jQuery Ajax 调用Aspx.Net WebService

 

我在这里将jQuery Ajax 调用Aspx.Net WebService 的几个常用的方法做了一个整理,提供给正在找这方面内容的博友,希望能给学习jQuery的朋友一点帮助,可以直接复制代码运行。

 

ws.aspx 代码

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title></title>

    <script src="jquery.js" type="text/javascript"></script>

    <style type="text/css">
        .hover
        {
            cursor: pointer; /*小手*/
            background: #ffc; /*背景*/
        }
        .button
        {
            width: 150px;
            float: left;
            text-align: center;
            margin: 10px;
            padding: 10px;
            border: 1px solid #888;
        }
        #dictionary
        {
            text-align: center;
            font-size: 18px;
            clear: both;
            border-top: 3px solid #888;
        }
        #loading
        {
            border: 1px #000 solid;
            background-color: #eee;
            padding: 20px;
            margin: 100px 0 0 200px;
            position: absolute;
            display: none;
        }
        #switcher
        {
        }
    </style>

    <script type="text/javascript">

        //无参数调用
        $(document).ready(function() {
            $('#btn1').click(function() {
                $.ajax({
                    type: "POST",   //访问WebService使用Post方式请求
                    contentType: "application/json", //WebService 会返回Json类型
                    url: "WebService1.asmx/HelloWorld", //调用WebService的地址和方法名称组合 ---- WsURL/方法名
                    data: "{}",         //这里是要传递的参数,格式为 data: "{paraName:paraValue}",下面将会看到      
                    dataType: 'json',
                    success: function(result) {     //回调函数,result,返回值
                        $('#dictionary').append(result.d);
                    }
                });
            });
        });

        //有参数调用
        $(document).ready(function() {
            $("#btn2").click(function() {
                $.ajax({
                    type: "POST",
                    contentType: "application/json",
                    url: "WebService1.asmx/GetWish",
                    data: "{value1:'心想事成',value2:'万事如意',value3:'牛牛牛',value4:2009}",
                    dataType: 'json',
                    success: function(result) {
                        $('#dictionary').append(result.d);
                    }
                });
            });
        });
       
       
        //返回集合(引用自网络,很说明问题)
        $(document).ready(function() {
            $("#btn3").click(function() {
                $.ajax({
                    type: "POST",
                    contentType: "application/json",
                    url: "WebService1.asmx/GetArray",
                    data: "{i:10}",
                    dataType: 'json',
                    success: function(result) {
                        $(result.d).each(function() {
                            //alert(this);
                            $('#dictionary').append(this.toString() + " ");
                            //alert(result.d.join(" | "));
                        });
                    }
                });
            });
        });

        //返回复合类型
        $(document).ready(function() {
            $('#btn4').click(function() {
                $.ajax({
                    type: "POST",
                    contentType: "application/json",
                    url: "WebService1.asmx/GetClass",
                    data: "{}",
                    dataType: 'json',
                    success: function(result) {
                        $(result.d).each(function() {
                            //alert(this);
                            $('#dictionary').append(this['ID'] + " " + this['Value']);
                            //alert(result.d.join(" | "));
                        });

                    }
                });
            });
        });==============
var aArray = [“sdf”,”dasd”,”dsa”]; //数组$.each(aArray,function(iNum,value){       document.write(“序号:”+iNum+” 值:”+value);});var oObj = {one:1,two:2,three:3};$.each(aArray,function(property,value){       document.write(“属性:”+ property +” 值:”+value);});==============================================
        //返回DataSet(XML)
        $(document).ready(function() {
            $('#btn5').click(function() {
                $.ajax({
                    type: "POST",
                    url: "WebService1.asmx/GetDataSet",
                    data: "{}",
                    dataType: 'xml', //返回的类型为XML ,和前面的Json,不一样了
                    success: function(result) {
                    //演示一下捕获
                        try {  
                            $(result).find("Table1").each(function() {
                                $('#dictionary').append($(this).find("ID").text() + " " + $(this).find("Value").text());
                            });
                        }
                        catch (e) {
                            alert(e);
                            return;
                        }
                    },
                    error: function(result, status) { //如果没有上面的捕获出错会执行这里的回调函数
                        if (status == 'error') {
                            alert(status);
                        }
                    }
                });
            });
        });

