android 加载系统相册图片并显示

1,下载ImageLoad.jar包放入项目libs文件夹中,并点击右键—>add as Library

2,首先记得在Manifest.xml注册权限(注:6.0以后的版本要在代码中动态注册权限)

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />

3,布局文件,一个ImageView用来显示加载的图片,Button点击后进入系统相册选取图片

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context="com.zcn.demo.loadgallerypicture.MainActivity">

    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/pic"
        android:src="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
        android:layout_width="120dp"
        android:layout_height="120dp" />
    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btn"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="48dp"
        android:layout_gravity="bottom"
        android:text="button"/>
</LinearLayout>

4,.java文件

package com.zcn.demo.loadgallerypicture;

import android.Manifest;
import android.annotation.TargetApi;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
import android.database.Cursor;
import android.graphics.Bitmap;
import android.graphics.BitmapFactory;
import android.net.Uri;
import android.os.Build;
import android.support.v4.content.ContextCompat;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.ImageView;

import com.nostra13.universalimageloader.cache.disc.naming.Md5FileNameGenerator;
import com.nostra13.universalimageloader.core.DisplayImageOptions;
import com.nostra13.universalimageloader.core.ImageLoader;
import com.nostra13.universalimageloader.core.ImageLoaderConfiguration;
import com.nostra13.universalimageloader.core.assist.QueueProcessingType;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    private static int WRITE_SD_CODE = 1;
    private static int READ_SD_CODE = 2;
    private static String TAG = "ZCN_MainActivity";
    private ImageView image;
    private Button btn;

    private String pic_path;
    private DisplayImageOptions options;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        image = (ImageView)findViewById(R.id.pic);
        btn = (Button)findViewById(R.id.btn);
        btn.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View view) {
                requestPermission();
            }
        });
    }

    //android 6.0 以上版本要手动要求权限
    @TargetApi(Build.VERSION_CODES.M)
    private void requestPermission() {
        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            this.requestPermissions(new String[]{Manifest.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE},READ_SD_CODE);
        }else {
            Log.v(TAG, "6.0一下版本直接打开相册....");
            Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PICK,
                    android.provider.MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI);
            startActivityForResult(intent, ActivityRequestCode.SHOW_MAP_DEPOT);
        }
    }

    //权限选择结果接收
    @Override
    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, String[] permissions, int[] grantResults) {
        super.onRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode, permissions, grantResults);
        if (requestCode == READ_SD_CODE) {
            if (grantResults[0] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                // 用户授予了此权限
                // 调用android自带的图库
                Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PICK,
                        android.provider.MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI);
                startActivityForResult(intent, ActivityRequestCode.SHOW_MAP_DEPOT);
            } else {
                // 用户拒绝了此权限
            }
        }
    }

    public interface ActivityRequestCode {
        public static final int SHOW_MAP_DEPOT = 1; //显示Android自带图库,用于选择用户自己的图片
    }

    public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
        super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data);
        if (data != null) {
            if (requestCode == ActivityRequestCode.SHOW_MAP_DEPOT
                    && resultCode == Activity.RESULT_OK)
                showPic(resultCode,data);
        }
    }

    // 调用android自带图库,显示选中的图片
    private void showPic(int resultCode,Intent data) {
        if(resultCode== Activity.RESULT_OK) {
            if (data!=null) {
                Uri uri = data.getData();
                Log.v(TAG, "uri = "+uri);
                if (uri!=null) {
                    Cursor cursor = getContentResolver().query(uri, null, null, null, null);
                    //选择的就只是一张图片,所以cursor只有一条记录
                    if (cursor != null) {
                        if (cursor.moveToFirst()) {
                            String path = cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex("_data"));//获取相册路径字段
                            Log.v(TAG, "打开相册获取的图片sd卡路径:" + path);
                            File file = new File(path);
                            initOptions();
                            ImageLoader.getInstance().displayImage(uri.toString(), image,options);
                            //保存图片到data/data/files文件夹下
                            BitmapFactory.Options options = new BitmapFactory.Options();
                            options.inJustDecodeBounds = true;
                            Bitmap bitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeFile(path, options);
                            File f = getFileStreamPath("ic_mine_head_portrait.jpg");
                            Log.d(TAG, "File path :" + file.getParentFile());
                            if (!f.exists()) {
                                Log.d(TAG, "文件不存在");
                                FileOutputStream out = null;
                                try{
                                    f.createNewFile();
                                    out = new FileOutputStream(f);
                                    if(bitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 90, out))
                                    {
                                        out.flush();
                                        out.close();
                                    }
                                } catch (IOException e) {
                                    e.printStackTrace();
                                }finally {
                                    try {
                                        out.close();
                                    } catch (IOException e) {
                                        e.printStackTrace();
                                    }
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }else{
            Log.d(TAG,"放弃从相册选择");
        }
    }

    private void initOptions(){
        options = new DisplayImageOptions.Builder().showStubImage(R.mipmap.ic_main_ad_stub) // 设置图片下载期间显示的图片
                .showImageForEmptyUri(R.mipmap.ic_main_ad_empty) // 设置图片Uri为空或是错误的时候显示的图片
                .showImageOnFail(R.mipmap.ic_main_ad_error) // 设置图片加载或解码过程中发生错误显示的图片
                .cacheInMemory(true) // 设置下载的图片是否缓存在内存中
                .cacheOnDisc(true) // 设置下载的图片是否缓存在SD卡中
                // .displayer(new RoundedBitmapDisplayer(20)) // 设置成圆角图片
                .build(); // 创建配置过得DisplayImageOption对象

        ImageLoaderConfiguration config = new ImageLoaderConfiguration.Builder(this.getApplicationContext()).defaultDisplayImageOptions(options)
                .threadPriority(Thread.NORM_PRIORITY - 2).denyCacheImageMultipleSizesInMemory()
                .discCacheFileNameGenerator(new Md5FileNameGenerator()).tasksProcessingOrder(QueueProcessingType.LIFO).build();
        ImageLoader.getInstance().init(config);
    }
}

后续:显示图片所使用的uri:

String imageUri = "http://site.com/image.png"; // from Web
String imageUri = "file:///mnt/sdcard/image.png"; // from SD card
String imageUri = "content://media/external/audio/albumart/13"; // from content provider
String imageUri = "assets://image.png"; // from assets
String imageUri = "drawable://" + R.drawable.image; // from drawables (only images, non-9patch)

注意:使用drawable://除非你真的需要他。时刻要注意使用本地图片加载方法:setImageResource带代替ImageLoader。

没有更多推荐了,返回首页