oracle数据库经典练习题及答案

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           最近下载了一套oracle数据库习题(无答案),本人自己在oracle上练习得到的答案,如果不对的地方,请不要见怪。保存到博客方便自己以后查阅。

相关表:

/*学生表*/
create table student
(
    sno varchar2(10) primary key not null,
    sname varchar2(20),
    sage number(2),
    ssex varchar2(5)
)
 
/*教师表*/
create table teacher 
(
   tno varchar2(10) primary key,
   tname varchar2(20)
) 

/*课程表*/
create table course
(
    cno varchar2(10),
    cname varchar2(20),
    tno varchar2(20),
    constraint pk_course primary key (cno,tno)
) 

/*成绩表*/
create table sc 
(
    sno varchar2(10),
    cno varchar2(10),
    score number(4,2),
    constraint pk_sc primary key (sno,cno)
)

相关数据:

/*初始化学生表  student*/
insert into student values ('s001','张三',23,'男');
insert into student values ('s002','李四',23,'男');
insert into student values ('s003','吴鹏',25,'男');
insert into student values ('s004','琴沁',20,'女');
insert into student values ('s005','王丽',20,'女');
insert into student values ('s006','李波',21,'男');
insert into student values ('s007','刘玉',21,'男');
insert into student values ('s008','萧蓉',21,'女');
insert into student values ('s009','陈萧晓',23,'女');
insert into student values ('s010','陈美',22,'女');

/*初始化教师表  teacher */
insert into teacher values ('t001','刘阳');
insert into teacher values ('t002','谌燕');
insert into teacher values ('t003','胡明星');


/*初始化课程表  course*/
insert into course values ('c001','J2SE','t002'); 
insert into course values ('c002','Java Web','t002');
insert into course values ('c003','SSH','t001');
insert into course values ('c004','Oracle','t001');
insert into course values ('c005','SQL SERVER 2005','t003');
insert into course values ('c006','C#','t003');
insert into course values ('c007','JavaScript','t002');
insert into course values ('c008','DIV+CSS','t001');
insert into course values ('c009','PHP','t003');
insert into course values ('c010','EJB3.0','t002');


/*初始化成绩表  sc*/
insert into sc values ('s001','c001',78.9);
insert into sc values ('s002','c001',80.9);
insert into sc values ('s003','c001',81.9);
insert into sc values ('s004','c001',60.9);
insert into sc values ('s001','c002',82.9);
insert into sc values ('s002','c002',72.9); 

insert into sc values ('s005','c003',78.9);
insert into sc values ('s006','c004',50.9);
insert into sc values ('s007','c005',81.9);
insert into sc values ('s008','c006',50.9);
insert into sc values ('s005','c007',42.9);
insert into sc values ('s006','c008',72.9); 
insert into sc values ('s005','c009',52.9);
insert into sc values ('s006','c010',92.9);

练习题:

/*1、查询“c001”课程比“c002”课程成绩高的所有学生的学号;*/ 
select distinct c.sno
  from sc c
 where (select a.score
          from sc a
         where a.sno = c.sno
           and a.cno = 'c001') >
       (select a.score
          from sc a
         where a.sno = c.sno
           and a.cno = 'c002')

  
/* 2、查询平均成绩大于60分的同学的学号和平均成绩;*/  
select *
  from (select a.sno, avg(score) avgScore from sc a group by a.sno)
 where avgScore > 60
 
 
/*3、查询所有同学的学号、姓名、选课数、总成绩; */ 
select c.sno, c.sname, nvl(d.coursenum, 0), nvl(d.totalscore, 0)
  from student c
  left join (select a.sno,
                    a.sname,
                    count(b.sno) coursenum,
                    sum(b.score) totalscore
               from student a, sc b
              where a.sno = b.sno
              group by a.sno, a.sname) d
    on c.sno = d.sno
  
 
/* 4、查询姓“刘”的老师的个数; */ 
select count(*) from teacher a 
where a.tname like '刘%'
 
/* 5、查询没学过“谌燕”老师课的同学的学号、姓名; */ 
select b.sno, e.sname
  from sc b
  left join student e
    on b.sno = e.sno
 where b.score < 60
   and b.cno in
       (select c.cno
          from course c
         where c.tno = (select d.tno from teacher d where d.tname = '谌燕'))
 
