Spring3.2 Http 请求处理过程笔记

Spring3.2请求处理大致过程

处理过程

  • 初始化:

    • DispatcherServlet.onRefresh()
    • DispatcherServlet.initStrategies()
    • DispatcherServlet.initHandlerMappings()
  • 处理请求:

    • DispatcherServlet.doDispatch()
    • RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.handle()
    • RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.handleInternal()
    • RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.invokeHandleMethod()
    • WebAsyncManager.setTaskExecutor()
    • WebAsyncManager.setAsyncWebRequest()
    • WebAsyncManager.registerCallableInterceptors()
    • WebAsyncManager.registerDeferredResultInterceptors()
    • ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.invokeAndHandle()
    • CallableMethodReturnValueHandler/DeferredResultMethodReturnValueHandler.handleReturnValue()
    • WebAsyncManager.startCallableProcessing()/WebAsyncManager.startDeferredResultProcessing()

代码详述

DispatcherServlet.java

在onRefresh时,初始化

       
  /**
         * This implementation calls {@link #initStrategies}.
         */
        @Override
        protected void onRefresh(ApplicationContext context) {
            initStrategies(context);
        }

        /**
         * Initialize the strategy objects that this servlet uses.
         * <p>May be overridden in subclasses in order to initialize further strategy objects.
         */
        protected void initStrategies(ApplicationContext context) {
            initMultipartResolver(context);
            initLocaleResolver(context);
            initThemeResolver(context);
            initHandlerMappings(context);//初始化Handler映射,例如@RequestMapping(value = "/something", method = RequestMethod.PUT)
            initHandlerAdapters(context);
            initHandlerExceptionResolvers(context);
            initRequestToViewNameTranslator(context);
            initViewResolvers(context);
            initFlashMapManager(context);
        }



        /**
         * Initialize the HandlerMappings used by this class.
         * <p>If no HandlerMapping beans are defined in the BeanFactory for this namespace,
         * we default to BeanNameUrlHandlerMapping.
         */
        private void initHandlerMappings(ApplicationContext context) {
            this.handlerMappings = null;

            if (this.detectAllHandlerMappings) {
                // Find all HandlerMappings in the ApplicationContext, including ancestor contexts.
                Map<String, HandlerMapping> matchingBeans =
                        BeanFactoryUtils.beansOfTypeIncludingAncestors(context, HandlerMapping.class, true, false);//从Context中,找@RequestMapping,构建映射关系
                if (!matchingBeans.isEmpty()) {
                    this.handlerMappings = new ArrayList<HandlerMapping>(matchingBeans.values());
                    // We keep HandlerMappings in sorted order.
                    OrderComparator.sort(this.handlerMappings);
                }
            }
            else {
                try {
                    HandlerMapping hm = context.getBean(HANDLER_MAPPING_BEAN_NAME, HandlerMapping.class);//缺省
                    this.handlerMappings = Collections.singletonList(hm);
                }
                catch (NoSuchBeanDefinitionException ex) {
                    // Ignore, we'll add a default HandlerMapping later.
                }
            }

            // Ensure we have at least one HandlerMapping, by registering
            // a default HandlerMapping if no other mappings are found.
            if (this.handlerMappings == null) {
                this.handlerMappings = getDefaultStrategies(context, HandlerMapping.class);
                if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
                    logger.debug("No HandlerMappings found in servlet '" + getServletName() + "': using default");
                }
            }
        }

处理请求时,找handlerAdapter处理请求

       
 /**
         * Process the actual dispatching to the handler.
         * <p>The handler will be obtained by applying the servlet's HandlerMappings in order.
         * The HandlerAdapter will be obtained by querying the servlet's installed HandlerAdapters
         * to find the first that supports the handler class.
         * <p>All HTTP methods are handled by this method. It's up to HandlerAdapters or handlers
         * themselves to decide which methods are acceptable.
         * @param request current HTTP request
         * @param response current HTTP response
         * @throws Exception in case of any kind of processing failure
         */
        protected void doDispatch(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws Exception {
            HttpServletRequest processedRequest = request;
            HandlerExecutionChain mappedHandler = null;
            boolean multipartRequestParsed = false;

            WebAsyncManager asyncManager = WebAsyncUtils.getAsyncManager(request);//获取WebAsyncManager

            try {
                ModelAndView mv = null;
                Exception dispatchException = null;

                try {
                    processedRequest = checkMultipart(request);
                    multipartRequestParsed = processedRequest != request;

