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Gridview72绝技

第四讲 GridView 72般绝技

作者:清清月儿

主页:http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet/           时间:2007.3.24-26

为了写本文,又搭工又搭料,累的2天2宿没睡觉,这篇文章实在是耗费我太多的心血,版权永远属于CSDN社区的清清月儿,请不要试图修改本文,破坏全文的完整性,希望您尊重我的劳动成果!

快速预览:
GridView无代码分页排序
GridView选中,编辑,取消,删除
GridView正反双向排序
GridView和下拉菜单DropDownList结合
GridView和CheckBox结合
鼠标移到GridView某一行时改变该行的背景色方法一
鼠标移到GridView某一行时改变该行的背景色方法二
GridView实现删除时弹出确认对话框
GridView实现自动编号
GridView实现自定义时间货币等字符串格式
GridView实现用“...”代替超长字符串
GridView一般换行与强制换行
GridView显示隐藏某一列
GridView弹出新页面/弹出新窗口
GridView固定表头(不用javascript只用CSS,2行代码,很好用)
GridView合并表头多重表头无错完美版(以合并3列3行举例)
GridView突出显示某一单元格(例如金额低于多少,分数不及格等)
GridView加入自动求和求平均值小计
GridView数据导入Excel/Excel数据读入GridView

1.GridView无代码分页排序

效果图:

1.AllowSorting设为True,aspx代码中是AllowSorting="True";
2.默认1页10条,如果要修改每页条数,修改PageSize即可,在aspx代码中是PageSize="12"。
3.默认的是单向排序的,右击GridView弹出“属性”,选择AllowSorting为True即可。

2.GridView选中,编辑,取消,删除:

效果图:

后台代码:
你可以使用sqlhelper,本文没用。代码如下:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;

public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page
{

//清清月儿http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet 
    SqlConnection sqlcon;
    SqlCommand sqlcom;
    string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=数据库名;Uid=帐号;Pwd=密码";
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
            bind();
        }
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowEditing(object sender, GridViewEditEventArgs e)
    {
        GridView1.EditIndex = e.NewEditIndex;
        bind();
    }

//删除
    protected void GridView1_RowDeleting(object sender, GridViewDeleteEventArgs e)
    {
        string sqlstr = "delete from 表 where id='" + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        sqlcom = new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
        sqlcon.Open();
        sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
        sqlcon.Close();
        bind();
    }

//更新
    protected void GridView1_RowUpdating(object sender, GridViewUpdateEventArgs e)
    {
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        string sqlstr = "update 表 set 字段1='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[1].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "',字段2='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[2].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "',字段3='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[3].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "' where id='"
            + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
        sqlcom=new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
        sqlcon.Open();
        sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
        sqlcon.Close();
        GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
        bind();
    }

//取消
    protected void GridView1_RowCancelingEdit(object sender, GridViewCancelEditEventArgs e)
    {
        GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
        bind();
    }

//绑定
    public void bind()
    {
        string sqlstr = "select * from 表";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        DataSet myds = new DataSet();
        sqlcon.Open();
        myda.Fill(myds, "表");
        GridView1.DataSource = myds;
        GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "id" };//主键
        GridView1.DataBind();
        sqlcon.Close();
    }
}

前台主要代码:
                            ... ...
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" CellPadding="4"
                        ForeColor="#333333" GridLines="None" OnRowDeleting="GridView1_RowDeleting" OnRowEditing="GridView1_RowEditing"
                        OnRowUpdating="GridView1_RowUpdating" OnRowCancelingEdit="GridView1_RowCancelingEdit">
                        <FooterStyle BackColor="#990000" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                        <Columns>
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="用户ID" ReadOnly="True" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="员工性别" HeaderText="性别" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" />
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="选择" ShowSelectButton="True" />
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="编辑" ShowEditButton="True" />
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="删除" ShowDeleteButton="True" />
                        </Columns>
                        <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                        <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
                        <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                    </asp:GridView>


3.GridView正反双向排序:
效果图:点姓名各2次的排序,点其他也一样可以。

后台代码:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Collections;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
public partial class Default3 : System.Web.UI.Page
{

//清清月儿的博客http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet 
    SqlConnection sqlcon;
    string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=";
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
            ViewState["SortOrder"] = "身份证号码";
            ViewState["OrderDire"] = "ASC";
            bind();
        }
    }
    protected void GridView1_Sorting(object sender, GridViewSortEventArgs e)
    {
        string sPage = e.SortExpression;
        if (ViewState["SortOrder"].ToString() == sPage)
        {
            if (ViewState["OrderDire"].ToString() == "Desc")
                ViewState["OrderDire"] = "ASC";
            else
                ViewState["OrderDire"] = "Desc";
        }
        else
        {
            ViewState["SortOrder"] = e.SortExpression;
        }
        bind();
    }

    public void bind()
    {
       
        string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        DataSet myds = new DataSet();
        sqlcon.Open();
        myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
        DataView view = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView;
        string sort = (string)ViewState["SortOrder"] + " " + (string)ViewState["OrderDire"];
        view.Sort = sort;
        GridView1.DataSource = view;
        GridView1.DataBind();
        sqlcon.Close();
    }
}

前台主要代码:
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AllowSorting="True" AutoGenerateColumns="False"
                        CellPadding="3" Font-Size="9pt" OnSorting="GridView1_Sorting" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px">
                        <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <Columns>
                             <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="用户ID" SortExpression="身份证号码" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" SortExpression="姓名"/>
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="员工性别" HeaderText="性别" SortExpression="员工性别"/>
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" SortExpression="家庭住址"/>
                               