 
/*6、查询学过“c001”并且也学过编号“c002”课程的同学的学号、姓名;*/  
select c.sno, d.sname
  from (select b.sno sno, count(*) numCount
          from sc b
         where b.cno in ('c001', 'c002')
         group by sno) c
  left join student d
    on c.sno = d.sno
 where c.numCount = 2


   
/*7、查询学过“谌燕”老师所教的所有课的同学的学号、姓名;*/  
select a.sno, a.sname
  from student a
 where a.sno in (select d.sno
                   from sc d
                  where d.cno in (select c.cno
                                    from teacher b, course c
                                   where b.tno = c.tno
                                     and b.tname = '谌燕'));

  
/*8、查询课程编号“c002”的成绩比课程编号“c001”课程低的所有同学的学号、姓名;*/  

select a.sno, a.sname
  from student a
 where a.sno in (select b.sno
                   from sc b, sc c
                  where b.cno = 'c001'
                    and c.cno = 'c002'
                    and b.sno = c.sno
                    and b.score > c.score);
   
/*9、查询所有课程成绩小于60分的同学的学号、姓名; */     

select a.sno, a.sname
  from student a
 where a.sno in (select b.sno from sc b where b.score < 60);


/*10、查询没有学全所有课的同学的学号、姓名; */ 
  
select a.sno, a.sname
  from student a
 where a.sno in
       (select c.sno
          from (select b.sno, count(b.cno) cno_num
                  from student a, sc b
                 where a.sno = b.sno
                 group by b.sno) c
         where c.cno_num < (select count(d.cno) from course d))
    or a.sno not in (select distinct e.sno from sc e);

/*11、查询至少有一门课与学号为“s001”的同学所学相同的同学的学号和姓名;*/  
select * from student;
select * from teacher;
select * from course;
select * from  sc;    
/*12、查询至少学过学号为“s001”同学所有一门课的其他同学学号和姓名;   
13、把“SC”表中“谌燕”老师教的课的成绩都更改为此课程的平均成绩;  
14、查询和“s001”号的同学学习的课程完全相同的其他同学学号和姓名;
15、删除学习“谌燕”老师课的SC表记录;      
16、向SC表中插入一些记录,这些记录要求符合以下条件:没有上过编号“c002”课程的同学学号、“c002”      号课的平均成绩;      
17、查询各科成绩最高和最低的分:以如下形式显示:课程ID,最高分,最低分    
18、按各科平均成绩从低到高和及格率的百分数从高到低顺序     
19、查询不同老师所教不同课程平均分从高到低显示   
20、统计列印各科成绩,各分数段人数:课程ID,课程名称,[100-85],[85-70],[70-60],[ <60]   
21、查询各科成绩前三名的记录:(不考虑成绩并列情况)     
22、查询每门课程被选修的学生数   
23、查询出只选修了一门课程的全部学生的学号和姓名   
24、查询男生、女生人数   
25、查询姓“张”的学生名单    
26、查询同名同性学生名单,并统计同名人数   
27、1981年出生的学生名单(注:Student表中Sage列的类型是number)    
28、查询每门课程的平均成绩,结果按平均成绩升序排列,平均成绩相同时,按课程号降序排列    
29、查询平均成绩大于85的所有学生的学号、姓名和平均成绩   
30、查询课程名称为“数据库”,且分数低于60的学生姓名和分数   
31、查询所有学生的选课情况;   
32、查询任何一门课程成绩在70分以上的姓名、课程名称和分数;   
33、查询不及格的课程,并按课程号从大到小排列   
34、查询课程编号为c001且课程成绩在80分以上的学生的学号和姓名;   
35、求选了课程的学生人数 
37、查询各个课程及相应的选修人数   
38、查询不同课程成绩相同的学生的学号、课程号、学生成绩   
39、查询每门功成绩最好的前两名   
40、统计每门课程的学生选修人数(超过10人的课程才统计)。要求输出课程号和选修人数,查询结果按人数降序排列,若人数相同,按课程号升序排列    
41、检索至少选修两门课程的学生学号   
42、查询全部学生都选修的课程的课程号和课程名   
43、查询没学过“谌燕”老师讲授的任一门课程的学生姓名   
44、查询两门以上不及格课程的同学的学号及其平均成绩   
45、检索“c004”课程分数小于60,按分数降序排列的同学学号   
46、删除“s002”同学的“c001”课程的成绩 */ 



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