Masonry的基本使用方法

项目中需要使用到masonry进行适配,简单记录一下学习中的问题。
使用masonry首先需要导入masonry,masonry github地址如下:

masonry下载地址:

Swift 版:https://github.com/SnapKit/SnapKit
OC 版 : https://github.com/SnapKit/Masonry

首先需要了解一些参数和方法:

 //    mas_equalTo  会对参数进行包
 //    equalTo  不会对参数进行包装
 //    mas_equalTo功能更强大

** 注意:**
若想使equalTo和 equalTo有等同的效果,可以导入这两个宏

//加上这个宏,mas_equalto,equalto相同
#define MAS_SHORTHAND
//该宏会自动包装
#define MAS_SHORTHAND_GLOBALS
    //这个方法只会添加新的约束
    [blueView mas_makeConstraints:^(MASConstraintMaker *make) {

    }];

    //这个将会将以前的约束删掉,添加新的
    [blueView mas_remakeConstraints:^(MASConstraintMaker *make) {

    }];

    //这个方法将会覆盖以前的某些特定的约束
    [blueView mas_updateConstraints:^(MASConstraintMaker *make) {

    }];

效果图1:

这里写图片描述

做出这样的效果图可以使用这些方法进行实现,相同的效果不同表现形式。可以有很多表现形式,只列出以下几种。


//   ################ Method1############################
    [blueView mas_makeConstraints:^(MASConstraintMaker *make) {
        make.width.equalTo(@100);
        make.height.equalTo(@100);
        make.right.equalTo(self.view.mas_right).offset(-20);
        make.bottom .equalTo(self.view.mas_bottom).offset(-20);
    }];

    //   ################ Method2############################
    [blueView mas_makeConstraints:^(MASConstraintMaker *make) {
        make.width.mas_equalTo(100);  // mas_equalTo 自动包装
        make.height.mas_equalTo(100);
        make.right.equalTo(self.view).offset(-20);
        make.bottom .equalTo(self.view).offset(-20);
    }];

    //   ################ Method3############################
    [blueView mas_makeConstraints:^(MASConstraintMaker *make) {
        make.width.height.mas_equalTo(100);  // mas_equalTo
        make.right.equalTo(self.view).offset(-20);
        make.bottom .equalTo(self.view).offset(-20);
    }];

    //   ################ Method4############################
    [blueView mas_makeConstraints:^(MASConstraintMaker *make) {
        make.size.mas_equalTo(CGSizeMake(100, 100)); 
        make.right.equalTo(self.view).offset(-20);
        make.bottom .equalTo(self.view).offset(-20);
    }];

    //   ################ Method5############################
    [blueView mas_makeConstraints:^(MASConstraintMaker *make) {
        make.size.mas_equalTo(CGSizeMake(100, 100)); 
        make.right.offset(-20); //默认是父控件
        make.bottom.offset(-20);
    }];


    [blueView mas_makeConstraints:^(MASConstraintMaker *make) {
        make.size.mas_equalTo(self.view).multipliedBy(0.5).offset(-50);//按比例计算
        make.right.offset(-20); //默认是父控件
        make.bottom.offset(-20);
    }];

效果图2:

这里写图片描述

实现方法例子:

UIView *blueView = [[UIView alloc]init];
    blueView.backgroundColor = [UIColor blueColor];
    [self.view addSubview:blueView];

    //居中,尺寸是父控件一半
    //   ################ Method1############################
    [blueView mas_makeConstraints:^(MASConstraintMaker *make) {
        make.left.mas_equalTo(self.view.mas_left).offset(50);
        make.right.mas_equalTo(self.view.mas_right).offset(-50);
        make.top.mas_equalTo(self.view.mas_top).offset(50);
        make.bottom.mas_equalTo(self.view.mas_bottom).offset(-50);
    }];

    //   ################ Method2############################
    [blueView mas_makeConstraints:^(MASConstraintMaker *make) {
        make.left.mas_equalTo(self.view).offset(50);
        make.right.mas_equalTo(self.view).offset(-50);
        make.top.mas_equalTo(self.view).offset(50);
        make.bottom.mas_equalTo(self.view).offset(-50);
    }];

    //   ################ Method3############################
    [blueView mas_makeConstraints:^(MASConstraintMaker *make) {
        make.left.offset(50);
        make.right.offset(-50);
        make.top.offset(50);
        make.bottom.offset(-50);
    }];

    // ################ Method4############################
        [blueView mas_makeConstraints:^(MASConstraintMaker *make) {
            make.left.and.top.offset(50);
            make.right.and.bottom.offset(-50);
        }];

    //   ################ Method5############################
    [blueView mas_makeConstraints:^(MASConstraintMaker *make) {
        make.left.top.offset(50);
        make.right.bottom.offset(-50);
    }];

    //设置边距
    //   ################ Method6############################
    [blueView mas_makeConstraints:^(MASConstraintMaker *make) {
        make.edges.mas_equalTo(self.view).insets(UIEdgeInsetsMake(50, 50, 50, 50));
    }];

效果图3:

这里写图片描述

实现方法例子:

    //蓝色
    UIView *blueView = [[UIView alloc]init];
    blueView.backgroundColor = [UIColor blueColor];
    [self.view addSubview:blueView];

    //红色
    UIView *redView = [[UIView alloc]init];
    redView.backgroundColor = [UIColor redColor];
    [self.view addSubview:redView];

    CGFloat margin = 20;
    CGFloat height = 40;

    //   ################ Method1############################
    [blueView mas_makeConstraints:^(MASConstraintMaker *make) {
        make.left.equalTo(self.view.left).offset(margin);
        make.right.equalTo(redView.left).offset(-margin);
        make.bottom.equalTo(self.view.bottom).offset(-margin);
        make.height.equalTo(height);
        make.width.equalTo(blueView.width);
    }];

    [redView mas_makeConstraints:^(MASConstraintMaker *make) {
        make.left.equalTo(blueView.right).offset(margin);
        make.right.equalTo(self.view.right).offset(-margin);
        make.bottom.equalTo(self.view.bottom).offset(-margin);
        make.height.equalTo(height);
        make.width.equalTo(blueView.width);
    }];

    //   ################ Method2############################
    [blueView mas_makeConstraints:^(MASConstraintMaker *make) {
        make.left.equalTo(self.view.left).offset(margin);
        make.right.equalTo(redView.left).offset(-margin);
        make.bottom.equalTo(self.view.bottom).offset(-margin);
        make.height.equalTo(height);
        make.top.equalTo(redView.top);
        make.bottom.equalTo(redView.bottom);
        make.width .equalTo(redView.width);
    }];

    [redView mas_makeConstraints:^(MASConstraintMaker *make) {
        make.right.equalTo(self.view.right).offset(-margin);

    }];
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