                        </Columns>
                        <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                        <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
                        <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                    </asp:GridView>

 

4.GridView和下拉菜单DropDownList结合:

效果图:

后台代码:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Collections;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
public partial class Default4 : System.Web.UI.Page
{
    SqlConnection sqlcon;
    string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=sa";
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        DropDownList ddl;
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
            string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
            sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
            SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
            DataSet myds = new DataSet();
            sqlcon.Open();
            myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
            GridView1.DataSource = myds;
            GridView1.DataBind();
            for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
            {
                DataRowView mydrv = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView[i];
                if (Convert.ToString(mydrv["员工性别"]).Trim() == "True")
                {
                    ddl = (DropDownList)GridView1.Rows[i].FindControl("DropDownList1");
                    ddl.SelectedIndex = 0;
                }
                if (Convert.ToString(mydrv["员工性别"]).Trim() == "False")
                {
                    ddl = (DropDownList)GridView1.Rows[i].FindControl("DropDownList1");
                    ddl.SelectedIndex = 1;
                }
            }
            sqlcon.Close();
        }
    }
    public SqlDataReader ddlbind()
    {
        string sqlstr = "select distinct 员工性别 from 飞狐工作室";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlCommand sqlcom = new SqlCommand(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        sqlcon.Open();
        return sqlcom.ExecuteReader();
    }

前台主要代码:
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AllowSorting="True" AutoGenerateColumns="False"
                        CellPadding="3" Font-Size="9pt"  BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px">
                        <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <Columns>
                             <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="用户ID" SortExpression="身份证号码" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" SortExpression="姓名"/>
                            <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="员工性别">
                                <ItemTemplate>
                                    <asp:DropDownList ID="DropDownList1" runat="server" DataSource='<%# ddlbind()%>' DataValueField="员工性别" DataTextField="员工性别">
                                    </asp:DropDownList>
                                </ItemTemplate>
                            </asp:TemplateField>
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" SortExpression="家庭住址"/>
                               
                        </Columns>
                        <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                        <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
                        <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                    </asp:GridView>

5.GridView和CheckBox结合:

效果图:

后台代码:

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;

public partial class Default5 : System.Web.UI.Page
{
//清清月儿http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet
    SqlConnection sqlcon;
    string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=sa";
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
            bind();
        }
    }
    protected void CheckBox2_CheckedChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
        {
            CheckBox cbox = (CheckBox)GridView1.Rows[i].FindControl("CheckBox1");
            if (CheckBox2.Checked == true)
            {
                cbox.Checked = true;
            }
            else
            {
                cbox.Checked = false;
            }
        }
    }
    protected void Button2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlCommand sqlcom;
        for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
        {
            CheckBox cbox = (CheckBox)GridView1.Rows[i].FindControl("CheckBox1");
            if (cbox.Checked == true)
            {

                string sqlstr = "delete from 飞狐工作室 where 身份证号码='" + GridView1.DataKeys[i].Value + "'";
                sqlcom = new SqlCommand(sqlstr, sqlcon);
                sqlcon.Open();
                sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
                sqlcon.Close();
            }
        }
        bind();
    }
    protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        CheckBox2.Checked = false;
        for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
        {
            CheckBox cbox = (CheckBox)GridView1.Rows[i].FindControl("CheckBox1");
            cbox.Checked = false;
        }
    }
    public void bind()
    {
        string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        DataSet myds = new DataSet();
        sqlcon.Open();
        myda.Fill(myds, "tb_Member");
        GridView1.DataSource = myds;
        GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "身份证号码" };
        GridView1.DataBind();
        sqlcon.Close();
    }
}

前台主要代码:

<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AllowSorting="True" AutoGenerateColumns="False"
                        CellPadding="3" Font-Size="9pt"  BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px">
                        <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <Columns>
                             <asp:TemplateField>
                                <ItemTemplate>
                                    <asp:CheckBox ID="CheckBox1" runat="server" />
                                </ItemTemplate>
                            </asp:TemplateField>
                             <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="用户ID" SortExpression="身份证号码" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" SortExpression="姓名"/>
                           
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" SortExpression="家庭住址"/>
                               
                        </Columns>
                        <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                        <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
                        <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                    </asp:GridView>
                     <asp:CheckBox ID="CheckBox2" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" Font-Size="9pt" OnCheckedChanged="CheckBox2_CheckedChanged"
                        Text="全选" />
                    <asp:Button ID="Button1" runat="server" Font-Size="9pt" Text="取消" OnClick="Button1_Click" />
                    <asp:Button ID="Button2" runat="server" Font-Size="9pt" Text="删除" OnClick="Button2_Click" />

6.鼠标移到GridView某一行时改变该行的背景色方法一:

效果图:

做法:
双击GridView的OnRowDataBound事件;
在后台的GridView1_RowDataBound()方法添加代码,最后代码如下所示:
protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
    {
        int i;
        //执行循环,保证每条数据都可以更新
        for (i = 0; i < GridView1.Rows.Count; i++)
        {
            //首先判断是否是数据行
            if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
            {
                //当鼠标停留时更改背景色
                e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseover", "c=this.style.backgroundColor;this.style.backgroundColor='#00A9FF'");
                //当鼠标移开时还原背景色
                e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseout", "this.style.backgroundColor=c");
            }
        }

