RabbitMQ学习之Headers交换类型(java)

Headers类型的exchange使用的比较少,它也是忽略routingKey的一种路由方式。是使用Headers来匹配的。Headers是一个键值对,可以定义成Hashtable。发送者在发送的时候定义一些键值对,接收者也可以再绑定时候传入一些键值对,两者匹配的话,则对应的队列就可以收到消息。匹配有两种方式all和any。这两种方式是在接收端必须要用键值"x-mactch"来定义。all代表定义的多个键值对都要满足,而any则代码只要满足一个就可以了。fanout,direct,topic exchange的routingKey都需要要字符串形式的,而headers exchange则没有这个要求,因为键值对的值可以是任何类型。

1.生产者Producer.java

package cn.slimsmart.rabbitmq.demo.headers;

import java.util.Date;
import java.util.Hashtable;
import java.util.Map;

import org.springframework.amqp.core.ExchangeTypes;

import com.rabbitmq.client.AMQP;
import com.rabbitmq.client.AMQP.BasicProperties;
import com.rabbitmq.client.AMQP.BasicProperties.Builder;
import com.rabbitmq.client.Channel;
import com.rabbitmq.client.Connection;
import com.rabbitmq.client.ConnectionFactory;

public class Producer {
	private final static String EXCHANGE_NAME = "header-exchange";
	
	@SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
	public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
		// 创建连接和频道
		ConnectionFactory factory = new ConnectionFactory();
		factory.setHost("192.168.36.102");
		// 指定用户 密码
		factory.setUsername("admin");
		factory.setPassword("admin");
		// 指定端口
		factory.setPort(AMQP.PROTOCOL.PORT);
		Connection connection = factory.newConnection();
		Channel channel = connection.createChannel();
		
		//声明转发器和类型headers
		channel.exchangeDeclare(EXCHANGE_NAME, ExchangeTypes.HEADERS,false,true,null);
		String message = new Date().toLocaleString() + " : log something";
		
		Map<String,Object> headers =  new Hashtable<String, Object>();
		headers.put("aaa", "01234");
		Builder properties = new BasicProperties.Builder();
		properties.headers(headers);
		
		// 指定消息发送到的转发器,绑定键值对headers键值对
		channel.basicPublish(EXCHANGE_NAME, "",properties.build(),message.getBytes());
		
		System.out.println("Sent message :'" + message + "'");
		channel.close();
		connection.close();
	}
}
2.消费者Consumer.java

package cn.slimsmart.rabbitmq.demo.headers;

import java.util.Hashtable;
import java.util.Map;

import org.springframework.amqp.core.ExchangeTypes;

import com.rabbitmq.client.AMQP;
import com.rabbitmq.client.Channel;
import com.rabbitmq.client.Connection;
import com.rabbitmq.client.ConnectionFactory;
import com.rabbitmq.client.QueueingConsumer;

public class Consumer {
	private final static String EXCHANGE_NAME = "header-exchange";
	private final static String QUEUE_NAME = "header-queue";
	
	public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
		// 创建连接和频道
		ConnectionFactory factory = new ConnectionFactory();
		factory.setHost("192.168.36.102");
		// 指定用户 密码
		factory.setUsername("admin");
		factory.setPassword("admin");
		// 指定端口
		factory.setPort(AMQP.PROTOCOL.PORT);
		Connection connection = factory.newConnection();
		Channel channel = connection.createChannel();
		
		//声明转发器和类型headers
		channel.exchangeDeclare(EXCHANGE_NAME, ExchangeTypes.HEADERS,false,true,null);
		channel.queueDeclare(QUEUE_NAME,false, false, true,null);
		
		Map<String, Object> headers = new Hashtable<String, Object>();
		headers.put("x-match", "any");//all any
		headers.put("aaa", "01234");
		headers.put("bbb", "56789");
		// 为转发器指定队列,设置binding 绑定header键值对
		channel.queueBind(QUEUE_NAME, EXCHANGE_NAME,"", headers);
		QueueingConsumer consumer = new QueueingConsumer(channel);
		// 指定接收者,第二个参数为自动应答,无需手动应答
		channel.basicConsume(QUEUE_NAME, true, consumer);
		while (true) {
			QueueingConsumer.Delivery delivery = consumer.nextDelivery();
			String message = new String(delivery.getBody());
			System.out.println(message);
		} 
	}
}

实例代码:http://download.csdn.net/detail/tianwei7518/8136413

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