                    // Determine handler for the current request.
                    mappedHandler = getHandler(processedRequest, false);//获取HandlerExecutionChain
                    if (mappedHandler == null || mappedHandler.getHandler() == null) {
                        noHandlerFound(processedRequest, response);
                        return;
                    }

                    // Determine handler adapter for the current request.
                    HandlerAdapter ha = getHandlerAdapter(mappedHandler.getHandler());//获取映射处理封装类

                    // Process last-modified header, if supported by the handler.
                    String method = request.getMethod();
                    boolean isGet = "GET".equals(method);
                    if (isGet || "HEAD".equals(method)) {
                        long lastModified = ha.getLastModified(request, mappedHandler.getHandler());
                        if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
                            String requestUri = urlPathHelper.getRequestUri(request);
                            logger.debug("Last-Modified value for [" + requestUri + "] is: " + lastModified);
                        }
                        if (new ServletWebRequest(request, response).checkNotModified(lastModified) && isGet) {
                            return;
                        }
                    }

                    if (!mappedHandler.applyPreHandle(processedRequest, response)) {
                        return;
                    }

                    try {
                        // Actually invoke the handler.
                        mv = ha.handle(processedRequest, response, mappedHandler.getHandler());//调用handler处理
                    }
                    finally {
                        if (asyncManager.isConcurrentHandlingStarted()) {
                            return;
                        }
                    }

                    applyDefaultViewName(request, mv);
                    mappedHandler.applyPostHandle(processedRequest, response, mv);
                }
                catch (Exception ex) {
                    dispatchException = ex;
                }
                processDispatchResult(processedRequest, response, mappedHandler, mv, dispatchException);
            }
            catch (Exception ex) {
                triggerAfterCompletion(processedRequest, response, mappedHandler, ex);
            }
            catch (Error err) {
                triggerAfterCompletionWithError(processedRequest, response, mappedHandler, err);
            }
            finally {
                if (asyncManager.isConcurrentHandlingStarted()) {
                    // Instead of postHandle and afterCompletion
                    mappedHandler.applyAfterConcurrentHandlingStarted(processedRequest, response);
                    return;
                }
                // Clean up any resources used by a multipart request.
                if (multipartRequestParsed) {
                    cleanupMultipart(processedRequest);
                }
            }
        }


        /**
         * Return the HandlerExecutionChain for this request.
         * <p>Tries all handler mappings in order.
         * @param request current HTTP request
         * @return the HandlerExecutionChain, or <code>null</code> if no handler could be found
         */
        protected HandlerExecutionChain getHandler(HttpServletRequest request) throws Exception {
            for (HandlerMapping hm : this.handlerMappings) {
                if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
                    logger.trace(
                            "Testing handler map [" + hm + "] in DispatcherServlet with name '" + getServletName() + "'");
                }
                HandlerExecutionChain handler = hm.getHandler(request);
                if (handler != null) {
                    return handler;
                }
            }
            return null;
        }

RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.java

调用handle方法处理,handle调用handleInternal方法

        
protected final ModelAndView handleInternal(HttpServletRequest request,
                HttpServletResponse response, HandlerMethod handlerMethod) throws Exception {

            if (getSessionAttributesHandler(handlerMethod).hasSessionAttributes()) {
                // Always prevent caching in case of session attribute management.
                checkAndPrepare(request, response, this.cacheSecondsForSessionAttributeHandlers, true);
            }
            else {
                // Uses configured default cacheSeconds setting.
                checkAndPrepare(request, response, true);
            }

            // Execute invokeHandlerMethod in synchronized block if required.
            if (this.synchronizeOnSession) {
                HttpSession session = request.getSession(false);
                if (session != null) {
                    Object mutex = WebUtils.getSessionMutex(session);
                    synchronized (mutex) {
                        return invokeHandleMethod(request, response, handlerMethod);
                    }
                }
            }

            return invokeHandleMethod(request, response, handlerMethod);
        }
调用invokeHandleMethod
      /**
         * Invoke the {@link RequestMapping} handler method preparing a {@link ModelAndView} if view resolution is required.
         */
        private ModelAndView invokeHandleMethod(HttpServletRequest request,
                HttpServletResponse response, HandlerMethod handlerMethod) throws Exception {

            ServletWebRequest webRequest = new ServletWebRequest(request, response);

            WebDataBinderFactory binderFactory = getDataBinderFactory(handlerMethod);
            ModelFactory modelFactory = getModelFactory(handlerMethod, binderFactory);
            ServletInvocableHandlerMethod requestMappingMethod = createRequestMappingMethod(handlerMethod, binderFactory);//创建请求映射方法,注意这里会设置

