Android 备份(提取)apk

本文介绍两种提取完整apk(系统预装的和用户安装的)

一、通过adb提取(适合开发者)

    1. adb shell pm list packages找到要提取apk的包名

F:\winadb>adb shell pm list packages
package:com.android.fmradio
package:com.mediatek.gba
package:com.mediatek.ims
package:com.android.cts.priv.ctsshim
package:com.google.android.youtube
package:org.simalliance.openmobileapi.uicc2terminal
package:com.google.android.ext.services
package:com.android.providers.telephony
...


   2. adb shell pm path 定位apk所在系统路径

F:\winadb>adb shell pm path com.google.android.youtube
package:/system/app/YouTube/YouTube.apk

   

   3. adb pull <remote> [<local>] 从手机把apk pull下来

F:\winadb>adb pull /system/app/YouTube/YouTube.apk
9745 KB/s (31047955 bytes in 3.111s)


  这样三步就把想要的apk pull下来了,但是有个问题,执行第1步时,会dump很多包名,怎么确定那个包名是自己想要提取的apk吗?有些熟悉apk对应的包名一眼就认出来,但是对一个陌生的apk,是很难确定包名的。

二、app实现提取(适合大众)

比如坐高铁(或火车),看见隔壁的小伙伴玩的某款游戏,好像挺有意思,也想玩一下,好不容易向人家问到了,App名字,但是高速奔跑的高铁上没有WIFI,4G/3G网络(2G就不考虑了)又不好,怎么下载呢?如果能离线传输岂不更好?的确有,比如蓝牙、WIFI P2P(WIFI直连)都可以传输文件。这种情况还得apk在手机存储卡,否则也无法分享了。

下面就介绍通过app的方式将app(系统预装的和用户安装的)提取到手机存储(sdcard),实现的原理就像shell命令cp,java的实现是通过文件输入/输出流进行拷贝。(思路借鉴快牙app)

先上一张图,左边是快牙app,右边是本文说的demo


demo上面三个按钮用于过滤显示系统应用和用户自己安装的应用,每个item显示应用的图标、应用的名称、应用的包名、应用所在系统路径,一一对应,很容找到想要备份的apk了,长按弹出ContextMenu即可备份,代码比较简单,就一个类,直接贴出来了

package com.android.backupapp;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.channels.FileChannel;
import java.text.Collator;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Comparator;
import java.util.List;

import com.android.backupapp.R.string;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.content.pm.ApplicationInfo;
import android.content.pm.PackageInfo;
import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
import android.graphics.drawable.Drawable;
import android.os.Build;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.os.Message;
import android.os.UserHandle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.ContextMenu;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.MenuInflater;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.view.ContextMenu.ContextMenuInfo;
import android.view.View.OnCreateContextMenuListener;
import android.widget.AdapterView;
import android.widget.BaseAdapter;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MainActivity extends Activity implements
        OnCreateContextMenuListener, OnClickListener {

    private PackageManager mPackageManager;
    private Button mBtnAllApps;
    private Button mBtnSystemApps;
    private Button mBtnDataApps;
    private ListView mListView;
    private AppListAdapter mAdapter;
    public int MID;

    private static final String BACKUP_PATH = "/sdcard/Backup/";
    private static final String APK = ".apk";
    private static final String ODEX = ".odex";
    private static final String OAT32 = "oat/arm";
    private static final String OAT64 = "oat/arm64";

    public static enum AppType {
        SYSTEM, DATA, ALL
    }

    private static final int EVENT_COMPLETE = 1;
    private Handler mH = new Handler() {
        public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
            switch (msg.what) {
            case EVENT_COMPLETE:
                Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, (String) msg.obj,
                        Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                break;
            }
        }
    };

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        mListView = (ListView) findViewById(R.id.listview);
        mListView.setOnCreateContextMenuListener(this);

        mBtnAllApps = (Button) findViewById(R.id.all_apps);
        mBtnSystemApps = (Button) findViewById(R.id.system_apps);
        mBtnDataApps = (Button) findViewById(R.id.data_apps);

        mBtnAllApps.setOnClickListener(this);
        mBtnSystemApps.setOnClickListener(this);
        mBtnDataApps.setOnClickListener(this);

        mPackageManager = getPackageManager();
        List<PackageInfo> lists = mPackageManager
                .getInstalledPackages(PackageManager.GET_UNINSTALLED_PACKAGES);
        Collections.sort(lists, new DisplayNameComparator(mPackageManager));
        mAdapter = new AppListAdapter(this, lists);
        mListView.setAdapter(mAdapter);
    }

