2. Add Two Numbers

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题目描述

You are given two non-empty linked lists representing two non-negative integers. The digits are stored in reverse order and each of their nodes contain a single digit. Add the two numbers and return it as a linked list.

You may assume the two numbers do not contain any leading zero, except the number 0 itself.

Example

Input: (2 -> 4 -> 3) + (5 -> 6 -> 4)
Output: 7 -> 0 -> 8
Explanation: 342 + 465 = 807.

解题代码

 class Solution {
 public:
     ListNode* addTwoNumbers(ListNode* l1, ListNode* l2) {
         if (l1 == nullptr)
             return l2;
         if (l2 == nullptr)
             return l1;
         ListNode * LN1 = l1, *LN2 = l2, *sum = nullptr, *current = nullptr;
         int carry = 0;
         sum = current = new ListNode((LN1->val + LN2->val) % 10);
         if ((LN1->val + LN2->val) / 10 > 0)
             carry = 1;
         LN1 = LN1->next;
         LN2 = LN2->next;
         while (LN1 != nullptr && LN2 != nullptr)
         {
             int temp = LN1->val + LN2->val + carry;
             current->next = new ListNode(temp % 10);
             current = current->next;
             LN1 = LN1->next;
             LN2 = LN2->next;
             carry = temp / 10;
         }
         ListNode * temp = LN1 != nullptr ? LN1 : LN2;
         while (temp != nullptr)
         {
             int value = temp->val + carry;
             current->next = new ListNode(value % 10);
             current = current->next;
             carry = value / 10;
             temp = temp->next;
         }
         if (carry != 0) {
             current->next = new ListNode(1);
         }
         return sum;
     }
 };

解题思路

  1. 看懂题目,两个数相加并非简单的对应位相加,还要考虑进位问题。
  2. 要考虑传入参数问题,判断是否为nullptr。
  3. 题目没有说可以修改原有链接,所以最好不要修改。
  4. 新链表需要两个指针,一个指向头部,一个跟着链表移动,所以在循环外就需要new一个节点,让两个指针都指向这个节点。接着再用循环让current指针移动。
  5. 要注意指针的移动是LN1 = LN1->next;,不是LN1++
  6. 循环内new对象是current->next = new ListNode(value % 10);current = current->next;,不是’current = current->next;current= new ListNode(value % 10);’(current是当前有内容非nullptr的节点)
  7. 最后,记得如果最高位还要进位的话记得再多增添最后一个节点。
阅读更多

Add Two Numbers的问题

08-02

求助,LeetCode OJ 上的第二题Add Two Numbers,不熟练链表的我卡在这儿了,两个被加数位数相同算法没问题,位数不相同执行就当了。。。。一直没看出什么问题,调试器只有gdb,不会用。求大神帮忙看看是什么问题,跪谢。rnrn/*Add two numbersrn You are given two linked lists representing two non-negative numbers. rn The digits are stored in reverse order and each of their nodes contain a single digit. rn Add the two numbers and return it as a linked list.rn rn Input: (2 -> 4 -> 3) + (5 -> 6 -> 4)rn Output: 7 -> 0 -> 8rn*/rnrn//定义简单结点rnstruct ListNode rn int val;rn ListNode *next;rn ListNode(int x) : val(x), next(NULL) rn;rnrn//创建解决方案rnclass Solution rnpublic:rn ListNode* addTwoNumbers( ListNode* l1, ListNode* l2 ) rn ListNode *pHead , *pCurr; //定义头指针 , 当前指针rn int sum , val1 , val2 , carry; //定义和,被加数1,被加数2,进位数rn pHead = ( ListNode * )malloc( sizeof( ListNode ) ); //创建第一个结点rn pCurr = pHead; //初始化当前结点rn carry = 0; //初始化进位数rn while( l1 != NULL || l2 != NULL ) //循环直到两个被加数的当前指针都为空rn rn val1 = l1 != NULL ? l1->val : 0; //为被加数赋值rn val2 = l2 != NULL ? l2->val : 0;rn rn sum = ( val1 + val2 + carry ) % 10; //求和rn carry = ( val1 + val2 + carry ) / 10; //求进位rn rn pCurr->val = sum; //为储存结果的链表添加数字rn if ( l1->next != NULL || l2->next != NULL) //储存结果的链表添加下一个结点rn pCurr->next = ( ListNode * )malloc( sizeof( ListNode ) );rn pCurr = pCurr->next;rn rn rn if ( l1 != NULL ) //被加数指针下移rn l1 = l1->next;rn rn if ( l2 != NULL )rn l2 = l2->next;rn rn rn rn if ( carry != 0) //循环结束进位结算rn pCurr->next = ( ListNode * )malloc( sizeof( ListNode ) );rn pCurr = pCurr->next;rn pCurr->val = carry;rn rn rn pCurr->next = NULL;rn rn return pHead; //输出结果rn rn;

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