    }

前台代码:
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>实现鼠标划过改变GridView的行背景色 清清月儿http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet </title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <div>
        <asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" DataKeyNames="身份证号码"
            DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1" AllowSorting="True" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" CellPadding="3" Font-Size="12px" OnRowDataBound="GridView1_RowDataBound">
            <Columns>
                <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="身份证号码" ReadOnly="True" SortExpression="身份证号码" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="姓名" SortExpression="姓名" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" SortExpression="家庭住址" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="邮政编码" HeaderText="邮政编码" SortExpression="邮政编码" />
            </Columns>
            <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
            <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
            <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
            <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
            <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
        </asp:GridView>
        <asp:SqlDataSource ID="SqlDataSource1" runat="server" ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:北风贸易ConnectionString1 %>"
            SelectCommand="SELECT top 5 [身份证号码], [姓名], [员工性别], [家庭住址], [邮政编码] FROM [飞狐工作室]" DataSourceMode="DataReader"></asp:SqlDataSource>
   
    </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

7.鼠标移到GridView某一行时改变该行的背景色方法二:

效果图:

做法:和上面的一样就是代码不同
protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
    {
        //int i;
        ////执行循环,保证每条数据都可以更新
        //for (i = 0; i < GridView1.Rows.Count; i++)
        //{
        //    //首先判断是否是数据行
        //    if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
        //    {
        //        //当鼠标停留时更改背景色
        //        e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseover", "c=this.style.backgroundColor;this.style.backgroundColor='#00A9FF'");
        //        //当鼠标移开时还原背景色
        //        e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseout", "this.style.backgroundColor=c");
        //    }
        //}
        //如果是绑定数据行
        if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
        {
            //鼠标经过时,行背景色变
            e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseover", "this.style.backgroundColor='#E6F5FA'");
            //鼠标移出时,行背景色变
            e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseout", "this.style.backgroundColor='#FFFFFF'");
        }

    }

8.GridView实现删除时弹出确认对话框:

效果图:

实现方法:
双击GridView的OnRowDataBound事件;
在后台的GridView1_RowDataBound()方法添加代码,最后代码如下所示:

    protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
    {
        //如果是绑定数据行
        if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
        {
             if (e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Normal || e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Alternate)
            {
                ((LinkButton)e.Row.Cells[6].Controls[0]).Attributes.Add("onclick", "javascript:return confirm('你确认要删除:/"" + e.Row.Cells[1].Text + "/"吗?')");
            }
        }

    }

9.GridView实现自动编号:

效果图:

实现方法:
双击GridView的OnRowDataBound事件;
在后台的GridView1_RowDataBound()方法添加代码,最后代码如下所示:
    protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
    {
        //如果是绑定数据行 //清清月儿http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet 
        if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
        {
            ////鼠标经过时,行背景色变
            //e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseover", "this.style.backgroundColor='#E6F5FA'");
            ////鼠标移出时,行背景色变
            //e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseout", "this.style.backgroundColor='#FFFFFF'");

            ////当有编辑列时,避免出错,要加的RowState判断
            //if (e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Normal || e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Alternate)
            //{
            //    ((LinkButton)e.Row.Cells[6].Controls[0]).Attributes.Add("onclick", "javascript:return confirm('你确认要删除:/"" + e.Row.Cells[1].Text + "/"吗?')");
            //}

        }
        if (e.Row.RowIndex != -1)
        {
            int id = e.Row.RowIndex + 1;
            e.Row.Cells[0].Text = id.ToString();
        }

    }

 

注意这时最好把前台的第一列的表头该为“编号”,因为以前的第一列被“吃掉”了。
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" CellPadding="3" OnRowDeleting="GridView1_RowDeleting" OnRowEditing="GridView1_RowEditing"
                        OnRowUpdating="GridView1_RowUpdating" OnRowCancelingEdit="GridView1_RowCancelingEdit" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" Font-Size="12px" OnRowDataBound="GridView1_RowDataBound">
                        <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <Columns>
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="编号" ReadOnly="True" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="员工性别" HeaderText="性别" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" />
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="选择" ShowSelectButton="True" />
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="编辑" ShowEditButton="True" />
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="删除" ShowDeleteButton="True" />
                        </Columns>
                        <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                        <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
                        <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                    </asp:GridView>

10.GridView实现自定义时间货币等字符串格式:

效果图:
图1-未格式化前

图2-格式化后

解决方法:

在asp.net 2.0中,如果要在绑定列中显示比如日期格式等,如果用下面的方法是显示不了的

<asp :BoundField DataField="CreationDate"
DataFormatString="{0:M-dd-yyyy}"
HeaderText="CreationDate" />

主要是由于htmlencode属性默认设置为true,已防止XSS攻击,安全起见而用的,所以,可以有以下两种方法解决

1、

<asp :GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server">
<columns>
<asp :BoundField DataField="CreationDate"
DataFormatString="{0:M-dd-yyyy}"
HtmlEncode="false"
HeaderText="CreationDate" />
</columns>
</asp>

将htmlencode设置为false即可

另外的解决方法为,使用模版列

<asp :GridView ID="GridView3" runat="server" >
<columns>
<asp :TemplateField HeaderText="CreationDate" >
<edititemtemplate>
<asp :Label ID="Label1" runat="server"
Text='<%# Eval("CreationDate", "{0:M-dd-yyyy}") %>'>
</asp>
</edititemtemplate>
<itemtemplate>
<asp :Label ID="Label1" runat="server"
Text=’<%# Bind("CreationDate", "{0:M-dd-yyyy}") %>'>
</asp>
</itemtemplate>
</asp>
</columns>
</asp>