        //Ajax 为用户提供反馈,利用ajaxStart和ajaxStop 方法,演示ajax跟踪相关事件的回调,他们两个方法可以添加给jQuery对象在Ajax前后回调
        //但对与Ajax的监控,本身是全局性的
        $(document).ready(function() {
            $('#loading').ajaxStart(function() {
                $(this).show();
            }).ajaxStop(function() {
                $(this).hide();
            });
        });

        // 鼠标移入移出效果,多个元素的时候,可以使用“,”隔开
        $(document).ready(function() {
            $('div.button').hover(function() {
                $(this).addClass('hover');
            }, function() {
                $(this).removeClass('hover');
            });
        });
       
       
    </script>

</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <div id="switcher">
        <h2>
            jQuery 的WebServices 调用</h2>
        <div class="button" id="btn1">
            HelloWorld</div>
        <div class="button" id="btn2">
            传入参数</div>
        <div class="button" id="btn3">
            返回集合</div>
        <div class="button" id="btn4">
            返回复合类型</div>
        <div class="button" id="btn5">
            返回DataSet(XML)</div>
    </div>
    <div id="loading">
        服务器处理中,请稍后。
    </div>
    <div id="dictionary">
    </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>
WebService1.asmx.cs

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Services;
using System.Data;

namespace jQuery.Learning
{
    /// <summary>
    /// WebService1 的摘要说明
    /// </summary>
    [WebService(Namespace = "http://tempuri.org/")]
    [WebServiceBinding(ConformsTo = WsiProfiles.BasicProfile1_1)]
    [System.ComponentModel.ToolboxItem(false)]
    // 若要允许使用 ASP.NET AJAX 从脚本中调用此 Web 服务,请取消对下行的注释。
    [System.Web.Script.Services.ScriptService]
    public class WebService1 : System.Web.Services.WebService
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 无参数
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns></returns>
        [WebMethod]
        public string HelloWorld()
        {
            return "Hello World ";
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 带参数
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="value1"></param>
        /// <param name="value2"></param>
        /// <param name="value3"></param>
        /// <param name="value4"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        [WebMethod]
        public string GetWish(string value1, string value2, string value3, int value4)
        {
            return string.Format("祝您在{3}年里 {0}、{1}、{2}", value1, value2, value3, value4);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 返回集合
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="i"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        [WebMethod]
        public List<int> GetArray(int i)
        {
            List<int> list = new List<int>();

            while (i >= 0)
            {
                list.Add(i--);
            }

            return list;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 返回一个复合类型
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns></returns>
        [WebMethod]
        public Class1 GetClass()
        {
            return new Class1 { ID = "1", Value = "牛年大吉" };
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 返回XML
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns></returns>
        [WebMethod]
        public DataSet GetDataSet()
        {
            DataSet ds = new DataSet();
            DataTable dt = new DataTable();
            dt.Columns.Add("ID", Type.GetType("System.String"));
            dt.Columns.Add("Value", Type.GetType("System.String"));
            DataRow dr = dt.NewRow();
            dr["ID"] = "1";
            dr["Value"] = "新年快乐";
            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
            dr = dt.NewRow();
            dr["ID"] = "2";
            dr["Value"] = "万事如意";
            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
            ds.Tables.Add(dt);
            return ds;
        }

    }
    //自定义的类,只有两个属性
    public class Class1
    {
        public string ID { get; set; }
        public string Value { get; set; }
    }
}

本文来自CSDN博客,转载请标明出处:http://blog.csdn.net/shuilv2000/archive/2009/11/24/4863977.aspx

 

JQuery 中的Ajax调用WebServices 的总结 收藏
使用JQuery中javascript:;" onClick="javascript:tagshow(event, 'ajax');" target="_self">ajax方法访问web服务。

1.ajax方法需要填写:
 

JScript. code
$.ajax({type:"POST",//注明 返回JsoncontentType:"application/json;utf-8",//CollegeDepartWebServices.asmx web服务名 /GetCollegeDepart 方法名http://www.cnblogs.com/tangself/admin/%22CollegeDepartWebServices.asmx/GetCollegeDepart%22,//strDepartId 参数名称 collegeId 参数值data:"{strDepartId:"+collegeId+"}",dataType:"json",success:function(result){varjson=nulltry{if(result){//因为返回的是ArrayList 所以循环取出其中的值$.each(result,function(i, n){//ddlDepart 为下来菜单。循环的向下拉菜单中添加新的选项ddlDepart.options[ddlDepart.length]=newOption(n.CollegeDepartTitle,n.CollegeDepartId);});}}catch(e){alert("错误>>"+e.message);return;}},error:function(data){alert(data.status+">>>"+data.statusText);}});

