Json字符串与Object对象相互转换的几种方式

Json-Lib、Org.Json、Jackson、Gson、FastJson五种方式转换json类型
只列举了最省事的方式。不涉及复制情况和速度。

测试用例,一个User类,属性name,age,location。
@Data
public class User {
private String name;
private Integer age;
private String location;
}

1、Json-Lib
maven依赖如下,需注意jdk15,jar包区分jdk1.3和jdk1.5版本

<dependency>
  <groupId>net.sf.json-lib</groupId>
  <artifactId>json-lib</artifactId>
  <version>2.4</version>
  <classifier>jdk15</classifier>
</dependency>

测试demo

import net.sf.json.JSONObject;

public class JsonLibDemo {

public static void main(String[] args) {
    //创建测试object
    User user = new User("李宁",24,"北京");
    System.out.println(user);

    //转成json字符串
    JSONObject jsonObject = JSONObject.fromObject(user);
    String json = jsonObject.toString();
    System.out.println(json);

    //json字符串转成对象
    JSONObject jsonObject1 = JSONObject.fromObject(json);
    User user1 = (User) JSONObject.toBean(jsonObject1,User.class);
    System.out.println(user1);
}

}

2、org.json
maven依赖如下

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.json</groupId>
  <artifactId>json</artifactId>
  <version>20170516</version>
</dependency>

测试demo

import org.json.JSONObject;

public class OrgJsonDemo {
public static void main(String[] args) {
//创建测试object
User user = new User(“李宁”,24,“北京”);
System.out.println(user);

    //转成json字符串
    String json = new JSONObject(user).toString();
    System.out.println(json);

    //json字符串转成对象
    JSONObject jsonObject = new JSONObject(json);
    String name = jsonObject.getString("name");
    Integer age = jsonObject.getInt("age");
    String location = jsonObject.getString("location");
    User user1 = new User(name,age,location);
    System.out.println(user1);
}

}

3、Jackson
maven依赖

<dependency>
  <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
  <artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
  <version>2.9.0</version>
</dependency>

测试demo

import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;

public class JacksonDemo {
public static void main(String[] args) {
//创建测试object
User user = new User(“李宁”,24,“北京”);
System.out.println(user);

    //转成json字符串
    ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
    try {
        String json = mapper.writeValueAsString(user);
        System.out.println(json);


        //json字符串转成对象
        User user1 = mapper.readValue(json,User.class);
        System.out.println(user1);

    } catch (java.io.IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
}

}

4、Gson
maven依赖

<dependency>
  <groupId>com.google.code.gson</groupId>
  <artifactId>gson</artifactId>
  <version>2.8.1</version>
</dependency>

测试demo

import com.google.gson.Gson;

public class GsonDemo {
public static void main(String[] args) {
//创建测试object
User user = new User(“李宁”,24,“北京”);
System.out.println(user);

    //转成json字符串
    Gson gson = new Gson();
    String json = gson.toJson(user);
    System.out.println(json);

    //json字符串转成对象
    User user1 = gson.fromJson(json,User.class);
    System.out.println(user1);
}

}

5、FastJson
maven依赖

<dependency>
  <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
  <artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
  <version>1.2.37</version>
</dependency>

测试demo

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;

public class FastJsonDemo {
public static void main(String[] args) {
//创建测试object
User user = new User(“李宁”,24,“北京”);
System.out.println(user);

    //转成json字符串
    String json = JSON.toJSON(user).toString();
    System.out.println(json);

    //json字符串转成对象
    User user1 = JSON.parseObject(json,User.class);
    System.out.println(user1);

}

}

json-lib时间有些久远,jar包只更新到2010年

org.json用起来有些繁琐

Jackson、Gson、FastJson只需一两句话就可以搞定

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