The head element contains general information, also called meta-information, about a document. Meta means "information about".
You can say that meta-data means information about data, or meta-information means information about information.
Data that describes other data.
MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions)
An Internet standard for defining document types. MIME type examples: text/plain, text/html, image/gif, image/jpg.
SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language)
An international standard for markup languages. The basis for HTML and XML.
A W3C recommended language for creating multimedia presentations.
SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol)
A standard protocol for letting applications communicate with each other using XML.
SSI (Server Side Include)
A type of HTML comment inserted into a web page to instruct the web server to generate dynamic content. The most common use is to include standard header or footer for the page.
SSL (Secure Socket Layer)
Software to secure and protect web site communication using encrypted transmission of data.
VPN (Virtual Private Network)
A private network between two remote sites, over a secure encrypted virtual Internet connection (a tunnel).
A computer program that searches the Internet for web pages. Common web spiders are the one used by search engines like Google and AltaVista to index the web. Web spiders are also called web robots or wanderers.