# 分析

## 方法一 ： 横向遍历

public String longestCommonPrefix(String[] strs) {
if (strs.length == 0) return "";
String prefix = strs[0];
for (int i = 1; i < strs.length; i++)
while (strs[i].indexOf(prefix) != 0) {
prefix = prefix.substring(0, prefix.length() - 1);
if (prefix.isEmpty()) return "";
}
return prefix;
}


## 方法二：纵向遍历

public String longestCommonPrefix(String[] strs) {
if (strs == null || strs.length == 0) return "";
for (int i = 0; i < strs[0].length() ; i++){
char c = strs[0].charAt(i);
for (int j = 1; j < strs.length; j ++) {
if (i == strs[j].length() || strs[j].charAt(i) != c)
return strs[0].substring(0, i);
}
}
return strs[0];
}


## 方法三：分治法

public String longestCommonPrefix(String[] strs) {
if (strs == null || strs.length == 0) return "";
return longestCommonPrefix(strs, 0 , strs.length - 1);
}

private String longestCommonPrefix(String[] strs, int l, int r) {
if (l == r) {
return strs[l];
}
else {
int mid = (l + r)/2;
String lcpLeft =   longestCommonPrefix(strs, l , mid);
String lcpRight =  longestCommonPrefix(strs, mid + 1,r);
return commonPrefix(lcpLeft, lcpRight);
}
}

String commonPrefix(String left,String right) {
int min = Math.min(left.length(), right.length());
for (int i = 0; i < min; i++) {
if ( left.charAt(i) != right.charAt(i) )
return left.substring(0, i);
}
return left.substring(0, min);
}


## 方法四：二分法

public String longestCommonPrefix(String[] strs) {
if (strs == null || strs.length == 0)
return "";
int minLen = Integer.MAX_VALUE;
for (String str : strs)
minLen = Math.min(minLen, str.length());
int low = 1;
int high = minLen;
while (low <= high) {
int middle = (low + high) / 2;
if (isCommonPrefix(strs, middle))
low = middle + 1;
else
high = middle - 1;
}
return strs[0].substring(0, (low + high) / 2);
}

private boolean isCommonPrefix(String[] strs, int len){
String str1 = strs[0].substring(0,len);
for (int i = 1; i < strs.length; i++)
if (!strs[i].startsWith(str1))
return false;
return true;
}

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