前台代码:
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" DataKeyNames="身份证号码"
            DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1" AllowSorting="True" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" CellPadding="3" Font-Size="12px" OnRowDataBound="GridView1_RowDataBound">
            <Columns>
                <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="身份证号码" ReadOnly="True" SortExpression="身份证号码" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="姓名" SortExpression="姓名" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="邮政编码" HeaderText="邮政编码" SortExpression="邮政编码" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="出生日期" HeaderText="出生日期" SortExpression="出生日期" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="起薪" HeaderText="起薪" SortExpression="起薪" />
            </Columns>
            <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
            <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
            <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
            <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
            <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
        </asp:GridView>
        <asp:SqlDataSource ID="SqlDataSource1" runat="server" ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:北风贸易ConnectionString1 %>"
            SelectCommand="SELECT top 5 [出生日期], [起薪], [身份证号码], [姓名], [家庭住址], [邮政编码] FROM [飞狐工作室]" DataSourceMode="DataReader"></asp:SqlDataSource>

附录-常用格式化公式:
{0:C}  货币;
{0:D4}由0填充的4个字符宽的字段中显示整数;
{0:000.0}四舍五入小数点保留第几位有效数字;
{0:N2}小数点保留2位有效数字;{0:N2}%   小数点保留2位有效数字加百分号;
{0:D}长日期;{0:d}短日期;{0:yy-MM-dd}   例如07-3-25;;{0:yyyy-MM-dd}  例如2007-3-25

 11.GridView实现用“...”代替超长字符串:

效果图:

解决方法:数据绑定后过滤每一行即可
for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
        {
            DataRowView mydrv;
            string gIntro;
            if (GridView1.PageIndex == 0)
            {
                mydrv = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView[i];//表名
                gIntro = Convert.ToString(mydrv["家庭住址"]);//所要处理的字段
                GridView1.Rows[i].Cells[3].Text = SubStr(gIntro, 2);
            }
            else
            {
                mydrv = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView[i + (5 * GridView1.PageIndex)];
                gIntro = Convert.ToString(mydrv["家庭住址"]);
                GridView1.Rows[i].Cells[3].Text = SubStr(gIntro, 2);
            }
        } 

调用的方法:

    public string SubStr(string sString, int nLeng)
    {
        if (sString.Length <= nLeng)
        {
            return sString;
        }
        string sNewStr = sString.Substring(0, nLeng);
        sNewStr = sNewStr + "...";
        return sNewStr;
    }

后台全部代码:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;

public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page
{
    SqlConnection sqlcon;
    SqlCommand sqlcom;
    string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=sa";
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
            ViewState["SortOrder"] = "身份证号码";
            ViewState["OrderDire"] = "ASC";
            bind();
        }
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowEditing(object sender, GridViewEditEventArgs e)
    {
        GridView1.EditIndex = e.NewEditIndex;
        bind();
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowDeleting(object sender, GridViewDeleteEventArgs e)
    {
        string sqlstr = "delete from 飞狐工作室 where 身份证号码='" + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        sqlcom = new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
        sqlcon.Open();
        sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
        sqlcon.Close();
        bind();
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowUpdating(object sender, GridViewUpdateEventArgs e)
    {
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        string sqlstr = "update 飞狐工作室 set 姓名='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[1].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "',家庭住址='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[3].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "' where 身份证号码='"
            + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
        sqlcom=new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
        sqlcon.Open();
        sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
        sqlcon.Close();
        GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
        bind();
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowCancelingEdit(object sender, GridViewCancelEditEventArgs e)
    {
        GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
        bind();
    }
    public void bind()
    {
        string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        DataSet myds = new DataSet();
        sqlcon.Open();
        myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
        GridView1.DataSource = myds;
        GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "身份证号码" };
        GridView1.DataBind();
        for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
        {
            DataRowView mydrv;
            string gIntro;
            if (GridView1.PageIndex == 0)
            {
                mydrv = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView[i];
                gIntro = Convert.ToString(mydrv["家庭住址"]);
                GridView1.Rows[i].Cells[3].Text = SubStr(gIntro, 2);
            }
            else
            {
                mydrv = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView[i + (5 * GridView1.PageIndex)];
                gIntro = Convert.ToString(mydrv["家庭住址"]);
                GridView1.Rows[i].Cells[3].Text = SubStr(gIntro, 2);
            }
        }
       
        sqlcon.Close();
    }
    public string SubStr(string sString, int nLeng)
    {
        if (sString.Length <= nLeng)
        {
            return sString;
        }
        string sNewStr = sString.Substring(0, nLeng);
        sNewStr = sNewStr + "...";
        return sNewStr;
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
    {
        //如果是绑定数据行 
        if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
        {
            ////鼠标经过时,行背景色变
            //e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseover", "this.style.backgroundColor='#E6F5FA'");
            ////鼠标移出时,行背景色变
            //e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseout", "this.style.backgroundColor='#FFFFFF'");

            ////当有编辑列时,避免出错,要加的RowState判断
            //if (e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Normal || e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Alternate)
            //{
            //    ((LinkButton)e.Row.Cells[6].Controls[0]).Attributes.Add("onclick", "javascript:return confirm('你确认要删除:/"" + e.Row.Cells[1].Text + "/"吗?')");
            //}

        }
        if (e.Row.RowIndex != -1)
        {
            int id = e.Row.RowIndex + 1;
            e.Row.Cells[0].Text = id.ToString();
        }

    }
}

 11.GridView一般换行与强制换行:

效果图:

首先设置<asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址"  ItemStyle-Width="100" />
gridview里有一列绑定的数据很长,显示的时候在一行里面显示,页面拉得很宽。
原因是连续英文段为一个整体导致的,在RowDataBound中添加上了一句e.Row.Cells[2].Style.Add("word-break", "break-all")就可以。

如果要给所有的列增加此属性:
 protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        //正常换行
        GridView1.Attributes.Add("style", "word-break:keep-all;word-wrap:normal");
        //下面这行是自动换行
        GridView1.Attributes.Add("style", "word-break:break-all;word-wrap:break-word");
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
             bind();//调用数据绑定即可
        }
    }
总之:善用CSS的word-break:break-all;word-wrap:break-word属性即可,这个属性是通用的对于顽固的南换行问题都可以解决,不局限于GridView。

 12.GridView显示隐藏某一列:
本方案为月儿独创,不同于网上其他方式,我觉得用一个CheckBox更人性化,这样可以隐藏不必要的列,让用户自己选择需要出现的列,在处理多列时这是一个很好的解决方案!