----
CollegeDepartWebServices.asmx.cs web服务类

C# code
[WebService(Namespace="http://tempuri.org/%22)][WebServiceBinding(ConformsTo=WsiProfiles.BasicProfile1_1)][ScriptService]publicclassCollegeDepartWebServices : System.Web.Services.WebService{publicCollegeDepartWebServices(){//如果使用设计的组件,请取消注释以下行//InitializeComponent();}[WebMethod][System.Xml.Serialization.XmlInclude(typeof(CollegeDepartInfo))]publicArrayList  GetCollegeDepart(stringstrDepartId){CollegeDepartBL.FlushCollegeDepartCache();if(string.IsNullOrEmpty(strDepartId))returnnull;ArrayList myList=CollegeDepartBL.GetCollegeDepartListByCollegeID(int.Parse(strDepartId));returnmyList;}}

说明:
ArrayList 中 存为对象CollegeDepartInfo
其属性为:stirng CollegeDepartTitle 和 int CollegeDepartId
在javascript中
ddlDepart.options[ddlDepart.length]=new Option(n.CollegeDepartTitle,n.CollegeDepartId);

Option的参数就是依据他们的。

最后重要的是:
类上方添加的
[ScriptService]
必须添加,否则ajax无法调用WebService

 

本文来自CSDN博客,转载请标明出处:http://blog.csdn.net/shuilv2000/archive/2009/02/20/3914822.aspx

 

 

 

$.ajax(properties)
使用HTTP请求(XMLHttpRequest)载入一个远程页面。 这是jQuery的低级AJAX实现。要查看高级抽象,见$.set、$.post等。 $.ajax()返回创建好的XMLHttpRequest对象。多数情况下并不需要直接操纵这个对象,但是如果需要手动中止请求,它也是可用的。 注意:要确保服务器返回正确的MIME类型(例如:XML是“text/xml”)。如果返回了错误的MIME类型就会导致jQuery无法处理的严重问题。

支持的数据类型包括(见dataType选项):

 "xml": 返回一个可以由jQuery对象处理的XML文档。

"html": 返回纯文本格式的HTML,包括求值后的脚本标记。

"script": 将响应作为Javascript语句求值,并返回纯文本。

"json": 将响应作为JSON求值,并返回一个Javascript对象。

$.ajax()带有一个参数--“名/值对”形式的一个对象,用于初始化和处理请求。

以下就是可用的所有“名/值对”:

(String) url - 要将请求发送到的URL地址。

(String) type - 请求的类型 ("POST" 或 "GET"), 默认是 "GET"。

(String) dataType - 期望从服务器端返回的数据类型。无默认值:如果服务器返回XML,就将responseXML传递到回调函数,否则将resposeText传递到回调函数。

 (Boolean) ifModified - 只有响应自上次请求后被修改过才承认是成功的请求。是通过检查头部的Last-Modified值实现的。默认值为false,即忽略

对部分的检查 (Number) timeout - 覆盖全局延迟的局部延迟,例如,在其他所有延迟经过1秒钟后,启动一个较长延迟的单独请求。有关全局延迟,见$.ajaxTimeout()。

 (Boolean) global - 是否为当前的请求触发全局AJAX事件处理函数,默认值为true。设置为false可以防止触发像ajaxStart或ajaxStop这样的全局事件处理函数。

 (Function) error - 当请求失败时调用的函数。这个函数会得到三个参数:XMLHttpRequest对象、一个描述所发生的错误类型的字符串和一个可选异常对象(如果有)。

 (Function) success - 当请求成功时调用的函数。这个函数会得到一个参数:从服务器返回的数据(根据“dataType”进行了格式化)。 (Function) complete - 当请求完成时调用的函数。这个函数会得到两个参数:XMLHttpRequest对象和一个描述请求成功的类型的字符串。

 (Object|String) data - 要发送到服务器的数据。如果还不是一个字符串,就自动轮换为一个查询字符串。即附加到GET请求的url后面的字符串。要防止自动处理见processData选项。

 (String) contentType - 设置发送请求的content=type。默认值是 "application/x-www-form-urlencoded", 这个值能满足多数情况。