            ModelAndViewContainer mavContainer = new ModelAndViewContainer();
            mavContainer.addAllAttributes(RequestContextUtils.getInputFlashMap(request));
            modelFactory.initModel(webRequest, mavContainer, requestMappingMethod);
            mavContainer.setIgnoreDefaultModelOnRedirect(this.ignoreDefaultModelOnRedirect);

            //异步初始化
            AsyncWebRequest asyncWebRequest = WebAsyncUtils.createAsyncWebRequest(request, response);
            asyncWebRequest.setTimeout(this.asyncRequestTimeout);

            final WebAsyncManager asyncManager = WebAsyncUtils.getAsyncManager(request);
            asyncManager.setTaskExecutor(this.taskExecutor);//设置执行类AsyncManager会用到
            asyncManager.setAsyncWebRequest(asyncWebRequest);
            asyncManager.registerCallableInterceptors(this.callableInterceptors);
            asyncManager.registerDeferredResultInterceptors(this.deferredResultInterceptors);

            if (asyncManager.hasConcurrentResult()) {
                Object result = asyncManager.getConcurrentResult();
                mavContainer = (ModelAndViewContainer) asyncManager.getConcurrentResultContext()[0];
                asyncManager.clearConcurrentResult();

                if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
                    logger.debug("Found concurrent result value [" + result + "]");
                }
                requestMappingMethod = requestMappingMethod.wrapConcurrentResult(result);
            }

            requestMappingMethod.invokeAndHandle(webRequest, mavContainer);

            if (asyncManager.isConcurrentHandlingStarted()) {
                return null;
            }

            return getModelAndView(mavContainer, modelFactory, webRequest);
        }


        private ServletInvocableHandlerMethod createRequestMappingMethod(
                HandlerMethod handlerMethod, WebDataBinderFactory binderFactory) {

            ServletInvocableHandlerMethod requestMethod;
            requestMethod = new ServletInvocableHandlerMethod(handlerMethod);
            requestMethod.setHandlerMethodArgumentResolvers(this.argumentResolvers);
            requestMethod.setHandlerMethodReturnValueHandlers(this.returnValueHandlers);//注入ReturnValueHandlers
            requestMethod.setDataBinderFactory(binderFactory);
            requestMethod.setParameterNameDiscoverer(this.parameterNameDiscoverer);
            return requestMethod;
        }


        /**
         * Configure the complete list of supported return value types thus
         * overriding handlers that would otherwise be configured by default.
         */
         //如果需要异步处理,需要注入例如DeferredResultMethodReturnValueHandler等
        public void setReturnValueHandlers(List<HandlerMethodReturnValueHandler> returnValueHandlers) {
            if (returnValueHandlers == null) {
                this.returnValueHandlers = null;
            }
            else {
                this.returnValueHandlers = new HandlerMethodReturnValueHandlerComposite();
                this.returnValueHandlers.addHandlers(returnValueHandlers);
            }
        }

        /**
         * Default constructor.
         */
        public RequestMappingHandlerAdapter() {

            StringHttpMessageConverter stringHttpMessageConverter = new StringHttpMessageConverter();
            stringHttpMessageConverter.setWriteAcceptCharset(false); // See SPR-7316

            this.messageConverters = new ArrayList<HttpMessageConverter<?>>();//converter均集成HttpMessageConverter来拦截http请求
            this.messageConverters.add(new ByteArrayHttpMessageConverter());
            this.messageConverters.add(stringHttpMessageConverter);
            this.messageConverters.add(new SourceHttpMessageConverter<Source>());
            this.messageConverters.add(new AllEncompassingFormHttpMessageConverter());
        }

      /**
         * Provide the converters to use in argument resolvers and return value
         * handlers that support reading and/or writing to the body of the
         * request and response.
         */
        public void setMessageConverters(List<HttpMessageConverter<?>> messageConverters) {
            this.messageConverters = messageConverters;
        }


        /**
         * Set the default {@link AsyncTaskExecutor} to use when a controller method
         * return a {@link Callable}. Controller methods can override this default on
         * a per-request basis by returning an {@link WebAsyncTask}.
         * <p>By default a {@link SimpleAsyncTaskExecutor} instance is used.
         * It's recommended to change that default in production as the simple executor
         * does not re-use threads.
         */
         //设置异步执行类,给AsyncManager调用
        public void setTaskExecutor(AsyncTaskExecutor taskExecutor) {
            this.taskExecutor = taskExecutor;
        }

ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.java

调用invokeAndHandle

       
 /**
         * Invokes the method and handles the return value through a registered
         * {@link HandlerMethodReturnValueHandler}.
         *
         * @param webRequest the current request
         * @param mavContainer the ModelAndViewContainer for this request
         * @param providedArgs "given" arguments matched by type, not resolved
         */
        public final void invokeAndHandle(ServletWebRequest webRequest,
                ModelAndViewContainer mavContainer, Object... providedArgs) throws Exception {

            Object returnValue = invokeForRequest(webRequest, mavContainer, providedArgs);

            setResponseStatus(webRequest);

            if (returnValue == null) {
                if (isRequestNotModified(webRequest) || hasResponseStatus() || mavContainer.isRequestHandled()) {
                    mavContainer.setRequestHandled(true);
                    return;
                }
            }
            else if (StringUtils.hasText(this.responseReason)) {
                mavContainer.setRequestHandled(true);
                return;
            }

            mavContainer.setRequestHandled(false);//异步处理,表示没有处理完毕

            try {//调用HandlerMethodReturnValueHandler做异步处理,returnValue为DeferredResult or Callable or
                this.returnValueHandlers.handleReturnValue(returnValue, getReturnValueType(returnValue), mavContainer, webRequest);
            }
            catch (Exception ex) {
                if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
                    logger.trace(getReturnValueHandlingErrorMessage("Error handling return value", returnValue), ex);
                }
                throw ex;
            }
        }

CallableMethodReturnValueHandler.java

调用handleReturnValue方法

       
 public void handleReturnValue(Object returnValue,
                MethodParameter returnType, ModelAndViewContainer mavContainer,
                NativeWebRequest webRequest) throws Exception {

            if (returnValue == null) {
                mavContainer.setRequestHandled(true);
                return;
            }

            Callable<?> callable = (Callable<?>) returnValue;
            WebAsyncUtils.getAsyncManager(webRequest).startCallableProcessing(callable, mavContainer);
        }   

DeferredResultMethodReturnValueHandler.java

调用handleReturnValue方法

        
public void handleReturnValue(Object returnValue,
            MethodParameter returnType, ModelAndViewContainer mavContainer,
            NativeWebRequest webRequest) throws Exception {

        if (returnValue == null) {
            mavContainer.setRequestHandled(true);
            return;
        }

        DeferredResult<?> deferredResult = (DeferredResult<?>) returnValue;
        WebAsyncUtils.getAsyncManager(webRequest).startDeferredResultProcessing(deferredResult, mavContainer);
     }  

WebAsyncManager.java 参考Spring Servlet3 扩展模块笔记

调用startCallableProcessing方法

       
 /**
         * Start concurrent request processing and execute the given task with an
         * {@link #setTaskExecutor(AsyncTaskExecutor) AsyncTaskExecutor}. The result
         * from the task execution is saved and the request dispatched in order to
         * resume processing of that result. If the task raises an Exception then
         * the saved result will be the raised Exception.
         *
         * @param callable a unit of work to be executed asynchronously
         * @param processingContext additional context to save that can be accessed
         * via {@link #getConcurrentResultContext()}
         * @throws Exception If concurrent processing failed to start
         *
         * @see #getConcurrentResult()
         * @see #getConcurrentResultContext()
         */
        @SuppressWarnings({ "rawtypes", "unchecked" })
        public void startCallableProcessing(final Callable<?> callable, Object... processingContext) throws Exception {
            Assert.notNull(callable, "Callable must not be null");
            startCallableProcessing(new WebAsyncTask(callable), processingContext);
        }

        /**
         * Use the given {@link WebAsyncTask} to configure the task executor as well as
         * the timeout value of the {@code AsyncWebRequest} before delegating to
         * {@link #startCallableProcessing(Callable, Object...)}.
         *
         * @param webAsyncTask an WebAsyncTask containing the target {@code Callable}
         * @param processingContext additional context to save that can be accessed
         * via {@link #getConcurrentResultContext()}
         * @throws Exception If concurrent processing failed to start
         */
        public void startCallableProcessing(final WebAsyncTask<?> webAsyncTask, Object... processingContext) throws Exception {
            Assert.notNull(webAsyncTask, "WebAsyncTask must not be null");
            Assert.state(this.asyncWebRequest != null, "AsyncWebRequest must not be null");

            Long timeout = webAsyncTask.getTimeout();
            if (timeout != null) {
                this.asyncWebRequest.setTimeout(timeout);
            }