效果图:
图1-开始

图2-点击显示的CheckBox后

解决方案:
public void bind()
    {
        string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        DataSet myds = new DataSet();
        sqlcon.Open();
        myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
        GridView1.DataSource = myds;
        GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "身份证号码" };
        GridView1.DataBind();
        sqlcon.Close();
        GridView1.Columns[3].Visible = false;//一开始隐藏
        CheckBox1.Checked = false;//如果不这样后面的代码会把他True

    }

双击CheckBox1,在CheckedChanged方法里写上代码,最后代码如下:
protected void CheckBox1_CheckedChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
         GridView1.Columns[3].Visible=! GridView1.Columns[3].Visible;
         Response.Write("GridView1的第4列现在的显示隐藏状态是:"+GridView1.Columns[3].Visible.ToString());
    }

注意:CheckBox1的AutoPostBack要True

后台全部代码如下:

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;

public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page
{
    SqlConnection sqlcon;
    SqlCommand sqlcom; 
    string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=sa";
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
            ViewState["SortOrder"] = "身份证号码";
            ViewState["OrderDire"] = "ASC";
            bind();
                   }
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowEditing(object sender, GridViewEditEventArgs e)
    {
        GridView1.EditIndex = e.NewEditIndex;
        bind();
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowDeleting(object sender, GridViewDeleteEventArgs e)
    {
        string sqlstr = "delete from 飞狐工作室 where 身份证号码='" + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        sqlcom = new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
        sqlcon.Open();
        sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
        sqlcon.Close();
        bind();
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowUpdating(object sender, GridViewUpdateEventArgs e)
    {
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        string sqlstr = "update 飞狐工作室 set 姓名='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[1].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "',家庭住址='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[3].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "' where 身份证号码='"
            + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
        sqlcom=new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
        sqlcon.Open();
        sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
        sqlcon.Close();
        GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
        bind();
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowCancelingEdit(object sender, GridViewCancelEditEventArgs e)
    {
        GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
        bind();
    }
    public void bind()
    {
        string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        DataSet myds = new DataSet();
        sqlcon.Open();
        myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
        GridView1.DataSource = myds;
        GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "身份证号码" };
        GridView1.DataBind();
        sqlcon.Close();
        GridView1.Columns[3].Visible = false;
        CheckBox1.Checked = false;
    }
    protected void CheckBox1_CheckedChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
         GridView1.Columns[3].Visible=! GridView1.Columns[3].Visible;
         Response.Write("GridView1的第4列现在的显示隐藏状态是:"+GridView1.Columns[3].Visible.ToString());
    }
}

前台代码:
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>GridView显示隐藏列 清清月儿http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet </title>
</head>
<body style="font-size=12px">
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <div>
                   <asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" CellPadding="3" OnRowDeleting="GridView1_RowDeleting" OnRowEditing="GridView1_RowEditing"
                        OnRowUpdating="GridView1_RowUpdating" OnRowCancelingEdit="GridView1_RowCancelingEdit" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" Font-Size="12px"  >
                        <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <Columns>
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="编号" ReadOnly="True" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="邮政编码" HeaderText="邮政编码" SortExpression="邮政编码" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址"  />
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="选择" ShowSelectButton="True" />
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="编辑" ShowEditButton="True" />
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="删除" ShowDeleteButton="True" />
                        </Columns>
                        <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                        <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
                        <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                    </asp:GridView>
        <asp:CheckBox ID="CheckBox1" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" Font-Size="12px"
            OnCheckedChanged="CheckBox1_CheckedChanged" Text="显示隐藏家庭住址" /></div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

 13.GridView弹出新页面/弹出制定大小位置新窗口:

效果图:

方案一:简单的方法,新窗口不固定大小
 <asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" CellPadding="3" OnRowDeleting="GridView1_RowDeleting" OnRowEditing="GridView1_RowEditing"
                        OnRowUpdating="GridView1_RowUpdating" OnRowCancelingEdit="GridView1_RowCancelingEdit" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" Font-Size="12px"  >
                        <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <Columns>
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="编号" ReadOnly="True" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="邮政编码" HeaderText="邮政编码" SortExpression="邮政编码" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址"  />
                            <asp:HyperLinkField HeaderText="姓名" Text="姓名" DataNavigateUrlFields="姓名" DataNavigateUrlFormatString="Default6.aspx?GoodsID={0}" Target="mainframe" NavigateUrl="~/Default6.aspx" DataTextField="姓名" >
                    </asp:HyperLinkField>
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="选择" ShowSelectButton="True" />
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="编辑" ShowEditButton="True" />
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="删除" ShowDeleteButton="True" />
                        </Columns>
                        <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                        <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
                        <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                    </asp:GridView>
DataNavigateUrlFields是链接的字段名,DataNavigateUrlFormatString是路径。

方案二:精确控制弹出窗口大小位置
<asp:HyperLinkColumn DataNavigateUrlField="EmployeeID" DataNavigateUrlFormatString="javascript:varwin=window.open('detail.aspx?ID={0}',null,'width=300,height=200');window.Close();"
       DataTextField="LastName" HeaderText="LastName"></asp:HyperLinkColumn>

使用的是结合javascript的window.open方法,关于window.open的参数网上有很多帖子,本站也有许多参考
弹出窗口大全 http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet/archive/2004/10/25/150231.aspx   即可!