 (Boolean) processData - 在默认的情况下,如果data选项传进的数据是一个对象而不是字符串,将会自动地被处理和转换成一个查询字符串,以适应默认的content-type--"application/x-www-form-urlencoded"。如果想发送DOMDocuments,就要把这个选项设置为false。

 (Boolean) async - 在默认的情况下,所有请求都是以异步的方式发送的(值为true)。如果要使用同步方式,需要将此项设置为false。 (Function) beforeSend - 用于设置自定义头部等信息的预调用函数,接收一个唯一的参数--XMLHttpRequest对象。

Load a remote page using an HTTP request. This is jQuery's low-level AJAX implementation. See $.get, $.post etc. for higher-level abstractions. $.ajax() returns the XMLHttpRequest that it creates. In most cases you won't need that object to manipulate directly, but it is available if you need to abort the request manually. Note: Make sure the server sends the right mimetype (eg. xml as "text/xml"). Sending the wrong mimetype will get you into serious trouble that jQuery can't solve. Supported datatypes are (see dataType option): "xml": Returns a XML document that can be processed via jQuery. "html": Returns HTML as plain text, included script tags are evaluated. "script": Evaluates the response as Javascript and returns it as plain text. "json": Evaluates the response as JSON and returns a Javascript Object $.ajax() takes one argument, an object of key/value pairs, that are used to initalize and handle the request. These are all the key/values that can be used: (String) url - The URL to request. (String) type - The type of request to make ("POST" or "GET"), default is "GET". (String) dataType - The type of data that you're expecting back from the server. No default: If the server sends xml, the responseXML, otherwise the responseText is passed to the success callback. (Boolean) ifModified - Allow the request to be successful only if the response has changed since the last request. This is done by checking the Last-Modified header. Default value is false, ignoring the header. (Number) timeout - Local timeout to override global timeout, eg. to give a single request a longer timeout while all others timeout after 1 second. See $.ajaxTimeout() for global timeouts. (Boolean) global - Whether to trigger global AJAX event handlers for this request, default is true. Set to false to prevent that global handlers like ajaxStart or ajaxStop are triggered. (Function) error - A function to be called if the request fails. The function gets passed tree arguments: The XMLHttpRequest object, a string describing the type of error that occurred and an optional exception object, if one occured. (Function) success - A function to be called if the request succeeds. The function gets passed one argument: The data returned from the server, formatted according to the 'dataType' parameter. (Function) complete - A function to be called when the request finishes. The function gets passed two arguments: The XMLHttpRequest object and a string describing the type of success of the request. (Object|String) data - Data to be sent to the server. Converted to a query string, if not already a string. Is appended to the url for GET-requests. See processData option to prevent this automatic processing. (String) contentType - When sending data to the server, use this content-type. Default is "application/x-www-form-urlencoded", which is fine for most cases. (Boolean) processData - By default, data passed in to the data option as an object other as string will be processed and transformed into a query string, fitting to the default content-type "application/x-www-form-urlencoded". If you want to send DOMDocuments, set this option to false. (Boolean) async - By default, all requests are send asynchronous (set to true). If you need synchronous requests, set this option to false. (Function) beforeSend - A pre-callback to set custom headers etc., the XMLHttpRequest is passed as the only argument.

返回值
XMLHttpRequest

参数
properties (Map): Key/value pairs to initialize the request with.
示例
说明:
载入并执行一个JavaScript文件。

jQuery 代码:
$.ajax({ type: "GET", url: "test.js", dataType: "script" })
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

说明:
将数据保存到服务器,并在保存完成后通报用户。

jQuery 代码:
$.ajax({ type: "POST", url: "some.php", data: "name=John&location=Boston", success: function(msg){ alert( "Data Saved: " + msg ); } });
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

说明:
同步载入数据。当请求处于活动期间阻塞浏览器。如果必须同步载入数据,最好是通过其他手段来阻止用户的交互,而不是阻塞整个浏览器。

jQuery 代码:
var html = $.ajax({ url: "some.php", async: false }).responseText;
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

说明:
将一个XML文档作为数据发送到服务器。通过将processData选项设置为false,可以避免把自动把数据转换为字符串。

jQuery 代码:
var xmlDocument = [create xml document]; $.ajax({ url: "page.php", processData: false, data: xmlDocument, success: handleResponse });


本文来自CSDN博客,转载请标明出处:http://blog.csdn.net/shuilv2000/archive/2009/11/24/4860787.aspx

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