    @Override
    public void onClick(View view) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        if (view == mBtnAllApps) {
            if (mAdapter.getAppType() != AppType.ALL) {
                mAdapter.setAppType(AppType.ALL);
                mAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
            }
        } else if (view == mBtnSystemApps) {
            if (mAdapter.getAppType() != AppType.SYSTEM) {
                mAdapter.setAppType(AppType.SYSTEM);
                mAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
            }
        } else if (view == mBtnDataApps) {
            if (mAdapter.getAppType() != AppType.DATA) {
                mAdapter.setAppType(AppType.DATA);
                mAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
            }
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onCreateContextMenu(ContextMenu menu, View v,
            ContextMenuInfo menuInfo) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        MenuInflater inflater = new MenuInflater(this);
        inflater.inflate(R.menu.context_menu, menu);
        super.onCreateContextMenu(menu, v, menuInfo);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onContextItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        AdapterView.AdapterContextMenuInfo info = (AdapterView.AdapterContextMenuInfo) item
                .getMenuInfo();
        MID = (int) info.id;
        PackageInfo pi = mAdapter.getItem(MID);
        switch (item.getItemId()) {
        case R.id.backup:
            backupApp(pi);
            return true;
        }
        return super.onContextItemSelected(item);
    }

    private Drawable getAppIcon(PackageInfo packageInfo) {
        return packageInfo.applicationInfo.loadIcon(mPackageManager);
    }

    private String getAppName(PackageInfo packageInfo) {
        return packageInfo.applicationInfo.loadLabel(mPackageManager)
                .toString();
    }

    private String getAppPackageName(PackageInfo packageInfo) {
        return packageInfo.packageName;
    }

    private String getAppSourceDir(PackageInfo packageInfo) {
        return packageInfo.applicationInfo.sourceDir;
    }

    private void backupApp(PackageInfo packageInfo) {
        String source = getAppSourceDir(packageInfo);
        if ((packageInfo.applicationInfo.flags & ApplicationInfo.FLAG_SYSTEM) == 0) {
            String key = getAppName(packageInfo);
            String dest = BACKUP_PATH + key + APK;
            Toast.makeText(this, R.string.backup_start, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT)
                    .show();
            new Thread(new CopyRunnable(source, dest, key)).start();
        } else {
            String path = new File(source).getParent();
            String name = new File(source).getName();
            name = name.substring(0, name.indexOf(APK));

            String kitKat = new File(path).getParent() + File.separator + name
                    + ODEX;
            String oat32 = path + File.separator + OAT32 + File.separator
                    + name + ODEX;
            String oat64 = path + File.separator + OAT64 + File.separator
                    + name + ODEX;

            if (!new File(kitKat).exists() && !new File(oat32).exists()
                    && !new File(oat64).exists()) {
                String key = getAppName(packageInfo);
                if (getAppIcon(packageInfo).equals(
                        getAppPackageName(packageInfo))) {
                    key = name;
                }
                String dest = BACKUP_PATH + key + APK;
                Toast.makeText(this, R.string.backup_start, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT)
                        .show();
                new Thread(new CopyRunnable(source, dest, key)).start();
            } else {
                Toast.makeText(this, R.string.apk_has_oat, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT)
                        .show();
            }
        }
    }

    private class CopyRunnable implements Runnable {

        private String source;
        private String dest;
        private String key;

        public CopyRunnable(String source, String dest, String key) {
            this.source = source;
            this.dest = dest;
            this.key = key;
        }

        @Override
        public void run() {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            try {
                int length = 1024 * 1024;

                if (!new File(BACKUP_PATH).exists()) {
                    new File(BACKUP_PATH).mkdirs();
                }

                File fDest = new File(dest);
                if (fDest.exists()) {
                    fDest.delete();
                }
                fDest.createNewFile();