  14.GridView固定表头(不用javascript只用CSS!,很好用)

效果图:

代码:
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>GridView固定表头 清清月儿http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet </title>
        <style>
.Freezing
   {
   
   position:relative ;
   table-layout:fixed;
   top:expression(this.offsetParent.scrollTop);  
   z-index: 10;
   }

.Freezing th{text-overflow:ellipsis;overflow:hidden;white-space: nowrap;padding:2px;}
</style>
</head>
<body style="font-size=12px">
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <div style="overflow-y: scroll; height: 200px;width:300px" id="dvBody">
                   <asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server"    AutoGenerateColumns="False" CellPadding="3" OnRowDeleting="GridView1_RowDeleting" OnRowEditing="GridView1_RowEditing"
                        OnRowUpdating="GridView1_RowUpdating" OnRowCancelingEdit="GridView1_RowCancelingEdit" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" Font-Size="12px" OnRowCreated="GridView1_RowCreated"  >
                        <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <Columns>
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="编号" ReadOnly="True" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="邮政编码" HeaderText="邮政编码" SortExpression="邮政编码" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址"  />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="姓名"  />
                           
                        </Columns>
                        <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                        <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left"  CssClass="ms-formlabel DataGridFixedHeader"/>
                        <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" CssClass="Freezing"/>
                    </asp:GridView>
        </div>

    </form>
</body>
</html>

用法:CSS设如上的样式,HeaderStyle加CssClass="Freezing,套住GridView的Div设置高度宽度 <div style="overflow-y: scroll; height: 200px;width:200px" >

15.GridView合并表头多重表头无错完美版(以合并3列3行举例)

效果图:


后台代码:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Drawing;
public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page
{
    SqlConnection sqlcon;
    SqlCommand sqlcom;
    string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=sa";
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
            bind();
           
        }
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowEditing(object sender, GridViewEditEventArgs e)
    {
        GridView1.EditIndex = e.NewEditIndex;
        bind();
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowUpdating(object sender, GridViewUpdateEventArgs e)
    {
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        string sqlstr = "update 飞狐工作室 set 姓名='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[1].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "',家庭住址='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[3].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "' where 身份证号码='"
            + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
        sqlcom=new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
        sqlcon.Open();
        sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
        sqlcon.Close();
        GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
        bind();
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowCancelingEdit(object sender, GridViewCancelEditEventArgs e)
    {
        GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
        bind();
    }
    public void bind()
    {
        string sqlstr = "select top 10 * from 飞狐工作室";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        DataSet myds = new DataSet();
        sqlcon.Open();
        myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
        GridView1.DataSource = myds;
        GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "身份证号码" };
        GridView1.DataBind();
        sqlcon.Close();
    }

//这里就是解决方案
    protected void GridView1_RowCreated(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
    {
        switch (e.Row.RowType)
        {
            case DataControlRowType.Header:
                //第一行表头
                TableCellCollection tcHeader = e.Row.Cells;
                tcHeader.Clear();
                tcHeader.Add(new TableHeaderCell());
                tcHeader[0].Attributes.Add("rowspan", "3"); //跨Row
                tcHeader[0].Attributes.Add("bgcolor", "white");
                tcHeader[0].Text = "";
                tcHeader.Add(new TableHeaderCell());
                //tcHeader[1].Attributes.Add("bgcolor", "Red");
                tcHeader[1].Attributes.Add("colspan", "6"); //跨Column
                tcHeader[1].Text = "全部信息</th></tr><tr>";

                //第二行表头
                tcHeader.Add(new TableHeaderCell());
                tcHeader[2].Attributes.Add("bgcolor", "DarkSeaGreen");
                tcHeader[2].Text = "身份证号码";
                tcHeader.Add(new TableHeaderCell());
                tcHeader[3].Attributes.Add("bgcolor", "LightSteelBlue");
                tcHeader[3].Attributes.Add("colspan", "2");
                tcHeader[3].Text = "基本信息";
                tcHeader.Add(new TableHeaderCell());
                tcHeader[4].Attributes.Add("bgcolor", "DarkSeaGreen");
                tcHeader[4].Text = "福利";
                tcHeader.Add(new TableHeaderCell());
                tcHeader[5].Attributes.Add("bgcolor", "LightSteelBlue");
                tcHeader[5].Attributes.Add("colspan", "2");
                tcHeader[5].Text = "联系方式</th></tr><tr>";

                //第三行表头
                tcHeader.Add(new TableHeaderCell());
                tcHeader[6].Attributes.Add("bgcolor", "Khaki");
                tcHeader[6].Text = "身份证号码";
                tcHeader.Add(new TableHeaderCell());
                tcHeader[7].Attributes.Add("bgcolor", "Khaki");
                tcHeader[7].Text = "姓名";
                tcHeader.Add(new TableHeaderCell());
                tcHeader[8].Attributes.Add("bgcolor", "Khaki");
                tcHeader[8].Text = "出生日期";
                tcHeader.Add(new TableHeaderCell());
                tcHeader[9].Attributes.Add("bgcolor", "Khaki");
                tcHeader[9].Text = "薪水";
                tcHeader.Add(new TableHeaderCell());
                tcHeader[10].Attributes.Add("bgcolor", "Khaki");
                tcHeader[10].Text = "家庭住址";
                tcHeader.Add(new TableHeaderCell());
                tcHeader[11].Attributes.Add("bgcolor", "Khaki");
                tcHeader[11].Text = "邮政编码";
                break;
        }
    }
}

