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binder学习笔记(十)—— 穿越到驱动层

Binder驱动层的代码在kernel/goldfish/drivers/staging/android下的binder.cbinder.h。Android源码是不带Linux内核的,驱动正是在这个内核里,需要单独下载,出门左转参见《Anrdoid源码、内核编译》。驱动的相关知识先不在这里展开了,那又是一个庞大的体系,以后再啃。直奔我们的主题——客户端为test()组织的请求数据是:

驱动程序是如何处理这个数据包的呢?

从应用层登陆,顺流直下

为此,还需要先从应用层往下看,frameworks/native/libs/binder/IPCThreadState.cpp:548,就从这里登陆吧。客户端组织test()请求数据时,调用到IPCThreadState::transact(…)

status_t IPCThreadState::transact(int32_t handle,
                                  uint32_t code, const Parcel& data,
                                  Parcel* reply, uint32_t flags)
{   // code=TEST, flag=0

    flags |= TF_ACCEPT_FDS;
    ......

        err = writeTransactionData(BC_TRANSACTION, flags, handle, code, data, NULL);

        ......
        if (reply) {
            err = waitForResponse(reply);  // 这次重点看这里
        } else {
            Parcel fakeReply;
            err = waitForResponse(&fakeReply);
        }
        ......

    return err;
}

函数使用writeTransactionData(…)打包好数据后,接下来调用waitForResponse(…)把数据发出去。
frameworks/native/libs/binder/IPCThreadState.cpp:712

status_t IPCThreadState::waitForResponse(Parcel *reply, status_t *acquireResult)
{
    uint32_t cmd;
    int32_t err;

    while (1) {
        if ((err=talkWithDriver()) < NO_ERROR) break;
        ......
        }
        ......

    return err;
}

继续调用talkWithDriver()和驱动对话,frameworks/native/libs/binder/IPCThreadState.cpp:803

status_t IPCThreadState::talkWithDriver(bool doReceive)
{   // doReceive=true
    ......
    binder_write_read bwr;
    ......
    const bool needRead = mIn.dataPosition() >= mIn.dataSize();// mIn有上一轮IO读出尚未解析的数据,因此needRead=true
    ......
    const size_t outAvail = (!doReceive || needRead) ? mOut.dataSize() : 0; // outAvail=mOut.dataSize()

    bwr.write_size = outAvail;
    bwr.write_buffer = (uintptr_t)mOut.data();
    ......
    if (doReceive && needRead) {
        bwr.read_size = mIn.dataCapacity();
        bwr.read_buffer = (uintptr_t)mIn.data();
    } 
    ......
    bwr.write_consumed = 0;
    bwr.read_consumed = 0;
    status_t err;
    do {
        ......
        if (ioctl(mProcess->mDriverFD, BINDER_WRITE_READ, &bwr) >= 0) // 重点在这
            err = NO_ERROR;
        ......
    } while (err == -EINTR);
    ......    
    return err;
}

doReceive取默认值为true,在通过test()调用到talkWithDriver(...)之前,和驱动的对话已经做了好几轮了,比如defaultServiceManager()和ServiceManager的对话,getService(...)和Service的对话,此时mIn中应该是有之前读出尚未解析的数据,因此needRead=true,outAvail=mOut.dataSize()。可以组织一个gdb确认mIn此时的内容。

组织一个gdb确认此时mIn的内容

需要开启三个终端完成调试:
1. Target1 在模拟器上启动server

$ adb shell /data/local/tmp/testservice/TestServer
  1. Target2 在模拟器上通过gdbserver启动客户端
$ adb shell gdbserver :1234 /data/local/tmp/testservice/TestClient
Process /data/local/tmp/testservice/TestClient created; pid = 1254
Listening on port 1234
Remote debugging from host 127.0.0.1
  1. Host1 在宿主端启动gdb
$ ./prebuilts/gcc/darwin-x86/arm/arm-linux-androideabi-4.9/bin/arm-linux-androideabi-gdb out/debug/target/product/generic/obj/EXECUTABLES/TestClient_intermediates/LINKED/TestClient
......
(gdb) b main
Breakpoint 1 at 0xb6f571fc: file external/testservice/TestClient.cpp, line 14.
(gdb) c
Continuing.
......
(gdb) set solib-absolute-prefix out/debug/target/product/generic/symbols/
Reading symbols from ...... linker...done.
......
Loaded symbols for ......
......
(gdb) b IPCThreadState.cpp:846 # 在talkWithDriver(...)内下断点
Breakpoint 2 at 0xb6eaf884: file frameworks/native/libs/binder/IPCThreadState.cpp, line 846.
(gdb) c
......
# 然后就是若干轮的continue和backtrace,直到停在由test()调用触发的talkWithDriver(...)
......