                FileInputStream in = new FileInputStream(new File(source));
                FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(fDest);
                FileChannel inC = in.getChannel();
                FileChannel outC = out.getChannel();
                int i = 0;
                while (true) {
                    if (inC.position() == inC.size()) {
                        inC.close();
                        outC.close();
                        Message message = mH.obtainMessage(EVENT_COMPLETE);
                        message.obj = MainActivity.this.getString(
                                R.string.backup_success, key, dest);
                        mH.sendMessage(message);
                        break;
                    }
                    if ((inC.size() - inC.position()) < 1024 * 1024) {
                        length = (int) (inC.size() - inC.position());
                    } else {
                        length = 1024 * 1024;
                    }
                    inC.transferTo(inC.position(), length, outC);
                    inC.position(inC.position() + length);
                    i++;
                }
            } catch (Exception e) {
                // TODO: handle exception
                Log.e("zhouyj", e.toString());
            }

        }
    }

    private class AppListAdapter extends BaseAdapter {

        private Context context;
        private List<PackageInfo> lists;
        private AppType appType = AppType.DATA;

        public AppListAdapter(Context context, List<PackageInfo> lists) {
            this.context = context;
            this.lists = lists;
        }

        public AppType getAppType() {
            return appType;
        }

        public void setAppType(AppType appType) {
            this.appType = appType;
        }

        private List<PackageInfo> getDataList(AppType appType) {
            List<PackageInfo> l = new ArrayList<PackageInfo>();
            switch (appType) {
            case SYSTEM:
                for (PackageInfo pi : lists) {
                    if ((pi.applicationInfo.flags & ApplicationInfo.FLAG_SYSTEM) != 0) {
                        l.add(pi);
                    }
                }
                break;
            case DATA:
                for (PackageInfo pi : lists) {
                    if ((pi.applicationInfo.flags & ApplicationInfo.FLAG_SYSTEM) == 0) {
                        l.add(pi);
                    }
                }
                break;
            case ALL:
                return lists;
            }
            return l;
        }

        @Override
        public int getCount() {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            return getDataList(getAppType()).size();
        }

        @Override
        public PackageInfo getItem(int position) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            return getDataList(getAppType()).get(position);
        }

        @Override
        public long getItemId(int position) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            return position;
        }

        @Override
        public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            PackageInfo pi = getItem(position);

            ViewHolder viewHolder = null;
            if (convertView == null) {
                viewHolder = new ViewHolder();
                LayoutInflater mInflater = LayoutInflater.from(context);
                convertView = mInflater.inflate(R.layout.layout_item, null);

                viewHolder.imageView = (ImageView) convertView
                        .findViewById(R.id.drawable);
                viewHolder.tvAppName = (TextView) convertView
                        .findViewById(R.id.app_name);
                viewHolder.tvPackageName = (TextView) convertView
                        .findViewById(R.id.package_name);
                viewHolder.tvPath = (TextView) convertView
                        .findViewById(R.id.app_path);

                convertView.setTag(viewHolder);
            } else {
                viewHolder = (ViewHolder) convertView.getTag();
            }

            viewHolder.imageView.setImageDrawable(getAppIcon(pi));
            viewHolder.tvAppName.setText(getAppName(pi));
            viewHolder.tvPackageName.setText(getAppPackageName(pi));
            viewHolder.tvPath.setText(getAppSourceDir(pi));

            return convertView;
        }
    }

    private static class ViewHolder {
        ImageView imageView;
        TextView tvAppName;
        TextView tvPackageName;
        TextView tvPath;
    }

    public static class DisplayNameComparator implements
            Comparator<PackageInfo> {
        public DisplayNameComparator(PackageManager pm) {
            mPM = pm;
            mCollator.setStrength(Collator.PRIMARY);
        }

        public final int compare(PackageInfo a, PackageInfo b) {
            // We want to put the one targeted to another user at the end of the
            // dialog.
            CharSequence sa = a.applicationInfo.loadLabel(mPM);
            if (sa == null)
                sa = a.packageName;
            CharSequence sb = b.applicationInfo.loadLabel(mPM);
            if (sb == null)
                sb = b.packageName;

            return mCollator.compare(sa.toString(), sb.toString());
        }

        private final Collator mCollator = Collator.getInstance();
        private PackageManager mPM;
    }

}

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