8.14 Linux内核中的头文件

8.14 Linux内核中的头文件

驱动文件中的头文件路径

 #include<linux/xx.h>
 #include<asm/xx.h>
 #include<mach/xx.h>
 #include<plat/xx.h>

内核中常用头文件分布

跟CPU架构相关:arch/$(ARCH)/include

板级平台相关:
rch / ( A R C H ) / p l a t − x x / i n c l u d e r c h / (ARCH)/ plat-xx/include rch / (ARCH)/platxx/includerch/(ARCH)/ mach-xx/include

目录:include
inux内核专用头文件目录:include/linux

内核makfile


//380行
# Use USERINCLUDE when you must reference the UAPI directories only.
USERINCLUDE    := \
                -I$(srctree)/arch/$(hdr-arch)/include/uapi \
				//srctree为linux内核源码的根目录
				//hdr-arch的值为arm,之前设置了
				
                -Iarch/$(hdr-arch)/include/generated/uapi \
                -I$(srctree)/include/uapi \
                -Iinclude/generated/uapi \
				//把-I后面的参数作为相对目录的起点
                -include $(srctree)/include/linux/kconfig.h
				

hdr-arch

//#290
hdr-arch  := $(SRCARCH)

SRCARCH

# Architecture as present in compile.h
UTS_MACHINE     := $(ARCH)
SRCARCH         := $(ARCH)

# Additional ARCH settings for x86
ifeq ($(ARCH),i386)
        SRCARCH := x86
endif
ifeq ($(ARCH),x86_64)
        SRCARCH := x86
endif

# Additional ARCH settings for sparc
ifeq ($(ARCH),sparc32)
       SRCARCH := sparc
endif
ifeq ($(ARCH),sparc64)
       SRCARCH := sparc
endif

# Additional ARCH settings for sh
ifeq ($(ARCH),sh64)
       SRCARCH := sh
endif

# Additional ARCH settings for tile
ifeq ($(ARCH),tilepro)
       SRCARCH := tile
endif
ifeq ($(ARCH),tilegx)
       SRCARCH := tile
endif

ARCH

ARCH            ?= arm

查找某个函数所在的头文件

应用程序:$ man 3 function
驱动程序:$ cd include; grep –rin “func name”
用户空间的头文件:
/usr/include/linux
/usr/include/asm

将内核源码的头文件注入到编译主机

linux-4.4.232/Documentation/kbuild/headers_install.txt
make headers_install

make headers_install ARCH=i386 INSTALL_HDR_PATH=/usr

kbuild 参数

内核的编译参数
linux-4.4.232/Documentation/kbuild/kbuild.txt

modules.order
--------------------------------------------------
This file records the order in which modules appear in Makefiles. This
is used by modprobe to deterministically resolve aliases that match
multiple modules.

modules.builtin
--------------------------------------------------
This file lists all modules that are built into the kernel. This is used
by modprobe to not fail when trying to load something builtin.


Environment variables

KCPPFLAGS
--------------------------------------------------
Additional options to pass when preprocessing. The preprocessing options
will be used in all cases where kbuild does preprocessing including
building C files and assembler files.

KAFLAGS
--------------------------------------------------
Additional options to the assembler (for built-in and modules).

AFLAGS_MODULE
--------------------------------------------------
Additional module specific options to use for $(AS).

AFLAGS_KERNEL
--------------------------------------------------
Additional options for $(AS) when used for assembler
code for code that is compiled as built-in.

KCFLAGS
--------------------------------------------------
Additional options to the C compiler (for built-in and modules).

CFLAGS_KERNEL
--------------------------------------------------
Additional options for $(CC) when used to compile
code that is compiled as built-in.

CFLAGS_MODULE
--------------------------------------------------
Additional module specific options to use for $(CC).

LDFLAGS_MODULE
--------------------------------------------------
Additional options used for $(LD) when linking modules.

LDFLAGS_vmlinux
--------------------------------------------------
Additional options passed to final link of vmlinux.

KBUILD_VERBOSE
--------------------------------------------------
Set the kbuild verbosity. Can be assigned same values as "V=...".
See make help for the full list.
Setting "V=..." takes precedence over KBUILD_VERBOSE.

KBUILD_EXTMOD
--------------------------------------------------
Set the directory to look for the kernel source when building external
modules.
The directory can be specified in several ways:
1) Use "M=..." on the command line
2) Environment variable KBUILD_EXTMOD
3) Environment variable SUBDIRS
The possibilities are listed in the order they take precedence.
Using "M=..." will always override the others.

KBUILD_OUTPUT
--------------------------------------------------
Specify the output directory when building the kernel.
The output directory can also be specified using "O=...".
Setting "O=..." takes precedence over KBUILD_OUTPUT.

KBUILD_DEBARCH
--------------------------------------------------
For the deb-pkg target, allows overriding the normal heuristics deployed by
deb-pkg. Normally deb-pkg attempts to guess the right architecture based on
the UTS_MACHINE variable, and on some architectures also the kernel config.
The value of KBUILD_DEBARCH is assumed (not checked) to be a valid Debian
architecture.