Breakpoint 2, android::IPCThreadState::talkWithDriver (this=this@entry=0xb6c24000, doReceive=doReceive@entry=true) at frameworks/native/libs/binder/IPCThreadState.cpp:846
846     if ((bwr.write_size == 0) && (bwr.read_size == 0)) return NO_ERROR;
(gdb) bt
#0  android::IPCThreadState::talkWithDriver (this=this@entry=0xb6c24000, doReceive=doReceive@entry=true) at frameworks/native/libs/binder/IPCThreadState.cpp:846
#1  0xb6eafed2 in android::IPCThreadState::waitForResponse (this=0xb6c24000, reply=0xbeaa1ad4, acquireResult=0x0) at frameworks/native/libs/binder/IPCThreadState.cpp:718
#2  0xb6eb0088 in android::IPCThreadState::transact (this=0xb6c24000, handle=1, code=code@entry=1, data=..., reply=reply@entry=0xbeaa1ad4, flags=16, flags@entry=0) at frameworks/native/libs/binder/IPCThreadState.cpp:604
#3  0xb6eab08e in android::BpBinder::transact (this=0xb6c090c0, code=1, data=..., reply=0xbeaa1ad4, flags=0) at frameworks/native/libs/binder/BpBinder.cpp:165
#4  0xb6f3e42e in android::BpTestService::test (this=<optimized out>) at external/testservice/TestClient.cpp:10
#5  0xb6f3e23c in main () at external/testservice/TestClient.cpp:18
(gdb) p mIn
$1 = {mError = 0, mData = 0xb6c27000 "\fr", mDataSize = 48, mDataCapacity = 256, mDataPos = 48, mObjects = 0x0, mObjectsSize = 0, mObjectsCapacity = 0, mNextObjectHint = 0, mFdsKnown = true, mHasFds = false, mAllowFds = true, mOwner = 0x0, mOwnerCookie = 0x0,
  mOpenAshmemSize = 0}
(gdb) p needRead
$2 = true
# 结果和我猜测的一致

综上所述,在IPCThreadState::talkWithDriver(...)中调用

ioctl(mProcess->mDriverFD, BINDER_WRITE_READ, &brw)

传入的数据bwr即为:

进入驱动层

终于可以有此穿越到驱动层了!binder驱动层对接ioctl的函数是binder_ioctl(…)。kernel/goldfish/drivers/staging/android/binder.c:2716

static long binder_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{   // cmd=BINDER_WRITE_READ
    int ret;
    struct binder_proc *proc = filp->private_data;
    struct binder_thread *thread;
    unsigned int size = _IOC_SIZE(cmd);
    void __user *ubuf = (void __user *)arg;

    ......
    thread = binder_get_thread(proc);
    ......

    switch (cmd) {
    case BINDER_WRITE_READ: {
        struct binder_write_read bwr;
        ......
        if (copy_from_user(&bwr, ubuf, sizeof(bwr))) {// 把上图总用户空间的bwr复制到内核
            ......
        }
        ......
        if (bwr.write_size > 0) {
            // 重点在这里
            ret = binder_thread_write(proc, thread, (void __user *)bwr.write_buffer, bwr.write_size, &bwr.write_consumed);
            trace_binder_write_done(ret);
            ......
        }
        ......
    }
    ......
    }
    ret = 0;
......
    return ret;
}

先尽可能地剪掉细枝末节,来看重点调用

binder_thread_write(proc, thread, (void __user *)bwr.write_buffer,
                            bwr.write_size, &bwr.write_consumed);

kernel/goldfish/drivers/staging/android/binder.c:1837

int binder_thread_write(struct binder_proc *proc, struct binder_thread *thread,
            void __user *buffer, int size, signed long *consumed)
{
    uint32_t cmd;
    void __user *ptr = buffer + *consumed;
    void __user *end = buffer + size;

    while (ptr < end && thread->return_error == BR_OK) {
        if (get_user(cmd, (uint32_t __user *)ptr))
            return -EFAULT;
        ptr += sizeof(uint32_t);
        trace_binder_command(cmd);
        if (_IOC_NR(cmd) < ARRAY_SIZE(binder_stats.bc)) {
            binder_stats.bc[_IOC_NR(cmd)]++;
            proc->stats.bc[_IOC_NR(cmd)]++;
            thread->stats.bc[_IOC_NR(cmd)]++;
        }
        switch (cmd) {
        ......
        case BC_TRANSACTION:
        case BC_REPLY: {
            struct binder_transaction_data tr;

            if (copy_from_user(&tr, ptr, sizeof(tr)))
                return -EFAULT;
            ptr += sizeof(tr); // 对照前面的图逆向拆解
            binder_transaction(proc, thread, &tr, cmd == BC_REPLY);
            break;
        }
        ......
        }
        *consumed = ptr - buffer;
    }
    return 0;
}

这个cmd的值是BC_TRANSACTION,因此应该继续binder_transaction(proc, thread, &tr, false)。这个函数实在太长了,后面再花一节的篇幅深入该函数。

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版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/zchongr/article/details/51527252
文章标签: android binder 源码
个人分类: android binder
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