# 818. Race Car

Your car starts at position 0 and speed +1 on an infinite number line.  (Your car can go into negative positions.)

Your car drives automatically according to a sequence of instructions A (accelerate) and R (reverse).

When you get an instruction "A", your car does the following: position += speed, speed *= 2.

When you get an instruction "R", your car does the following: if your speed is positive then speed = -1 , otherwise speed = 1.  (Your position stays the same.)

For example, after commands "AAR", your car goes to positions 0->1->3->3, and your speed goes to 1->2->4->-1.

Now for some target position, say the length of the shortest sequence of instructions to get there.

Example 1:
Input:
target = 3
Output: 2
Explanation:
The shortest instruction sequence is "AA".

Example 2:
Input:
target = 6
Output: 5
Explanation:
The shortest instruction sequence is "AAARA".


Note:

• 1 <= target <= 10000.

class Solution:
def racecar(self, target):
"""
:type target: int
:rtype: int
"""
res = 0
q,qq=[(1,0)],[]
vs = set()
while q:
while q:
ts,tp=q.pop()
if tp==target:
return res
if (2*ts,tp+ts) not in vs:
qq.append((2*ts,tp+ts))
#                    vs.add((2*ts,tp+ts))    # only start point need to be memoried
qq.append((-1 if ts>0 else 1,tp))
print(s.racecar(6102))