approach is used.

 e.setName("Jack");

 e.setDesignation("Manager");

 e.setDepartment("Finance");

 

 //Serialize the object

 XStream xs = new XStream();

 

 //Write to a file in the file system

 try {

 FileOutputStream fs = new FileOutputStream("c:/temp/employeedata.txt");

 xs.toXML(e, fs);

 } catch (FileNotFoundException e1) {

 e1.printStackTrace();

 }

 }

}

 

Reader 类读取该文件,逆序列化 XML 并把数据装入 Java 对象(如 清单 2 所示)。


清单 2. Reader.java

               

package com.samples;

import java.io.FileInputStream;

import java.io.FileNotFoundException;

import com.thoughtworks.xstream.*;

import com.thoughtworks.xstream.io.xml.DomDriver;

 

public class Reader {

 

 public static void main(String[] args) {

 XStream xs = new XStream(new DomDriver());

 Employee e = new Employee();

 

 try {

 FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream("c:/temp/employeedata.txt");

 xs.fromXML(fis, e);

 

 //print the data from the object that has been read

 System.out.println(e.toString());

 

 } catch (FileNotFoundException ex) {

 ex.printStackTrace();

 }

 

 }

}

 

清单 3 显示了 Employee 对象的结构。


清单 3. Employee.java

               

 

package com.samples;

 

public class Employee {

 private String name;

 private String designation;

 private String department;

 

 public String getName() {

 return name;

 }

 public void setName(String name) {

 this.name = name;

 }

 public String getDesignation() {

 return designation;

 }

 public void setDesignation(String designation) {

 this.designation = designation;

 }

 public String getDepartment() {

 return department;

 }

 public void setDepartment(String department) {

 this.department = department;

 }

 @Override

 public String toString() {

 return "Name : "+this.name+

 "/nDesignation : "+this.designation+

 "/nDepartment : "+this.department;

 }

}

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