前台:
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>GridView合并多重表头表头 清清月儿http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet </title>
</head>
<body >
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <div  >
                   <asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server"    AutoGenerateColumns="False" CellPadding="3"  OnRowEditing="GridView1_RowEditing"
                        OnRowUpdating="GridView1_RowUpdating" OnRowCancelingEdit="GridView1_RowCancelingEdit" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" Font-Size="12px" OnRowCreated="GridView1_RowCreated"  >
                        <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <Columns>
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="编辑" ShowEditButton="True" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="编号" ReadOnly="True" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="姓名"  />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="出生日期" HeaderText="邮政编码"  />
                             <asp:BoundField DataField="起薪" HeaderText="起薪"  />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址"  />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="邮政编码" HeaderText="邮政编码" />
                          
                        </Columns>
                        <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                        <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left"  CssClass="ms-formlabel DataGridFixedHeader"/>
                        <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                    </asp:GridView>
        </div>

    </form>
</body>
</html>

16.GridView突出显示某一单元格(例如金额低于多少,分数不及格等)

效果图:

解决方案:主要是绑定后过滤
 GridView1.DataBind();
        for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
        {
            DataRowView mydrv = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView[i];
            string score = Convert.ToString(mydrv["起薪"]);
            if (Convert.ToDouble(score) < 34297.00)//大家这里根据具体情况设置可能ToInt32等等
            {
                GridView1.Rows[i].Cells[4].BackColor = System.Drawing.Color.Red;
            }
        }
        sqlcon.Close();

全部后台代码:

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Drawing;

public partial class Default7 : System.Web.UI.Page
{
    SqlConnection sqlcon;
    SqlCommand sqlcom;
    string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=sa";
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
            bind();

        }
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowEditing(object sender, GridViewEditEventArgs e)
    {
        GridView1.EditIndex = e.NewEditIndex;
        bind();
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowUpdating(object sender, GridViewUpdateEventArgs e)
    {
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        string sqlstr = "update 飞狐工作室 set 姓名='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[1].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "',家庭住址='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[3].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "' where 身份证号码='"
            + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
        sqlcom = new SqlCommand(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        sqlcon.Open();
        sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
        sqlcon.Close();
        GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
        bind();
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowCancelingEdit(object sender, GridViewCancelEditEventArgs e)
    {
        GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
        bind();
    }
    public void bind()
    {
        string sqlstr = "select top 10 * from 飞狐工作室";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        DataSet myds = new DataSet();
        sqlcon.Open();
        myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
        GridView1.DataSource = myds;
        GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "身份证号码" };
        GridView1.DataBind();
        for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
        {
            DataRowView mydrv = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView[i];
            string score = Convert.ToString(mydrv["起薪"]);
            if (Convert.ToDouble(score) < 34297.00)//大家这里根据具体情况设置可能ToInt32等等

            {
                GridView1.Rows[i].Cells[4].BackColor = System.Drawing.Color.Red;
            }
        }
        sqlcon.Close();
    }
}

前台代码:

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>GridView突出显示某一单元格 清清月儿http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet </title>
</head>
<body >
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <div  >
                   <asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server"    AutoGenerateColumns="False" CellPadding="3"  OnRowEditing="GridView1_RowEditing"
                        OnRowUpdating="GridView1_RowUpdating" OnRowCancelingEdit="GridView1_RowCancelingEdit" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" Font-Size="12px"  >
                        <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <Columns>
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="编辑" ShowEditButton="True" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="编号" ReadOnly="True" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="姓名"  />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="出生日期" HeaderText="邮政编码"  />
                             <asp:BoundField DataField="起薪" HeaderText="起薪"  DataFormatString="{0:C}" HtmlEncode="false"/>
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址"  />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="邮政编码" HeaderText="邮政编码" />
                          
                        </Columns>
                        <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                        <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left"  CssClass="ms-formlabel DataGridFixedHeader"/>
                        <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                    </asp:GridView>
        </div>

    </form>
</body>
</html>

 17.GridView加入自动求和求平均值小计

效果图:
解决方案:    
private double sum = 0;//取指定列的数据和,你要根据具体情况对待可能你要处理的是int
protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
    {
       
        if (e.Row.RowIndex >= 0)
        {
            sum += Convert.ToDouble(e.Row.Cells[6].Text);
        }
        else if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.Footer)
        {
            e.Row.Cells[5].Text = "总薪水为:";
            e.Row.Cells[6].Text = sum.ToString();
            e.Row.Cells[3].Text = "平均薪水为:";
            e.Row.Cells[4].Text = ((int)(sum / GridView1.Rows.Count)).ToString();
           
        }
    }

后台全部代码:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Drawing;

public partial class Default7 : System.Web.UI.Page
{
    SqlConnection sqlcon;
    SqlCommand sqlcom;
    string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=sa";
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
            bind();

