MySQL中删除重复数据只保留一条

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用SQL语句,删除掉重复项只保留一条

在几千条记录里,存在着些相同的记录,如何能用SQL语句,删除掉重复的呢 
1、查找表中多余的重复记录,重复记录是根据单个字段(peopleId)来判断

SELECT
    *
FROM
    people
WHERE
    peopleId IN (
        SELECT
            peopleId
        FROM
            people
        GROUP BY
            peopleId
        HAVING
            count(peopleId) > 1
    )

2、删除表中多余的重复记录,重复记录是根据单个字段(peopleId)来判断,只留有rowid最小的记录

DELETE
FROM
    people
WHERE
    peopleName IN (
        SELECT
            peopleName
        FROM
            people
        GROUP BY
            peopleName
        HAVING
            count(peopleName) > 1
    )
AND peopleId NOT IN (
    SELECT
        min(peopleId)
    FROM
        people
    GROUP BY
        peopleName
    HAVING
        count(peopleName) > 1
)

3、查找表中多余的重复记录(多个字段)

SELECT
    *
FROM
    vitae a
WHERE
    (a.peopleId, a.seq) IN (
        SELECT
            peopleId,
            seq
        FROM
            vitae
        GROUP BY
            peopleId,
            seq
        HAVING
            count(*) > 1
    )

4、删除表中多余的重复记录(多个字段),只留有rowid最小的记录

DELETE
FROM
    vitae a
WHERE
    (a.peopleId, a.seq) IN (
        SELECT
            peopleId,
            seq
        FROM
            vitae
        GROUP BY
            peopleId,
            seq
        HAVING
            count(*) > 1
    )
AND rowid NOT IN (
    SELECT
        min(rowid)
    FROM
        vitae
    GROUP BY
        peopleId,
        seq
    HAVING
        count(*) > 1
)

5、查找表中多余的重复记录(多个字段),不包含rowid最小的记录

SELECT
    *
FROM
    vitae a
WHERE
    (a.peopleId, a.seq) IN (
        SELECT
            peopleId,
            seq
        FROM
            vitae
        GROUP BY
            peopleId,
            seq
        HAVING
            count(*) > 1
    )
AND rowid NOT IN (
    SELECT
        min(rowid)
    FROM
        vitae
    GROUP BY
        peopleId,
        seq
    HAVING
        count(*) > 1
)

6.消除一个字段的左边的第一位:



UPDATE tableName
SET [ Title ]= RIGHT ([ Title ],(len([ Title ]) - 1))
WHERE
    Title LIKE '村%'

7.消除一个字段的右边的第一位:



UPDATE tableName
SET [ Title ]= LEFT ([ Title ],(len([ Title ]) - 1))
WHERE
    Title LIKE '%村'

8.假删除表中多余的重复记录(多个字段),不包含rowid最小的记录

UPDATE vitae
SET ispass =- 1
WHERE
    peopleId IN (
        SELECT
            peopleId
        FROM
            vitae
        GROUP BY
            peopleId

可能会遇到You can't specify target table '表名' for update in FROM clause这样的错误,它的意思是说,不能先select出同一表中的某些值,再update这个表(在同一语句中),即不能依据某字段值做判断再来更新某字段的值。

 

1、数据准备

product表数据如下:

 

laptop表数据如下:

 

2、要求:#删除所有不生产打印机厂商生产的笔记本电脑

第一步:对aptop表进行操作

操作没有问题,按照本思路对product表进行操作

产生You can't specify target table '表名' for update in FROM clause错误

 

 

3、问题解决

将SELECT出的结果再通过中间表SELECT一遍,这样就规避了错误。

 

需要注意的是,这个问题只出现于MySQL,MSSQL和Oracle不会出现此问题。

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