            AsyncTaskExecutor executor = webAsyncTask.getExecutor();
            if (executor != null) {
                this.taskExecutor = executor;
            }

            List<CallableProcessingInterceptor> interceptors = new ArrayList<CallableProcessingInterceptor>();
            interceptors.add(webAsyncTask.getInterceptor());
            interceptors.addAll(this.callableInterceptors.values());
            interceptors.add(timeoutCallableInterceptor);

            final Callable<?> callable = webAsyncTask.getCallable();
            final CallableInterceptorChain interceptorChain = new CallableInterceptorChain(interceptors);

            this.asyncWebRequest.addTimeoutHandler(new Runnable() {
                public void run() {
                    logger.debug("Processing timeout");
                    Object result = interceptorChain.triggerAfterTimeout(asyncWebRequest, callable);
                    if (result != CallableProcessingInterceptor.RESULT_NONE) {
                        setConcurrentResultAndDispatch(result);
                    }
                }
            });

            this.asyncWebRequest.addCompletionHandler(new Runnable() {
                public void run() {
                    interceptorChain.triggerAfterCompletion(asyncWebRequest, callable);
                }
            });

            interceptorChain.applyBeforeConcurrentHandling(asyncWebRequest, callable);

            startAsyncProcessing(processingContext);

            this.taskExecutor.submit(new Runnable() {
                public void run() {
                    Object result = null;
                    try {
                        interceptorChain.applyPreProcess(asyncWebRequest, callable);
                        result = callable.call();
                    }
                    catch (Throwable t) {
                        result = t;
                    }
                    finally {
                        result = interceptorChain.applyPostProcess(asyncWebRequest, callable, result);
                    }
                    setConcurrentResultAndDispatch(result);
                }
            });
        }

调用startDeferredResultProcessing方法

        
/**
         * Start concurrent request processing and initialize the given
         * {@link DeferredResult} with a {@link DeferredResultHandler} that saves
         * the result and dispatches the request to resume processing of that
         * result. The {@code AsyncWebRequest} is also updated with a completion
         * handler that expires the {@code DeferredResult} and a timeout handler
         * assuming the {@code DeferredResult} has a default timeout result.
         *
         * @param deferredResult the DeferredResult instance to initialize
         * @param processingContext additional context to save that can be accessed
         * via {@link #getConcurrentResultContext()}
         * @throws Exception If concurrent processing failed to start
         *
         * @see #getConcurrentResult()
         * @see #getConcurrentResultContext()
         */
        public void startDeferredResultProcessing(
                final DeferredResult<?> deferredResult, Object... processingContext) throws Exception {

            Assert.notNull(deferredResult, "DeferredResult must not be null");
            Assert.state(this.asyncWebRequest != null, "AsyncWebRequest must not be null");

            Long timeout = deferredResult.getTimeoutValue();
            if (timeout != null) {
                this.asyncWebRequest.setTimeout(timeout);
            }

            List<DeferredResultProcessingInterceptor> interceptors = new ArrayList<DeferredResultProcessingInterceptor>();
            interceptors.add(deferredResult.getInterceptor());
            interceptors.addAll(this.deferredResultInterceptors.values());
            interceptors.add(timeoutDeferredResultInterceptor);

            final DeferredResultInterceptorChain interceptorChain = new DeferredResultInterceptorChain(interceptors);

            this.asyncWebRequest.addTimeoutHandler(new Runnable() {
                public void run() {
                    try {
                        interceptorChain.triggerAfterTimeout(asyncWebRequest, deferredResult);
                    }
                    catch (Throwable t) {
                        setConcurrentResultAndDispatch(t);
                    }
                }
            });

            this.asyncWebRequest.addCompletionHandler(new Runnable() {
                public void run() {
                    interceptorChain.triggerAfterCompletion(asyncWebRequest, deferredResult);
                }
            });

            interceptorChain.applyBeforeConcurrentHandling(asyncWebRequest, deferredResult);

            startAsyncProcessing(processingContext);

            try {
                interceptorChain.applyPreProcess(this.asyncWebRequest, deferredResult);
                deferredResult.setResultHandler(new DeferredResultHandler() {
                    public void handleResult(Object result) {
                        result = interceptorChain.applyPostProcess(asyncWebRequest, deferredResult, result);
                        setConcurrentResultAndDispatch(result);
                    }
                });
            }
            catch (Throwable t) {
                setConcurrentResultAndDispatch(t);
            }
        }

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