ARCH
--------------------------------------------------
Set ARCH to the architecture to be built.
In most cases the name of the architecture is the same as the
directory name found in the arch/ directory.
But some architectures such as x86 and sparc have aliases.
x86: i386 for 32 bit, x86_64 for 64 bit
sparc: sparc for 32 bit, sparc64 for 64 bit

CROSS_COMPILE
--------------------------------------------------
Specify an optional fixed part of the binutils filename.
CROSS_COMPILE can be a part of the filename or the full path.

CROSS_COMPILE is also used for ccache in some setups.

CF
--------------------------------------------------
Additional options for sparse.
CF is often used on the command-line like this:

    make CF=-Wbitwise C=2

INSTALL_PATH
--------------------------------------------------
INSTALL_PATH specifies where to place the updated kernel and system map
images. Default is /boot, but you can set it to other values.

INSTALLKERNEL
--------------------------------------------------
Install script called when using "make install".
The default name is "installkernel".

The script will be called with the following arguments:
    $1 - kernel version
    $2 - kernel image file
    $3 - kernel map file
    $4 - default install path (use root directory if blank)

The implementation of "make install" is architecture specific
and it may differ from the above.

INSTALLKERNEL is provided to enable the possibility to
specify a custom installer when cross compiling a kernel.

MODLIB
--------------------------------------------------
Specify where to install modules.
The default value is:

     $(INSTALL_MOD_PATH)/lib/modules/$(KERNELRELEASE)

The value can be overridden in which case the default value is ignored.

INSTALL_MOD_PATH
--------------------------------------------------
INSTALL_MOD_PATH specifies a prefix to MODLIB for module directory
relocations required by build roots.  This is not defined in the
makefile but the argument can be passed to make if needed.

INSTALL_MOD_STRIP
--------------------------------------------------
INSTALL_MOD_STRIP, if defined, will cause modules to be
stripped after they are installed.  If INSTALL_MOD_STRIP is '1', then
the default option --strip-debug will be used.  Otherwise,
INSTALL_MOD_STRIP value will be used as the options to the strip command.

INSTALL_FW_PATH
--------------------------------------------------
INSTALL_FW_PATH specifies where to install the firmware blobs.
The default value is:

    $(INSTALL_MOD_PATH)/lib/firmware

The value can be overridden in which case the default value is ignored.

INSTALL_HDR_PATH
--------------------------------------------------
INSTALL_HDR_PATH specifies where to install user space headers when
executing "make headers_*".
The default value is:

    $(objtree)/usr

$(objtree) is the directory where output files are saved.
The output directory is often set using "O=..." on the commandline.

The value can be overridden in which case the default value is ignored.

KBUILD_SIGN_PIN
--------------------------------------------------
This variable allows a passphrase or PIN to be passed to the sign-file
utility when signing kernel modules, if the private key requires such.

KBUILD_MODPOST_WARN
--------------------------------------------------
KBUILD_MODPOST_WARN can be set to avoid errors in case of undefined
symbols in the final module linking stage. It changes such errors
into warnings.

KBUILD_MODPOST_NOFINAL
--------------------------------------------------
KBUILD_MODPOST_NOFINAL can be set to skip the final link of modules.
This is solely useful to speed up test compiles.

KBUILD_EXTRA_SYMBOLS
--------------------------------------------------
For modules that use symbols from other modules.
See more details in modules.txt.

ALLSOURCE_ARCHS
--------------------------------------------------
For tags/TAGS/cscope targets, you can specify more than one arch
to be included in the databases, separated by blank space. E.g.:

    $ make ALLSOURCE_ARCHS="x86 mips arm" tags

To get all available archs you can also specify all. E.g.:

    $ make ALLSOURCE_ARCHS=all tags

KBUILD_ENABLE_EXTRA_GCC_CHECKS
--------------------------------------------------
If enabled over the make command line with "W=1", it turns on additional
gcc -W... options for more extensive build-time checking.

KBUILD_BUILD_TIMESTAMP
--------------------------------------------------
Setting this to a date string overrides the timestamp used in the
UTS_VERSION definition (uname -v in the running kernel). The value has to
be a string that can be passed to date -d. The default value
is the output of the date command at one point during build.

KBUILD_BUILD_USER, KBUILD_BUILD_HOST
--------------------------------------------------
These two variables allow to override the user@host string displayed during
boot and in /proc/version. The default value is the output of the commands
whoami and host, respectively.

KBUILD_LDS
--------------------------------------------------
The linker script with full path. Assigned by the top-level Makefile.

KBUILD_VMLINUX_INIT
--------------------------------------------------
All object files for the init (first) part of vmlinux.
Files specified with KBUILD_VMLINUX_INIT are linked first.

KBUILD_VMLINUX_MAIN
--------------------------------------------------
All object files for the main part of vmlinux.
KBUILD_VMLINUX_INIT and KBUILD_VMLINUX_MAIN together specify
all the object files used to link vmlinux.
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