        }
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowEditing(object sender, GridViewEditEventArgs e)
    {
        GridView1.EditIndex = e.NewEditIndex;
        bind();
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowUpdating(object sender, GridViewUpdateEventArgs e)
    {
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        string sqlstr = "update 飞狐工作室 set 姓名='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[1].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "',家庭住址='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[3].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "' where 身份证号码='"
            + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
        sqlcom = new SqlCommand(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        sqlcon.Open();
        sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
        sqlcon.Close();
        GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
        bind();
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowCancelingEdit(object sender, GridViewCancelEditEventArgs e)
    {
        GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
        bind();
    }
    public void bind()
    {
        string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        DataSet myds = new DataSet();
        sqlcon.Open();
        myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
        GridView1.DataSource = myds;
        GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "身份证号码" };
        GridView1.DataBind();
        sqlcon.Close();
    }
    private double sum = 0;//取指定列的数据和
    protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
    {
       
        if (e.Row.RowIndex >= 0)
        {
            sum += Convert.ToDouble(e.Row.Cells[6].Text);
        }
        else if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.Footer)
        {
            e.Row.Cells[5].Text = "总薪水为:";
            e.Row.Cells[6].Text = sum.ToString();
            e.Row.Cells[3].Text = "平均薪水为:";
            e.Row.Cells[4].Text = ((int)(sum / GridView1.Rows.Count)).ToString();
           
        }
    }
}
前台:唯一的花头就是设置ShowFooter="True" ,否则默认表头为隐藏的!
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server"    AutoGenerateColumns="False" CellPadding="3"  OnRowEditing="GridView1_RowEditing"
                        OnRowUpdating="GridView1_RowUpdating" OnRowCancelingEdit="GridView1_RowCancelingEdit" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" Font-Size="12px" OnRowDataBound="GridView1_RowDataBound" ShowFooter="True"  >
                        <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <Columns>
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="编辑" ShowEditButton="True" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="编号" ReadOnly="True" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="姓名"  />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="出生日期" HeaderText="邮政编码"  />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址"  />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="邮政编码" HeaderText="邮政编码" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="起薪" HeaderText="起薪"  />
                          
                        </Columns>
                        <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                        <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left"  CssClass="ms-formlabel DataGridFixedHeader"/>
                        <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                    </asp:GridView>

 18.GridView数据导入Excel/Excel数据读入GridView

效果图:

解决方案:
页面增加一个按钮,单击事件添加如下方法:
protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        Export("application/ms-excel", "学生成绩报表.xls");
    }

    private void Export(string FileType, string FileName)
    {
        Response.Charset = "GB2312";
        Response.ContentEncoding = System.Text.Encoding.UTF7;
        Response.AppendHeader("Content-Disposition", "attachment;filename=" + HttpUtility.UrlEncode(FileName, Encoding.UTF8).ToString());
        Response.ContentType = FileType;
        this.EnableViewState = false;
        StringWriter tw = new StringWriter();
        HtmlTextWriter hw = new HtmlTextWriter(tw);
        GridView1.RenderControl(hw);
        Response.Write(tw.ToString());
        Response.End();
    }
//如果没有下面方法会报错类型“GridView”的控件“GridView1”必须放在具有 runat=server 的窗体标记内
   
public override void VerifyRenderingInServerForm(Control control)
    {
    }
还有由于是文件操作所以要引入名称空间IO和Text

后台代码:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Drawing;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;
public partial class Default7 : System.Web.UI.Page
{
    SqlConnection sqlcon;
    SqlCommand sqlcom;
    string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=sa";
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
            bind();

        }
    }
   
    public void bind()
    {
        string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        DataSet myds = new DataSet();
        sqlcon.Open();
        myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
        GridView1.DataSource = myds;
        GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "身份证号码" };
        GridView1.DataBind();
        sqlcon.Close();
    }

    protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        Export("application/ms-excel", "学生成绩报表.xls");
    }

    private void Export(string FileType, string FileName)
    {
        Response.Charset = "GB2312";
        Response.ContentEncoding = System.Text.Encoding.UTF7;
        Response.AppendHeader("Content-Disposition", "attachment;filename=" + HttpUtility.UrlEncode(FileName, Encoding.UTF8).ToString());
        Response.ContentType = FileType;
        this.EnableViewState = false;
        StringWriter tw = new StringWriter();
        HtmlTextWriter hw = new HtmlTextWriter(tw);
        GridView1.RenderControl(hw);
        Response.Write(tw.ToString());
        Response.End();
    }
    public override void VerifyRenderingInServerForm(Control control)
    {
    }
   
}

前台
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server"    AutoGenerateColumns="False" CellPadding="3" 
                         BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" Font-Size="12px"   >
                        <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <Columns>
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="编号" ReadOnly="True" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="姓名"  />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="出生日期" HeaderText="邮政编码"  />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址"  />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="邮政编码" HeaderText="邮政编码" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="起薪" HeaderText="起薪"  />
                          
                        </Columns>
                        <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                        <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left"  CssClass="ms-formlabel DataGridFixedHeader"/>
                        <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                    </asp:GridView>
        <asp:Button ID="Button1" runat="server" OnClick="Button1_Click" Text="导出" />

读取Excel数据的代码:这个很简单的
private DataSet CreateDataSource()
    {
        string strCon;
        strCon = "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=" + Server.MapPath("excel.xls") + "; Extended Properties=Excel 8.0;";
        OleDbConnection olecon = new OleDbConnection(strCon);
        OleDbDataAdapter myda = new OleDbDataAdapter("SELECT * FROM [Sheet1$]", strCon);
        DataSet myds = new DataSet();
        myda.Fill(myds);
        return myds;
    }
    protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        GridView1.DataSource = CreateDataSource();
        GridView1.DataBind();
    }

由于时间关系,这个文章先到此。有时间再写,其实还有很多技巧,不过我觉得如果能融汇贯通应该可以举一反三

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gridview72绝技

2011年03月18日 535KB 下载

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